War and the Crisis of Youth in Sierra Leone


Author: Krijn Peters
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139497391
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 3350

Continue Reading →

The armed conflict in Sierra Leone and the extreme violence of the main rebel faction - the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) - have challenged scholars and members of the international community to come up with explanations. Up to this point, though, conclusions about the nature of the war are mainly drawn from accounts of civilian victims and commentators who had access to only one side of the war. The present study addresses this currently incomplete understanding of the conflict by focusing on the direct experiences and interpretations of protagonists, paying special attention to the hitherto neglected, and often underage, cadres of the RUF. The data presented challenges the widely canvassed notion of the Sierra Leone conflict as a war motivated by 'greed, not grievance'. Rather, it points to a rural crisis expressed in terms of unresolved tensions between landowners and marginalized rural youth, further reinforced and triggered by a collapsing patrimonial state.

Childhood Deployed

Remaking Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone
Author: Susan Shepler
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814760929
Category: Social Science
Page: 223
View: 1376

Continue Reading →

Childhood Deployed examines the reintegration of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone. Based on eighteen months of participant-observer ethnographic fieldwork and ten years of follow-up research, the book argues that there is a fundamental disconnect between the Western idea of the child soldier and the individual lived experiences of the child soldiers of Sierra Leone. Susan Shepler contends that the reintegration of former child soldiers is a political process having to do with changing notions of childhood as one of the central structures of society. For most Westerners the tragedy of the idea of “child soldier” centers around perceptions of lost and violated innocence. In contrast, Shepler finds that for most Sierra Leoneans, the problem is not lost innocence but the horror of being separated from one’s family and the resulting generational break in youth education. Further, Shepler argues that Sierra Leonean former child soldiers find themselves forced to strategically perform (or refuse to perform) as the“child soldier” Western human rights initiatives expect in order to most effectively gain access to the resources available for their social reintegration. The strategies don’t always work—in some cases, Shepler finds, Western human rights initiatives do more harm than good. While this volume focuses on the well-known case of child soldiers in Sierra Leone, it speaks to the larger concerns of childhood studies with a detailed ethnography of people struggling over the situated meaning of the categories of childhood.It offers an example of the cultural politics of childhood in action, in which the very definition of childhood is at stake and an important site of political contestation.

Fighting for the Rain Forest

War, Youth & Resources in Sierra Leone
Author: Paul Richards
Publisher: Pearson Education Ltd
ISBN: 9780852553978
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 182
View: 5198

Continue Reading →

Examines the war in Sierra Leone as a crisis of modernity.

Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars


Author: Edward Newman,Karl DeRouen, Jr.
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113625577X
Category: Political Science
Page: 406
View: 2978

Continue Reading →

This comprehensive new Handbook explores the significance and nature of armed intrastate conflict and civil war in the modern world. Civil wars and intrastate conflict represent the principal form of organised violence since the end of World War II, and certainly in the contemporary era. These conflicts have a huge impact and drive major political change within the societies in which they occur, as well as on an international scale. The global importance of recent intrastate and regional conflicts in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Somalia, Nepal, Cote d'Ivoire, Syria and Libya – amongst others – has served to refocus academic and policy interest upon civil war. Drawing together contributions from key thinkers in the field who discuss the sources, causes, duration, nature and recurrence of civil wars, as well as their political meaning and international impact, the Handbook is organised into five key parts: Part I: Understanding and Explaining Civil Wars: Theoretical and Methodological Debates Part II: The Causes of Civil Wars Part III: The Nature and Impact of Civil Wars Part IV: International Dimensions Part V: Termination and Resolution of Civil Wars Covering a wide range of topics including micro-level issues as well as broader debates, Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars will set a benchmark for future research in the field. This volume will be of much interest to students of civil wars and intrastate conflict, ethnic conflict, political violence, peace and conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.

The Powerful Presence of the Past

Integration and Conflict Along the Upper Guinea Coast
Author: Jacqueline Knörr,Wilson Trajano Filho
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004190007
Category: Social Science
Page: 375
View: 5391

Continue Reading →

This book conceptualizes integration and conflict as interrelated dimensions of social interaction impacted by specific historical experiences. Contributions aim at a better understanding of the social mechanisms affecting processes of integration and conflict at the local, national and regional levels.

