Natural Selection and Tropical Nature


Author: Alfred Russel Wallace
Publisher: Kessinger Publishing
ISBN: 9780766190276
Category: Science
Page: 504
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1891. Essays on descriptive and theoretical biology by Wallace, an English naturalist, evolutionist, geographer, anthropologist, and social critic. Contents: Natural Selection: On the Law which has Regulated the Introduction of New Species; On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type; Mimicry, and other Protective Resemblances Among Animals; On Instinct in Man and Animals; the Philosophy of Birds' Nests; A Theory of Birds' Nests; Creation by Law; The Development of Human Races Under the Law of Natural Selection; The Limits of Natural Selection as Applied to Man. Tropical Nature and Other Essays: The Climate and Physical Aspects of the Equatorial Zone; Equatorial Vegetation; Animal Life in the Tropical Forests; Hummingbirds: As Illustrating the Luxuriance of Tropical Nature; The Colors of Animals and Sexual Selection; The Colors of Plants and the Origin of the Color-Sense; The Antiquity and Origin of Man; The Antiquity of Man in North America; and The Debt of Science to Darwin. See other titles by this author available from Kessinger Publishing.

Tropical Nature

Life and Death in the Rain Forests of Central and
Author: Adrian Forsyth,Ken Miyata
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439144745
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 4336

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Seventeen marvelous essays introducing the habitats, ecology, plants, and animals of the Central and South American rainforest. A lively, lucid portrait of the tropics as seen by two uncommonly observant and thoughtful field biologists. Its seventeen marvelous essays introduce the habitats, ecology, plants, and animals of the Central and South American rainforest. Includes a lengthy appendix of practical advice for the tropical traveler.

Picturing Tropical Nature


Author: Nancy Stepan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801438813
Category: Art
Page: 283
View: 8034

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"Picturing Tropical Nature reflects on the work of several nineteenth- and twentieth-century scientists and artists, including Alexander von Humboldt, Alfred Russel Wallace, Louis Agassiz, Sir Patrick Manson, and Margaret Mee. Their careers illuminate several aspects of tropicalization: science and art in the making of tropical pictures; the commercial and cultural boom in things tropical in the modern period; photographic attempts to represent tropical hybrid races; antitropicalism and its role in an emerging environmentalist sensibility; and visual depictions of disease in the new tropical medicine."--Jacket.

Force of Nature

Essays on History and Politics of Environment
Author: Sajal Nag
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351393936
Category: History
Page: 186
View: 8534

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The study of environmental history is no more only of forests, rivers, but also of agriculture, climate, economic practices and human culture. In recent times environmental studies as a discipline has come to the forefront with growing concerns over the ozone layer depletion but has led to investigation of the historical factors and processes of man and environment relationship and its impact. Very little was earlier known about the devastative impact on the environment of imperialism, state capitalism of post-colonial nations and the liberalization and globalization of these economies. There is no aspect of the environment which has not felt the impact of such developmental human process. Rivers have thus either dried up or are polluted with highly toxic materials, seas and oceans have become the dumping ground of nuclear and other wastes, streams are blocked, rains reduced, forest covers depleted, wildlife has dwindled, concrete jungles have replaced green fields and natural water-bodies, desertification of landscapes has happened. It has had its own impact on human life as well. Droughts, floods, dust storms, landslides, water shortage, agricultural decline and food crisis, starvation and epidemics followed. The planet earth and its inhabitants are currently in the throes of the most devastating man-made crisis for survival. In an attempt to enhance our understanding of the environmental crisis, the present collection has essays investigating wide ranging events ranging from understanding climate from logbook of East India Company to the construction of Himalayan tropics; environmental cost of damming the Damodar River to water politics of south India; impact of Tsunami of the years 1737 as well as of 2004-5; politics over earthquake rehabilitation to the Sarna movements of eastern Indian tribals.

