Climate Change 2014 – Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Regional Aspects


Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107058163
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 750
View: 3583

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This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.

The Geography of Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Africa


Author: Patrick Brandful Cobbinah,Michael Addaney
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 303004873X
Category: Social Science
Page: 548
View: 4594

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This book take a comprehensive look at several cases of climate change adaptation responses across various sectors and geographical areas in urban Africa and places them within a solid theoretical context. Each chapter is a state-of-the-art overview of a significant topic on climate change adaptation in urban Africa and is written by a leading expert in the field. In addition to the focus on the geography of urban adaptation to climate change in Africa, this collection offers a broader perspective by blending the use of case studies and theory based research. It examines transformations in climate change adaptation and its future orientation from the perspectives of urban planners, political economists, environmentalists, ecologists, economists and geographers, thereby addressing the challenges facing African cities adaptation responses from all angles. Providing up-to-date and authoritative contributions covering the key aspects of climate change adaptation in urban Africa, this book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners, scholars and students of geography, urban development and management, environmental science and policy, disaster management, as well as those in the field of urban planning.

A Changing Environment for Human Security

Transformative Approaches to Research, Policy and Action
Author: Linda Sygna,Karen O'Brien,Johanna Wolf
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113627250X
Category: Social Science
Page: 468
View: 354

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Environmental change presents a new context and new opportunities for transformational change. This timely book will inspire new ways of understanding the relationship between environmental change and human security. A Changing Environment for Human Security: Transformative Approaches to Research, Policy and Action both supports and informs a call for new, transformative approaches to research, policy and action. The chapters in this book include critical analyses, case studies and reflections on contemporary environmental and social challenges, with a strong emphasis on those related to climate change. Human thoughts and actions have contributed to an environment of insecurity, manifested as multiple interacting threats that now represent a serious challenge to humanity. Yet humans also have the capacity to collectively transform the economic, political, social and cultural systems and structures that perpetuate human insecurities. These fresh perspectives on global environmental change from an interdisciplinary group of international experts will inspire readers – whether students, researchers, policy makers, or practitioners – to think differently about environmental issues and sustainability. The contributions show that in a changing environment, human security is not only a possibility, but a choice.

Climate Change in the Media

Reporting Risk and Uncertainty
Author: James Painter
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857733850
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 192
View: 4886

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Scientists and politicians are increasingly using the language of risk to describe the climate change challenge. Some researchers have argued that stressing the ‘risks’ posed by climate change rather than the ‘uncertainties’ can create a more helpful context for policy makers and a stronger response from the public. However, understanding the concepts of risk and uncertainty - and how to communicate them - is a hotly debated issue. In this book, James Painter analyses how the international media present these and other narratives surrounding climate change. He focuses on the coverage of reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and of the melting ice of the Arctic Sea, and includes six countries: Australia, France, India, Norway, the UK and the USA.

Urban Areas and Global Climate Change


Author: William Holt
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781900361
Category: Social Science
Page: 350
View: 3248

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Examining urban environmental issues at the macro, municipal level down to the micro community and individual level, this volume features cities and metropolitan regions across the global north and south with case studies from the United States, Canada, Eastern and Western Europe to India, Central America, South America and Africa.

Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures


Author: Robin Leichenko,Karen O'Brien
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199884269
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 5156

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This book explores the connections between two of the most transformative processes of the twenty-first century, namely climate change and globalization. In this book, Leichenko and O'Brien present a conceptual framework for analyzing the interactions between these two processes, and illustrate, through case studies, how these interactions create situations of "double exposure." Drawing upon prominent recent and current climate-related events -- Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, recurring droughts in India, and the melting of Arctic sea ice -- the case studies each demonstrate a different pathway of interaction between globalization and global environmental change. Through exploration of these pathways of double exposure, the book also shows how broader human security concerns including growing inequalities, growing vulnerabilities, and unsustainable rates of development are integrally connected to both processes of global change. The double exposure framework not only sheds light on the challenges raised by these two global processes, but also reveals possibilities for using the interactions to generate positive opportunities for action.

Environmental Diversity in Architecture


Author: Koen Steemers,Mary Ann Steane
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 041531478X
Category: Architecture
Page: 237
View: 5788

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This book takes the position that the dynamic of the architectural environment is a key aspect of good design, yet one which is not well anticipated or understood. Environmental variety is a design characteristic closely related to our experience of architecture - an architecture of the senses. Each chapter demonstrates how an understanding of a particular context or environmental characteristic in dynamic terms informs design. The book is an antidote to the misconceptions of 'optimum' environmental performance or fixed criteria, instead embracing the richness of environmental variety.

