Understanding Physics

Author: Michael Mansfield,Colm O'Sullivan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118437829
Category: Science
Page: 696
View: 9530

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Understanding Physics – Second edition is a comprehensive, yet compact, introductory physics textbook aimed at physics undergraduates and also at engineers and other scientists taking a general physics course. Written with today's students in mind, this text covers the core material required by an introductory course in a clear and refreshing way. A second colour is used throughout to enhance learning and understanding. Each topic is introduced from first principles so that the text is suitable for students without a prior background in physics. At the same time the book is designed to enable students to proceed easily to subsequent courses in physics and may be used to support such courses. Mathematical methods (in particular, calculus and vector analysis) are introduced within the text as the need arises and are presented in the context of the physical problems which they are used to analyse. Particular aims of the book are to demonstrate to students that the easiest, most concise and least ambiguous way to express and describe phenomena in physics is by using the language of mathematics and that, at this level, the total amount of mathematics required is neither large nor particularly demanding. 'Modern physics' topics (relativity and quantum mechanics) are introduced at an earlier stage than is usually found in introductory textbooks and are integrated with the more 'classical' material from which they have evolved. This book encourages students to develop an intuition for relativistic and quantum concepts at as early a stage as is practicable. The text takes a reflective approach towards the scientific method at all stages and, in keeping with the title of the text, emphasis is placed on understanding of, and insight into, the material presented.

Physics of the environment and climate

Author: Gérard Guyot
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471968283
Category: Nature
Page: 632
View: 1470

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Physics of the Environment and Climate GA(c)rard Guyot This introductory text reviews, for the first time in a unified form, information which is generally scattered between more specialized books in physics, meteorology, climatology, ecophysiology, agronomy and instrumental physics. In Physics of the Environment and Climate, GA(c)rard Guyot brings together physical, meteorological, ecological, and agronomical data, with a view to clarifying our understanding of complex global and climatological phenomena relating to the environment. In addition to the intrinsic scientific interest of this subject, it also has important applications in planning and production in agriculture, management of the rural environment, and evaluation of the impact of human activity on our surroundings. The first three chapters analyse energy and mass exchanges within and above the plant canopy and in the upper layers of the soil. They describe also the interaction existing between plant activity (photosynthesis, transpiration, etc.) and environmental factors. The following two chapters introduce the basic knowledge necessary for an understanding of the mechanisms affecting climates at different scales from the synoptic to local microclimates. The utilization of climatic data is then presented. Beginning with statistical analyses, the author leads on to practical applications, such as the determination of climatic risks, climatic and agro-climatic distribution in zones, and crop forecasting. The final chapter reviews the equipment and measurement methods used for the determination of various climatic factors. The broad nature of the book's approach, its inclusion of large-scale processes, explanations of how to measure climatic factors, and their use in solving practical problems in agro-climatology, will give the book immediate appeal. It provides the necessary information for land management planning from an agro-meteorological point of view, and is suitable for the undergraduate student and non-specialist reader with only a basic understanding of physics and mathematics. Readership: Students of agronomy, meteorology, climatology, geography, environmental science, atmospheric physics and environmental physics. Engineers and professionals in many fields such as agriculture, forestry, ecology, the rural environment, and the management of land, water and other natural resources.

The liquid state

applications of molecular simulations
Author: David M. Heyes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Category: Science
Page: 251
View: 2702

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This volume details the application of molecular simulation to the liquid state. It is organised in a clear and logical way that first takes the reader through the underlying statistical mechanical theory necessary to understand the liquid state, especially those aspects that can be taken advantage of by simulation to help unravel the nature of the liquid state. The Liquid State - Applications of Molecular Simulations continues by covering the various modern variants of the Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics techniques, for example, Gibbs ensemble MC and alternative ensemble MD. The effects of molecular architecture and chemical composition on the microscopic and macroscopic behaviour of liquids are also covered. The author has included chapters on surfaces, equations of state and phase equilibria, which emphasise new simulation techniques and conclusions made from the theories. Langmuir films, liquid crystals and the glassy state are also considered. A full understanding of the behaviour of liquids is extremely important in, for example, the detergent and oil industries. In order fully to understand and predict the behaviour of liquids, complex simulation techniques are now frequently used. The Liquid State - Applications of Molecular Simulations is an invaluable state-of-the-art analysis for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates as well as researchers in government and industry.

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Ecology

Author: John Hart
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118465539
Category: Religion
Page: 560
View: 1206

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In the face of the current environmental crisis—which clearly has moral and spiritual dimensions—members of all the world’s faiths have come to recognize the critical importance of religion’s relationship to ecology. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Ecology offers a comprehensive overview of the history and the latest developments in religious engagement with environmental issues throughout the world. Newly commissioned essays from noted scholars of diverse faiths and scientific traditions present the most cutting-edge thinking on religion’s relationship to the environment. Initial readings explore the ways traditional concepts of nature in Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and other religious traditions have been shaped by the environmental crisis. Readings then address the changing nature of theology and religious thought in response to the challenges of protecting the environment. Various conceptual issues and themes that transcend individual traditions—climate change, bio-ethics, social justice, ecofeminism, and more—are then analyzed before a final section examines some of the immediate challenges we face in caring for the Earth while looking to the future of religious environmentalism. Timely and thought-provoking, Companion to Religion and Ecology offers illuminating insights into the role of religion in the ongoing struggle to secure the future well-being of our natural world. With a foreword by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, and an Afterword by John Cobb

