What Makes Law

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law
Author: Liam Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521834279
Category: Law
Page: 222
View: 7055

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This advanced introduction to central questions in legal philosophy attempts to breathe new life into stalled research.

An Introduction to Metaphysics


Author: John W. Carroll,Ned Markosian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521826292
Category: Philosophy
Page: 267
View: 7539

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Discusses and invites students to reflect on topics such as causation, freedom and determinism, laws of nature, and material objects.

An Introduction to Property Theory


Author: Gregory S. Alexander,Eduardo M. Peñalver
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521113652
Category: Law
Page: 234
View: 3556

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An introduction to the leading modern theories of property and applies those theories to concrete contexts in which property issues have been especially controversial.

Contract Law

Rules, Theory, and Context
Author: Brian Bix,Brian H. Bix
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521850460
Category: Law
Page: 202
View: 7017

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This book offers an accessible introduction to all aspects of American contract law, useful to both first-year law students and advanced contract scholars. The book takes the reader from contract formation through interpretation and remedies, considering both the practical and theoretical aspects throughout.

An Introduction to Ethics


Author: John Deigh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052177246X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 241
View: 2318

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This book examines the central questions of ethics through a study of the great ethical works of Western philosophy.

An Introduction to Rights


Author: William A. Edmundson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107010985
Category: Law
Page: 184
View: 6837

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A thoroughly updated second edition that is an accessible introduction to the history, logic, moral implications and political tendencies of the idea of rights.

Understanding Jurisprudence

An Introduction to Legal Theory
Author: Raymond Wacks
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198723865
Category: Law
Page: 379
View: 5993

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With its clear and entertaining writing style, Understanding Jurisprudence is the perfect guide for students new to legal theory and looking for an accessible introduction to the subject. Key theories and theorists are introduced in a compact and easy-to-read format, offering an engaging account of the central ideas without oversimplification. Key quotes from leading scholars are included throughout the text, introducing you to their work and its impact on legal philosophy, while further reading suggestions help you to navigate the broad range of literature available in this area. Each chapter concludes with a series of critical questions designed to encourage you to think analytically about the law and the key ideas and debates which surround it. New to this editionRevised to include the most recent scholarship in several areas of jurisprudence, and to reflect the social and political developments that have influenced the law and legal theoryExpanded chapters on natural law, legal positivism, realism, rights, and theories of justiceNew and enhanced discussions of the rule of law, global justice, virtue ethics, human and animal rights, the economic analysis of law, and postmodernist theoriesUpdated suggested further reading lists and questions at the end of each chapter

An Introduction to International Relations

Australian Perspectives
Author: Richard Devetak,Anthony Burke,Jim George
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521682762
Category: Political Science
Page: 439
View: 8938

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Leading Australian scholars introduce a range of theories, actors, issues, institutions and processes that animate international relations today.

An Introduction to Animal Law


Author: Cooper
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080984398
Category: Science
Page: 110
View: 8262

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Legislation relating to animals has ancient origins and in many civilizations certain species have held particular significance, be it religious, cultural, nutritional, or sporting. As a general rule, the law was primarily concerned with animals as property, rather than in need of protection, until the 19th century. Since the 1970s animal law has proved to be a growth area in the production and enforcement of both national and international legislation. This has been particularly so in the areas of conservation and welfare and there has been extensive legal and philosophical consideration of the status of animals. This book is not intended to be a standard text, but rather a handbook in the true sense, a guide for the lay person--namely, to help the non-lawyer to understand the basic concepts of animal law and to provide the lawyer (who is the lay person in the world of animal science) with an introduction to relevant concepts and literature which are not normally found in the conventional legal texts.

The Philosophy of Social Science

An Introduction
Author: Martin Hollis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521447805
Category: Philosophy
Page: 268
View: 8862

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An introduction to the philosophy of social science from a well-known author.

Muslim Identities

An Introduction to Islam
Author: Aaron W. Hughes
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231531923
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 8953

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Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.

