Transcultural Japan

At the Borderlands of Race, Gender and Identity
Author: David Blake Willis,Stephen Murphy-Shigematsu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134204027
Category: Political Science
Page: 342
View: 9720

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Transcultural Japan provides a critical examination of being Other in Japan. Portraying the multiple intersections of race, ethnicity, class, and gender, the book suggests ways in which the transcultural borderlands of Japan reflect globalization in this island nation. The authors show the diversity of Japan from the inside, revealing an extraordinarily complex new society in sharp contrast to the persistent stereotypical images held of a regimented, homogeneous Japan. Unsettling as it may be, there are powerful arguments here for looking at the meanings of globalization in Japan through these diverse communities and individuals. These are not harmonious, utopian communities by any means, as they are formed in contexts, both global and local, of unequal power relations. Yet it is also clear that the multiple processes associated with globalization lead to larger hybridizations, a global mélange of socio-cultural, political, and economic forces and the emergence of what could be called trans-local Creolized cultures. Transcultural Japan reports regional, national, and cosmopolitan movements. Characterized by global flows, hybridity, and networks, this book documents Japan’s new lived experiences and rapid metamorphosis. Accessible and engaging, this broad-based volume is an attractive and useful resource for students of Japanese culture and society, as well as being a timely and revealing contribution to research scholars and for those interested in race, ethnicity, cultural identities and transformations.

Challenges to Japanese Education

Economics, Reform, and Human Rights
Author: June A. Gordon
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 9780807770696
Category: Education
Page: 218
View: 6816

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In this volume, eight leading Japanese scholars present their research on profound and sensitive issues facing Japanese society, much of which has not been available to the English-speaking world. Traveling from Japan to engage in a unique forum at the University of California, they joined eminent professors Befu, DeVos, and Rohlen to bring over fifty leading scholars up to date on the global challenges facing Japan and how education has and will play into the reformulation of its identity. Chapters examine such topics as education policy changes, the education of minorities, including the Burakumin, the hegemony of college entrance examinations, social mobility and basic human rights, increased economic competition and global migration, political influences on educational reform, and the future of Japanese education.

Collective Myopia in Japanese Organizations

A Transcultural Approach for Identifying Corporate Meltdowns
Author: Nobuyuki Chikudate
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137450851
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 220
View: 1042

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Drawing on European philosophies, this book examines collective myopia and its role in global business through various case studies of Japanese organizations, including the Tokyo Electric Power Company.

Linguistic Stereotyping and Minority Groups in Japan


Author: Nanette Gottlieb
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415338035
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 156
View: 7833

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This book is the first full-length study in English to examine the use of discriminatory language in Japan. As in other countries, there has been much debate about the public use of language deemed demeaning to certain groups within society especially in relation to the issue of minority rights versus freedom of speech. Adding a new dimension to the discussion of language and society in Japan, the book focuses on an aspect of language and power which highlights some of the dissent underlying Japan’s officially promoted ideology of a harmonious society. The text presents a revealing examination of the discriminatory language, known as sabetsu yogo, as identified by five minority groups, the Burakumin, the Ainu, people with physical or mental disabilities, women and ethnic groups within Japan

Transcultural Cities

Border-Crossing and Placemaking
Author: Jeffrey Hou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135122040
Category: Architecture
Page: 336
View: 1118

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Transcultural Cities uses a framework of transcultural placemaking, cross-disciplinary inquiry and transnational focus to examine a collection of case studies around the world, presented by a multidisciplinary group of scholars and activists in architecture, urban planning, urban studies, art, environmental psychology, geography, political science, and social work. The book addresses the intercultural exchanges as well as the cultural trans-formation that takes place in urban spaces. In doing so, it views cultures not in isolation from each other in today’s diverse urban environments, but as mutually influenced, constituted and transformed. In cities and regions around the globe, migrations of people have continued to shape the makeup and making of neighborhoods, districts, and communities. For instance, in North America, new immigrants have revitalized many of the decaying urban landscapes, creating renewed cultural ambiance and economic networks that transcend borders. In Richmond, BC Canada, an Asian night market has become a major cultural event that draws visitors throughout the region and across the US and Canadian border. Across the Pacific, foreign domestic workers in Hong Kong transform the deserted office district in Central on weekends into a carnivalesque site. While contributing to the multicultural vibes in cities, migration and movements have also resulted in tensions, competition, and clashes of cultures between different ethnic communities, old-timers, newcomers, employees and employers, individuals and institutions. In Transcultural Cities Jeffrey Hou and a cross-disciplinary team of authors argue for a more critical and open approach that sees today’s cities, urban places, and placemaking as vehicles for cross-cultural understanding.

