Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature


Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393315110
Category: History
Page: 561
View: 5895

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Essays by revisionist historians, scientists, and cultural critics explore the connection between nature and American culture, analyzing how it is packaged and presented at places such as Sea World and the Nature Company stores

Uncommon Ground

Toward Reinventing Nature
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: W. W. Norton
ISBN: 9780393038729
Category: Science
Page: 561
View: 5521

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Provocative essays by revisionist historians, scientists, and cultural critics explore the connection between nature and American culture, analyzing how it is packaged and presented at places such as Sea World and the Nature Company stores.

Sommersprossen auf den Knien


Author: Maria Parr
Publisher: Dressler Verlag
ISBN: 3862726878
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 256
View: 998

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Hinreißend: Tonje bringt Sonnenschein! Ein Buch, das glücklich macht Tonje ist das einzige Kind in dem kleinen Dorf, in dem sie lebt. Ihr allerbester Freund ist Gunnvald. Der ist zwar steinalt, macht aber jeden Unsinn mit, den Tonje sich ausdenkt. Und das ist eine ganze Menge! Als Gunnvald ins Krankenhaus kommt, taucht plötzlich eine fremde Frau auf und zieht in sein Haus ein. Wer mag das sein? Welches Geheimnis hütet Gunnvald und warum ist die Frau so unfreundlich? Tonje muss all ihren Ideenreichtum aufwenden, um das Rätsel zu lösen, die beiden zu versöhnen und ihrem Freund ein wunderbares Geschenk zu machen!

Nachhaltigkeit anders denken

Veränderungspotenziale durch Geschlechterperspektiven
Author: Christine Katz,Sebastian Heilmann,Anja Thiem,Katharina Moths,Lea M. Koch,Sabine Hofmeister
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658081066
Category: Social Science
Page: 293
View: 8717

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Neue, lebensweltlich kontextualisierte,problembezogene und thematisch querschnittorientierte Forschungs- und Qualifizierungsansätze im Bereich Nachhaltigkeit werden in diesem Sammelband sowohl auf konzeptioneller Ebene als auch anhand ausgewählter Handlungsfelder vorgestellt. Der Umgang mit globalen Umweltproblemen und -veränderungen im Zusammenhang mit gesellschaftlichen Gerechtigkeitsfragen bedarf neuer Problemzugänge und -bearbeitungen. Die genderorientierte Nachhaltigkeitsforschung positioniert sich als herrschaftskritische Ungleichheitsforschung und trägt zur gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung zu mehr Gleichberechtigung, Empowerment und Emanzipation bei.

Humans in Nature

The World As We Find It and the World As We Create It
Author: Gregory E. Kaebnick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199347239
Category: Medical
Page: 272
View: 1829

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Contemporary debates over issues as wide-ranging as the protection of wildernesses and endangered species, the spread of genetically modified organisms, the emergence of synthetic biology, and the advance of human enhancement, all of which seem to spin into deeper and more baffling questions with every change in the news cycle, often circle back to the same fundamental question: should there be limits to the human alteration of the natural world? A growing number of people view the human capacity to alter natural states of affairs -- from formerly wild spaces and things around us to crops and livestock to our own human nature -- as cause for moral alarm. That reaction raises a number of perplexing philosophical questions, however: Can we identify "natural" states of affairs at all? Does the idea of being morally concerned about the human relationship to nature make any sense? Should such a concern influence public policy and politics, or should government stay strenuously neutral on such matters? Through a study of moral debates about the environment, agricultural biotechnology, synthetic biology, and human enhancement, Gregory E. Kaebnick, a research scholar at The Hastings Center and editor of the Hastings Center Report, argues that concerns about the human alteration of nature can be legitimate and serious, but also that they are complex, contestable, and of limited political force. Kaebnick defends attempts to identify "natural" states of affairs by disentangling the nature/artifact distinction from metaphysical hoariness. Drawing on David Hume, he also defends moral standards for the human relationship to nature, arguing that they, and moral standards generally, should be understood as grounded in what Hume called the "passions." Yet what counts as "natural" can be delineated only roughly, he concludes, and moral standards for interaction with nature are less a matter of obligation than of ideals. Kaebnick also concludes, drawing on an interpretation of the liberal principle of neutrality, that government may support those standards but must be careful not to enforce them. Thus Kaebnick looks for a middle way on debates that have tended toward polarization. "As differences between nature and artifact become steadily less substantial, problems about preservation run to the core of how people can make sense of themselves, of each other, and of our shared world. Kaebnick's solutions are creative and compelling, theoretically elegant and politically practical. Providing distinctive ways forward, when much academic and policy discussion seems exhausted, his book demands wide attention. In return, it inspires hope." - James Nelson, Michigan State University

Nature and Experience in the Culture of Delusion

How Industrial Society Lost Touch with Reality
Author: D. Kidner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230391362
Category: Psychology
Page: 327
View: 3821

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While the historical development of symbolic power has benefitted humanity enormously, there is an insidious and seldom recognised price that goes beyond environmental degradation and cultural disintegration. With insights from both social and natural sciences, this book explores the changing character of subjectivity in contemporary life.