Neighborhood and Community Environments


Author: Irwin Altman,Abraham Wandersman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489919627
Category: Psychology
Page: 298
View: 4531

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This ninth volume in the series deals with a fascinating and complex topic in the environment and behavior field. Neighborhoods and com munities are in various stages of formation and transition in almost every society, nation, and culture. A variety of political, economic, and social factors have resulted in the formation of new communities and the transformation of older communities. Thus we see nomadic people set tling into stable communities, new towns sprouting up around the world, continuing suburban sprawl, simultaneous deterioration, re newal and gentrification of urban areas, demographic changes in com munities, and so on. As in previous volumes, the range of content, theory, and methods represented in the various chapters is intended to be broadly based, with perspectives rooted in several disciplines-anthropology, history, psychology, sociology, urban studies. Although many other disciplines also play an important role in the study and understanding of neigh borhoods and community environments, we hope that the contributions to this volume will at least present readers with a broad sampling-if not a comprehensive treatment-of the topic.

The New Urban Sociology


Author: Mark Gottdiener,Ray Hutchison
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 409
View: 4445

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Previous ed.: Boston, Mass.: McGraw Hill, 2000.

Urban Youth and Photovoice

Visual Ethnography in Action
Author: Melvin Delgado
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199381348
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 713

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The past decade brought forth a wave of excitement and promise for researchers and practitioners interested in community practice as an approach based on social justice principles and an embrace of community participatory actions. But, effective community practice is predicated on the availability and use of assessment methods that not only capture and report on conditions, but also simultaneously set the stage for social change efforts. This research, therefore, serves the dual purpose of generating knowledge and also being an integral part of social intervention. Research done in this way, however, requires new tools. Photovoice is one such tool - a form of visual ethnography that invites participants to represent their community or point of view through photographs, accompanied by narratives, to be shared with each other and with a broader community. Urban Youth and Photovoice focuses on the use of this method within urban settings and among adolescents and young adults - a group that is almost naturally drawn to the use of photography (especially digital and particularly in today's era of texting, facebook, and instagram) to showcase photovoice as an important qualitative research method for social workers and others in the social sciences, and providing readers with detailed theoretical and practical account of how to plan, implement, and evaluate the results of a photovoice project focused on urban youth.

Southeastern Geographer

Fall 2014 Issue
Author: David M. Cochran Jr.,Carl A. Reese
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469616033
Category: Social Science
Page: 136
View: 1554

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Southeastern Geographer is published by UNC Press for the Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers (www.sedaag.org). The quarterly journal publishes the academic work of geographers and other social and physical scientists, and features peer-reviewed articles and essays that reflect sound scholarship and contain significant contributions to geographical understanding, with a special interest in work that focuses on the southeastern United States.

Gaia


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Environmental sciences
Page: N.A
View: 945

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Support Networks in a Caring Community

Research and Policy, Fact and Fiction
Author: J.A. Yoder,J.M.L. Jonker,R.A.B. Leaper
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400951418
Category: Social Science
Page: 245
View: 1010

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The historic Binnenhof, seat of the Dutch government in The Hague, provided the setting (January 1985) for a conference in which participants from eleven countries met to consider the theme: Support networks in a caring community: research and policy, fact and fiction. At the outset, conference leadership - provided by Professors J.M.L. Jonker (The Netherlands) and R.A.B. Leaper (United Kingdom) urged the conferees not to allow their enthusiasm for informal support networks to combine with the pervasive awareness of the failures of welfare states into a simplistic stance of advocacy, with a consequent appeal to politicians to direct state funds accordingly. Legitimate criticisms of the responses of welfare states to the needs of citizens were to be seen as the context for discussion, not the substance of conference deliberations. More specifically, if it is now apparent to many people that governmental assistance of individuals with social needs can lead to an undesirable dependency on the part of increasingly passive citizens, that awareness does not lend logical support to an ideological position that governmental expenditures are pern~c~ous per se - to be replaced as rapidly as possible by a return to reliance on self, family, friends and associations that are developed voluntarily and financed by those who are sufficiently interested.

Walking in the European City

Quotidian Mobility and Urban Ethnography
Author: Dr Evrick Brown,Dr Timothy Shortell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472416163
Category: Social Science
Page: 306
View: 1266

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Sociologists have long noted that dynamism is an essential part of the urban way of life. However, walking as a significant social activity and crucial research method (in spite of its ubiquity as part of urban life) has often been overlooked. Bringing together new research on sites across Europe, Walking in the European City addresses the nature of everyday mobility in contemporary urban settings, shedding light not only on the ways in which walking relates to other social institutions and practices, but also as a method for studying urban life.

