Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature


Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393315118
Category: History
Page: 561
View: 2772

Continue Reading →

Essays by revisionist historians, scientists, and cultural critics explore the connection between nature and American culture, analyzing how it is packaged and presented at places such as Sea World and the Nature Company stores

Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature


Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393242528
Category: Law
Page: 560
View: 6011

Continue Reading →

A controversial, timely reassessment of the environmentalist agenda by outstanding historians, scientists, and critics. In a lead essay that powerfully states the broad argument of the book, William Cronon writes that the environmentalist goal of wilderness preservation is conceptually and politically wrongheaded. Among the ironies and entanglements resulting from this goal are the sale of nature in our malls through the Nature Company, and the disputes between working people and environmentalists over spotted owls and other objects of species preservation. The problem is that we haven't learned to live responsibly in nature. The environmentalist aim of legislating humans out of the wilderness is no solution. People, Cronon argues, are inextricably tied to nature, whether they live in cities or countryside. Rather than attempt to exclude humans, environmental advocates should help us learn to live in some sustainable relationship with nature. It is our home.

Uncommon Ground

Toward Reinventing Nature
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton
ISBN: 9780393038729
Category: Science
Page: 561
View: 4926

Continue Reading →

Provocative essays by revisionist historians, scientists, and cultural critics explore the connection between nature and American culture, analyzing how it is packaged and presented at places such as Sea World and the Nature Company stores.

Reinventing Nature?

Responses To Postmodern Deconstruction
Author: Michael E. Soulé,Gary Lease
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1559633115
Category: Nature
Page: 186
View: 4318

Continue Reading →

How much of science is culturally constructed? How much depends on language and metaphor? How do our ideas about nature connect with reality? Can nature be "reinvented" through theme parks and malls, or through restoration?Reinventing Nature? is an interdisciplinary investigation of how perceptions and conceptions of nature affect both the individual experience and society's management of nature. Leading thinkers from a variety of fields -- philosophy, psychology, sociology, public policy, forestry, and others -- address the conflict between perception and reality of nature, each from a different perspective. The editors of the volume provide an insightful introductory chapter that places the book in the context of contemporary debates and a concluding chapter that brings together themes and draws conclusions from the dialogue.In addition to the editors, contributors include Albert Borgmann, David Graber, N. Katherine Hayles, Stephen R. Kellert, Gary P. Nabhan, Paul Shepard, and Donald Worster.

Under an Open Sky

Rethinking America's Western Past
Author: William Cronon,George A. Miles,Jay Gitlin
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393310634
Category: History
Page: 354
View: 5762

Continue Reading →

Essays examine the significance of the frontier in American history, the bases of a western identity, and the themes that connect the twentieth-century West to its more distant past

Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West


Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393072452
Category: History
Page: 592
View: 758

Continue Reading →

A Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and Winner of the Bancroft Prize. "No one has written a better book about a city…Nature's Metropolis is elegant testimony to the proposition that economic, urban, environmental, and business history can be as graceful, powerful, and fascinating as a novel." —Kenneth T. Jackson, Boston Globe In this groundbreaking work, William Cronon gives us an environmental perspective on the history of nineteenth-century America. By exploring the ecological and economic changes that made Chicago America's most dynamic city and the Great West its hinterland, Mr. Cronon opens a new window onto our national past. This is the story of city and country becoming ever more tightly bound in a system so powerful that it reshaped the American landscape and transformed American culture. The world that emerged is our own. Winner of the Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize

Nature's Economy

A History of Ecological Ideas
Author: Donald Worster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521468343
Category: History
Page: 505
View: 2050

Continue Reading →

Nature's Economy is a wide-ranging investigation of ecology's past. It traces the origins of the concept, discusses the thinkers who have shaped it, and shows how it in turn has shaped the modern perception of our place in nature. The book includes portraits of Linnaeus, Gilbert White, Darwin, Thoreau, and such key twentieth-century ecologists as Rachel Carson, Frederic Clements, Aldo Leopold, James Lovelock, and Eugene Odum. It concludes with a new Part VI, which looks at the directions ecology has taken most recently.

Windshield Wilderness

Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington's National Parks
Author: David Louter
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295989846
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 2619

Continue Reading →

In his engaging book Windshield Wilderness, David Louter explores the relationship between automobiles and national parks, and how together they have shaped our ideas of wilderness. National parks, he argues, did not develop as places set aside from the modern world, but rather came to be known and appreciated through technological progress in the form of cars and roads, leaving an enduring legacy of knowing nature through machines. With a lively style and striking illustrations, Louter traces the history of Washington State�s national parks -- Mount Rainier, Olympic, and North Cascades -- to illustrate shifting ideas of wilderness as scenic, as roadless, and as ecological reserve. He reminds us that we cannot understand national parks without recognizing that cars have been central to how people experience and interpret their meaning, and especially how they perceive them as wild places. Windshield Wilderness explores what few histories of national parks address: what it means to view parks from the road and through a windshield. Building upon recent interpretations of wilderness as a cultural construct rather than as a pure state of nature, the story of autos in parks presents the preservation of wilderness as a dynamic and nuanced process.Windshield Wilderness illuminates the difficulty of separating human-modified landscapes from natural ones, encouraging us to recognize our connections with nature in national parks.

