Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things


Author: George Lakoff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226468044
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 614
View: 2892

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Focusing on studies of how humans categorize objects and ideas, this book examines the new understanding of human thought which proposes that human reason is imaginative, metaphorical, and intrinsically linked with the human body

Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things


Author: George Lakoff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226471012
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 632
View: 7580

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"Its publication should be a major event for cognitive linguistics and should pose a major challenge for cognitive science. In addition, it should have repercussions in a variety of disciplines, ranging from anthropology and psychology to epistemology and the philosophy of science. . . . Lakoff asks: What do categories of language and thought reveal about the human mind? Offering both general theory and minute details, Lakoff shows that categories reveal a great deal."—David E. Leary, American Scientist

Innovation und Tradition

eine Untersuchung der stilistischen Kreativität in der Erzählkunst William Faulkners
Author: Susanne Frohriep
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826016707
Category:
Page: 199
View: 5025

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Perceptual Dialectology


Author: Christina Ada Anders
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110227517
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 449
View: 6415

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Perceptual dialectology is concerned with subjective, non-specialist, naive perspectives of German and the role they play in day-to-day social interaction. What do non-specialists in linguistics think about dialects and their speakers? What cognitive maps do they have of these dialects? What attitudes do they have towards the dialects and their speakers? Do non-specialists in linguistics associate particular features with the dialects or perceive them in a special way? The book contains the latest research findings on this subject."

Liebesmetaphorik in Kleists 'Penthesilea'


Author: Robert Fellner
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640526201
Category:
Page: 20
View: 1522

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Germanistik - Neuere Deutsche Literatur, Note: 1,0, Universitat Wien, 10 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit ist im Rahmen des Literaturgeschichtekonversatoriums 1770/80-1848 unter der Leitung von Univ.-Ass. Mag. Dr. Martin Hainz im WS07/08 an der Universitat Wien entstanden. Gegenstand der folgenden Untersuchungen ist Heinrich von Kleists Drama Penthesilea, das am 25. April 1876 im Koniglichen Schauspielhaus uraufgefuhrt wurde. Das Trauerspiel umfasst 24 Auftritte ohne Akteinteilung und wird zumeist als Gegenstuck zur idealisierenden Antikevorstellung seiner Zeit rezipiert. Nach einer kurzen Einleitung folgt eine Analyse der metaphorischen Konzepte, die in der Tragodie Penthesilea vorherrschend sind. Es gilt, die Nahe zwischen Liebe, Gewalt und Aggression anhand von Zitaten aus dem Primartext darzustellen und zu deuten. Im Anschluss werde ich die Synonyme, die zur Bezeichnung von Penthesilea dienen, auf ihre Funktion im Text hin untersuchen. Ein kurzer Vergleich der Metaphorik Achills, als Vertreter des Patriarchats, und Penthesileas, als Amazonenkonigin, soll Aufschluss uber Ahnlichkeiten und Unterschiede im Herrschaftssystem der beiden Protagonisten geben. Abschliessend werde ich das Verhaltnis zwischen Metaphorik und Handlung in Penthesilea genau betrachten und versuchen zu zeigen, dass es im Laufe des Dramas zu einer zunehmenden Realisierung der Metaphorik kommt. Ziel der vorliegenden literaturwissenschaftlichen Arbeit ist es, die Metaphorik des Stuckes unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Liebesmetaphorik von verschiedenen Perspektiven zu beleuchten und hermeneutisch zu deuten. Ausgangspunkt der vorliegenden Arbeit sind zwei wissenschaftliche Publikationen, die sich mit dem Zusammenhang zwischen Metaphorik, Denken und Handeln auseinandersetzen. Einerseits George Lakoffs Werk Women, Fire and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind und andererseits"

The Body in the Mind

The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason
Author: Mark Johnson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022617784X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 4250

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"There are books—few and far between—which carefully, delightfully, and genuinely turn your head inside out. This is one of them. It ranges over some central issues in Western philosophy and begins the long overdue job of giving us a radically new account of meaning, rationality, and objectivity."—Yaakov Garb, San Francisco Chronicle