Climate Justice

Vulnerability and Protection
Author: Henry Shue
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191022802
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 1591

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The fruit of twenty years of moral reflection on the emerging greatest challenge to humanity of the 21st century, these far-sighted and influential essays by a pioneering practical philosopher on the tangled questions of justice between nations and justice across generations confronting all attempts at international cooperation in controlling climate change sharply crystallize the central choices and offer constructive directions forward. Arguing that persistent attempts by U.S. negotiators to avoid the fundamental issues of justice at the heart of persistent international disagreement on the terms of a binding multilateral treaty are as morally misguided as they are diplomatically counter-productive, Henry Shue has built a case that efforts to price carbon (through cap-and-trade or carbon taxes) as a mechanism to drive down greenhouse gas emissions by the affluent must, for both ethical and political reasons, be complemented by international transfers that temporarily subsidize the development of non-carbon energy and its dissemination to those trapped in poverty. Our vital escape from climate change rooted in the dominance of the fossil fuel regime ought not, and in fact need not, come at the price of de-railing the escape of the world's poorest from poverty rooted in lack of affordable energy that does not undermine the climate. The momentum of changes in the planetary climate system and the political inertia of energy regimes mean that future generations, like the poorest of the present, are vulnerable to our decisions, and they have rights not to be left helpless by those of us with the power instead to leave them hope.

Philosophy for a Better World


Author: Floris Van Den Berg
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1616145048
Category: Philosophy
Page: 290
View: 780

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You won’t see the world in the same light after reading this urgent and inspiring call to action. In this thought-provoking book, Dutch philosopher Floris van den Berg proposes a new perspective, called universal subjectivism, which can be adopted by anyone regardless of religious or philosophical orientation. It takes into consideration the universal capacity for suffering and, through raising awareness, seeks to diminish that suffering and increase happiness. With consistent and compelling moral reasoning, van den Berg shows that the world can be organized to ensure more pleasure, beauty, justice, happiness, health, freedom, animal welfare, and sustainability. The author emphasizes that today the near-term future is our greatest challenge: our affluent western lifestyle will soon exceed the limits of the earth’s sustainable capacity and must soon change drastically to ward off a worldwide environmental collapse. Knowing this, we should all reevaluate the daily routines we take for granted: taking the car to work, boarding a plane to a business or vacation destination, eating meat, or using plastic bags in stores. There are ethical and ecological objections to each of these examples. In fact, if we applied a strict ethical analysis to our lifestyle, almost nothing we do would pass muster. A lot of avoidable suffering attaches to our way of life. After reading this book, the world won’t look the same. Concluding with an eco-humanist manifesto, this book not only offers much food for thought but, more importantly, an urgent and inspiring call to action. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Issues in Medical Law and Ethics


Author: Derek Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135340986
Category: Law
Page: 304
View: 1696

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Thirty years ago, English jurist Patrick Devlin wrote: "Is it not a pleasant tribute to the medical profession that by and large it has been able to manage its relations with its patients ... without the aid of lawyers and law makers". Medical interventions at the beginnings and the endings of life have rendered that assessment dated if not defeated. This book picks up some of the most important of those developments and reflects on the legal and social consequences of this metamorphosis over the past ten years, and will be of interest to students of law, sociology and ethics who want a considered and critical introduction to, and reflection on, key issues in these pivotal moments of human life.

Teaching of Intellectual Property

Principles and Methods
Author: Yo Takagi,Larry Allman,Mpazi A. Sinjela
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139469452
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 1678

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Intellectual property (IP) comprises not only the valuable economic assets of private firms, but also the social and cultural assets of society. The potential impact of intellectual property assets is so great that it is likely to have a considerable effect on national and international economic development in the future. Despite this, the area of IP education is relatively new to many academic institutions, and principles and methods in teaching IP are still evolving. Against this backdrop, in this book a number of internationally renowned professors and practitioners share their teaching techniques in their particular fields of expertise, including what they consider should be taught in terms of coursework. The result is a valuable handbook for teachers and those wishing to get up to speed on international IP issues.

The Structure of Biological Science


Author: Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521275613
Category: Philosophy
Page: 281
View: 9202

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This book provides a comprehensive guide to the conceptual methodological, and epistemological problems of biology, and treats in depth the major developments in molecular biology and evolutionary theory that have transformed both biology and its philosophy in recent decades. At the same time the work is a sustained argument for a particular philosophy of biology that unifies disparate issues and offers a framework for expectations about the future directions of the life sciences. The argument explores differences between autonomist and anti-autonomist views of biology. The result is a vindication of reductionism, but one that is unexpectedly hollow. For it leaves the exponents of the autonomy of biology from physical science with as much as their view of biology really requires - and rather more than the reductionist might comfortably concede. Professor Rosenberg shows how the problems of the philosophy of biology are interconnected and how their solutions are interdependent, However, this book focuses more on the direct concerns of biologists, rather than the traditional agenda of philosophers' problems about biology. This departure from earlier books on the subject results both in greater understanding and relevance of the philosophy of science to biology as a whole.