Cities and Nature in the American West


Author: Char Miller
Publisher: University of Nevada Press
ISBN: 9780874178241
Category: History
Page: 278
View: 1060

Continue Reading →

In less than a century, the American West has transformed from a predominantly rural region to one where most people live in metropolitan centers. Cities and Nature in the American West offers provocative analyses of this transformation. Each essay explores the intersection of environmental, urban, and western history, providing a deeper understanding of the com- plex processes by which the urban West has shaped and been shaped by its sustaining environment. The book also considers how the West's urban development has altered the human experience and perception of nature, from the administration and marketing of national parks to the consumer roots of popular environ- mentalism; the politics of land and water use; and the challenges of environmental inequities. A number of essays address the cultural role of wilderness, nature, and such activities as camping. Others examine the increasingly per- vasive power of the West's urban areas and urbanites to redefine the very foundations and future of the American West.

Under Western Skies

Nature and History in the American West
Author: Donald Worster
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195086716
Category: Fiction
Page: 292
View: 1946

Continue Reading →

For decades, the story of the American West has been told as a glorious tale of conquest and rugged individualism--the triumph of progress. But recently, a new school of historians has challenged this view, creating what is known as the "new western history," an approach that gives a central role to the environment, native peoples, and the concentration of power in the hands of a few. Foremost among these historians is Donald Worster. In Worster's writings, the western past emerges not as a march of Manifest Destiny but rather as an unfolding relationship between humankind and nature. In Under Western Skies, Worster provides an eloquent introduction to the changing traditions of western historical writing and then demonstrates his own approach through fascinating case studies. For example, he takes a hard look at the struggle by the Lakota to regain ownership of the Black Hills, examining not only the legal history of treaties and court cases but also the importance of the Black Hills in Indian religion and the way they have been mismanaged by the U.S. government. He discusses the cowboy in terms of the new ecology that arose from livestock ranching--the endless miles of fences, the changes in the environment wrought by extensive grazing, certain species of animals almost wiped out because they were considered a danger to sheep and cattle. But Worster's view of nature is not as simple or as, linear as for instance, Bill McKibben's stark picture in The End of Nature, a picture Worster argues against. From the mining ghost towns of the Rockies to the uprooted farm families of the Dust Bowl, nature sometimes wins the struggle. Even the Hoover Dam, he reminds us, may one day be overcome by the patient Colorado River. Under Western Skies both offers intriguing insights into important aspects of our history and instills a new appreciation for the place of nature, native peoples, and the struggles over money and power in the western past.

Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 142992828X
Category: Nature
Page: 288
View: 3185

Continue Reading →

Winner of the Francis Parkman Prize Changes in the Land offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. With the tools of both historian and ecologist, Cronon constructs an interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.

Hybrid Nature

Sewage Treatment and the Contradictions of the Industrial Ecosystem
Author: Daniel Schneider
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262016443
Category: Political Science
Page: 338
View: 2763

Continue Reading →

Biological sewage treatment, like electricity, power generation, telephones, and masstransit, has been a key technology and a major part of the urban infrastructure since the latenineteenth century. But sewage treatment plants are not only a ubiquitous component of the moderncity, they are also ecosystems--a hybrid variety that incorporates elements of both nature andindustry and embodies multiple contradictions. In Hybrid Nature, Daniel Schneider offers anenvironmental history of the biological sewage treatment plant in the United States and England,viewing it as an early and influential example of an industrial ecosystem. The sewage treatmentplant relies on microorganisms and other plants and animals but differs from a natural ecosystem inthe extent of human intervention in its creation and management. Schneider explores the relationshipbetween society and nature in the industrial ecosystem and the contradictions that define it[: thenaturalization of industry versus the industrialization of nature; the public interest versusprivate (patented) technology; engineers versus bacterial and human labor; and purification versusprofits in the marketing of sewage fertilizer.] Schneider also describes biotechnology's directconnections to the history of sewage treatment, and how genetic engineering is extending the reachesof the industrial ecosystem to such "natural" ecosystems as oceans, rivers, and forests.In a conclusion that shows how industrial ecosystems continue to evolve, Schneider discusses JohnTodd's Living Machine, a natural purification method of sewage treatment, as the embodiment of thecontradictions of the industrial ecosystem. The hardcover edition does not includea dust jacket.

