Women, Migration and Citizenship

Making Local, National and Transnational Connections
Author: Alexandra Dobrowolsky
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134779054
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 8511

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Given the recent and rapid changes to migration patterns and citizenship processes, this volume provides a timely, compelling, empirical and theoretical study of the gendered implications of such developments. More specifically, it draws out the multiple connections between migration and citizenship concerns and practices for women. The collection features original research that examines women's diverse im/migrant and refugee experiences and exposes how gender ideologies and practices organize migrant citizenship, in its various dimensions, at the local, national and transnational levels. The volume contributes to theoretical debates on gender, migration and citizenship and provides new insights into their interrelation. It includes rich case studies that range from the Philippines and Somalia to the Caribbean and from Australasia to Canada and Britain. Designed to have a multidisciplinary appeal, it is suitable for courses on migration, diversity, gender, race, ethnicity, law and public policy, comparative politics and international relations.

Gender and Citizenship in Transition

Author: Barbara Hobson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415926867
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 4183

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In Gender and Citizenship in Transition, Barbara Hobson has collected a group of essays that focus on the shifting definition and importance of citizenship. Specifically, the authors, writing from a wide range of backgrounds and perspectives, examine the impact of traditional citizenship upon gender, gender equality, and feminist theorizing. The essays of the volume speak to the great complexity of these issues by confronting the meaning of gender difference in varied social contexts. The result is a unique and comprehensive re-examination and recombination of two of the burgeoning areas of academia: citizenship and feminism.

Negotiating Citizenship

Migrant Women in Canada and the Global System
Author: Daiva K. Stasiulis,Abigail B. Bakan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0802079156
Category: Social Science
Page: 233
View: 3721

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While the designated rights of capital to travel freely across borders have increased under neo-liberal globalization, the citizenship rights of many people, particularly the most vulnerable, have tended to decline. Using Canada as an example of a major recipient state of international migrants, Negotiating Citizenship considers how migrant women workers from two settings in the global South–the West Indies and the Philippines–have attempted to negotiate citizenship across the global citizenship divide. Daiva K. Stasiulis and Abigail B. Bakan challenge traditional liberal and post-national theories of citizenship with a number of approaches: historical documentary analyses, investigation of the political economy of the sending states, interviews with migrant live-in caregivers and nurses, legal analyses of domestic worker case law, and analysis of social movement politics. Negotiating Citizenship demonstrates that the transnational character of migrants' lives–their migration and labour strategies, family households, and political practices–offer important challenges to inequitable and exclusionary aspects of contemporary nation-state citizenship.

Shifting Spaces

Women, Citizenship and Migration Within the European Union
Author: Louise Ackers
Publisher: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 343
View: 7505

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Based on original published research, this book traces the development of European citizenship through an examination of the gender dimension of internal migration. It is in its capacity as guardian of the rights of EU migrants that the EU behaves most like a modern welfare state. This book covers the legal basis of these rights and the extent to which they are based on gendered notions of family life and migration behaviour. Women in five member states (Sweden, UK, Ireland, Greece and Portugal) were interviewed to examine the impact of migration on family, career, identity and social and political rights. Shifting Spaces is important reading for students on socio-legal and interdisciplinary courses on EU law, women's studies and European policy, academics, policy makers and lawyers.

Citizenship and Immigrant Incorporation

Comparative Perspectives on North America and Western Europe
Author: G. Yurdakul
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137073799
Category: Political Science
Page: 254
View: 7781

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The contributions in this volume consider the question of migrant agency, how Western societies are both transforming migrants, and being transformed by them. It is informed by debates on the new 'transnational mobility', the immigration of Muslims, the increasing importance of human rights law, and the critical attention paid to women migrants.

