Die Federalist papers


Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406547546
Category: Constitutional history
Page: 583
View: 5296

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The Powers of War and Peace

The Constitution and Foreign Affairs after 9/11
Author: John Yoo
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226960331
Category: Political Science
Page: 378
View: 2820

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Since the September 11 attacks on the United States, the Bush administration has come under fire for its methods of combating terrorism. Waging war against al Qaeda has proven to be a legal quagmire, with critics claiming that the administration's response in Afghanistan and Iraq is unconstitutional. The war on terror—and, in a larger sense, the administration's decision to withdraw from the ABM Treaty and the Kyoto accords—has many wondering whether the constitutional framework for making foreign affairs decisions has been discarded by the present administration. John Yoo, formerly a lawyer in the Department of Justice, here makes the case for a completely new approach to understanding what the Constitution says about foreign affairs, particularly the powers of war and peace. Looking to American history, Yoo points out that from Truman and Korea to Clinton's intervention in Kosovo, American presidents have had to act decisively on the world stage without a declaration of war. They are able to do so, Yoo argues, because the Constitution grants the president, Congress, and the courts very different powers, requiring them to negotiate the country's foreign policy. Yoo roots his controversial analysis in a brilliant reconstruction of the original understanding of the foreign affairs power and supplements it with arguments based on constitutional text, structure, and history. Accessibly blending historical arguments with current policy debates, The Powers of War and Peace will no doubt be hotly debated. And while the questions it addresses are as old and fundamental as the Constitution itself, America's response to the September 11 attacks has renewed them with even greater force and urgency. “Can the president of the United States do whatever he likes in wartime without oversight from Congress or the courts? This year, the issue came to a head as the Bush administration struggled to maintain its aggressive approach to the detention and interrogation of suspected enemy combatants in the war on terrorism. But this was also the year that the administration’s claims about presidential supremacy received their most sustained intellectual defense [in] The Powers of War and Peace.”—Jeffrey Rosen, New York Times “Yoo’s theory promotes frank discussion of the national interest and makes it harder for politicians to parade policy conflicts as constitutional crises. Most important, Yoo’s approach offers a way to renew our political system’s democratic vigor.”—David B. Rivkin Jr. and Carlos Ramos-Mrosovsky, National Review

Sic Semper Tyrannis

Why John Wilkes Booth Shot Abraham Lincoln
Author: William L. Richter
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1440170266
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 7134

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From Richard Lawrence to John Wilkes Booth to John Hinckley, Jr., Americans have preferred their presidential assassins, whether failed or successful, to be more or less crazy. Seemingly, this absolves us of having to wonder where the American experiment might have gone wrong. John Wilkes Booth has been no exception to this rule. But was he? In a new, provocative study comprising three essays, historian William L. Richter delves into the psyche of Booth and finds him far from insane. Beginning with a modern, less adulating interpretation of President Abraham Lincoln, Richter is the first scholar to examine Booth's few known, often unfinished speeches and essays to draw a realistic mind-picture of the man who intensely believed in common American political theories of his day, and acted violently to carry them out during the time of America's greatest war.

Constitutional Stupidities, Constitutional Tragedies


Author: Murphy Institute of Political Economy
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814751312
Category: Law
Page: 286
View: 5670

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Over fifty years ago, Will Herberg theorized that future immigrants to the United States would no longer identify themselves through their races or ethnicities, or through the languages and cultures of their home countries. Rather, modern immigrants would base their identities on their religions. The landscape of U.S. immigration has changed dramatically since Herberg first published his theory. Most of today’s immigrants are Asian or Latino, and are thus unable to shed their racial and ethnic identities as rapidly as the Europeans about whom Herberg wrote. And rather than a flexible, labor-based economy hungry for more workers, today’s immigrants find themselves in a post-industrial segmented economy that allows little in the way of class mobility. In this comprehensive anthology contributors draw on ethnography and in-depth interviews to examine the experiences of the new second generation: the children of Asian and Latino immigrants. Covering a diversity of second-generation religious communities including Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, and Jews, the contributors highlight the ways in which race, ethnicity, and religion intersect for new Americans. As the new second generation of Latinos and Asian Americans comes of age, they will not only shape American race relations, but also the face of American religion.

Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law, 2nd Edition [3 volumes]

An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law
Author: Gregg Lee Carter
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313386714
Category: History
Page: 1096
View: 3499

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Thoroughly updated and greatly expanded from its original edition, this three-volume set is the go-to comprehensive resource on the legal, social, psychological, political, and public health aspects of guns in American life. • 450 alphabetically organized entries, including 100 new for this edition, covering key issues (suicide, video games and gun violence, firearm injury statistics) and events (workplace shootings, the Virginia Tech massacre) • 102 expert contributors from all academic fields involved in studying the causes and effects of gun violence • A chronology of pivotal moments and controversies in the history of firearm ownership and use in the United States • An exhaustive bibliography of print and online resources covering all aspects of the study of guns in the United States • Appendices on federal gun laws, state gun laws, and pro- and anti-gun-control organizations

A Bibliography of the English Colonial Treaties with the American Indians, Including a Synopsis of Each Treaty


Author: Henry Farr De Puy
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
ISBN: 1584771631
Category: History
Page: 108
View: 3915

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DePuy, Henry F. A Bibliography of the English Colonial Treaties with the American Indians. New York: The Lenox Club, 1917. [108] pp. Reprinted 2001 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-163-1. Cloth. $50. * Many of the records of the various treaties with the Indians exist only in manuscript. This bibliography locates and describes fifty treaties that were separately printed in small print quantities and thus are exceedingly rare. For each treaty De Puy provides full collation, a brief synopsis of the contents, an illustration, and the location of copies in principal libraries and private collections. See Besterman, A World Bibliography of Bibliographies 352.

The Politics of Power, A Critical Introduction to American Government


Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1497032717
Category: Education
Page: 176
View: 8823

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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Politics of Power, A Critical Introduction to American Government. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Case for Impeachment

The Legal Argument for Removing President George W. Bush from Office
Author: Dave Lindorff,Barbara Olshansky
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429906588
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 6460

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The war in Iraq . . . No bid contracts awarded to Halliburton . . . Hurricane Katrina . . . The CIA leak investigation . . . The story gets worse and worse. The evidence is glaring. George W. Bush's record as a president is abysmal. And it's time to impeach him. The Case for Impeachment lays out the reasons why in a straightforward, letter-of-the-law manner. Mixing the cold, hard facts with the lies and deceptions of this administration, The Case for Impeachment is a serious consideration of Bush's high crimes and misdemeanors while in office. This important and timely book will serve as a rallying cry for all those fed up with George W. Bush's abuses of power. It's time for the American people and Congress to act. With so much at stake, we have a president whose administration stands out in its criminality and disdain for the rule of law. The Case for Impeachment explains the legal history and grounds for impeaching George W. Bush and brings forth more than a half dozen articles of impeachment the likes of: *Lying and inducing Congress and the American people into an unjust war. *Allowing his friends and business cronies to profiteer off the war in Iraq. *Authorizing torture and rendition of prisoners of war and suspected terrorists--a complete violation of the Geneva Conventions, a treaty the U.S. has signed and is therefore part of our law. *Stripping American citizens of their Constitutional rights--holding people with no charge, wiretapping them illegally, offering them no trial, and never allowing them to face their accusers. *Failing in almost every way possible to defend the homeland and our borders. Hard hitting and persuasive in its argument, The Case for Impeachment will be one of the most talked-about political books for the pathetic remainder of the Bush Presidency.

The Constitution's Text in Foreign Affairs


Author: Michael D. Ramsey
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674024908
Category: Law
Page: 492
View: 3558

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This book describes the constitutional law of foreign affairs derived from the historical understanding of the Constitution's text. Examining recurring foreign affairs controversies such as the power to enter armed conflict and the power to make and break treaties, and showing how the words, structure, and context of the Constitution can resolve pivotal court cases and modern disputes, the author provides a counterpoint to more conventional discussions that tend to downplay the guiding ability of the Constitution.