Toxic Archipelago

A History of Industrial Disease in Japan
Author: Brett L. Walker
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295803010
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 322

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Every person on the planet is entangled in a web of ecological relationships that link farms and factories with human consumers. Our lives depend on these relationships -- and are imperiled by them as well. Nowhere is this truer than on the Japanese archipelago. During the nineteenth century, Japan saw the rise of Homo sapiens industrialis, a new breed of human transformed by an engineered, industrialized, and poisonous environment. Toxins moved freely from mines, factory sites, and rice paddies into human bodies. Toxic Archipelago explores how toxic pollution works its way into porous human bodies and brings unimaginable pain to some of them. Brett Walker examines startling case studies of industrial toxins that know no boundaries: deaths from insecticide contaminations; poisonings from copper, zinc, and lead mining; congenital deformities from methylmercury factory effluents; and lung diseases from sulfur dioxide and asbestos. This powerful, probing book demonstrates how the Japanese archipelago has become industrialized over the last two hundred years -- and how people and the environment have suffered as a consequence.

Hinterland


Author: Annie Proulx
Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag
ISBN: 3641024404
Category: Fiction
Page: 256
View: 2186

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Der wilde Westen heute – bitterböse, herrlich lustig und auch ein bisschen magisch Wyomings Weite ist überwältigend, das Leben dort hart und manchmal unglaublich. Ideales Terrain für Annie Proulx, eine der „besten lebenden Schriftstellerinnen“ (Time Magazine), die mit diesem Erzählband in ihre Wahlheimat zurückkehrt: Elf tragikomische Geschichten über Cowboys, Wildhüter und Barfrauen, exzentrische Aussteiger und Underdogs, die sich in einer grandiosen, aber unwirtlichen Landschaft behaupten.

On the Edge of Purgatory

An Archaeology of Place in Hispanic Colorado
Author: Bonnie J. Clark
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803262752
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 3694

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Southeastern Colorado was known as the northernmost boundary of New Spain in the sixteenth century. By the late 1800s, the region was U.S. territory, but the majority of settlers remained Hispanic families. They had a complex history of interaction with indigenous populations in the area and adopted many of the indigenous methods of survival in this difficult environment. Today their descendants compose a vocal part of the Hispanic population of Colorado. Bonnie J. Clark investigates the unwritten history of this unique Hispanic population. Combining archaeological research, contemporary ethnography, and oral and documentary history, Clark examines the everyday lives of this population over time. Framing this discussion within the wider context of the changing economic and political processes at work, Clark looks at how changing and contesting ethnic and gender identities were experienced on a daily basis. Providing new insights into the construction of ethnic identity in the American West over hundreds of years, this study complicates and enriches our understanding of the role of Hispanic populations in the West.

Ecological Imaginations in the World Religions

An Ethnographic Analysis
Author: Tony Watling
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441152806
Category: Religion
Page: 252
View: 7700

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The field of religion and ecology is an emerging and growing movement that is becoming relevant and influential in the world. It seeks to analyse, encourage, inspire, use, compare, and combine religious traditions to engage and shape environmental issues. Tony Watling seeks to ethnographically analyse this important field and its expressions. In particular, he analyses and compares its explorations of different world religions for ecological themes and the resulting expressions of ecological visions, in what he terms 'religious ecotopias' - idealized, environmentally-friendly re-imaginings of nature and humanity, and correspondingly religion, which seek to influence environmental attitudes.

Mount Mitchell and the Black Mountains

An Environmental History of the Highest Peaks in Eastern America
Author: Timothy Silver
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807863149
Category: Nature
Page: 352
View: 4543

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Each year, thousands of tourists visit Mount Mitchell, the most prominent feature of North Carolina's Black Mountain range and the highest peak in the eastern United States. From Native Americans and early explorers to land speculators and conservationists, people have long been drawn to this rugged region. Timothy Silver explores the long and complicated history of the Black Mountains, drawing on both the historical record and his experience as a backpacker and fly fisherman. He chronicles the geological and environmental forces that created this intriguing landscape, then traces its history of environmental change and human intervention from the days of Indian-European contact to today. Among the many tales Silver recounts is that of Elisha Mitchell, the renowned geologist and University of North Carolina professor for whom Mount Mitchell is named, who fell to his death there in 1857. But nature's stories--of forest fires, chestnut blight, competition among plants and animals, insect invasions, and, most recently, airborne toxins and acid rain--are also part of Silver's narrative, making it the first history of the Appalachians in which the natural world gets equal time with human history. It is only by understanding the dynamic between these two forces, Silver says, that we can begin to protect the Black Mountains for future generations.

