We the People, Volume 2

Author: Bruce Ackerman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674003977
Category: History
Page: 528
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Volume 3, Publisher description: The Civil Rights Revolution carries Bruce Ackerman's sweeping reinterpretation of constitutional history into the era beginning with Brown v. Board of Education. From Rosa Parks's courageous defiance, to Martin Luther King's resounding cadences in "I Have a Dream," to Lyndon Johnson's leadership of Congress, to the Supreme Court's decisions redefining the meaning of equality, the movement to end racial discrimination decisively changed our understanding of the Constitution. Ackerman anchors his discussion in the landmark statutes of the 1960s: the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. Challenging conventional legal analysis and arguing instead that constitutional politics won the day, he describes the complex interactions among branches of government--and also between government and the ordinary people who participated in the struggle. He showcases leaders such as Everett Dirksen, Hubert Humphrey, and Richard Nixon who insisted on real change, not just formal equality, for blacks and other minorities. The Civil Rights Revolution transformed the Constitution, but not through judicial activism or Article V amendments. The breakthrough was the passage of laws that ended the institutionalized humiliations of Jim Crow and ensured equal rights at work, in schools, and in the voting booth. This legislation gained congressional approval only because of the mobilized support of the American people--and their principles deserve a central place in the nation's history. Ackerman's arguments are especially important at a time when the Roberts Court is actively undermining major achievements of America' Second Reconstruction.

Politische Ikonographie und Differenzrepräsentation

Leviathan Sonderband 34 | 2018
Author: Eva Marlene Hausteiner,Sebastian Huhnholz
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845285400
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 7788

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Die visuelle Inszenierung von Herrschaft ist bislang durch Darstellungen von Macht und Einheit geprägt. Weniger erforscht als diese Identitätsrepräsentation ist die oft besonders produktive Seite von Differenzrepräsentation. Insbesondere in Demokratien ist die freie Artikulation von Andersheit, Verschiedenheit und Vielfalt unerlässlich für Integration, Kommunikation und politische Stabilisation. Kritik und Erneuerung demokratischer Ordnungen vollziehen sich daher auch in symbolstarken öffentlichen Auseinandersetzungen um die beiden Leitdimensionen der politischen Repräsentation, Identität und Differenz. Dieser Sonderband widmet sich darum Dimensionen der Brechung, Erweiterung und Repräsentationskämpfe kollektiver Identitäten. Die betrachteten Motive, Kampagnen und Materialien reichen von der Ikonographie demokratischer Hauptstadt- und Arbeiterwohnbauarchitektur über Obelisken, Street Art, Einbürgerungsfeiern bis zu Symbolen wie dem der Verfassung, der Transparenz und des Kreises. Mit Beiträgen von Vincent August, Lisa Bogerts, Anna Chwialkowska, Iris Därmann, Paula Diehl, Elisabeth Haas, Eva Marlene Hausteiner, Sebastian Huhnholz, Maria Jakob, Marcus Llanque, Philip Manow, Michael Minkenberg, Lena Sophia Schacht, Daniel Schulz, Felix Steilen, Siegfried Weichlein.

We the People, Volume 1

Author: Bruce A. Ackerman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674736591
Category: Law
Page: 384
View: 4628

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Bruce Ackerman offers a sweeping reinterpretation of our nation’s constitutional experience and its promise for the future. Integrating themes from American history, political science, and philosophy, We the People confronts the past, present, and future of popular sovereignty in America. Only this distinguished scholar could present such an insightful view of the role of the Supreme Court. Rejecting arguments of judicial activists, proceduralists, and neoconservatives, Ackerman proposes a new model of judicial interpretation that would synthesize the constitutional contributions of many generations into a coherent whole. The author ranges from examining the origins of the dualist tradition in the Federalist Papers to reflecting upon recent, historic constitutional decisions. The latest revolutions in civil rights, and the right to privacy, are integrated into the fabric of constitutionalism. Today’s Constitution can best be seen as the product of three great exercises in popular sovereignty, led by the Founding Federalists in the 1780s, the Reconstruction Republicans in the 1860s, and the New Deal Democrats in the 1930s. Ackerman examines the roles played during each of these periods by the Congress, the Presidency, and the Supreme Court. He shows that Americans have built a distinctive type of constitutional democracy, unlike any prevailing in Europe. It is a dualist democracy, characterized by its continuing effort to distinguish between two kinds of politics: normal politics, in which organized interest groups try to influence democratically elected representatives; and constitutional politics, in which the mass of citizens mobilize to debate matters of fundamental principle. Although American history is dominated by normal politics, our tradition places a higher value on mobilized efforts to gain the consent of the people to new governing principles. In a dualist democracy, the rare triumphs of constitutional politics determine the course of normal politics. More than a decade in the making, and the first of three volumes, this compelling book speaks to all who seek to renew and redefine our civic commitments in the decades ahead.

