Victims, Crime and Society


Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis,Chris Greer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1849203504
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 1960

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'Focusing on key issues, themes and concepts within victimology, this edited collection provides an accessible and comprehensive critical analysis of crucial areas within victimisation. The main theories are related to, and integrated with, empirical research in an engaging style.' - Dr Anette Ballinger, Keele University 'This book achieves the rare feat of helping its readers without patronising them. The aids to the reader - tables, boxes, glossaries, questions, and suggestions for further reading - will prove genuinely helpful to students and their teachers, but they appear within a text that is theoretically informed as well as comprehensive and up to date in its coverage. It deserves to be widely read and used in the teaching of criminology, victimology, and criminal justice' - Professor David Smith, University of Lancaster, UK. Organized around the intersecting social divisions of class, race, age and gender, the book provides an engaging and authoritative overview of the nature of victimisation in society. In addition to a review of the major theoretical developments in relation to understanding aspects of victimization in society, individual chapters explore the political and social context of victimisation and the historical, comparative and contemporary research and scholarly work on it. Each chapter includes the following: - Background and glossary - Theory, research and policy review - `Thinking critically about...' sections - Reflections and future research directions - Summary and conclusions - Annotated bibliography Victims, Crime and Society is the essential text on victims for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, youth justice and related areas.

Victims, Crime and Society

An Introduction
Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis,Chris Greer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473910919
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 6423

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This book provides a thorough account of victimisation across the social spectrum of class, race, age and gender. The second edition has been fully revised and expanded, with two parts now spanning the key perspectives and issues in victimology. Covering theoretical, social and political contexts, the book: Includes new chapters on defining and constructing victims, fear and vulnerability, sexuality, white collar crime and the implications of crime policy on victims Examines a global range of historical and theoretical perspectives in victimology and features a new chapter on researching victims of crime Reinforces your learning through critical thinking sections, future research suggestions, chapter summaries and a glossary of key terms Now includes a companion website, complete with links to relevant journal articles in victimology. Victims, Crime and Society is the essential text for your studies in victimology across criminology, criminal justice, community safety, youth justice and related areas.

Die Schande von Missoula

Vergewaltigung im Land der Freiheit
Author: Jon Krakauer
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492973353
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 480
View: 922

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Die meisten Vergewaltiger kannten ihre Opfer vorher, wodurch die Strafverfolgung und die gerichtliche Suche nach der Wahrheit oft komplex und undurchsichtig ist und die vergewaltigten Frauen ein zweites Mal traumatisiert werden. In seinem neuen Buch beschäftigt sich Jon Krakauer mit Vergewaltigungsfällen in der amerikanischen Universitätsstadt Missoula. Minutiös und doch einfühlsam skizziert er die Ereignisse, die eine ganze Gesellschaft an der Frage nach Recht und Unrecht, Wahrheit und Lüge verzweifeln lassen, er spricht mit den Beschuldigten und den Opfern und schildert packend, wie schmerzhaft die Suche nach Gerechtigkeit und Sühne bei Gericht sein kann.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 8712

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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Victimology: Theories and Applications


Author: Ann Wolbert Burgess,Professor of Psychiatric Nursing William F Connell School of Nursing Boston College Ann Wolbert Burgess,Cheryl Regehr,Professor Faculty of Social Work and Faculty of Law Cheryl Regehr, PH.D.,Albert R. Roberts
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 144964371X
Category: Law
Page: 436
View: 930

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Victimology: Theories and Applications introduces readers to the study of victimization, crime typologies, and the impact of crime on victims, offenders, and society at large. Each chapter provides a typology of the offender to analyze motivation, and includes an overview of the issues related to people who become victims of a wide variety of traditional and contemporary crimes such as child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, elder abuse, cyber crime and hate crimes. The history and theories of victimology are explored, as well definitive laws and policies, strategies for intervention, and future research areas.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 7009

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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Handbook of Victims and Victimology


Author: Sandra Walklate
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136308377
Category: Social Science
Page: 544
View: 6344

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The study of criminal victimisation has developed to the stage where by victimology is now regarded as a central component to the study of crime and criminology. This focus of concern has been matched by the growth and development of support services for the victim of crime alongside increasing political concern with similar issues. The central purpose of this book is to bring together leading scholars to produce an authoritative handbook on victims and victimology that gives due consideration to these developments. It will be concerned to reflect contemporary academic, policy, and political debates on the nature, extent and impact of criminal victimisation and policy responses to it. This book provides a overview of the importance of the role of the victim in the criminal justice system, with an analysis of the different theoretical perspectives within victimology. explores the relationship between victimisation and feminism with particular focus on domestic and sexual violence. analyses criminal justice policy and service delivery in relation to victims of crime, looking at developments within the UK and international perspectives. This handbook will be fundamental reading for students and academics studying victims and victimology and an essential reference tool for those working within the victim support environment.

