Words and Ideas


Author: William J. Dominik
Publisher: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers
ISBN: 0865164851
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 281
View: 1028

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Unlike most etymology textbooks, this one presents the words studied in the context of the ideas in which the words functioned. Instead of studying endless lists of word roots, suffixes, and prefixes in isolation, the words are enlivened by their social, literary, and cultural media. Features: Chapters on Mythology, Medicine, Politics and Law, Commerce and Economics, Philosophy and Psychology, History Introduction to word building Exercises throughout Illustrations of ancient artifacts Clever cartoons on word origins Glossary of English words and phrases.

Words and Ideas

The Roots of Plato's Philosophy
Author: Fritz-Gregor Herrmann
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1910589446
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 7889

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Plato did not create his philosophy ex nihilo, but rather drew on four centuries of literary production in epic and lyric poetry, on ethnography and historiography, tragedy and comedy, medical and mathematical research, oratory and rhetorical theory, as well as on Presocratic philosophy. Words & Ideas offers a study of Plato's philosophical language against this cultural background, retracing to their origins the history and development of the key terms of the Theory of Forms as presented in the Phaedo. 'Form' or 'idea', 'ousia' or 'being', 'participation', 'presence' and 'community' are among the concepts investigated. The aim is to determine both the connotations of Plato's philosophical terms and the precise historical and philosophical contexts on which Plato drew in the formulation of his thoughts. In tracing the roots of Plato's philosophy, Words & Ideas demarcates afresh Plato's position regarding the protagonists of pre-Socratic philosophy: Parmenides and the Eleatics, Anaxagoras and Diogenes of Apollonia, Leucippus and Democritus, Philolaus and the Pythagoreans. This identifcation of his sources allows us, in many cases for the first time, to judge what in the arguments of the dialogues is Plato's own contribution and what is there only as part of a philosophical or pre-philosophical inheritance.

Ideas, Words, and Things

French Writings in Semiology
Author: Harjeet Singh Gill
Publisher: Orient Blackswan
ISBN: 9780863112041
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 4301

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Political Words and Ideas in Islam


Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: Markus Wiener Publishers
ISBN: 9781558764736
Category: Islam and politics
Page: 186
View: 6563

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Bringing togther eleven papers on Islamic political thought, this volume offers a focused treatment of the subject matter.

Computing with Words

Principal Concepts and Ideas
Author: Lotfi A. Zadeh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642274730
Category: Computers
Page: 142
View: 5785

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In essence, Computing with Words (CWW) is a system of computation in which the objects of computation are predominantly words, phrases and propositions drawn from a natural language. CWW is based on fuzzy logic. In science there is a deep-seated tradition of according much more respect to numbers than to words. In a fundamental way, CWW is a challenge to this tradition. What is not widely recognized is that, today, words are used in place of numbers in a wide variety of applications ranging from digital cameras and household appliances to fraud detection systems, biomedical instrumentation and subway trains. CWW offers a unique capability—the capability to precisiate natural language. Unprecisiated (raw) natural language cannot be computed with. A key concept which underlies precisiation of meaning is that of the meaning postulate: A proposition, p, is a restriction on the values which a variable, X—a variable which is implicit in p—is allowed to take. CWW has an important ramification for mathematics. Addition of the formalism of CWW to mathematics empowers mathematics to construct mathematical solutions of computational problems which are stated in a natural language. Traditional mathematics does not have this capability.

Sprache – Kommunikation – Informatik


Author: Józef Darski
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111353230
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 436
View: 3592

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Die Buchreihe Linguistische Arbeiten hat mit über 500 Bänden zur linguistischen Theoriebildung der letzten Jahrzehnte in Deutschland und international wesentlich beigetragen. Die Reihe wird auch weiterhin neue Impulse für die Forschung setzen und die zentrale Einsicht der Sprachwissenschaft präsentieren, dass Fortschritt in der Erforschung der menschlichen Sprachen nur durch die enge Verbindung von empirischen und theoretischen Analysen sowohl diachron wie synchron möglich ist. Daher laden wir hochwertige linguistische Arbeiten aus allen zentralen Teilgebieten der allgemeinen und einzelsprachlichen Linguistik ein, die aktuelle Fragestellungen bearbeiten, neue Daten diskutieren und die Theorieentwicklung vorantreiben.

Words and Meanings

Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages, and Cultures
Author: Cliff Goddard,Anna Wierzbicka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199668434
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 314
View: 9818

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This book presents cross-linguistic and cross-cultural investigations of word meaning from different domains of the lexicon - concrete, abstract, physical, sensory, emotional, and social. The words they consider are complex, culturally important, and basic, in a range of languages that includes English, Russian, Polish, French, Warlpiri and Malay.

CCSS L.4.3a Choose Words and Phrases

Aligns to CCSS L.4.3a: Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.
Author: N.A
Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press
ISBN: 0787708089
Category: Education
Page: 5
View: 1169

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Fill in the gaps of your Common Core curriculum! Each ePacket has reproducible worksheets with questions, problems, or activities that correspond to the packet’s Common Core standard. Download and print the worksheets for your students to complete. Then, use the answer key at the end of the document to evaluate their progress. Look at the product code on each worksheet to discover which of our many books it came from and build your teaching library! This ePacket has 5 activities that you can use to reinforce the standard CCSS L.4.3a: Choose Words and Pictures. To view the ePacket, you must have Adobe Reader installed. You can install it by going to http://get.adobe.com/reader/.

