Transforming Probation

Social Theories and the Criminal Justice System
Author: Philip Whitehead
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447327659
Category: Social Science
Page: 260
View: 1282

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This book explores the politics of modernisation and transformation of probation in the criminal justice system. It draws upon innovative social theories and moral perspectives to analyse changes in the probation service and makes a timely contribution to criminal justice and probation theory.

Offender Rehabilitation

Theory, Research and Practice
Author: Gwen Robinson,Iain D Crow
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0857026895
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 9435

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'Robinson and Crow have achieved the seemingly impossible: a book about rehabilitation that transcends the "medical model", that is original and contemporary yet grounded in a sophisticated history, and most of all that is fun to read. It will become a new classic text in a field that has been crying out for one' - Professor Shadd Maruna, Queen's University, Belfast 'In an age where there is much public and political confusion about many criminal justice matters, this book brings considerable clarity to the idea of rehabilitation, its theoretical and historical roots, and contemporary practical application. This is an accessible, lively, and critical account of a concept which is central to the shape of the criminal justice system in pursuance of something that will "work" to reduce reoffending. "Rehabilitation" seems to go in and out of fashion depending on the politics of the day, but the careful and thorough examination of the different contexts in which it operates and competing perspectives on its potential offered here highlights its enduring qualities. This is a fascinating and engaging book by two established and "real world" scholars which will serve students and policy makers alike in the fields of criminal justice and social policy' - Loraine Gelsthorpe, Reader in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge This comprehensive text explains all the key themes in the development and practice of offender rehabilitation. It explores how the issue fits within its wider social and political contexts, giving an insight into its current and future relevance to criminal justice. The book covers the full range of rehabilitative approaches, exploring how criminal justice responses have been influenced by trends such as the treatment model, 'What Works?', desistance, risk and public protection, and changes in social policy. It offers the following essential features: " theoretical grounding - providing students with all the essential background they need in order to fully understand the subject " historical context - enabling the reader to see how ideas, policies and practices have developed over time " research focus - introducing the reader to questions about how rehabilitative approaches have been evaluated and debates about 'what works' for particular groups of offenders, such as sexual offenders and drug misusers " study questions and further reading - giving students the tools both to revise and to expand their knowledge Offender Rehabilitation both advances thinking about the notion of rehabilitation, and ensures that students of crime and justice can keep abreast of the most recent developments in this area.

Exploring Modern Probation

Social Theory and Organisational Complexity
Author: Philip Whitehead
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1847423485
Category: Social Science
Page: 186
View: 1046

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Since 1997 the probation service, an integral component of criminal justice for over 100 years, has been subject to a politically-driven process of modernisation and cultural transformation. This innovative book explores this probation modernisation by using social theories associated with Durkheim, Weber, Marx and Foucault. The book combines this theoretical analysis with empirical research from interviews, which highlights challenges to, as well as support of, the politics of modernisation. This research is unique in providing insights into what representatives of other organisations think about probation - from the outside looking in.This up-to-date text will be essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of probation, criminology, criminal and social justice and allied disciplines.

Governing Through Crime

How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear
Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195181085
Category: History
Page: 330
View: 1952

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Across America today gated communities sprawl out from urban centers, employers enforce mandatory drug testing, and schools screen students with metal detectors. Social problems ranging from welfare dependency to educational inequality have been reconceptualized as crimes, with an attendant focus on assigning fault and imposing consequences. Even before the recent terrorist attacks, non-citizen residents had become subject to an increasingly harsh regime of detention and deportation, and prospective employees subjected to background checks. How and when did our everyday world become dominated by fear, every citizen treated as a potential criminal?In this startlingly original work, Jonathan Simon traces this pattern back to the collapse of the New Deal approach to governing during the 1960s when declining confidence in expert-guided government policies sent political leaders searching for new models of governance. The War on Crime offered a ready solution to their problem: politicians set agendas by drawing analogies to crime and redefined the ideal citizen as a crime victim, one whose vulnerabilities opened the door to overweening government intervention. By the 1980s, this transformation of the core powers of government had spilled over into the institutions that govern daily life. Soon our schools, our families, our workplaces, and our residential communities were being governed through crime.This powerful work concludes with a call for passive citizens to become engaged partners in the management of risk and the treatment of social ills. Only by coming together to produce security, can we free ourselves from a logic of domination by others, and from the fear that currently rules our everyday life.