Sex Crime and the Media

Sex Offending and the Press in a Divided Society
Author: Chris Greer
Publisher: Willan Pub
ISBN: 9781843920045
Category: Social Science
Page: 229
View: 2462

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Sex crime has become one of the most intense areas of public and political concern in recent decades. This book explores the complex influences that shape its construction in the press. Media representations give important cues as to how we should perceive the nature and extent of sex crime, how we should think and feel about it, how we should respond to it, and the measures that might be taken to reduce risk. Understanding the media construction of sex crime is central to understanding its meaning and place in our everyday lives. Unlike much of the existing research, this book explores the construction of sex crime at every stage of the news production process. It then locates the findings within a wider context of cultural, economic and political change in late modernity. The book: considers the construction process from the perspective of both journalists and their sources (including survivors) shows how increased market competition and tabloidisation has altered fundamentally the way in which news is produced, communicated and consumed unpacks and analyses the press construction of sex crime in this context discusses representations of the full range of sex crimes from consensual homosexual offences and prostitution to serial rape and sex murder explores the representation of risk and prevention, victim and offender discourses, the criminal justice process and the symbolic role of sex crime in public life draws upon extensive empirical research in Northern Ireland, while addressing issues relevant to advance capitalist societies across the globe The book closes by suggesting how positive and realistic change might be achieved, both in the way sex crimes are reported and in the role that relevant agencies play as sources in the construction process.

Ageing, Crime and Society


Author: Maureen Elizabeth Cain
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1843921537
Category: Social Science
Page: 276
View: 1165

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The relationship between ageing and crime has been a much neglected issue, the focus rather being on youth. This books aims to redress this imbalance, bringing together a group of leading authorities to address key issues on the subject of crime and ageing, considering older people as both victims and perpetrators of crime, and looking too at conditions faced by older prisoners. The book draws upon both criminology and gerontology, as well as sociology and social policy, to help understand the complex relationship between ageing and the criminal justice system, and argues that the needs of elders must be far more firmly on the penal policy agenda than is the case currently. Ageing, Crime and Society will be concerned with 'unsilencing' a group who because of their age and status have been muted by the criminal justice system.

Invisible Crimes and Social Harms


Author: P. Davies,P. Francis,T. Wyatt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137347821
Category: Social Science
Page: 263
View: 4984

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This unique collection explores the continuing invisibility of much crime and victimization, and the lack of adequate responses to them. Shaping the lens through which criminology and victimology is approached in the twenty-first century, the volume examines major issues including (in)justice, risks, rights, regulation and enforcement.

Victims of crime

problems, policies, and programs
Author: Arthur J. Lurigio,Wesley G. Skogan,Robert Carl Davis
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 279
View: 6975

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In recent years, one in every four U.S. families has been victimized--involving financial loss, property damage, physical injury, death of a loved one, or--even more devastating--psychological wounds. Eventually, crime and serious victimization will touch most Americans or affect the lives of their relatives, friends, and acquaintances. Victims of Crime provides state-of-the-art reports on the many facets of criminal victimization including the current trends, the emotional impacts of crime, the needs and problems of special types of victims, victim participation in the criminal justice system, and the evolution of policies and services for victims. The contributors critically analyze these issues while providing performance assessments of recently implemented task forces, federal acts, and legislated victim compensation programs. Victims of Crime will be an essential resource for criminal justice professionals and students and professors of victimology, criminology, policy studies, and sociology. "This excellent collection of papers is, above all else, a reflection of the change in academic interest in crime victims and an increasing knowledge base. Victimology, once a discipline that reinforced the stigmatized status of victims as those who were blameworthy, now legitimatizes them as people under severe stress deserving of support and legal rights. This volume reveals how far we have come and how far we have to go; and, in many ways, is a measure of increasing social responsibility in a maturing society."

