Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives
Author: Paul Milbourne,Terry Marsden
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1849509182
Category: Political Science
Page: 248
View: 2185

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Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.

From Community to Consumption

New and Classical Themes in Rural Sociological Research
Author: Alessandro Bonanno,Hans Baker,Raymond Jussaume,Yoshio Kawamura,Mark Shuksmith
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857242814
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 8014

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Contains papers presented at the XII World Congress of Rural Sociology held in South Korea in 2008. This book provides an international view of the advanced production in rural sociology.

Globalization and the Time-space Reorganization

Capital Mobility in Agriculture and Food in the Americas
Author: Alessandro Bonanno,Josefa Salete Barbosa Cavalcanti
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857243179
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 250
View: 2159

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Explores capital mobility under globalization by studying some of its salient consequences in agriculture and food in North and South America. This title probes the manner in which capital mobility alters the organization of the temporal and spatial dimensions that characterize the reproduction of capital.

Agriculture in Mediterranean Europe

Between Old and New Paradigms
Author: Dionisio Ortiz-Miranda,Ana Moragues-Faus,Eladio Arnalte Alegre
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781905975
Category: Social Science
Page: 315
View: 634

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Mediterranean agriculture is by and large envisaged as a landscape of small farms of high nature value producing worldwide recognisable quality food products that make up the basis of the famous Mediterranean diet and shape Southern European cultures.

Constructing a new framework for rural development


Author: Pierluigi Milone,Flaminia Ventura,Jingzhong Ye
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1784416215
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 7227

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This book critically discusses these new practices and the actors engaged in them. In doing so, it deals with several countries in three different continents (Asia, South America and Europe). It proposes new concepts and approaches for a better understanding of the re-emergence of peasants as indispensable part of modern societies.

Handbook of Welfare in China


Author: B. Carrillo,J. Hood,P. I. Kadetz
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 178347274X
Category:
Page: 464
View: 2863

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The Handbook is a timely compilation dedicated to exploring a rare diversity of perspectives and content on the development, successes, reforms and challenges within China’s contemporary welfare system. It showcases an extensive introduction and 20 original chapters by leading and emerging area specialists who explore a century of welfare provision from the Nationalist era, up to and concentrating on economic reform and marketisation (1978 to the present). Organised around five key concerns (social security and welfare; emerging issues and actors; gaps; future challenges) chapters draw on original case-based research from diverse disciplines and perspectives, engage existing literature and further key debates.

The Sociology of Rural Life


Author: Samantha Hillyard
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1845201388
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 8266

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Foot and mouth disease and BSE have both had a devastating impact on rural society. Alongside these devastating developments, the rise of the organic food movement has helped to revitalize an already politicized rural population. From fox-hunting to farming, the vigour with which rural activities and living are defended overturns received notions of a sleepy and complacent countryside. Over the years "rural life" has been defined, redefined and eventually fallen out of fashion as a sociological concept--in contrast to urban studies, which has flourished. This much-needed reappraisal calls for its reinterpretation in light of the profound changes affecting the countryside. First providing an overview of rural sociology, Hillyard goes on to offer contemporary case studies that clearly demonstrate the need for a reinvigorated rural sociology. Tackling a range of contentious issues--from fox-hunting to organic farming--this book offers a new model for rural sociology and reassesses its role in contemporary society.

Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa

Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries
Author: Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt,Fred Mawunyo Dzanku,Aida Cuthbert Isinika
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198799284
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 7130