Sustainable Urban Development and Globalization

New strategies for new challenges—with a focus on the Global South
Author: Agostino Petrillo,Paola Bellaviti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319619888
Category: Science
Page: 484
View: 9263

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This book equips readers with a deeper understanding of the challenges posed by radical socioeconomic, environmental, and cultural changes due to globalization and describes effective, sustainable solutions to these challenges. The focus is especially on the rapid urbanization processes in countries of the Global South, which are giving rise to dramatic new problems of spatial and social inequality and difficult environmental challenges in relation to climate change. Readers will gain skills and knowledge that will help them to develop an integrated, multidisciplinary approach to planning, design, and management of urban settlements and territories in contexts with a high level of social, economic, territorial, and landscape vulnerability. The coverage includes, for example, strategies to promote social inclusion, improve housing quality, ensure adequate education, protect cultural heritage, enhance risk management, and address issues in the food-energy-water nexus. Among the authors are leading experts from the Polytechnic University of Milan, where a multidisciplinary set of studies and research projects in the field have been undertaken in recent years.

Großwohnsiedlungen im Haltbarkeitscheck

Differenzierte Perspektiven ostdeutscher Großwohnsiedlungen
Author: Uwe Altrock,Nico Grunze,Sigrun Kabisch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658185791
Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE
Page: 336
View: 4035

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Der Band widmet sich einer aktuellen Bestandsaufnahme und Reflexion der Situation ostdeutscher Großwohnsiedlungen. Er zeigt, dass deren Entwicklungstrends kaum verallgemeinert werden können. Vielmehr sind ihre Anpassungsfähigkeit und damit „Haltbarkeit“ zu betonen. Das Ziel bestand darin, die Aufmerksamkeit sowohl der akademischen Debatte als auch der praktischen Wohnungswirtschaft und Wohnungspolitik auf die mittel- bis langfristigen Perspektiven zu verstärken. Der Band will ein grundsätzliches Verständnis für die differenzierten Typen von Großwohnsiedlungen schaffen und Handlungsoptionen jenseits der aktuellen Programmatik der Städtebauförderung ausloten.Ausgangspunkt ist die derzeitige Veränderung der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung: Nach einer intensiven Auseinandersetzung um Konzepte des Abrisses und Rückbaus sowie punktueller Aufwertung in den Jahren des Stadtumbaus ist es um die Großwohnsiedlungen inzwischen ruhiger geworden. Die Gründe hierfür sind vielfältig – sie mögen im Stabilisierungserfolg einiger größerer ostdeutscher Städte, insbesondere Universitätsstädte, liegen. Diese sind mittlerweile durch Einwohnerwachstum und Knappheit an bezahlbarem Wohnraum gekennzeichnet. Hier erscheinen die Großwohnsiedlungen nicht mehr existenziell bedroht. Eine andere Sachlage ist in kleineren Städten zu beobachten, wo die Wohnungsbestände in den randstädtischen Siedlungen weiterhin von Leerstand geprägt sind und der Wohnungsabriss fortgesetzt wird.Dennoch: Ostdeutsche Großwohnsiedlungen bleiben weiterhin interessante Orte differenzierter sozialräumlicher und demographischer Entwicklung. Ihre Bedeutung wird voraussichtlich wieder zunehmen, da die Herausforderungen im Zuge knappen, preiswerten Wohnraums, innerstädtischer Verdrängung und gestiegener Zuwanderung anwachsen werden. Dadurch gewinnen bekannte Fragen des Zusammenlebens und Interagierens im Wohnumfeld, der Inanspruchnahme von sozialer und technischer Infrastruktur und der Einbettung der Großwohnsiedlungen in gesamtstädtische Entwicklungsziele erneut an Aufmerksamkeit.Diese Themen werden am Beispiel einer Reihe von Großwohnsiedlungen eingehend beleuchtet. Um die geographische Dimension zu weiten, sind zwei Beiträge zu Perspektiven tschechischer und polnischer Großwohnsiedlungen im Band enthalten.

The Oxford Handbook of Urban Economics and Planning


Author: Nancy Brooks,Kieran Donaghy,Gerrit-Jan Knaap
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195380622
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1006
View: 5365

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This volume embodies a problem-driven and theoretically informed approach to bridging frontier research in urban economics and urban/regional planning. The authors focus on the interface between these two subdisciplines that have historically had an uneasy relationship. Although economists were among the early contributors to the literature on urban planning, many economists have been dismissive of a discipline whose leading scholars frequently favor regulations over market institutions, equity over efficiency, and normative prescriptions over positive analysis. Planners, meanwhile, even as they draw upon economic principles, often view the work of economists as abstract, not sensitive to institutional contexts, and communicated in a formal language spoken by few with decision making authority. Not surprisingly, papers in the leading economic journals rarely cite clearly pertinent papers in planning journals, and vice versa. Despite the historical divergence in perspectives and methods, urban economics and urban planning share an intense interest in many topic areas: the nature of cities, the prosperity of urban economies, the efficient provision of urban services, efficient systems of transportation, and the proper allocation of land between urban and environmental uses. In bridging this gap, the book highlights the best scholarship in planning and economics that address the most pressing urban problems of our day and stimulates further dialog between scholars in urban planning and urban economics.