The Costs of Crime and Justice


Author: Mark Cohen,Mark A Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135994501
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 144
View: 4066

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In The Costs of Crime and Justice, Mark Cohen presents a comprehensive view of the financial setbacks of criminal behaviour. Victims of crime might incur medical costs, lost wages and property damage; while for some crimes pain, suffering and reduced quality of life suffered by victims far exceeds any physical damage. The government also incurs costs as the provider of mental health services, police, courts and prisons. Cohen argues that understanding the costs of crime can lead to important insights and policy conclusions - both in terms of criminal justice policy but also in terms of other social ills that compete with crime for government funding. This book systematically discusses the numerous methodological approaches and tallies up what is known about the costs of crime A must-read for anyone involved in public policy, The Costs of Crime and Justice consolidates the diverse research in this area but also makes one of the most valuable contributions to date to the study of the economics of criminal behavior.

Victims

Trauma, testimony and justice
Author: Ross McGarry,Sandra Walklate
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135005834
Category: Social Science
Page: 182
View: 2434

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The study of victims of crime is a central concern for criminologists around the world. In recent years, some victimologists have become increasingly engaged in positivist debates on the differences between victims and non-victims, how these differences can be measured and what could be done to improve the victims' experience of the criminal justice system. Written by experts in the field, this book embraces a much wider understanding of social harms and asks which victims' voices are heard and why. McGarry and Walklate break new ground with this innovative and accessible book; it offers a broad discussion of social harms, the role of the victim in society and the inter-relationship between trauma, testimony and justice and asks: how has harm been understood and under what circumstances have those harms been recognised? how and under what circumstances are those harms articulated? how and under what circumstances are the voices of those who have been harmed listened to? Each chapter draws on case studies and a range of questions designed to assist in reflection and critical engagement. This book is perfect reading for students taking courses on victimology, victims and society, victims’ rights and criminal justice.

Criminology

A Sociological Introduction
Author: Eamonn Carrabine,Paul Iganski,Maggy Lee
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415281676
Category: Law
Page: 428
View: 8138

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Covering all the major areas of the subject, this introduction to criminology features specific topics such as the history and theory of criminology and categories of crime.

Crime and Its Victims


Author: Daniel W. Van Ness
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 9780877845126
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 4675

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Daniel W. Van Ness analyzes the problems that make our criminal justice system ineffective, expensive and unjust. And he offers a concrete proposal for reform to benefit both offenders and victims. Foreword by Chuck Colson.

Child Victims

Crime, Impact, and Criminal Justice
Author: Jane Morgan,Lucia Zedner
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198257007
Category: Law
Page: 208
View: 7316

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Based on the testimony of over 200 children who have been victims of a wide range of crimes, this book gives voice for the first time to their experiences, their views, and their needs.

Victimology


Author: Ann Wolbert Burgess,Cheryl Regehr,Albert R. Roberts
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449665330
Category: Law
Page: 590
View: 3789

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Thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the most current trends and developments in the field, Victimology: Theories and Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of victimization, crime typologies, and the impact of crime on victims, offenders, and society at large. Each chapter provides an overview of the scope, law, and victim response to crime and concludes with a summary and discussion questions to ensure comprehension. An overview of the issues impacting victims of a wide variety of traditional and contemporary crimes are examined, including child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, bullying, elder abuse, cybercrime and hate crimes. The history and theories of victimology are explored, as well as definitive laws and policies, strategies for intervention, and future research areas. This Second Edition offers a balance between theory and application and will prepare readers to work with victims, offenders, and the justice system. New to the Second Edition: -Contains new contemporary case studies, including the cases of IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Khan, Casey Anthony, and the Senator Scott Brown case as illustrating non-disclosure of childhood abuse for 40 years. -Includes an analysis on the Casey Anthony case from the perspective of the jury in the chapter on justice systems. -A new chapter includes discussions on domestic and international databases and studies, including UCR, NCVS, StatsCan, Justice Canada, Interpol, and WHO reports on victimization. -Includes a new chapter on child abduction and exploitation including a discussion of child trafficking. -All tables and figures have been updated to reflect the most current data. -Every new printed copy is pacakaged with full student access to the companion website, which features a variety of engaging and interactive study tools. Key Features: -Offers a balance between theory and the research and practice-oriented tools to prepare readers to work with victims, offenders, and the justice system. -Covers current topics including: human trafficking, victims of gang violence, bullying, victims of terrorism, victims of cybercrime, property crimes, corporate crimes, workplace violence, racial profiling and disproportionate penalties.

Child victims of crime

problems and perspectives
Author: M. C. Gupta,K. Chockalingam,Jaytilak Guha Roy
Publisher: Gyan Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Children and violence
Page: 306
View: 3901

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The book deals with the physical, sexual, psychological, social and economic victimization of children in India. It describes the multi-faceted character of their criminal victimization and suggests mechanism and measures which can prevent victimization of children.