African Guerrillas


Author: Christopher S. Clapham
Publisher: James Currey Publishers
ISBN: 9780852558157
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 6765

Continue Reading →

Analyses African insurgencies and their relationship to the societies in which they are set and to the outside world.

Adolescents and War

How Youth Deal with Political Violence
Author: Brian K Barber
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195343352
Category: Psychology
Page: 332
View: 6611

Continue Reading →

Experts aim to understand and document the intricacies of youth who have been involved in political violence. They argue that the assumption that youth are automatically debilitated by this violence is too simplistic: effective care must include an awareness of motives and beliefs, roles they played in the conflict, relationships, etc.

Sierra Leone beyond the Lome Peace Accord


Author: M. Mustapha,J. Bangura
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023011153X
Category: History
Page: 181
View: 3636

Continue Reading →

The Lomé Peace Accord, signed in 1999, presented significant implications, challenges, and possibilities for post-conflict Sierra Leone, but the literature on post-conflict Sierra Leone only scantily addresses these issues. This project seeks to address the void in the literature on post-Lomé Sierra Leone.

Epistemologies of African Conflicts

Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone
Author: Z. Wai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137280808
Category: Political Science
Page: 263
View: 9547

Continue Reading →

This book offers a bold, ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on African conflicts. Based on a painstaking study of the ways in which the Sierra Leone civil war has been interpreted, it considers how Africa is constructed as a site of knowledge and the implications that this has for the continent and its people.

Representations of Violence

Art about the Sierra Leone Civil War
Author: Russ Feingold,Abu-Hassan Koroma and Karin Wolf,Donald Cosentino,Sabine Mödersheim,Mathew J. Christensen,Jonathan A. Peters,Mariama Ross,Rebecca Golden,John D. Ogram,Akintunde Oyetade
Publisher: Twenty-First Century African Youth Movement, Inc.
ISBN: 9780615128184
Category: Sierra Leone
Page: 100
View: 6195

Continue Reading →

This unprecedented exhibition of viscerally potent art focuses on how Sierra Leonean Artists have documented the atrocities of war and how these representations of violence spur conscious action.

Das Mädchen ohne Hände


Author: Mariatu Kamara
Publisher: Knaur eBook
ISBN: 3426402467
Category: Art
Page: 208
View: 6867

Continue Reading →

Mariatu Kamara ist zwölf, als sie in die Wirren des Bürgerkriegs in Sierra Leone gerät: Rebellen hacken ihr beide Hände ab. Schwerverwundet nimmt sie den Kampf gegen ihr Schicksal auf und findet den Weg in eine lebenswerte Zukunft. Heute ist die 22-Jährige für das Kinderhilfswerk UNICEF als Sonderbotschafterin in den USA und Kanada unterwegs. Das Mädchen ohne Hände von Mariatu Kamara: als eBook erhältlich!

Post-War Regimes and State Reconstruction in Liberia and Sierra Leone


Author: Amadu Sesay,Charles Ukeje
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 286978256X
Category: Political Science
Page: 109
View: 6605

Continue Reading →

The shocks of the unexpected outbreak of violent internal armed conflicts in post Cold War West Africa continue to linger in policy and academic circles. While considerable attention is devoted to explaining the civil wars, there is little understanding of the delicate and unpredictable processes of reconstruction. Post-war reconstruction programmes in Africa have become, by and large, externally driven processes; and while externalisation may not be negative per se, it is important to interrogate how such intervention recognises and interacts with local dynamics, and how it manipulates and conditions the outcomes of post-conflict reconstruction agenda. Investigating the interface between power elite, the nature of post-war regimes and the pattern which post-war reconstruction takes is important both for theory and practice. This original study, by some of West Africa's leading scholars, interrogates post-war reconstruction processes in the twin West African countries of Liberia and Sierra Leone, focusing on the effects of regime types on the nature, scope, success or failure of their post-war reconstruction efforts. Political scientists, diplomats, the international community, donor and humanitarian agencies, advocacy groups, the United Nations and its agencies, would find it an important resource in dealing with countries emerging from protracted violence and civil war.