Probation Practice and the New Penology

Practitioner Reflections
Author: John Deering
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317075544
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 9414

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The criminal justice system has been in a state of flux in recent decades, accompanied by growing levels of insecurity and intolerance of crime and offenders among the general population. Along with government policy and practice, these developments are seen as contributing to an increasingly punitive system that imprisons more than ever before and seeks to punish and manage offenders in the community, rather than to attempt their rehabilitation. For these reasons, along with a loss of faith in rehabilitation, the probation service is now described by many as having become a law enforcement agency, charged by government with the assessment and management of risk, the protection of the public and the management and punishment of offenders, rather than their transformation into pro-social citizens. This book explores the extent to which practitioners within the National Probation Service for England and Wales and the National Offender Management Service ascribe to the values, attitudes and beliefs associated with these macro and mezzo level changes and how much their practice has changed accordingly. By viewing examples of 'real' practice through the lens of the modernisation of public services, managerialism and theories of organisation change, the book considers how 'real' practice is likely to emerge as something unpredictable and perhaps different from the intentions of both government/management and practitioners.

Fixing Broken Windows

Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities
Author: George L. Kelling,Catherine M. Coles
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684837382
Category: Political Science
Page: 319
View: 4627

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Cites successful examples of community-based policing

Demonising the Other

The criminalisation of morality
Author: Whitehead, Philip
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447343433
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 9987

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Throughout history there has always been an ‘other’, often based on culture, race, gender or class, that has been demonised by the majority. This attribution of negative features onto others affects everyone, but Whitehead challenges the idea that this is an inevitable fact of life. While looking at the historical criminalisation of the ‘other’ and the subsequent modernising transformations in criminal justice and penal policy, such as ‘Big Society’, Whitehead also questions if this is the most effective way to dismantle the conditions of existence responsible for ‘othering’. This important book not only looks for the origin of the ‘other’ but also offers insights for a resolution that benefits society as a whole rather than just the powerful few.

The New Jim Crow

Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595586431
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 6874

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Argues that the War on Drugs and policies that deny convicted felons equal access to employment, housing, education and public benefits create a permanent under-caste based largely on race. Reprint. 12,500 first printing.

Transforming Environments and Rehabilitation

A Guide for Practitioners in Forensic Settings and Criminal Justice
Author: Geraldine Akerman,Adrian Needs,Claire Bainbridge
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317338235
Category: Social Science
Page: 394
View: 1123

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How can environments play a role in assisting and sustaining personal change in individuals incarcerated within the criminal justice system? Can a failure to address contextual issues reduce or undermine the effectiveness of clinical intervention? Bringing together a range of leading forensic psychologists, this book explores and illustrates inter-relationships between interventions and the environment in which they take place. This book examines how the environment can be better utilised to contribute to processes of change and how therapeutic principles and practices can be more strongly embedded through being applied in supportive, facilitative environments. In addition, it expands on emerging conceptualisations of how psychological functioning and environmental context are inextricably linked and offers an alternative to prevailing intrapsychic or ‘essentialist’ views of areas such as personality and cognition. Providing new and challenging insights and perspectives on issues of central relevance to forensic psychology and related disciplines, this book contributes to the development of innovative and unifying directions for research, practice and theory. This book will be an essential resource for those who work with or intend to work with offenders, particularly practitioners, researchers and students in the fields of psychology, criminology, psychiatry, psychotherapy and social work.

Women and Criminal Justice

From the Corston Report to Transforming Rehabilitation
Author: Annison, Jill,Brayford, Jo,John Deering
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447319303
Category: Social Science
Page: 265
View: 997

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This book focuses on developments since the publication of the 2007 Corston Report into women and criminal justice. The challenges of working with women in the current climate also explored, translating lessons from good practice to policy development and recommending future directions arising from the ‘Transforming Rehabilitation’ plans.