The Heretic in Darwin's Court

The Life of Alfred Russel Wallace
Author: Ross A. Slotten
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231130110
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 602
View: 7826

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During their lifetimes, Wallace and Darwin shared credit and fame for the independent and near-simultaneous discovery of natural selection. Their rivalry, usually amicable but occasionally acrimonious, forged modern evolutionary theory. Yet today, few people today know much about Wallace. This book explores the controversial life and scientific contributions of the Victorian traveler, scientist and spiritualist. His twelve years of often harrowing travels in the western and eastern tropics place him in the pantheon of the greatest explorer-naturalists of the nineteenth century. Tracing his discovery of natural selection, the book then follows the remaining fifty years of Wallace's eccentric and entertaining life. In addition to his divergence from Darwin on two fundamental issues--sexual selection and the origin of the human mind--he pursued topics that most scientific figures of his day conspicuously avoided, including spiritualism, phrenology, mesmerism, environmentalism, and life on Mars.--From publisher description.

Where Have All the Birds Gone?

Essays on the Biology and Conservation of Birds that Migrate to the American Tropics
Author: John Terborgh
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691024288
Category: Nature
Page: 207
View: 7201

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"Things are going wrong with our environment," writes John Terborgh, "even the parts of it that are nominally protected. If we wait until all the answers are in, we may find ourselves in a much worse predicament than if we had taken notice of the problem earlier. By waiting, one risks being too late; on the other hand, there can be no such thing as being too early." Terborgh's warnings are essential reading for all who care about migratory birds and our natural environment. Why are tropical migrant species disappearing from our forests? Can we save the birds that are left? Terborgh takes a more comprehensive view of migratory birds than is usual--by asking how they spend their lives during the half-year they reside in the tropics. By scrutinizing ill-planned urban and suburban development in the United States and the tropical deforestation of Central and South America, he summarizes our knowledge of the subtle combination of circumstances that is devastating our bird populations. This work is pervaded by Terborgh's love for the thrushes, warblers, vireos, cuckoos, flycatchers, and tanagers that inhabited his family's woodland acreage while he was growing upbirds that no longer live there, in spite of the preservation of those same woods as part of a county park. The book is a tour of topics as varied as ecological monitoring, the plight of the Chesapeake wetlands, the survival struggle of Central American subsistence farmers, and the management of commercial forests.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History


Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394474
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 9367

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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Portraits of the Rainforest


Author: Adrian Forsyth
Publisher: Camden House Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 156
View: 3457

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Portrays the flora and fauna of the tropical rain forest, celebrating the beauty and complexity of the oldest ecosystem

In Darwin's Shadow

The Life and Science of Alfred Russel Wallace: A Biographical Study on the Psychology of History
Author: Michael Shermer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198033813
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 7732

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Virtually unknown today, Alfred Russel Wallace was the co-discoverer of natural selection with Charles Darwin and an eminent scientist who stood out among his Victorian peers as a man of formidable mind and equally outsized personality. Now Michael Shermer rescues Wallace from the shadow of Darwin in this landmark biography. Here we see Wallace as perhaps the greatest naturalist of his age--spending years in remote jungles, collecting astounding quantities of specimens, writing thoughtfully and with bemused detachment at his reception in places where no white man had ever gone. Here, too, is his supple and forceful intelligence at work, grappling with such arcane problems as the bright coloration of caterpillars, or shaping his 1858 paper on natural selection that prompted Darwin to publish (with Wallace) the first paper outlining the theory of evolution. Shermer also shows that Wallace's self-trained intellect, while powerful, also embraced surprisingly naive ideas, such as his deep interest in the study of spiritual manifestations and seances. Shermer shows that the same iconoclastic outlook that led him to overturn scientific orthodoxy as he worked in relative isolation also led him to embrace irrational beliefs, and thus tarnish his reputation. As author of Why People Believe Weird Things and founding publisher of Skeptic magazine, Shermer is an authority on why people embrace the irrational. Now he turns his keen judgment and incisive analysis to Wallace's life and his contradictory beliefs, restoring a leading figure in the rise of modern science to his rightful place.