Versprachlichte Körper - Verkörperte Sprache

Konstruktionen von Identität und Entfremdung in Literatur und Psychologie um 1900
Author: Sarah Yvonne Brandl
Publisher: Igel Verlag
ISBN: 3868155228
Category: German literature
Page: 208
View: 7387

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Wien um 1900 gilt als vielschichtiges Ph nomen in dessen Folge sich neue Ansichten ber das Ich etablieren. Die vorliegende Arbeit n hert sich dem Thema u.a. durch eine bersicht zu Forschungsarbeiten zum K rper, zu Theorien ber die Wiener Moderne, durch Betrachtung literarischer Texte (Hofmannsthal, Schnitzler, Wedekind) sowie eine Diskussion der Metapsychologie Sigmund Freuds. In einem interdisziplin ren Zugang wird der damals zeitbezogene Umgang mit den Verunsicherungen der Moderne herausgearbeitet. Hierf r wird die Struktur der Bildlichkeit in Erfahrungs- (Poesie), Wahrnehmungs- und Konzeptionalisierungsprozessen untersucht, die auf eine zunehmende Instrumentalisierung von Metaphern der K rperlichkeit f r die sprachliche Vermittlung psychischer Vorg nge verweist, deren Ausl ufer sich bis in die theoretische Diskussion der Postmoderne finden lassen.

Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Linguistic Approaches to Food and Wine Description (Actas Del Primer Congreso Internacional Sobre Aproximaciones Lingüísticas a la Descripción de la Comida Y Del Vino, Que Tuvo Lugar en Madrid en Mayo de 2009)


Author: Margarita GODED RAMBAUD,Alfredo POVES LUELMO
Publisher: Editorial UNED
ISBN: 8436267680
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 264
View: 5638

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Incluye una selección de las ponencias en el Primer Congreso Internacional sobre Aproximaciones Lingüísticas a la Descripción de la Comida y del Vino, que tuvo lugar en Madrid en mayo de 2009.

Small States and Alliances


Author: Erich Reiter,Heinz Gärtner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662130009
Category: Political Science
Page: 194
View: 5142

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The book focuses on the relations between small states and alliances. It is on why, how and under what conditions states engage in alliances. What are the benefits and costs of alliances? How are the benefits and costs of alliances allocated among their members? What determines who allies with whom? Can small states still pursue their own security interests within an alliance? Can they even become integral part of an alliance? Scholars, practitioners, policy-makers and advisors from several countries discuss these issues. They address historical, empirical and theoretical topics and give policy recommendations.

Topik des Sonetts

Gattungstheorie und Gattungsgeschichte
Author: Thomas Borgstedt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3484366389
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 522
View: 8148

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The study combines a general theory of the history of literary genres with a history of the sonnet from the Middle Ages to the Romantic period. It demonstrates the adaptability of artistic genres, paying special attention to media and communication theoryand social and historico-cultural aspects. For the sonnet, it proposes models for its genesis in the Middle Ages and its various historical manifestations. This is a fundamental work on genre theory and the history of the German and European sonnet.

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy


Author: Ted Honderich
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191037478
Category: Philosophy
Page: 1088
View: 4210

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Oxford University Press presents a major new edition of the definitive philosophical reference work for readers at all levels. For ten years the original volume has served as a stimulating introduction for general readers and as an indispensable guide for students; its breadth and depth of coverage have ensured that it is also read with pleasure and interest by those working at a higher level in philosophy and related disciplines. A distinguished international assembly of 249 philosophers contributed almost 2,000 entries, and many of these have now been considerably revised and updated; to these are added over 300 brand-new pieces on a fascinating range of current topics. This new edition offers enlightening and enjoyable discussions of all aspects of philosophy, and of the lives and work of the great philosophers from antiquity to the present day.

Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language


Author: Siobhan Chapman
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631429
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 988

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This book offers introductory entries on 80 ideas that have shaped the study of language up to the present day. Entries are written by experts in the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to reflect the full range of approaches and modes of thought. Each entry includes a brief description of the idea, an account of its development, and its impact on the field of language study. The book is written in an accessible style with clear descriptions of technical terms, guides to further reading, and extensive cross-referencing between entries. A useful additional feature of this book is that it is cross-referenced throughout with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing significant connections and continuities in the two related disciplines. Ideas covered range from Sense Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Logic, through Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and Conversation Analysis, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.