Astronomy and Astrophysics - Volume II

Author: Oddbjørn Engvold Bozena Czerny, John Lattanzio and Rolf Stabell
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1780210019
Page: 488
View: 7370

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Dynamics of meteorology and climate

Author: Richard Segar Scorer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471968153
Category: Science
Page: 686
View: 2019

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Scorer places an emphasis on the physical understanding of the fluid mechanics involved in a wide range of natural phenomena relevant to meteorology, air pollution, engineering and architecture. This edition also discusses chaos theory.

Paranormal Technology

Understanding the Science of Ghost Hunting
Author: David M. Rountree
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1450253571
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 296
View: 6733

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Paranormal Technology is the first book to provide a scientific method for ghost hunting, which includes in-depth explanations of what the collected data means. Paranormal Technology offers new techniques, answers questions, and provides experiments, which will help bridge the gap between the paranormal and science. Written in everyday language, it offers keen insights into the nature of paranormal phenomena, the protocols required for collecting evidence that will stand up to scientific scrutiny, and the possible theories that may explain the source of “Ghosts”. Currently employed test equipment is examined and proper use is covered in great detail. Paranormal Technology is an indispensible aid to any scientific researcher or ghost hunting group, whether you are a beginner, or with many years of experience. This book is not a means to an end, but rather, an invitation to a fresh begining.

Förderung von Verstehensprozessen unter Einsatz von Modellen

Author: Ulrike Böhm
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832530428
Page: 321
View: 4063

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Der vorliegende Band beschaftigt sich mit der Frage, wie Verstehen im naturwissenschaftlichen Unterricht gefordert werden kann. Die Schulerinnen und Schuler sind vor die Aufgabe gestellt, eine begrifflich koharente Darstellung des Lehrstoffs in ihre schon bestehenden Vorstellungen zu integrieren und sich uber das Verhaltnis von Realitat zu Modellen bewusst zu werden. Das hier dargestellte und am Beispiel des Spiegelbildes evaluierte Lehrkonzept der glq Multiperspektivischen Modellierung grq berucksichtigt alle zum Verstandnis notwendigen Modellperspektiven und stellt deren Verschrankung den Lernenden transparent dar. Dabei kann die Verwendung einzelner Modellperspektiven Verstehensprozesse fordern oder behindern. Zur Erklarung des Spiegelbildes muss neben dem optischen Strahlengang (physikalische Modellperspektive) der Sehvorgang des Menschen ( glq menschliche grq Modellperspektive) thematisiert werden. Daruberhinaus wird das Spiegelbild haufig unter Verwendung der Konstruktion zur Achsenspiegelung dargestellt (mathematische Modellperspektive). Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Modellierung des Sehvorganges zum Verstandnis des Spiegelbildes zwingend erforderlich - die Verwendung der mathematischen Modellierung allerdings hinderlich - ist. Werden den Schulerinnen und Schulern die drei Modellperspektiven und deren Verschrankung mit Hilfe des Verfahrens der glq Multiperspektivischen Modellierung grq transparent dargestellt, erreichen sie deutlich bessere Leistungen.

Einführung in die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Andrew Liddle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527670920
Category: Science
Page: 217
View: 8831

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Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgest?tzter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verf?gung, die R?ckschl?sse auf immer fr?here Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universit?ten best?ndig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einf?hrung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verst?ndliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und ?bungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enth?lt, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen f?r Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende ?bersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich erg?nzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zus?tzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.


Eine Einführung
Author: Rodney Cotterill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527406869
Category: Biophysics
Page: 395
View: 6346

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Was eignet sich besser zum Einstieg in ein neues Fachgebiet als ein in der Muttersprache verfasster Text? So manch angehender Biophysiker hätte sich den englischen 'Biophysics' von Cotterill schon lange als deutsche Übersetzung gewünscht. Hier ist sie: sorgfältig strukturiert und ausgewogen wie das englische Original, mit dem Vorzug der schnelleren Erfaßbarkeit. Vom Molekül bis zum Bewusstsein deckt der "Cotterill" alle Ebenen ab. Er setzt nur wenig Grundwissen voraus und ist damit für die Einführungsvorlesung nach dem Vordiplom ideal. Zusätzliche Anhänge mit mathematischen und physikalischen Grundlagen machen das Lehrbuch auch für Chemiker und Biologen attraktiv.

The Cosmic Breath

Spirit and Nature in the Christianity-Buddhism-Science Trialogue
Author: Amos Yong
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004230491
Category: Philosophy
Page: 300
View: 9482

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The interjection of pneumatology in both theologies of interreligious dialogue and in the theology-and-science conversation comes together in this volume. The resulting Christianity-Buddhism-science trialogue opens up to new pneumatological perspectives on philosophical cosmology and anthropology in interdisciplinary and global context.