Encounters with Nature

Essays
Author: Paul Shepard,Florence R. Shepard
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781559635295
Category: Nature
Page: 223
View: 7140

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Twenty-one essays discuss the perception and aesthetics of nature, the influence of animals on humans, the nature of place, and how nature and culture help shape the development of the individual

Listening to the Land

Conversations about Nature, Culture and Eros
Author: Derrick Jensen
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603581189
Category: Nature
Page: 336
View: 1765

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In this far-ranging and heartening collection, Derrick Jensen gathers conversations with environmentalists, theologians, Native Americans, psychologists, and feminists, engaging some of our best minds in an exploration of more peaceful ways to live on Earth. Included here is Dave Foreman on biodiversity, Matthew Fox on Christianity and nature, Jerry Mander on technology, and Terry Tempest Williams on an erotic connection to the land. With intelligence and compassion, Listening to the Land moves from a look at the condition of the environment and the health of our spirit to a beautiful evocation of eros and a life based on love.

Nature


Author: Ralph Waldo Emerson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 74
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Water

A Natural History
Author: Alice Outwater
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780786725816
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 544

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An environmental engineer turned ecology writer relates the history of our waterways and her own growing understanding of why our waterways continue to be polluted—and what needs to be done to save this essential natural resourse.Water: A Natural History takes us back to the diaries of the first Western explorers; it moves from the reservoir to the modern toliet, from the grasslands of the Midwest to the Everglades of Florida, throught the guts of a wastewater treatment plant and out to the waterways again. It shows how human-engineered dams, canals and farms replaces nature’s beaver dams, prairie dog tunnels, and buffalo wallows. Step by step, Outwater makes clear what should have always been obvious: while engineering can depollute water, only ecologically interacting systems can create healthy waterways.Important reading for students of environmental studies, the heart of this history is a vision of our land and waterways as they once were, and a plan that can restore them to their former glory: a land of living streams, public lands with hundreds of millions of beaver-built wetlands, prairie dog towns that increase the amount of rainfall that percolates to the groundwater, and forests that feed their fallen trees to the sea.

Speciation and Patterns of Diversity


Author: Roger Butlin,Jon Bridle,Dolph Schluter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139474580
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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Bringing together the viewpoints of leading ecologists concerned with the processes that generate patterns of diversity, and evolutionary biologists who focus on mechanisms of speciation, this book opens up discussion in order to broaden understanding of how speciation affects patterns of biological diversity, especially the uneven distribution of diversity across time, space and taxa studied by macroecologists. The contributors discuss questions such as: Are species equivalent units, providing meaningful measures of diversity? To what extent do mechanisms of speciation affect the functional nature and distribution of species diversity? How can speciation rates be measured using molecular phylogenies or data from the fossil record? What are the factors that explain variation in rates? Written for graduate students and academic researchers, the book promotes a more complete understanding of the interaction between mechanisms and rates of speciation and these patterns in biological diversity.

Nature's Matrix

Linking Agriculture, Conservation and Food Sovereignty
Author: Ivette Perfecto,John H. Vandermeer,Angus Lindsay Wright
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849770131
Category: Nature
Page: 257
View: 3502

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Landscapes are frequently seen as fragments of natural habitat surrounded by a 'sea' of agriculture. But recent ecological theory shows that the nature of these fragments is not nearly as important for conservation as is the nature of the matrix of agriculture that surrounds them. Local extinctions from conservation fragments are inevitable and must be balanced by migrations if massive extinction is to be avoided. High migration rates only occur in what the authors refer to as 'high quality' matrices, which are created by alternative agroecological techniques, as opposed to the industrial monocultural model of agriculture. The authors argue that the only way to promote such high quality matrices is to work with rural social movements. Their ideas are at odds with the major trends of some of the large conservation organizations that emphasize targeted land purchases of protected areas. They argue that recent advances in ecological research make such a general approach anachronistic and call, rather, for solidarity with the small farmers around the world who are currently struggling to attain food sovereignty.Nature's Matrix proposes a radically new approach to the conservation of biodiversity based on recent advances in the science of ecology plus political realities, particularly in the world's tropical regions.

Caribbean Literature and the Environment

Between Nature and Culture
Author: Elizabeth M. DeLoughrey,Renée K. Gosson,George B. Handley
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 9780813923727
Category: History
Page: 303
View: 3029

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Examines the literatures of the Caribbean from an ecocritical perspective in all language areas of the region. This book explores the ways in which the history of transplantation and settlement has provided unique challenges and opportunities for establishing a sense of place and an environmental ethic in the Caribbean.