Philosophy of Nonviolence

Revolution, Constitutionalism, and Justice beyond the Middle East
Author: Chibli Mallat
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394229
Category: Philosophy
Page: 312
View: 4809

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In 2011, the Middle East saw more people peacefully protesting long entrenched dictatorships than at any time in its history. The dictators of Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen were deposed in a matter of weeks by nonviolent marches. Imprecisely described as 'the Arab Spring', the revolution has been convulsing the whole region ever since. Beyond an uneven course in different countries, Philosophy of Nonviolence examines how 2011 may have ushered in a fundamental break in world history. The break, the book argues, is animated by nonviolence as the new spirit of the philosophy of history. Philosophy of Nonviolence maps out a system articulating nonviolence in the revolution, the rule of constitutional law it yearns for, and the demand for accountability that inspired the revolution in the first place. Part One--Revolution, provides modern context to the generational revolt, probes the depth of Middle Eastern-Islamic humanism, and addresses the paradox posed by nonviolence to the 'perpetual peace' ideal. Part Two--Constitutionalism, explores the reconfiguration of legal norms and power structures, mechanisms of institutional change and constitution-making processes in pursuit of the nonviolent anima. Part Three--Justice, covers the broadening concept of dictatorship as crime against humanity, an essential part of the philosophy of nonviolence. It follows its frustrated emergence in the French revolution, its development in the Middle East since 1860 through the trials of Arab dictators, the pyramid of accountability post-dictatorship, and the scope of foreign intervention in nonviolent revolutions. Throughout the text, Professor Mallat maintains thoroughly abstract and philosophical arguments, while substantiating those arguments in historical context enriched by a close participation in the ongoing Middle East revolution.

State and Citizen

British America and the Early United States
Author: Peter Thompson,Peter S. Onuf
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813933501
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 1165

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Pointing the way to a new history of the transformation of British subjects into American citizens, State and Citizen challenges the presumption that the early American state was weak by exploring the changing legal and political meaning of citizenship. The volume’s distinguished contributors cast new light on the shift from subjecthood to citizenship during the American Revolution by showing that the federal state played a much greater part than is commonly supposed. Going beyond master narratives—celebratory or revisionist—that center on founding principles, the contributors argue that geopolitical realities and the federal state were at the center of early American political development. The volume’s editors, Peter Thompson and Peter S. Onuf, bring together political science and historical methodologies to demonstrate that citizenship was a political as well as a legal concept. The American state, this collection argues, was formed and evolved in a more dialectical relationship between citizens and government authority than is generally acknowledged. Suggesting points of comparison between an American narrative of state development—previously thought to be exceptional—and those of Europe and Latin America, the contributors break fresh ground by investigating citizenship in its historical context rather than by reference only to its capacity to confer privileges.

Contemporary Authors

A Biobibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Nonfiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Fields. New revision series
Author: Scot Peacock
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780787646042
Category: Authors
Page: 488
View: 3055

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American constitutional interpretation

Author: Walter F. Murphy,James E. Fleming,Sotirios A. Barber
Publisher: Foundation Pr
Category: Law
Page: 1749
View: 7272

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This undergaduate text uses original essays, cases and materials to study the very enterprise by which a constitution is interpreted and a constitutional government created. It explores the American polity as both a constitutional and democratic entity. This volume is organized around a set of basic interrogatives: What is the constitution that is to be interpreted? Who are its authoritative interpreters? How do they go about their interpretive tasks?

The next religious establishment

national identity and political theology in post-Protestant America
Author: Eldon J. Eisenach
Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer
Category: Political Science
Page: 177
View: 6712

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America cannot survive without a common faith. History has taught us that our national identity and our political order require voluntary religious and civic organizations. Following the social, political, and cultural upheavals of the 1960s, Americans are now engaged in a struggle to determine the future of our nation's character and destiny. So argues prominent political theorist Eldon J. Eisenach in this brilliant and controversial book. The Next Religious Establishment alerts readers to the changing landscape of America's identity and invites us to participate in its redefinition. This book will profoundly alter the way political theorists, intellectual historians, and theologians conceptualize America's past, present, and future.

Das Bild der Stadt

Author: Kevin Lynch
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602166
Category: Architecture
Page: 215
View: 7490

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Wie orientieren wir uns in einer Stadt? Woher rühren unsere ganz fest umrissenen visuellen Vorstellungen? Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, studierte Kevin Lynch die Erfahrungen von Menschen und zeigt damit, wie man das Bild der Stadt wieder lebendiger und einprägsamer machen könnte.

Political Liberalism

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231130899
Category: Philosophy
Page: 576
View: 7274

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Few aspects of American military history have been as vigorously debated as Harry Truman's decision to use atomic bombs against Japan. In this carefully crafted volume, Michael Kort describes the wartime circumstances and thinking that form the context for the decision to use these weapons, surveys the major debates related to that decision, and provides a comprehensive collection of key primary source documents that illuminate the behavior of the United States and Japan during the closing days of World War II. Kort opens with a summary of the debate over Hiroshima as it has evolved since 1945. He then provides a historical overview of thye events in question, beginning with the decision and program to build the atomic bomb. Detailing the sequence of events leading to Japan's surrender, he revisits the decisive battles of the Pacific War and the motivations of American and Japanese leaders. Finally, Kort examines ten key issues in the discussion of Hiroshima and guides readers to relevant primary source documents, scholarly books, and articles.

Legal Philosophy

General Aspects : Theoretical Examinations and Practical Application, Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR), New York, June 24-30, 1999
Author: Patricia Smith,Paolo Comanducci
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 7719

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Contents E. Barbarosch: Moral Scepticism and the Critical Positivistic Theory of Law G. Pavlakos: On the Normative Groundwork of Discourse-Ethics O. A. Payrow Shabani: Law and Legitimacy in Habermas' Discourse Ethics M. Elosegui: Intercultural Republicanism D. V. Poochigian: Liability as a Principle of General and Special Ethics H. Kaptein: Reconciliation of Retribution and Reparation T. Metz: Realism and the Censure Theory of Punishment S. Morimura: Libertarian Theories of Punishment R. Wiener: Duty of Disclosure in Business Su-Po Kao: On the Relevance of the Ideas of Legal Authority and Market Exchange. (Franz Steiner 2002)