Islam, Youth, and Modernity in the Gambia

The Tablighi Jama'at
Author: Marloes Janson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107471141
Category: Social Science
Page: 255
View: 4268

Continue Reading →

This monograph deals with the sweeping emergence of the Tablighi Jama'at - a transnational Islamic missionary movement that has its origins in the reformist tradition that emerged in India in the mid-nineteenth century - in the Gambia in the past decade. It explores how a movement that originated in South Asia could appeal to the local Muslim population - youth and women in particular - in a West African setting. By recording the biographical narratives of five Gambian Tablighis, the book provides an understanding of the ambiguities and contradictions young people are confronted with in their (re)negotiation of Muslim identity. Together these narratives form a picture of how Gambian youth go about their lives within the framework of neoliberal reforms and renegotiated parameters informed by the Tablighi model of how to be a 'true' Muslim, which is interpreted as a believer who is able to reconcile his or her faith with a modern lifestyle.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History


Author: John Parker,Richard Reid
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667552
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 6225

Continue Reading →

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.

Challenging Post-conflict Environments

Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Dr Rebecca Roberts,Professor Alpaslan Özerdem
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 140947092X
Category: Political Science
Page: 294
View: 7354

Continue Reading →

Crossing disciplinary boundaries, this volume by Özerdem and Roberts conceptualizes the challenges of developing sustainable agriculture in post-conflict environments as well as identifying the policies and practical solutions to achieve sustainable agricultural production which is central to the survival of humanity. Without sustainable agriculture, populations remain vulnerable increasing the likelihood of a return to conflict. Therefore, sustainable agriculture is central to effective post-conflict recovery that provides human security as well as stability and rule of law. Unique in combining a comprehensive and comparative understanding of sustainable agriculture challenges in post-conflict environments, there is originality in the interdisciplinary nature of the book. Interdisciplinary often means bringing together a political scientist and a sociologist, but in this case it means bringing together natural and social scientists, as well as those with practical experience in development and agricultural contexts. By adopting a holistic multi-disciplinary approach which identifies key themes and case studies, this book sets the scene for the debate surrounding sustainable agriculture in post-conflict environments. Seeing 'fixing' agriculture as more than merely a technical matter, the volume focuses on this critical post-conflict challenge with social, political and cultural characteristics and consequences as well as the obvious economic ones.

Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century


Author: S. Cornelissen,F. Cheru,T. Shaw
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230355749
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 8882

Continue Reading →

This book examines key emergent trends related to aspects of power, sovereignty, conflict, peace, development, and changing social dynamics in the African context. It challenges conventional IR precepts of authority, politics and society, which have proven to be so inadequate in explaining African processes. Rather, this edited collection analyses the significance of many of the uncharted dimensions of Africa's international relations, such as the respatialisation of African societies through migration, and the impacts this process has had on state power; the various ways in which both formal and informal authority and economies are practised; and the dynamics and impacts of new transnational social movements on African politics. Finally, attention is paid to Africa's place in a shifting global order, and the implications for African international relations of the emergence of new world powers and/or alliances. This edition includes a new preface by the editors, which brings the findings of the book up-to-date, and analyses the changes that are likely to impact upon global governance and human development in policy and practice in Africa and the wider world post-2015.

The Paradoxes of History and Memory in Post-Colonial Sierra Leone


Author: Sylvia Ojukutu-Macauley,Ismail Rashid
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739180037
Category: History
Page: 334
View: 718

Continue Reading →

Using Sierra Leone as a case study, this book examines the nature of knowledge production and interpretation of African history since the decade of African independence. This anthology provides critical reflections on major themes such as ethnicity, class, gender, identity formation, nation building, resistance, and social conflict.

Global Mental Health Trials


Author: Graham Thornicroft,Vikram Patel
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191501646
Category: Medical
Page: 320
View: 5806

Continue Reading →

Global mental health is a dynamic field of global health; a core aspect of the story which has led to its emergence has been the conduct of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating innovative delivery systems of packages of care for mental disorders in low-resource settings. Global Mental Health Trials brings together many of the world's leading researchers active in the fields of RCTs in low- and medium-resource countries and settings related to improving mental health care. It presents clear and practical information about how to conduct such trials in these settings, along with critical methodological and ethical issues related to such trials, learning from the positive and negative experiences of expert scientists in many countries worldwide who have completed such trials. This book serves as a valuable resource for practitioners in mental health - psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses nursing, psychologists, social workers, and occupational therapists - as well as researchers in the areas of psycho-social treatments in mental health, mental health services research, and programme and systems evaluation.