Microcomputer applications in qualitative research


Author: Bryan Pfaffenberger
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 87
View: 6431

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Microcomputer Applications in Qualitative Research is a timely and innovative volume offering a sophisticated examination of one of the many uses of computers in the social sciences. In this insightful volume Pfaffenberger explores the world of personal computing in social science research, providing both a practical/methodological and critical/theoretical perspective. Pfaffenberger surveys the ways microcomputers and microcomputer programs can be used to further the goals of qualitative social research. He critically analyzes the potential liabilities and benefits of using microcomputer technology for research purposes. This book addresses such issues as: the need for computers in qualitative research, the nature of qualitative analysis, word processing software and field notes, automatic indexing, text oriented data base management programs, and automated data analysis. This comprehensive volume is an asset for qualitative researchers, and an excellent supplementary text for courses in research methodology. "Pfaffenberger . . . is a thoughtful and highly knowledgeable advocate of the process. . . . In a sense, this book is also an exercise in the sociology of technology, since Pfaffenberger is highly sensitive to the ways in which computer software is socially constructed. . . . [It] will provide much useful and thought-provoking advice for researchers and students alike." --Contemporary Sociology "Meets the special problems of microcomputers by attempting a theoretical solution....I thought Pfaffenberger's proto-theoretical approach held out the most hope for the future." --Journalism Quarterly

Behavioural and Mental Health Research

A Handbook of Skills and Methods
Author: Glenys Parry,Fraser Watts
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134834616
Category: Psychology
Page: 480
View: 5038

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Behavioural and Mental Health Research, 2nd Edition is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded version of the invaluable guide to research skills for psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, social workers, and graduates training in those disciplines. It provides a series of practical guidelines for starting and carrying through any research project: from selecting the most appropriate approach, using computers, and analysing data to applying for funding, writing reports, and even how to enjoy your research! This second edition also includes chapters on methods of assessment, studying people in their social settings, and service evaluation and audit methods. By considering a wide spectrum of different research methods the book gives the reader an insight into the assumptions underlying research. Quantitative methods using group design are described without assuming an advanced level of statistical knowledge. Qualitative, language-based methods and single case studies are explored as possible alternatives.

Using Microcomputers in Research


Author: Thomas W. Madron,C. Neal Tate,Robert G. Brookshire
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780803924574
Category: Social Science
Page: 88
View: 7197

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Using Microcomputers in Research may be used in conjunction with the earlier Microcomputer Methods for Social Scientists (QASS 40) -- together they provide a lucid and comprehensive introduction to microcomputing in the social sciences. This book is organized around the research process, taking the reader through the processes of writing the research proposal, gathering data, analysing and manipulating data, and writing the research report.

New Technology in Sociology

Practical Applications in Research and Work
Author: Grant Blank,James L. McCartney,Edward E. Brent
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412829670
Category: Social Science
Page: 185
View: 9473

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When technology has been applied in business environments, its justification has usually been cast in terms of saving time or saving money. In the social sciences, the justification must be different; the viability of sociology as a profession, for example, will not be enhanced by cost reductions. The focus in this volume is on a different bottom line: the quality and content of work.

Understanding Regression Analysis

An Introductory Guide
Author: Larry D. Schroeder,Dr David L Sjoquist,Paula E. Stephan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803927582
Category: Medical
Page: 95
View: 6056

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The authors have provided beginners with a background to the frequently-used technique of linear regression. It is not intended to be a substitute for a course or textbook in statistics, but rather a stop-gap for students who encounter empirical work before undertaking a statistics course. It provides a heuristic explanation of the procedures and terms used in regression analysis and has been written at the most elementary level.

Computer Applications in the Social Sciences


Author: Edward E. Brent,Ronald Anderson,Ronald E. Anderson
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9780877226666
Category: Social Science
Page: 471
View: 912

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Presenting an introduction to computing and advice on computer applications, this book examines hardware and software with respect to the needs of the social scientist. It offers a framework for the use of computers, with focus on the 'work station', the center of which is a personal computer connected to networks by a telephone-based modem.