Japan's Ainu Minority in Tokyo

Diasporic Indigeneity and Urban Politics
Author: Mark K. Watson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317807561
Category: Social Science
Page: 190
View: 8430

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This book is about the Ainu, the indigenous people of Japan, living in and around Tokyo; it is, therefore, about what has been pushed to the margins of history. Customarily, anthropologists and public officials have represented Ainu issues and political affairs as limited to rural pockets of Hokkaido. Today, however, a significant proportion of the Ainu people live in and around major cities on the main island of Honshu, particularly Tokyo. Based on extensive original ethnographic research, this book explores this largely unknown diasporic aspect of Ainu life and society. Drawing from debates on place-based rights and urban indigeneity in the twenty-first century, the book engages with the experiences and collective struggles of Tokyo Ainu in seeking to promote a better understanding of their cultural and political identity and sense of community in the city. Looking in-depth for the first time at the urban context of ritual performance, cultural transmission and the construction of places or ‘hubs’ of Ainu social activity, this book argues that recent government initiatives aimed at fostering a national Ainu policy will ultimately founder unless its architects are able to fully recognize the historical and social complexities of the urban Ainu experience.

Friendship and Work Culture of Women Managers in Japan

Tokyo After Ten
Author: Swee-Lin Ho
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351597426
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 2443

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Drawing on ethnographic data gathered from fieldwork spanning a 15-year period, this book offers new insights into understanding the lives and experiences of women managers in Japan. Based on empirical case studies, it explores the ways in which professional women in Tokyo creatively mobilize their friendships as a strategic site for mitigating the disappointments in their working lives, and conceptualizing new understandings of independence and equality. It analyses their use of language, time, space and money to negotiate new identities in an increasingly flexible work environment. In examining the challenges and opportunities faced by these corporate workers, this book also extends anthropological debates about the changing meaning and importance of work for women, as well as their relationship with money and separation from the realm of domesticity. As a study of women's lives in and out of the workplace in Japan, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Japanese studies, Japanese culture and society, anthropology, sociology, gender and women's studies.

Japanese Phenomenology

Phenomenology as the Trans-cultural Philosophical Approach
Author: Y. Nitta,H. Tatematsu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027709240
Category: Science
Page: 308
View: 1246

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Transcultural Nursing

Assessment and Intervention
Author: Joyce Newman Giger
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 032329328X
Category: Medical
Page: 736
View: 8892

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Giger and Davidhizar's unique transcultural model of clear, easy-to-apply assessment and intervention strategies is the definitive source for use in the clinical setting! This authoritative resource will help you learn to identify the six key cultural phenomena used in caring for clients from different backgrounds (communication, space, social organization, time, environmental control, and biological variations), and help you apply these phenomena to a variety of individuals in different cultures. Unique! Giger & Davidhizar's Transcultural Assessment Model devotes a full chapter to each of the six aspects of cultural assessment (communication, space, social organization, time, environmental control, and biologic variations) to help you apply this model to any client of any culture. Expert author Joyce Newman Giger is a pioneer in the field of transcultural nursing. Case studies and critical thinking questions help you apply the assessment framework in practice. UNIQUE! Sample care plans demonstrate how to apply principles to specific client needs. UNIQUE! Discussion of the spiritual component provides a more holistic, integrated approach to culture and assessment. Clarification of biologic variations for select cultural groups raises awareness of potential risks/influences on client health. 2010 census data is incorporated through the book to provide the most current analysis of demographic trends. Completely revised cultural chapters reflect the shifting experiences of different cultural groups in our society. NEW! 6 additional cultural chapters on Nigerians, Uganda Americans, Jordanian Americans, Cuban Americans, Amish Americans, and Irish Americans

Routledge Handbook of Japanese Culture and Society


Author: Victoria Bestor,Theodore C. Bestor,Akiko Yamagata
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136736271
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 4161

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The Routledge Handbook of Japanese Culture and Society is an interdisciplinary resource that focuses on contemporary Japan and the social and cultural trends that are important at the beginning of the twenty-first century. This Handbook provides a cutting-edge and comprehensive survey of significant phenomena, institutions, and directions in Japan today, on issues ranging from gender and family, the environment, race and ethnicity, and urban life, to popular culture and electronic media. Written by an international team of Japan experts, the chapters included in the volume form an accessible and fascinating insight into Japanese culture and society. As such, the Handbook will be an invaluable reference tool for anyone interested in all things Japanese. Students, teachers and professionals alike will benefit from the broad ranging discussions, useful links to online resources and suggested reading lists. The Handbook will be of interest across a wide range of disciplines including Japanese Studies, Cultural Studies, Anthropology, Sociology and Asian Studies in general.