New Dynamics in Female Migration and Integration

Author: Christiane Timmerman,Marco Martiniello,Andrea Rea,Johan Wets
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134623720
Category: Social Science
Page: 270
View: 5143

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This book explores the dynamic interplay between cross-national and cross-cultural patterns of female migration, integration and social change, by focusing on the specific case of Belgium. It provides insight into the dynamic interplay between gender and migration, and especially contributes to the knowledge of how migration changes gender relations in Belgium, as well as in the regions of origin. To this end, an analytical model for conducting gender-sensitive migration research is developed out of an initial theory-driven conceptual model. Employing a transversal approach, the researchers reveal similarities and differences across national backgrounds, disclosing the underlying, more "universal" gender dynamics.

Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century
Author: K. Khory
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137007125
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 3204

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Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.

People Out of Place

Globalization, Human Rights, and the Citizenship Gap
Author: Alison Brysk,Gershon Shafir
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415935852
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 4056

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Globalization pushes people "out of place"--across borders, out of traditions, into markets, and away from the rights of national citizenship. But globalization also contributes to the spread of international human rights ideas and institutions. This book analyzes the impact of these contradictory trends, with a focus on vulnerable groups such as migrants, laborers, women, and children. Theoretical essays by Richard Falk, Ronnie Lipschutz, Aihwa Ong, and Saskia Sassen rethink the shifting nature of citizenship. This collection advances the debate on globalization, human rights, and the meaning of citizenship.

Transnational Identities

Women, Art, and Migration in Contemporary Israel
Author: Tal Dekel
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 0814342515
Category: History
Page: 172
View: 5994

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Translated originally from Hebrew, Transnational Identities: Women, Art, and Migration in Contemporary Israel offers a critical discussion of women immigrants in Israel through an analysis of works by artists who immigrated to the country beginning in the 1990s. Though numerous aspects of the issue of women migrants have received intense academic scrutiny, no scholarly books to date have addressed the gender facets of the experiences of contemporary women immigrants in Israel. The book follows an up-to-date theoretical model, adopting critical tools from a wide range of fields and weaving them together through an in-depth qualitative study that includes the use of open interviews, critical theories, and analysis of artworks, offering a unique and compelling perspective from which to discuss this complex subject of citizenship and cultural belonging in an ethno-national state. It therefore stands to make a significant contribution to research into women's lives, citizenship studies, global migration, Jewish and national identity and women's art in contemporary Israel. The book is divided into sections, each of which aims a spotlight on women artists belonging to a distinct groups of immigrants—the former Soviet Union, Ethiopia, and the Philippines—and shows how their artwork reflects various conflicts regarding citizenship and identity-related processes, dynamics of inclusion-exclusion, and power relations that characterize their experiences. Transnational Identities promotes a more nuanced, complex understanding of diversity among women from various groups and even within a specific ethnic group, as well as considering the "common differences" between women from diversified life experiences. To lay the groundwork for an analysis of the themes that recur in their artworks, Tal Dekel briefly discusses the notions of global migration and transnationalism and then examines gender and several other identity-related categories, notably religion, race, and class. These categories underline the complex nexus of overlapping and sometimes contradictory affiliations and identities that characterize migrating subjects in an age of globalization. Transnational Identities integrates theories from various disciplines, including art history, citizenship studies and critical political theory, gender studies, cultural studies, and migration studies in an interdisciplinary manner that those teaching and studying in these fields will find relevant to their continued research.

Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking

Author: R. Andrijasevic
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023029913X
Category: Social Science
Page: 168
View: 9532

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Providing a new perspective on migration and sex work in Europe, this book is based on interviews with migrant women in the sex sector. It brings together issues of migration, labour and political subjectivity in order to refocus scholarly and policy agenda away from sex slavery and organized crime, towards agency and citizenship.