The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models


Author: Harry J. Khamis
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452238952
Category: Mathematics
Page: 136
View: 4153

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The Association Graph and the Multigraph for Loglinear Models will help students, particularly those studying the analysis of categorical data, to develop the ability to evaluate and unravel even the most complex loglinear models without heavy calculations or statistical software. This supplemental text reviews loglinear models, explains the association graph, and introduces the multigraph to students who may have little prior experience of graphical techniques, but have some familiarity with categorical variable modeling. The author presents logical step-by-step techniques from the point of view of the practitioner, focusing on how the technique is applied to contingency table data and how the results are interpreted.

Fractal Analysis


Author: Clifford Brown,Larry Liebovitch
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412971659
Category: Mathematics
Page: 90
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As one of the only texts introducing fractal analysis and the social processes involved to social science readers, this is a must-have book for those looking to gain an understanding of this area of analysis.

Assessing Inequality


Author: Lingxin Hao,Daniel Q. Naiman
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483342638
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
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Providing basic foundations for measuring inequality from the perspective of distributional properties This monograpg reviews a set of widely used summary inequality measures, and the lesser known relative distribution method provides the basic rationale behind each measure and discusses their interconnections. It also introduces model-based decomposition of inequality over time using quantile regression. This approach enables researchers to estimate two different contributions to changes in inequality between two time points. Key Features Clear statistical explanations provide fundamental statistical basis for understanding the new modeling framework Straightforward empirical examples reinforce statistical knowledge and ready-to-use procedures Multiple approaches to assessing inequality are introduced by starting with the basic distributional property and providing connections among approaches This supplementary text is appropriate for any graduate-level, intermediate, or advanced statistics course across the social and behavioral sciences, as well as individual researchers. Learn more about "The Little Green Book" - QASS Series! Click Here

Multivariate General Linear Models


Author: Richard F. Haase
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483342115
Category: Mathematics
Page: 224
View: 541

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Multivariate General Linear Models is an integrated introduction to multivariate multiple regression analysis (MMR) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). Beginning with an overview of the univariate general linear model, this volume defines the key steps in analyzing linear model data, and introduces multivariate linear model analysis as a generalization of the univariate model. The author focuses on multivariate measures of association for four common multivariate test statistics, presents a flexible method for testing hypotheses on models, and emphasizes the multivariate procedures attributable to Wilks, Pillai, Hotelling, and Roy. The volume concludes with a discussion of canonical correlation analysis that is shown to subsume all the multivariate procedures discussed in previous chapters. The analyses are illustrated throughout the text with three running examples drawing from several disciples, including personnel psychology, anthropology, environmental epidemiology, and neuropsychology.

Nonrecursive Models

Endogeneity, Reciprocal Relationships, and Feedback Loops
Author: Pamela Paxton,John R. Hipp,Sandra Marquart-Pyatt,Sandra T. Marquart-Pyatt
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412974445
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 6824

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Nonrecursive Models provides explicit guidance to researchers on the estimation and assessment of nonrecursive simultaneous equation models in a clear, condensed and precise form. It guides readers through the specification and identification of simultaneous equation models, how to assess the quality of the estimates, and how to correctly interpret results.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences


Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461307899
Category: Psychology
Page: 723
View: 2102

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Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Research Design for Social Work and the Human Services


Author: Jeane W. Anastas
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231529287
Category: Social Science
Page: 608
View: 3594

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Research Design for Social Work and the Human Services integrates a range of research techniques into a single epistemological framework and presents a balanced approach to the teaching of research methods in the "helping professions." Jeane W. Anastas begins with a discussion of the different philosophical perspectives within which social research occurs and continues with problem formulation, research design, and methodological issues influencing data collection, analysis, and dissemination. She presents both fixed (quantitative) and flexible (qualitative) methods of research, granting legitimacy, value, utility, and relevance to both styles of inquiry. Utilizing complete case studies to illustrate different methodological approaches, Research Design for Social Work and the Human Services integrates material on women and people of color, and draws attention to the ways racism, heterosexism, sexism, and classism affect the conceptualization and conduct of research. Anastas not only exposes these biases but actively addresses the experiences, needs, and concerns of clients of both genders and different races, ethnicities, sexual orientations, cultures, and classes.