The Republic of Nature

An Environmental History of the United States
Author: Mark Fiege
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295804149
Category: History
Page: 520
View: 6378

Continue Reading →

In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/

Wilderness in National Parks

Playground or Preserve
Author: John C. Miles
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295990392
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 9115

Continue Reading →

Wilderness in National Parks casts light on the complicated relationship between the National Park Service and its policy goals of wilderness preservation and recreation. By examining the overlapping and sometimes contradictory responsibilities of the park service and the national wilderness preservation system, John C. Miles finds the National Park Service still struggling to deal with an idea that lies at the core of its mission and yet complicates that mission, nearly one hundred years into its existence. The National Park Service's ambivalence about wilderness is traced from its beginning to the turn of the twenty-first century. The Service is charged with managing more wilderness acreage than any government agency in the world and, in its early years, frequently favored development over preservation. The public has perceived national parks as permanently protected wilderness resources, but in reality this public confidence rests on shaky ground. Miles shows how changing conceptions of wilderness affected park management over the years, with a focus on the tension between the goals of providing recreational spaces for the American people and leaving lands pristine and undeveloped for future generations.

Reinventing Eden

The Fate of Nature in Western Culture
Author: Carolyn Merchant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136161244
Category: Nature
Page: 304
View: 2430

Continue Reading →

This revised edition of Carolyn Merchant’s classic Reinventing Eden has been updated with a new foreword and afterword. Visionary quests to return to the Garden of Eden have shaped Western Culture. This book traces the idea of rebuilding the primeval garden from its origins to its latest incarnations and offers a bold new way to think about the earth.

The Campout Cookbook

Inspired Recipes for Cooking Around the Fire and Under the Stars
Author: Marnie Hanel,Jen Stevenson
Publisher: Artisan Books
ISBN: 1579658547
Category: Cooking
Page: 192
View: 9558

Continue Reading →

Forget freeze-dried astronaut meals and bags of stale, store-bought gorp. Finally, here’s a cookbook that complements the magic of gathering around a campfire and sharing a meal with friends. From the IACP Award–winning authors of The Picnic, which brought taste and style to eating outdoors (in the daytime), comes its companion, for leaving civilization behind and dining under the stars. A mix of dishes to make ahead and meals to cook on-site, The Campout Cookbook includes more than 75 recipes for wood-fired skillet pizzas; backcountry stews and chilies; fire-roasted vegetables and cast-iron breads; unexpected dips, jerkies, and high-energy bars; breakfasts to satisfy that yawning hunger that comes from sleeping in the fresh air; s’mores, of course (including Vanilla Bean Dream Marshmallows & Co. and Dark Chocolate Raspberry Caramel Fire-Ban S’mores); and cocktails, coolers, warm libations for chilly nights, and a Blood Orange Bug Juice. Plus there’s inspiration and know-how for every avid camper and enthusiastic neophyte: How to find a suitable campsite and build a campfire specifically for cooking over, and how to keep it going. Stargazing for city slickers. A troubleshooting guide. And the definitive packing list and camp kitchen essentials. Just add a few scary stories for a truly memorable campout.

Ecosee

Image, Rhetoric, Nature
Author: Sidney I. Dobrin
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9781438425849
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 327
View: 745

Continue Reading →

Examines the rhetorical role of images in communicating environmental ideas.

Conservation Refugees

The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples
Author: Mark Dowie
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026226062X
Category: Nature
Page: 376
View: 7807

Continue Reading →

Since 1900, more than 108,000 officially protected conservation areas have been established worldwide, largely at the urging of five international conservation organizations. About half of these areas were occupied or regularly used by indigenous peoples. Millions who had been living sustainably on their land for generations were displaced in the interests of conservation. In Conservation Refugees, Mark Dowie tells this story. This is a "good guy vs. good guy" story, Dowie writes; the indigenous peoples' movement and conservation organizations have a vital common goal--to protect biological diversity--and could work effectively and powerfully together to protect the planet and preserve biological diversity. Yet for more than a hundred years, these two forces have been at odds. The result: thousands of unmanageable protected areas and native peoples reduced to poaching and trespassing on their ancestral lands or "assimilated" but permanently indentured on the lowest rungs of the money economy. Dowie begins with the story of Yosemite National Park, which by the turn of the twentieth century established a template for bitter encounters between native peoples and conservation. He then describes the experiences of other groups, ranging from the Ogiek and Maasai of eastern Africa and the Pygmies of Central Africa to the Karen of Thailand and the Adevasis of India. He also discusses such issues as differing definitions of "nature" and "wilderness," the influence of the "BINGOs" (Big International NGOs, including the Worldwide Fund for Nature, Conservation International, and The Nature Conservancy), the need for Western scientists to respect and honor traditional lifeways, and the need for native peoples to blend their traditional knowledge with the knowledge of modern ecology. When conservationists and native peoples acknowledge the interdependence of biodiversity conservation and cultural survival, Dowie writes, they can together create a new and much more effective paradigm for conservation.

Being in the World

An Environmental Reader for Writers
Author: Scott Slovic,Terrell Dixon
Publisher: Macmillan Coll Division
ISBN: 9780024117618
Category: College readers
Page: 726
View: 4209

Continue Reading →