Handbook of Social Cognition, Second Edition

Volume 1: Basic Processes
Author: Robert S. Wyer, Jr.,Thomas K. Srull
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317782534
Category: Psychology
Page: 488
View: 9023

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This edition of the Handbook follows the first edition by 10 years. The earlier edition was a promissory note, presaging the directions in which the then-emerging field of social cognition was likely to move. The field was then in its infancy and the areas of research and theory that came to dominate the field during the next decade were only beginning to surface. The concepts and methods used had frequently been borrowed from cognitive psychology and had been applied to phenomena in a very limited number of areas. Nevertheless, social cognition promised to develop rapidly into an important area of psychological inquiry that would ultimately have an impact on not only several areas of psychology but other fields as well. The promises made by the earlier edition have generally been fulfilled. Since its publication, social cognition has become one of the most active areas of research in the entire field of psychology; its influence has extended to health and clinical psychology, and personality, as well as to political science, organizational behavior, and marketing and consumer behavior. The impact of social cognition theory and research within a very short period of time is incontrovertible. The present volumes provide a comprehensive and detailed review of the theoretical and empirical work that has been performed during these years, and of its implications for information processing in a wide variety of domains. The handbook is divided into two volumes. The first provides an overview of basic research and theory in social information processing, covering the automatic and controlled processing of information and its implications for how information is encoded and stored in memory, the mental representation of persons -- including oneself -- and events, the role of procedural knowledge in information processing, inference processes, and response processes. Special attention is given to the cognitive determinants and consequences of affect and emotion. The second book provides detailed discussions of the role of information processing in specific areas such as stereotyping; communication and persuasion; political judgment; close relationships; organizational, clinical and health psychology; and consumer behavior. The contributors are theorists and researchers who have themselves carried out important studies in the areas to which their chapters pertain. In combination, the contents of this two-volume set provide a sophisticated and in-depth treatment of both theory and research in this major area of psychological inquiry and the directions in which it is likely to proceed in the future.

Dialog

Festschrift für Siegfried Grosse
Author: Gert Rickheit
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111703215
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 504
View: 3080

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Science Talk

Changing Notions of Science in American Culture
Author: Daniel Patrick Thurs
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813541522
Category: Science
Page: 252
View: 4995

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Science news is met by the public with a mixture of fascination and disengagement. On the one hand, Americans are inflamed by topics ranging from the question of whether or not Pluto is a planet to the ethics of stem-cell research. But the complexity of scientific research can also be confusing and overwhelming, causing many to divert their attentions elsewhere and leave science to the “experts.” Whether they follow science news closely or not, Americans take for granted that discoveries in the sciences are occurring constantly. Few, however, stop to consider how these advances—and the debates they sometimes lead to—contribute to the changing definition of the term “science” itself. Going beyond the issue-centered debates, Daniel Patrick Thurs examines what these controversies say about how we understand science now and in the future. Drawing on his analysis of magazines, newspapers, journals and other forms of public discourse, Thurs describes how science—originally used as a synonym for general knowledge—became a term to distinguish particular subjects as elite forms of study accessible only to the highly educated.

Metaphor and Analogy in the Sciences


Author: F. Hallyn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401594422
Category: Philosophy
Page: 244
View: 1182

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This collection of papers contains historical case studies, systematic contributions of a general nature, and applications to specific sciences. The bibliographies of the contributions contain references to all central items from the traditions that are relevant today. While providing access to contemporary views on the issue, the papers illustrate the wide variety of functions of metaphors and analogies, as well as the many connections between the study of some of these functions and other subjects and disciplines.