On the Parole Board

Reflections on Crime, Punishment, Redemption, and Justice
Author: Frederic G. Reamer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231543328
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 3798

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Few people experience life inside of prison. Even fewer are charged with the formidable responsibility of deciding whether inmates should be released. In his twenty-four years on the Rhode Island Parole Board, Frederic G. Reamer has judged the fates of thousands of inmates, deciding which are ready to reenter society and which are not. It is a complicated choice that balances injury to victims and their families against an offender's capacity for transformation. With rich retellings of criminal cases—some banal, some brutal—On the Parole Board is a singular book that explains from an insider's perspective how a variety of factors play into the board's decisions: the ongoing effect on victims and their loved ones, the life histories of offenders, the circumstances of the crimes, and the powerful and often extraordinary displays of forgiveness and remorse. Pulling back the curtain on a process largely shrouded in mystery, Reamer lays bare the thorny philosophical issues of crime and justice and their staggering consequences for inmates, victims, and the public at large. Reamer and his colleagues often hope, despite encountering behavior at its worst, that criminals who have made horrible mistakes have the capacity for redemption. Yet that hope must be tempered with a realistic appraisal of risk, given the potentially grave consequences of releasing an inmate who may commit a future crime. This book will appeal to anyone interested in the complexities of the criminal justice system, the need to correct its injustices, and the challenges of those who must decide when justice has been served.

Global Perspectives on Desistance

Reviewing what we know and looking to the future
Author: Joanna Shapland,Stephen Farrall,Anthony Bottoms
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317530918
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 5755

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In recent years attention has switched from how adolescents are attracted into crime, to how adults reduce their offending and then stop – the process of desistance. There are now around a dozen major longitudinal and in-depth studies around the world which have followed or are following offenders over their life course, charting their offending history and their social and economic circumstances. The book is the first to offer a global perspective on desistance and brings together international leading experts in the field from countries including the UK, Ireland, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, Spain, the USA, and Australia to set out what we know about desistance, and to advance our theoretical understanding. Drawing on leading studies, this book sets the academic agenda for future work on desistance and examines the implications and potential positive effects of this research on desistance processes among current offenders. Global Perspectives on Desistance is divided into three sections: Agency, structure and desistance from crime, Life phases and desistance, Criminal justice and state interventions. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, this book is ideal for students studying criminology, probation and social work, social policy, sociology, and psychology. It is also essential reading for academic criminologists, sociologists, and policy makers and practitioners working in corrections and reform.

International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice


Author: Shlomo Giora Shoham,Ori Beck,Martin Kett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420053883
Category: Law
Page: 800
View: 3335

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At the outset of the twenty-first century, more than 9 million people are held in custody in over 200 countries around the world. --from the essay "Prisons and Jails" by Ron King The first comparative study of this increasingly integral social subject, International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive and balanced review of the philosophy and practicality of punishment. Drawn from the expertise of scholars and researchers from around the world, this book covers the theory, practice, history, and empirical evidence surrounding crime prevention, identification, retribution, and incarceration. It analyzes the efficacy of both traditional methods and thinking as well as novel concepts and approaches. Beginning with a study of the changing attitude of penal practice in Florida from one of offender transformation to one of risk-management, imprisonment, surveillance, and control, this volume embarks on an objective and sober appraisal of every aspect of the field. Contributions consider the sociology of incarcerated prisoners including the increasing prevalence of prison suicides. The book evaluates arguments regarding the world-wide abolition of capitol punishment from moral, utilitarian, and practical positions. It examines non-incarcerative and alternative punishments such as financial restoration and restrictions of liberty, as well as the positive effects of Victim Offender Mediation. It also considers several methods aimed at achieving measurable crime prevention including identifying at-risk juveniles and minimizing crimes of opportunity, as well as the pros and cons of employing the coercive power of police. Further essays consider subjects such as international policing, the roles of prosecution and defense attorneys, current discretionary sentencing practices, and the role and treatment of victims. The volume concludes with two chapters of case studies that provide a "hands-on" feel for the interplay of the concepts discussed. This volume is the first in a three-part trilogy. See also The International Handbook of Victimology and The International Handbook of Criminology.

Transforming Corrections

Humanistic Approaches to Corrections and Offender Treatment
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781594604522
Category: Social Science
Page: 245
View: 7954

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Transforming Corrections offers an alternative perspective not currently found in the existing literature concerning the way in which individuals in the criminal justice system are understood and treated. Intended for use as a supplementary text, this collection will help to enhance the current conversation that is ongoing in the field of rehabilitative corrections. Part of the Criminal Justice and Psychology Series.