Anime Fan Communities

Transcultural Flows and Frictions
Author: S. Annett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137476109
Category: Social Science
Page: 253
View: 7217

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How have animation fans in Japan, South Korea, the United States, and Canada formed communities and dealt with conflicts across cultural and geographic distance? This book traces animation fandom from its roots in early cinema audiences, through mid-century children's cartoon fan clubs, to today's digitally-networked transcultural fan cultures.

Transcultural Management

A New Approach for Global Organizations
Author: Atsushi Funakawa
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9780787903237
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 3041

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A framework for transforming business cultural clashes into cultural synergy. As the global economy continues to expand, the need for cross-cultural understanding is a key component to business success. In the U.S. and Japan alone, more than two million business people are directly involved in cross-cultural business situations. Atsushi Funakawa, a native of Japan who has studied and worked extensively in both the U.S. and Japan, outlines his innovative model for managing people across cultures. This comprehensive guide shows how the two cultures have very different ways of communicating that often lead to conflicts in which each blames the other for problems. Funakawa's framework ?Intercultural Business Management? has proven to be effective for transcAnding differences and breaking down communication barriers to form a constructive dialogue across cultures. By applying this revolutionary model, companies can remake themselves into truly geocentric organizations.

Graphic History

Essays on Graphic Novels And/As History
Author: Richard Iadonisi
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144384358X
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels
Page: 295
View: 2365

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When it comes to recounting history, issues arise as to whose stories are told and how reliable is the telling. This collection of fourteen essays explores the unique ways in which graphic novels can aid us in addressing those issues while shedding new light on a variety of texts, including those by canonical North American and European writers Art Spiegelman (Maus, In the Shadow of No Towers), Alan Moore (From Hell, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen), Frank Miller (The Dark Knight Returns), Chris Ware (Jimmy Corrigan), Chester Brown (Louis Riel), and Harvey Pekar. Recognizing the global appeal of graphic novels, this collection also provides a fresh look at history seen through the eyes of canonical non-Western writers Marjane Starapi (Persepolis) and Yoshihiro Tatsumi (A Drifting Life) and the highly vexed relationship of the West and the Middle East. The array of contributors (from the fields of art, literature, history, and cultural studies) is matched by the array of theoretical perspectives and by the depth and breadth of subjects, ranging from the sixteenth century voyages of Sebastian Cabot to Jack the Ripper, from the Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 to lynching in the early twentieth-century American South, and from post-war Japan to the fall of the Shah in Iran.

Immigrant Children in Transcultural Spaces

Language, Learning, and Love
Author: Marjorie Faulstich Orellana
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131761867X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 166
View: 4329

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Grounded in both theory and practice, with implications for both, this book is about children’s perspectives on the borders that society erects, and their actual, symbolic, ideational and metaphorical movement across those borders. Based on extensive ethnographic data on children of immigrants (mostly from Mexico, Central America and the Philippines) as they interact with undergraduate students from diverse linguistic, cultural and racial/ethnic backgrounds in the context of an urban play-based after-school program, it probes how children navigate a multilingual space that involves playing with language and literacy in a variety of forms. Immigrant Children in Transcultural Spaces speaks to critical social issues and debates about education, immigration, multilingualism and multiculturalism in an historical moment in which borders are being built up, torn down, debated and recreated, in both real and symbolic terms; raises questions about the values that drive educational practice and decision-making; and suggests alternatives to the status quo. At its heart, it is a book about how love can serve as a driving force to connect people with each other across all kinds of borders, and to motivate children to engage powerfully with learning and life.

Feeling Asian Modernities

Transnational Consumption of Japanese TV Dramas
Author: Koichi Iwabuchi
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 962209631X
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 4643

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The recent transnational reach of Japanese television dramas in East and Southeast Asia is unprecedented, and not simply in terms of the range and scale of diffusion, but also of the intense sympathy many young Asians feel toward the characters in Japanese dramas, so that they cope with their own modern lives by emulating the lives on screen. Through the empirical analysis of how Japanese youth dramas are (re)produced, circulated, regulated, and consumed in East and Southeast Asia, each chapter in this volume variously explores the ways in which intra-Asian cultural flows highlight cultural resonance and asymmetry in the region under the decentering processes of globalization. Key questions include: What is the nature of Japanese cultural power and influence in the region and how is it historically overdetermined? How is it similar to and different from "Americanization" and other Asian cultural sub-centers? What kinds of images and sense of intimacy and distance are perceived through the reception of Japanese youth dramas?