Soul, Self, and Society

The New Morality and the Modern State
Author: Edward L. Rubin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199348677
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 8375

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Political and social commentators regularly bemoan the decline of morality in the modern world. They claim that the norms and values that held society together in the past are rapidly eroding, to be replaced by permissiveness and empty hedonism. But as Edward Rubin demonstrates in this powerful account of moral transformations, these prophets of doom are missing the point. Morality is not diminishing; instead, a new morality, centered on an ethos of human self-fulfillment, is arising to replace the old one. As Rubin explains, changes in morality have gone hand in hand with changes in the prevailing mode of governance throughout the course of Western history. During the Early Middle Ages, a moral system based on honor gradually developed. In a dangerous world where state power was declining, people relied on bonds of personal loyalty that were secured by generosity to their followers and violence against their enemies. That moral order, exemplified in the early feudal system and in sagas like The Song of Roland, The Song of the Cid, and the Arthurian legends has faded, but its remnants exist today in criminal organizations like the Mafia and in the rap music of the urban ghettos. When state power began to revive in the High Middle Ages through the efforts of the European monarchies, and Christianity became more institutionally effective and more spiritually intense, a new morality emerged. Described by Rubin as the morality of higher purposes, it demanded that people devote their personal efforts to achieving salvation and their social efforts to serving the emerging nation-states. It insisted on social hierarchy, confined women to subordinate roles, restricted sex to procreation, centered child-rearing on moral inculcation, and countenanced slavery and the marriage of pre-teenage girls to older men. Our modern era, which began in the late 18th century, has seen the gradual erosion of this morality of higher purposes and the rise of a new morality of self-fulfillment, one that encourages individuals to pursue the most meaningful and rewarding life-path. Far from being permissive or a moral abdication, it demands that people respect each other's choices, that sex be mutually enjoyable, that public positions be allocated according to merit, and that society provide all its members with their minimum needs so that they have the opportunity to fulfill themselves. Where people once served the state, the state now functions to serve the people. The clash between this ascending morality and the declining morality of higher purposes is the primary driver of contemporary political and cultural conflict. A sweeping, big-idea book in the vein of Francis Fukuyama's The End of History, Charles Taylor's The Secular Age, and Richard Sennett's The Fall of Public Man, Edward Rubin's new volume promises to reshape our understanding of morality, its relationship to government, and its role in shaping the emerging world of High Modernity.

The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication


Author: Christina Bratt Paulston,Scott F. Kiesling,Elizabeth S. Rangel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444354329
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 768
View: 9832

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The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication brings together internationally-renowned scholars from a range of fields to survey the theoretical perspectives and applied work, including example analyses, in this burgeoning area of linguistics. Features contributions from established researchers in sociolinguistics and intercultural discourse Explores the theoretical perspectives underlying work in the field Examines the history of the field, work in cross-cultural communication, and features of discourse Establishes the scope of this interdisciplinary field of study Includes coverage on individual linguistic features, such as indirectness and politeness, as well as sample analyses of IDC exchanges

Social Aspects of Funerary Culture in the Egy[p]tian Old and Middle Kingdoms

Proceedings of the International Symposium Held at Leiden University, 6-7 June, 1996
Author: Harco Willems
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9789042910157
Category: History
Page: 372
View: 3004

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Although Egyptian tombs and funerary texts have been intensively studied, attention has been focused on art historical aspects, archaeological documentation and theological content. Attention for the relationship between burial practices and society has been restricted. The symposium of which this volume presents the proceedings is an attempt to show the scientific potential of the sociology of burial. The underlying philosophy is that both archaeological and textual sources are ultimately reflections of one social reality. Therefore, the volume offers contributions by archaeologists and philologists, many of which frequently bridge the gap between the two disciplines. Bourriau studies the evolution of body position in burials dating between the late Middle Kingdom and early New Kingdom. Delrue reviews a recent interpretation of the predynastic cemetery N7000 at Naga ed-Deir. Fitzenreiter studies the sociological background of ritual scenes in Old Kingdom mastabas. Frandsen's analysis touches upon funerary texts touching on substances inside the body which are considered bwt (taboo). The point of departure for Muller's study is a group of offering deposits at Tell el-dab'a which are studied in the light of textual information on ritual practice. Seidlmayer argues that burial contexts of the First Intermediate Period at Elephantine reflect the same underlying ideas as contemporary tomb scenes. Willems' commentary of Coffin Texts spells 30-41 interprets these texts as a coherent mortuary liturgy and discusses the context in which the letters to the dead were transmitted to the deceased.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World


Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663956
Category: Social Science
Page: 864
View: 608

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It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.