Kant und die Berliner Aufklärung: Hauptvorträge


Author: Volker Gerhardt,Rolf-Peter Horstmann,Ralph Schumacher
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110169799
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 3314
View: 5219

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Die fünf Bände enthalten die überarbeiteten Fassungen aller Haupt- und Sektionsvorträge des IX. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses, der im März 2000 an der Berliner Humboldt-Universität stattfand. Die Beiträge gliedern sich in die folgenden Sektionen: Der vorkritische Kant, Kants Theoretische Philosophie, Kants Praktische Philosophie, Kants Ästhetik, Kants Religionsphilosophie, Kants Geschichtsphilosophie, Kants Rechts-, Staats- und Politische Philosophie, Kants Anthropologie, Kants Naturphilosophie und das Opus postumum, Kants Logik, Kant und die Aufklärung, Kant, Deutscher Idealismus und Neukantianismus, Kant und die Folgen. Zu den Autoren zählen u.a. Manfred Baum, Mario Caimi, Konrad Cramer, Jean Ferrari, Eckhardt Förster, Michael Friedman, Simone Goyard-Fabre, Paul Guyer, Gary Hatfield, Agnes Heller, Dieter Henrich, Otfried Höffe, Wolfgang Kersting, Béatrice Longuenesse, Onora O'Neill, Robert Pippin, Gerold Prauss und Michael Wolff.

Introduction to Islamic Civilization


Author: R. M. Savory
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521099486
Category: History
Page: 204
View: 9691

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Eighteen essays depict the historical and cultural background of Islamic society, its contributions to world literature, art, science, and medicine, and the consequences of its interaction with the Christian West

What is a Law of Nature?


Author: D. M. Armstrong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521314817
Category: Philosophy
Page: 180
View: 4560

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This is a study of a crucial and controversial topic in metaphysics and the philosophy of science: the status of the laws of nature. D. M. Armstrong works out clearly and in comprehensive detail a largely original view that laws are relations between properties or universals. The theory is continuous with the views on universals and more generally with the scientific realism that Professor Armstrong has advanced in earlier publications. He begins here by mounting an attack on the orthodox and sceptical view deriving from Hume that laws assert no more than a regularity of coincidence between instances of properties. In doing so he presents what may become the definitive statement of the case against this position. Professor Armstrong then goes on to establish his own theory in a systematic manner defending it against the most likely objections, and extending both it and the related theory of universals to cover functional and statistical laws. This treatment of the subject is refreshingly concise and vivid: it will both stimulate vigorous professional debate and make an excellent student text.

Fundamentals of Natural Computing

Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications
Author: Leandro Nunes de Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420011448
Category: Science
Page: 696
View: 9734

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Natural computing brings together nature and computing to develop new computational tools for problem solving; to synthesize natural patterns and behaviors in computers; and to potentially design novel types of computers. Fundamentals of Natural Computing: Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications presents a wide-ranging survey of novel techniques and important applications of nature-based computing. This book presents theoretical and philosophical discussions, pseudocodes for algorithms, and computing paradigms that illustrate how computational techniques can be used to solve complex problems, simulate nature, explain natural phenomena, and possibly allow the development of new computing technologies. The author features a consistent and approachable, textbook-style format that includes lucid figures, tables, real-world examples, and different types of exercises that complement the concepts while encouraging readers to apply the computational tools in each chapter. Building progressively upon core concepts of nature-inspired techniques, the topics include evolutionary computing, neurocomputing, swarm intelligence, immunocomputing, fractal geometry, artificial life, quantum computing, and DNA computing. Fundamentals of Natural Computing is a self-contained introduction and a practical guide to nature-based computational approaches that will find numerous applications in a variety of growing fields including engineering, computer science, biological modeling, and bioinformatics.