Korean Masculinities and Transcultural Consumption

Yonsama, Rain, Oldboy, K-Pop Idols
Author: Sun Jung
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9888028669
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 6831

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This book investigates transcultural consumption of three iconic figures ù the middle-aged Japanese female fandom of actor Bae Yong-Joon, the Western online cult fandom of the thriller film Oldboy, and the Singaporean fandom of the pop-star Rain. Through these three specific but hybrid context, the author develops the concepts of soft masculinity, as well as global and postmodern variants of masculine cultural impacts. In the concluding chapter, the author also discusses recently emerging versatile masculinity within the transcultural pop production paradigm represented by K-pop idol boy bands.

Dandyism and Transcultural Modernity

The Dandy, the Flaneur, and the Translator in 1930s Shanghai, Tokyo, and Paris
Author: Hsiao-yen Peng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136941746
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 3478

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This book views the Neo-Sensation mode of writing as a traveling genre, or style, that originated in France, moved on to Japan, and then to China. The author contends that modernity is possible only on "the transcultural site"—transcultural in the sense of breaking the divide between past and present, elite and popular, national and regional, male and female, literary and non-literary, inside and outside. To illustrate the concept of transcultural modernity, three icons are highlighted on the transcultural site: the dandy, the flaneur, and the translator. Mere flaneurs and flaneurses simply float with the tide of heterogeneous information on the transcultural site, whereas the dandy/flaneur and the cultural translator, propellers of modernity, manage to bring about transformative creation. Their performance marks the essence of transcultural modernity: the self-consciousness of working on the threshold, always testing the limits of boundaries and tempted to go beyond them. To develop the concept of dandyism—the quintessence of transcultural modernity—the Neo-Sensation gender triad formed by the dandy, the modern girl, and the modern boy is laid out. Writers discussed include Liu Na’ou, a Shanghai dandy par excellence from Taiwan, Paul Morand, who looked upon Coco Chanel the female dandy as his perfect other self, and Yokomitsu Riichi, who developed the theory of Neo-Sensation from Kant’s the-thing-in-itself.

Transcultural Cities

Border-Crossing and Placemaking
Author: Jeffrey Hou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135122040
Category: Architecture
Page: 336
View: 2864

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Transcultural Cities uses a framework of transcultural placemaking, cross-disciplinary inquiry and transnational focus to examine a collection of case studies around the world, presented by a multidisciplinary group of scholars and activists in architecture, urban planning, urban studies, art, environmental psychology, geography, political science, and social work. The book addresses the intercultural exchanges as well as the cultural trans-formation that takes place in urban spaces. In doing so, it views cultures not in isolation from each other in today’s diverse urban environments, but as mutually influenced, constituted and transformed. In cities and regions around the globe, migrations of people have continued to shape the makeup and making of neighborhoods, districts, and communities. For instance, in North America, new immigrants have revitalized many of the decaying urban landscapes, creating renewed cultural ambiance and economic networks that transcend borders. In Richmond, BC Canada, an Asian night market has become a major cultural event that draws visitors throughout the region and across the US and Canadian border. Across the Pacific, foreign domestic workers in Hong Kong transform the deserted office district in Central on weekends into a carnivalesque site. While contributing to the multicultural vibes in cities, migration and movements have also resulted in tensions, competition, and clashes of cultures between different ethnic communities, old-timers, newcomers, employees and employers, individuals and institutions. In Transcultural Cities Jeffrey Hou and a cross-disciplinary team of authors argue for a more critical and open approach that sees today’s cities, urban places, and placemaking as vehicles for cross-cultural understanding.

The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Cinema


Author: Daisuke Miyao
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199731667
Category: History
Page: 483
View: 6153

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This book provides a multifaceted single-volume account of Japanese cinema. It addresses productive debates about what Japanese cinema is, where Japanese cinema is, as well as what and where Japanese cinema studies is, at the so-called period of crisis of national boundary under globalization and the so-called period of crisis of cinema under digitalization.

Migrant Labour in Japan


Author: Yoko Sellek
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780333804322
Category: History
Page: 261
View: 7321

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Since the mid-1980s, Japan has become one of the major destinations for foreign migrant workers. Despite the recession, the number of overstayers has remained constant. This book explores the emergence of the social, economic, and political influences exerted by foreign migrants on Japanese society in the 1990s and explains how some of the components of sovereign power over immigration control have been reshaped under the influence of economic globalization. The author also questions whether Japan is already facing the same kind of problems of socio-cultural assimilation with which the United States and European countries have been struggling for some time. She analyses the struggle of a government that tries its best to preserve the image of a 'homogeneous' society within Japan, and investigates how 'homogeneity', whether as a 'myth' or 'reality', has been influenced by the presence of these imigrants, some of whom have become long-term settlers or 'social beings'.