Internet Data Collection


Author: Samuel J. Best,Brian S. Krueger
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761927105
Category: Computers
Page: 91
View: 1579

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Designed for researchers and students alike, the volume describes how to perform each stage of the data collection process on the Internet, including sampling, instrument design, and administration. Through the use of non-technical prose and illustrations, it details the options available, describes potential dangers in choosing them, and provides guidelines for sidestepping them. In doing so, though, it does not simply reiterate the practices of traditional communication modes, but approaches the Internet as a unique medium that necessitates its own conventions.

Chaos and Catastrophe Theories


Author: Courtney Brown
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803958470
Category: Medical
Page: 77
View: 4806

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What is chaos? How can it be measured? How are the models estimated? What is catastrophe? How is it modelled? How are the models estimated? These questions are the focus of this volume. Beginning with an explanation of the differences between deterministic and probabilistic models, Brown then introduces the reader to chaotic dynamics. Other topics covered are finding settings in which chaos can be measured, estimating chaos using nonlinear least squares and specifying catastrophe models. Finally a nonlinear system of equations that models catastrophe using real survey data is estimated.

Microcomputer Methods for Social Scientists


Author: Philip A. Schrodt
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780803930438
Category: Social Science
Page: 96
View: 9226

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This revised edition of Schrodt's guide to microcomputer usage for social scientists reflects the changes in systems, software and usage which have taken place over the last three years. Schrodt adds material on: the Apple Macintosh system; the development of mainframe-quality statistical packages for micros; the development of Pascal and C as programming languages; the introduction of affordable desk-top publishing, graphics editing and RAM-resident utilities.

Basic content analysis


Author: Robert Philip Weber
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 95
View: 4712

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Weber gives a clear and concise introduction to content analysis, with a deliberate emphasis on recent advances which have not been covered or stressed elsewhere. Interest in content analysis has been renewed by the introduction of cheaper microcomputers and cost-effective devices for making text machine-readable, and the general reduction of computer costs. Addressing human and computer modes of content classification, the book covers the reliability and validity of these coding procedures and their associated category schemes. A step-by-step procedure for developing, testing, and applying a set of content categories is presented. The concluding chapter addresses some unresolved problems, and shows an example of an experimental, artificial intelligence system for text understanding.

Advances in New Technologies, Interactive Interfaces, and Communicability

First International Conference, ADNTIIC 2010, Huerta Grande, Argentina, October 20-22, 2010, Revised Selected Papers
Author: Francisco V. Cipolla Ficarra,Carlos de Castro Lozano,Mauricio Pérez Jiménez,Emma Nicol,Andreas Kratky,Miguel Cipolla-Ficarra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642208096
Category: Computers
Page: 193
View: 8600

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Conference on Advances in New Technologies, Interactive Interfaces, and Communicability, held in Huerta Grande, Argentina, in October 2010. The 16 revised papers presented together with 3 keynote lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The topics addressed span the entire spectrum of design, e-commerce, e-learning, e-health, e-tourism, Web 2.0 and Web 3.0. and discuss the latest advances in the areas of accessibility, communicability, computer animation, computer science, database technologies, digital cartography, distance education, GIS, human factors, hypermedia, ICT, quality design, laboratory experience, medical informatics, multimedia, open software, software engineering, telecommunications, telework, tourism online, ubiquitous computing, user-centered design, and virtual reality.