Refugee Women

Beyond Gender Versus Culture
Author: Leah Bassel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136850562
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 3089

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Debates over the headscarf and niqab, so-called ‘sharia-tribunals’, Female Genital Operations and forced marriages have raged in Europe and North America in recent years, raising the question – does accommodating Islam violate women’s rights? The book takes issue with the terms of this debate. It contrasts debates in France over the headscarf and in Canada over religious arbitration with the lived experience of a specific group of Muslim women: Somali refugee women. The challenges these women eloquently describe first-hand demonstrate that the fray over accommodating culture and religion neglects other needs and engenders a democratic deficit. In Refugee Women: Beyond Gender versus Culture, new theoretical perspectives recast both the story told and who tells the tale. By focusing on the politics underlying how these debates are framed and the experiences of women at the heart of these controversies, women are considered first and foremost as democratic agents rather than actors in the ‘culture versus gender’ script. Crucially, the institutions and processes created to address women’s needs are critically assessed from this perspective. Breaking from scholarship that focuses on whether the accommodation of culture and religion harms women, Bassel argues that this debate ignores the realities of the women at its heart. In these debates, Muslim women are constructed as silent victims. Bassel pleads compellingly for a consideration of women in all their complexity, as active participants in democratic life. The book will appeal to students and scholars throughout the social sciences, particularly of sociology, political science and women’s studies.

Transforming America: Perspectives on U.S. Immigration [3 volumes]

Perspectives on U.S. Immigration
Author: Michael C. LeMay
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313396442
Category: Social Science
Page: 807
View: 3255

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Utilizing multiple perspectives of related academic disciplines, this three-volume set of contributed essays enables readers to understand the complexity of immigration to the United States and grasp how our history of immigration has made this nation what it is today.

High Skill Migration and Recession

Gendered Perspectives
Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,Irina Isaakyan,Giuseppe Schiavone
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137467118
Category: Social Science
Page: 308
View: 5614

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Women migrants are doubly-disadvantaged by their sex and outsider status when moving to a new country. Highly skilled women are no exception to this rule. This book explores the complex relationship between gender and high-skill migration, with a special focus on the impact of the current economic crisis on highly skilled women-migrants in Europe.

The Politics of Women and Migration in the Global South

Author: David Tittensor,Fethi Mansouri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137587997
Category: Political Science
Page: 134
View: 1228

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This book shines a light on the issues of governance, rights and the injustices that are meted out to an ever growing and vulnerable sector of the global migrant community – women. Whilst much of the current literature continues to focus on the issues of remittances and brain drain, there has been very little that examines concerns regarding governance and rights for female workers. This is especially true of the case of women who are particularly vulnerable and have been subject to sexual abuse. Such an omission is pressing given the fact that, as of 2009, only 42 countries have signed the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of Migrants and Members of their Families. The authors thus demonstrate that migrants moving within the Global South are at a greater risk of being subject to social injustices on account of less developed welfare systems.

Global Empowerment of Women

Responses to Globalization and Politicized Religions
Author: Carolyn M. Elliott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135916241
Category: Political Science
Page: 416
View: 6293

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The empowerment of women is a broadly endorsed strategy for solving a host of difficult problems, from child poverty to gender violence to international development. The seventeen international scholars in this multi-disciplinary volume offer thoughtful critiques of the notion of empowerment based on their studies in twenty countries in all regions of the world. The comparative introduction places concepts of empowerment in the context of models of the market and of community, showing how contradictions in these models as they are enacted on the ground provide both spaces and constraints for women. The chapters consider opportunities for women in the context of globalization, resurgent nationalism and politicized religion, cultures of masculinity, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa. They show how initiatives at national or global levels are transformed by local cultures and power structures, and demonstrate the fruitfulness of tensions between universal values of human rights and contextualized understandings. This landmark, multi-disciplinary collection of original studies by distinguished international feminist scholars will be an essential addition to the fields of Political Science, Women’s Studies, Economics, Sociology, International Development, and Environmental Studies.

Gender, Migration and Domestic Service

Author: Janet Henshall Momsen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134655657
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 5644

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This book examines a wide range of migration patterns which have arisen, and exposes the tensions and difficulties including: * legal and empowerment issues * cultural and language diversities and barriers * the impact of live-in employment. The book features case studies taken from Europe, South and North America, the Caribbean, Asia, and Africa and uses original fieldwork using quantitative and qualitative methods.