War Powers Resolution

After Thirty-Six Years
Author: Richard F. Grimmett
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437932932
Category:
Page: 77
View: 5895

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Discusses and assesses the War Powers Resolution (WPR) and its application. Contents: (1) Intro.; (2) Provisions of the WPR; (3) Constitutional Questions Raised: War Powers of Pres. and Congress; Legislative Veto; Auto. Withdrawal Provision; (4) Major Cases and Issues Prior to the Persian Gulf War: Vietnam and Mayaguez: Iran Hostage Rescue Attempt; El Salvador; Honduras; Lebanon; Grenada; Libya; Persian Gulf, 1987; Invasion of Panama; (5) Major Cases and Issues in the Post-Cold War World: U.N. Actions: Persian Gulf War, 1991; Iraq-Post Gulf War; Somalia; Former Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Kosovo; Haiti; Terrorist Attacks against the U.S., 2001: How Does the WPR Apply?; Use of Force Against Iraq Resolution 2002; (6) Proposed Amend.

Foreign Policy of the United States


Author: Ernest Simone
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781560728504
Category: Political Science
Page: 211
View: 550

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Foreign policy of the United States is a complex mechanism defined both by constitutional law as well as by various instruments of public and private pressure. This book examines first of all the foreign policy roles of the President and Congress. History has shown control of foreign policy has shifted between the Executive Branch and Congress depending on public opinion, perceived strengths of various presidents, congressional interest levels and willingness of power congressmen to oppose the president. National interest as a foreign policy element is considered as well. Albeit a vague term that can and often is construed to mean whatever a particular president or congress is interested in the moment, there are several areas of general agreement; cheap oil for American consumers; halting nuclear proliferation; containment of Russia; following Israeli direction on Mid-East policy; trying to open Chinese markets for American companies; generally serving as an active agent of American business in global markets; maintaining and projecting American's military muscle throughout the world. The book also examines the government organisations involved in foreign policy, the laws related to various countries, foreign election monitoring, economic sanctions as instruments of foreign policy, international terrorism and the War Powers Resolution.

A Culture of Deference

Congress, the President, and the Course of the U.S.-led Invasion and Occupation of Iraq
Author: Festus Ugboaja Ohaegbulam
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9780820495385
Category: Political Science
Page: 309
View: 5998

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This book explores the culture of deference by the legislative branch to the executive branch on foreign policy issues, particularly regarding the George W. Bush administration's rush to war in Iraq in 2003. By authorizing President Bush to go to war in Iraq at his own discretion in its October 2002 resolution, the 107th Congress abdicated its constitutional responsibility and its members failed to honor their oath to uphold the Constitution of the United States. Although the -war powers- are constitutionally those of Congress, historically presidents have engaged in war making and Congress has with limited success attempted to curb such war making. This book traces how this culture of deference to the chief executive on war making evolved and how, especially in the case of Iraq, it has adversely affected the interests of the nation, its constitutional framework, and its position in the world. This book will serve as an excellent text for courses on U.S. foreign policy, U.S. diplomatic history, and the role of Congress."

The Clinton Wars

The Constitution, Congress, and War Powers
Author: Ryan C. Hendrickson
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
ISBN: 9780826514141
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 732

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Today the United States is fighting a "war" against terrorism, a military action whose definition will be a matter of controversy, particularly, if history is any guide, between Congress and the president. Throughout its history, the United States has grappled with the constitutional tension built into the conduct of its foreign affairs and the interpretation of the power to make war and use force abroad. Since the Cold War's end, the United States has had to navigate through a period of strategic ambiguity, where American national security interests are much less certain. Ryan Hendrickson examines the behavior of the Clinton administration and Congress in dealing with the range of American military operations that occurred during the Clinton presidency. He uses a case-study approach, laying out the foreign background and domestic political controversies in separate chapters on Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Iraq. Of special interest after the World Trade Center attacks is the chapter "Terrorism: Usama Bin Laden." The author analyzes a number of factors that influence the domestic decision-making process. We see the president relying on congressional consultation and approval during periods of political or personal weakness, and, conversely, in better times we see a president with a freer hand. Also influential is the ability of the public to comprehend and support the reasons for a particular action, with troops in Bosnia requiring more explanation than cruise missiles over Baghdad. Consideration is given to the relevance and effectiveness of the War Powers Resolution of 1973, a Watergate-era attempt by Congress to restore what it perceived to be its legitimate constitutional role in the decision to use force abroad.