Probation


Author: Rob Canton,Jane Dominey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315407000
Category: Social Science
Page: 332
View: 4459

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This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to probation. It brings together themes of policy, theory and practice to help students and practitioners better understand the work of probation, its limitations, its potential, but above all its value. Setting probation in the context of the criminal justice system, the book explores its history, purposes and contemporary significance. It explains what probation is and the practical realities of working with offenders in the community. The book also covers the governance of probation and how policy and practice are responding to contemporary concerns about crime and community safety. This book encourages readers to appreciate the practical and theoretical strengths and shortcomings of contemporary probation practice. This revised and updated new edition includes a full description and discussion of recent reforms in the probation service and the Transforming Rehabilitation policy agenda. It also offers further discussion of international perspectives on probation, including international developments and collaborative efforts between countries. This book is essential reading for trainee probation officers and students taking courses on probation, offender management, treatment and rehabilitation, working with offenders and community justice.

Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Travis C. Pratt,Jacinta M. Gau,Travis W. Franklin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412970148
Category: Law
Page: 189
View: 2531

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By focusing on key ideas in both criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective to understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice -- heretofore, the practice has been to separate criminology and criminal justice. However, given their interconnected nature, this book brings both together cohesively. In going beyond simply identifying and discussing key contributions and their effects by giving students a broader socio-political context for each key idea, this book concretely conceptualizes the key ideas in ways that students will remember and understand.

The Transformation of Criminal Due Process in the Administrative State

The Targeted Urban Crime Narcotics Task Force
Author: Rosann Greenspan
Publisher: Quid Pro Books
ISBN: 1610272234
Category: Law
Page: 200
View: 4129

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A classic study in law and society is now readily available to scholars, researchers, and others in the field of criminal justice, due process, policing, and administrative procedure. It adds a new Preface by the author and a new Foreword by Berkeley law professor Malcolm M. Feeley. As the author reflects: "I think it was my first day in the field that the police liaison to the district attorney's probation revocation program exclaimed, 'Forget rights! Forget right to jury! Forget right to bail! There are no rights!' As Malcolm Feeley says in his Foreword, what I 'discovered' over the course of researching and writing this study was in plain view from the beginning. The criminal process has largely been subsumed as an administrative process and the procedural rights enshrined in the Bill of Rights have long since faded away. What I hope my work explains is how this happened doctrinally -- how the expansion of criminal due process was halted and redirected by the very administrative due process revolution it gave birth to. And how it happened in practice -- how police, prosecutors, and corrections came to realize that they had the tools to bypass the criminal process in enforcing the criminal sanction." In his new Foreword, Feeley describes the book as "a brilliant analysis of the criminal process" and explains why its relevance and theoretical power have increased over time. In a nation where legal rights and process became enhanced in criminal courts and formal processes of adjudication, Greenspan showed the bypassing of much of this framework by the substitution of parole revocation, probation, and the like -- by what Feeley summarizes as "the triumph of the administrative model. Her thesis shows how this occurred. The backlash to the Warren Court’s criminal due process revolutions was not a wholesale abandonment of rights, but an embrace of a lower standard of due process, administrative due process." Some of these changes are well known, of course, but "Greenspan's study is brilliant precisely because it problematizes these developments. It identifies the central issue, how thinking about the criminal process has been so fundamentally yet unwittingly transformed." This book is a powerful look at these reforms and transformations, presented in the 'Classic Dissertation Series' by Quid Pro Books. Quality ebook formatting includes properly presented tables, active contents, and linked notes. A new paperback edition of this book is also available.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Thought, Policy, and Practice
Author: Mary Maguire,Dan Okada
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483350614
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 9587

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A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Feminist Theory, Crime, and Social Justice


Author: Alana Van Gundy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317522540
Category: Social Science
Page: 106
View: 814

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Feminist Theory, Crime, and Social Justice offers an insightful look at the primarily masculine-driven perspective on crime and justice through the lens of feminist theory. The book presents the argument that an increased understanding of the female crime typology, life course, and gender-specific programming will improve social justice for offenders. Discussions on the direct implications of the way society views crime and justice contribute to policy recommendations for helping to improve these views, specifically as they relate to female crime.

Marx, Durkheim, Weber

Formations of Modern Social Thought
Author: Ken Morrison
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761970568
Category: Social Science
Page: 465
View: 900

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This Second Edition is a thoroughly revised, expanded version of the bestselling student text in classical social theory. Author Kenneth Morrison provides an authoritative, accessible undergraduate guide to the three pivotal figures in the classical tradition. Readable and stimulating, the Second Edition of Marx, Durkheim, Weber: Formations of Modern Social Thought explains the key ideas of these thinkers and situates them in their historical and philosophical contexts.