Consuming Mexican Labor

From the Bracero Program to NAFTA
Author: Ronald Mize,Alicia Swords
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442604093
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 8064

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Mexican migration to the United States and Canada is a highly contentious issue in the eyes of many North Americans, and every generation seems to construct the northward flow of labor as a brand new social problem. The history of Mexican labor migration to the United States, from the Bracero Program (1942-1964) to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), suggests that Mexicans have been actively encouraged to migrate northward when labor markets are in short supply, only to be turned back during economic downturns. In this timely book, Mize and Swords dissect the social relations that define how corporations, consumers, and states involve Mexican immigrant laborers in the politics of production and consumption. The result is a comprehensive and contemporary look at the increasingly important role that Mexican immigrants play in the North American economy.

International Marriages and Marital Citizenship

Southeast Asian Women on the Move
Author: Asuncion Fresnoza-Flot,Gwénola Ricordeau
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315446359
Category: Social Science
Page: 204
View: 7709

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While marriage has lost its popularity in many developed countries and is no longer an obligatory path to family formation, it has gained momentum among binational couples as states reinforce their control over human migration. Focusing on the case of Southeast Asian women who have been epitomized on the global marriage market as ‘ideal’ brides and wives, this volume examines these women’s experiences of international marriage, migration, and states' governmentality. Drawing from ethnographic research and policy analyses, this book sheds light on the way many countries in Southeast Asia and beyond have redefined marriage and national belonging through their regime of ‘marital citizenship’ (that is, a legal status granted by a state to a migrant by virtue of his/her marriage to one of its citizens). These regimes influence the familial and social incorporation of Southeast Asian migrant women, notably their access to socio-political and civic rights in their receiving countries. The case studies analysed in this volume highlight these women’s subjectivity and agency as they embrace, resist, and navigate the intricate legal and socio-cultural frameworks of citizenship. As such, it will appeal to sociologists, geographers, socio-legal scholars, and anthropologists with interests in migration, family formation, intimate relations, and gender.

The Securitization of Migration and Refugee Women

Author: Alison Gerard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135982570
Category: Social Science
Page: 238
View: 9006

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Humanised accounts of restrictions on mobility are rarely the focus of debates on irregular migration. Very little is heard from refugees themselves about why they migrate, their experiences whilst entering the EU or how they navigate reception conditions upon arrival, particularly from a gendered perspective. The Securitization of Migration and Refugee Women fills this gap and explores the journey made by refugee women who have travelled from Somalia to the EU to seek asylum. This book reveals the humanised impact of the securitization of migration, the dominant policy response to irregular migration pursued by governments across the Globe. The Southern EU Member State of Malta finds itself on the frontline of policing and securing Europe’s southern external borders against transnational migrants and preventing migrants’ on-migration to other Member States within the EU. The securitization of migration has been responsible for restricting access to asylum, diluting rights and entitlements to refugee protection, and punishing those who arrive in the EU without valid passports –a visibly racialised and gendered population. The stories of the refugee women interviewed for this research detail the ways in which refugee protection is being eroded, selectively applied and in some cases specifically designed to exclude. In contrast to the majority of migration literature, which has largely focused on the male experience, this book focuses on the experiences of refugee women and aims to contribute to the volume of work dedicated to analysing borders from the perspective of those who cross them. This research strengthens existing criminological literature and has the potential to offer insights to policy makers around the world. It will be of interest to academics and students interested in International Crime and Justice, Securitisation, Refugee Law and Border Control, as well as the general reader.

Women and Migration in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands

A Reader
Author: Denise A. Segura,Patricia Zavella
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822341185
Category: Social Science
Page: 595
View: 6501

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Seminal essays on how women adapt to the structural transformations caused by the large migration from Mexico to the U.S.A., how they create or contest representations of their identities in light of their marginality, and give voice to their own agency.