«Poetic creativity: word games and playing with words»

EN Didactic approaches for teachers of English in an international context
Author: Roger MOORE
Publisher: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 23
View: 9168

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In Didactic Approaches for Teachers of English in an Internacional Context, the editors have selected articles that provide an overview of the current methodology of integrated language and culture instruction, with the understanding that the English language is completely embedded within a broader cultural framework. The papers further define this topic into creative inter-cultural approaches to teaching, including: content-based instruction in English through CLIL, holistic language-learning for children, the parallel development of linguistic and cultural competence, and a study of language structures and discourse.

Things, Thoughts, Words, and Actions

The Problem of Language in Late Eighteenth-century British Rhetorical Theory
Author: H. Lewis Ulman
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 9780809319077
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 9415

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"Toward this end, Ulman examines the different articulations of theories of language and arts of rhetoric in three eighteenth-century British rhetorical treatises: George Campbell's Philosophy of Rhetoric, Hugh Blair's Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, and Thomas Sheridan's Course of Lectures on Elocution. He then identifies the continuities and discontinuities between the problem of language for eighteenth- and twentieth-century rhetorical theory and proposes a pluralistic stance toward the problem of language in rhetoric as an alternative to the theoretical standoff that currently characterizes the debate between realist and antirealist rhetorics." "This book, indispensable to scholars in rhetoric and composition, will also be of interest to all eighteenth-century scholars."--BOOK JACKET.

Locke on Essence and Identity


Author: C.H. Conn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710054
Category: Philosophy
Page: 212
View: 4113

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This book is a study of John Locke's metaphysics of organisms and persons, with particular emphasis on his theory of identity through time and his conventionalism with respect to kinds and essences. After presenting three arguments for thinking that the organisms and persons in Locke's ontology have both spatial and temporal extent, the author argues that on a four-dimensional ontology there is no contradiction between Locke's theory of identity and his rejection of essentialism.

Social Inquiry After Wittgenstein and Kuhn

Leaving Everything as It Is
Author: John G. Gunnell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538340
Category: Philosophy
Page: 288
View: 9725

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A distinctive feature of Ludwig Wittgenstein's work after 1930 was his turn to a conception of philosophy as a form of social inquiry, John G. Gunnell argues, and Thomas Kuhn's approach to the philosophy of science exemplified this conception. In this book, Gunnell shows how these philosophers address foundational issues in the social and human sciences, particularly the vision of social inquiry as an interpretive endeavor and the distinctive cognitive and practical relationship between social inquiry and its subject matter. Gunnell speaks directly to philosophers and practitioners of the social and human sciences. He tackles the demarcation between natural and social science; the nature of social phenomena; the concept and method of interpretation; the relationship between language and thought; the problem of knowledge of other minds; and the character of descriptive and normative judgments about practices that are the object of inquiry. Though Wittgenstein and Kuhn are often criticized as initiating a modern descent into relativism, this book shows that the true effect of their work was to undermine the basic assumptions of contemporary social and human science practice. It also problematized the authority of philosophy and other forms of social inquiry to specify the criteria for judging such matters as truth and justice. When Wittgenstein stated that "philosophy leaves everything as it is," he did not mean that philosophy would be left as it was or that philosophy would have no impact on what it studied, but rather that the activity of inquiry did not, simply by virtue of its performance, transform the object of inquiry.

The Locke Reader

Selections from the Works of John Locke with a General Introduction and Commentary
Author: John Locke,John W. Yolton
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521290845
Category: Philosophy
Page: 335
View: 7455

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This accessible volume comprises sections from a wide range of Locke's books, structured so that the interconnections of his thought can be seen and traced. Although Locke did not write from a system of philosophy, he did have in mind an overall division of human knowledge.

Virtual Words

Language on the Edge of Science and Technology
Author: Jonathon Keats
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199752904
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 192
View: 4034

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The technological realm provides an unusually active laboratory not only for new ideas and products but also for the remarkable linguistic innovations that accompany and describe them. How else would words like qubit (a unit of quantum information), crowdsourcing (outsourcing to the masses), or in vitro meat (chicken and beef grown in an industrial vat) enter our language? In Virtual Words: Language on the Edge of Science and Technology, Jonathon Keats, author of Wired Magazine's monthly Jargon Watch column, investigates the interplay between words and ideas in our fast-paced tech-driven use-it-or-lose-it society. In 28 illuminating short essays, Keats examines how such words get coined, what relationship they have to their subject matter, and why some, like blog, succeed while others, like flog, fail. Divided into broad categories--such as commentary, promotion, and slang, in addition to scientific and technological neologisms--chapters each consider one exemplary word, its definition, origin, context, and significance. Examples range from microbiome (the collective genome of all microbes hosted by the human body) and unparticle (a form of matter lacking definite mass) to gene foundry (a laboratory where artificial life forms are assembled) and singularity (a hypothetical future moment when technology transforms the whole universe into a sentient supercomputer). Together these words provide not only a survey of technological invention and its consequences, but also a fascinating glimpse of novel language as it comes into being. No one knows this emerging lexical terrain better than Jonathon Keats. In writing that is as inventive and engaging as the language it describes, Virtual Words offers endless delights for word-lovers, technophiles, and anyone intrigued by the essential human obsession with naming.