A History of Environmentalism

Local Struggles, Global Histories
Author: Marco Armiero,Lise Sedrez
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441170510
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 8704

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'Think globally, act locally' has become a call to environmentalist mobilization, proposing a closer connection between global concerns, local issues and individual responsibility. A History of Environmentalism explores this dialectic relationship, with ten contributors from a range of disciplines providing a history of environmentalism which frames global themes and narrates local stories. Each of the chapters in this volume addresses specific struggles in the history of environmental movements, for example over national parks, species protection, forests, waste, contamination, nuclear energy and expropriation. A diverse range of environments and environmental actors are covered, including the communities in the Amazonian Forest, the antelope in Tibet, atomic power plants in Europe and oil and politics in the Niger Delta. The chapters demonstrate how these conflicts make visible the intricate connections between local and global, the body and the environment, and power and nature. A History of Environmentalism tells us much about transformations of cultural perceptions and ways of production and consuming, as well as ecological and social changes. More than offering an exhaustive picture of the entire environmentalist movement, A History of Environmentalism highlights the importance of the experience of environmentalism within local communities. It offers a worldwide and polyphonic perspective, making it key reading for students and scholars of global and environmental history and political ecology.

The Republic of Nature

An Environmental History of the United States
Author: Mark Fiege
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295804149
Category: History
Page: 520
View: 5361

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In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/

Working Forests in the Neotropics

Conservation Through Sustainable Management?
Author: Daniel J. Zarin,Janaki R. R. Alavalapati,Frances E. Putz,Marianne Schmink
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231503032
Category: Nature
Page: 416
View: 2644

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Neotropical forests sustain a wealth of biodiversity, provide a wide range of ecosystem services and products, and support the livelihoods of millions of people. But is forest management a viable conservation strategy in the tropics? Supporters of sustainable forest management have promoted it as a solution to problems of both biodiversity protection and economic stagnation. Detractors insist that any conservation strategy short of fully protected status is a waste of resources and that forest management actually hastens deforestation. By focusing on a set of critical issues and case studies, this book explores the territory between these positions, highlighting the major factors that contribute to or detract from the chances of achieving forest conservation through sustainable management.

Inherited Land

The Changing Grounds of Religion and Ecology
Author: Whitney A. Bauman,Richard R. Bohannon,Kevin J. O'Brien
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630876240
Category: Religion
Page: 278
View: 6423

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"Religion and ecology" has arrived. What was once a niche interest for a few academics concerned with environmental issues and a few environmentalists interested in religion has become an established academic field with classic texts, graduate programs, regular meetings at academic conferences, and growing interest from other academics and the mass media. Theologians, ethicists, sociologists, and other scholars are engaged in a broad dialogue about the ways religious studies can help understand and address environmental problems, including the sorts of methodological, terminological, and substantive debates that characterize any academic discourse. This book recognizes the field that has taken shape, reflects on the ways it is changing, and anticipates its development in the future. The essays offer analyses and reflections from emerging scholars of religion and ecology, each addressing her or his own specialty in light of two questions: (1) What have we inherited from the work that has come before us? and (2) What inquiries, concerns, and conversation partners should be central to the next generation of scholarship? The aim of this volume is not to lay out a single and clear path forward for the field. Rather, the authors critically reflect on the field from within, outline some of the major issues we face in the academy, and offer perspectives that will nurture continued dialogue.

Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England
Author: William Cronon
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 142992828X
Category: Nature
Page: 288
View: 3743

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Winner of the Francis Parkman Prize Changes in the Land offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. With the tools of both historian and ecologist, Cronon constructs an interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.

A Storied Wilderness

Rewilding the Apostle Islands
Author: James W. Feldman
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295802979
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 9477

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The Apostle Islands are a solitary place of natural beauty, with red sandstone cliffs, secluded beaches, and a rich and unique forest surrounded by the cold, blue waters of Lake Superior. But this seemingly pristine wilderness has been shaped and reshaped by humans. The people who lived and worked in the Apostles built homes, cleared fields, and cut timber in the island forests. The consequences of human choices made more than a century ago can still be read in today�s wild landscapes. A Storied Wilderness traces the complex history of human interaction with the Apostle Islands. In the 1930s, resource extraction made it seem like the islands� natural beauty had been lost forever. But as the island forests regenerated, the ways that people used and valued the islands changed - human and natural processes together led to the rewilding of the Apostles. In 1970, the Apostles were included in the national park system and ultimately designated as the Gaylord Nelson Wilderness. How should we understand and value wild places with human pasts? James Feldman argues convincingly that such places provide the opportunity to rethink the human place in nature. The Apostle Islands are an ideal setting for telling the national story of how we came to equate human activity with the loss of wilderness characteristics, when in reality all of our cherished wild places are the products of the complicated interactions between human and natural history. Watch the book trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=frECwkA6oHs