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Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa uses a longitudinal cross-country comparative approach to contribute to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Relying on unique household level data collected in six African countries since 2002, it addresses the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men. Despite a growing interest in smallholder agriculture in Africa, this interest has not been matched by the research on the subject. While recent policies focus on reducing poverty through encouraging smallholder agriculture, there are few studies showing how livelihoods have changed since this time, and especially how such changes may have affected male and female headed households differently. Moreover, agriculture is often viewed in isolation from other types of income generating opportunities, like small scale trading. Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa looks at how livelihoods have changed over time and how this has affected the relationship between agricultural and non-agricultural sources of livelihoods. In general, women have much poorer access to agricultural sources of income, and for this reason the interplay between farm and non-farm sources of income is especially important to analyse. Providing suggestions for more inclusive policies related to rural development, this edited volume outlines current weaknesses and illustrates potential opportunities for change. It offers a nuanced alternative to the current dominance of structural transformation narratives of agricultural change through adding insights from gender studies as well as village-level studies of agrarian development. It positions change in relation to broader livelihood dynamics outside the farm sector and contextualises them nationally and regionally to provide a necessary analytical adaption to the unfolding empirical realities of rural Africa.

Rural Wealth Creation


Author: John L. Pender,Bruce A. Weber,Thomas G. Johnson,J. Matthew Fannin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135121893
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 310
View: 525

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This book investigates the role of wealth in achieving sustainable rural economic development. The authors define wealth as all assets net of liabilities that can contribute to well-being, and they provide examples of many forms of capital – physical, financial, human, natural, social, and others. They propose a conceptual framework for rural wealth creation that considers how multiple forms of wealth provide opportunities for rural development, and how development strategies affect the dynamics of wealth. They also provide a new accounting framework for measuring wealth stocks and flows. These conceptual frameworks are employed in case study chapters on measuring rural wealth and on rural wealth creation strategies. Rural Wealth Creation makes numerous contributions to research on sustainable rural development. Important distinctions are drawn to help guide wealth measurement, such as the difference between the wealth located within a region and the wealth owned by residents of a region, and privately owned versus publicly owned wealth. Case study chapters illustrate these distinctions and demonstrate how different forms of wealth can be measured. Several key hypotheses are proposed about the process of rural wealth creation, and these are investigated by case study chapters assessing common rural development strategies, such as promoting rural energy industries and amenity-based development. Based on these case studies, a typology of rural wealth creation strategies is proposed and an approach to mapping the potential of such strategies in different contexts is demonstrated. This book will be relevant to students, researchers, and policy makers looking at rural community development, sustainable economic development, and wealth measurement.

Growth, Inequality and Social Development in India

Is Inclusive Growth Possible?
Author: R Nagaraj
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137000767
Category: Political Science
Page: 238
View: 6448

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With six essays exploring different aspects of economic growth, poverty, inequality and social security, this book offers a critical perspective on India's development experience since independence. Incisive and empirically rich, the book opens up new vistas in development discourse and informs current policy debates.

Agricultural Policies in Developing Countries


Author: Frank Ellis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521395847
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 357
View: 2348

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Policies that influence the prices of farm input and output, modify agricultural institutions, and promote new technologies are examined as methods used by governments to alter the environment of agricultural production.

Land, Protest, and Politics

The Landless Movement and the Struggle for Agrarian Reform in Brazil
Author: Gabriel Ondetti
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271047844
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 6175

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Brazil is a country of extreme inequalities, one of the most important of which is the acute concentration of rural land ownership. In recent decades, however, poor landless workers have mounted a major challenge to this state of affairs. A broad grassroots social movement led by the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST) has mobilized hundreds of thousands of families to pressure authorities for land reform through mass protest. This book explores the evolution of the landless movement from its birth during the twilight years of Brazil&’s military dictatorship through the first government of Luiz In&ácio Lula da Silva. It uses this case to test a number of major theoretical perspectives on social movements and engages in a critical dialogue with both contemporary political opportunity theory and Mancur Olson&’s classic economic theory of collective action. Ondetti seeks to explain the major moments of change in the landless movement's growth trajectory: its initial emergence in the late 1970s and early 80s, its rapid takeoff in the mid-1990s, its acute but ultimately temporary crisis in the early 2000s, and its resurgence during Lula's first term in office. He finds strong support for the influential, but much-criticized political opportunity perspective. At the same time, however, he underscores some of the problems with how political opportunity has been conceptualized in the past. The book also seeks to shed light on the anomalous fact that the landless movement continued to expand in the decade following the restoration of Brazilian democracy in 1985 despite the general trend toward social-movement decline. His argument, which highlights the unusual structure of incentives involved in the struggle for land in Brazil, casts doubt on a key assumption underlying Olson's theory.

Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa


Author: Jeremy Seekings,Nicoli Nattrass
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300128758
Category: Political Science
Page: 464
View: 2413

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The distribution of incomes in South Africa in 2004, ten years after the transition to democracy, was probably more unequal than it had been under apartheid. In this book, Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass explain why this is so, offering a detailed and comprehensive analysis of inequality in South Africa from the midtwentieth century to the early twenty-first century. They show that the basis of inequality shifted in the last decades of the twentieth century from race to class. Formal deracialization of public policy did not reduce the actual disadvantages experienced by the poor nor the advantages of the rich. The fundamental continuity in patterns of advantage and disadvantage resulted from underlying continuities in public policy, or what Seekings and Nattrass call the “distributional regime.” The post-apartheid distributional regime continues to divide South Africans into insiders and outsiders. The insiders, now increasingly multiracial, enjoy good access to well-paid, skilled jobs; the outsiders lack skills and employment.

Environment and Planning

Government & policy. C
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political planning
Page: N.A
View: 6450

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Publishes interdisciplinary research on issues of Government and Policy with an international perspective. Committed to a broad range of policy questions, not just those related to government and public policy. Topics covered include nonstate agents, private-public collaboration, and NGOs (nongovernmental organisations). All areas of economic, social and environmental institutions, and policy are included. Disciplines from which papers are derived include political science, planning, geography, economics, law, sociology, and public administration.

Trade, Investment and Economic Development in Asia

Empirical and policy issues
Author: Debashis Chakraborty,Jaydeep Mukherjee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317207815
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 388
View: 7763

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In an era of globalization, trade in goods and cross-border services and capital flows play a key role in determining the economic growth path of countries. Over the last two decades, countries have embarked on several alternate tracks to liberalize and deepen their linkage with the world economy. The growing trade-investment nexus and the emerging developments lead to deeper international production networks, rise in cross-border trade in services and in regional trade agreements and so on. The debate of whether it is possible to empirically validate the potential benefits of this deepening trade-investment linkage is ongoing. The evidence in literature is, however, ambiguous. This book contributes to the literature by looking at Asian economies and at the EU, Maghreb countries and Pacific Island economics. It examines the issues under four broad areas, namely: (1) trade: theoretical and policy issues, (2) factor flows: impact on trade and welfare, (3) impact of trade and factor flows on environment and (4) institutions, international trade and policy issues.

Rural Development and the Construction of New Markets


Author: Paul Hebinck,Sergio Schneider,Jan Douwe van der Ploeg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317753771
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 212
View: 1951

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This book focuses on empirical experiences related to market development, and specifically new markets with structurally different characteristics than mainstream markets. Europe, Brazil, China and the rather robust and complex African experiences are covered to provide a rich multidisciplinary and multi-level analysis of the dynamics of newly emerging markets. Rural Development and the Construction of New Markets analyses newly constructed markets as nested markets. Although they are specific market segments that are nested in the wider commodity markets for food, they have a different nature, different dynamics, a different redistribution of value added, different prices and different relations between producers and consumers. Nested markets embody distinction viz-a-viz the general markets in which they are embedded. A key aspect of nested markets is that these are constructed in and through social struggles, which in turn positions this book in relation to classic and new institutional economic analyses of markets. These markets emerge as steadily growing parts of the farmer populations are dedicating their time, energy and resources to the design and production of new goods and services that differ from conventional agricultural outputs. The speed and intensity with which this is taking place, and the products and services involved, vary considerably across the world. In large parts of the South, notably Africa, farmers are ‘structurally’ combining farming with other activities. By contrast, in Europe and large parts of Latin America farmers have taken steps to generate new products and services which exist alongside ongoing agricultural production. This book not only discusses the economic rationales and dynamics for these markets, but also their likely futures and the threats and opportunities they face.