Transcultural Japan

At the Borderlands of Race, Gender and Identity
Author: David Blake Willis,Stephen Murphy-Shigematsu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134204019
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 2567

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Transcultural Japan provides a critical examination of being Other in Japan. Portraying the multiple intersections of race, ethnicity, class, and gender, the book suggests ways in which the transcultural borderlands of Japan reflect globalization in this island nation. The authors show the diversity of Japan from the inside, revealing an extraordinarily complex new society in sharp contrast to the persistent stereotypical images held of a regimented, homogeneous Japan. Unsettling as it may be, there are powerful arguments here for looking at the meanings of globalization in Japan through these diverse communities and individuals. These are not harmonious, utopian communities by any means, as they are formed in contexts, both global and local, of unequal power relations. Yet it is also clear that the multiple processes associated with globalization lead to larger hybridizations, a global mélange of socio-cultural, political, and economic forces and the emergence of what could be called trans-local Creolized cultures. Transcultural Japan reports regional, national, and cosmopolitan movements. Characterized by global flows, hybridity, and networks, this book documents Japan’s new lived experiences and rapid metamorphosis. Accessible and engaging, this broad-based volume is an attractive and useful resource for students of Japanese culture and society, as well as being a timely and revealing contribution to research scholars and for those interested in race, ethnicity, cultural identities and transformations.

Challenges to Japanese Education

Economics, Reform, and Human Rights
Author: June A. Gordon
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 9780807770696
Category: Education
Page: 218
View: 6785

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In this volume, eight leading Japanese scholars present their research on profound and sensitive issues facing Japanese society, much of which has not been available to the English-speaking world. Traveling from Japan to engage in a unique forum at the University of California, they joined eminent professors Befu, DeVos, and Rohlen to bring over fifty leading scholars up to date on the global challenges facing Japan and how education has and will play into the reformulation of its identity. Chapters examine such topics as education policy changes, the education of minorities, including the Burakumin, the hegemony of college entrance examinations, social mobility and basic human rights, increased economic competition and global migration, political influences on educational reform, and the future of Japanese education.

Japan's Ainu Minority in Tokyo

Diasporic Indigeneity and Urban Politics
Author: Mark K. Watson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317807561
Category: Social Science
Page: 190
View: 4618

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This book is about the Ainu, the indigenous people of Japan, living in and around Tokyo; it is, therefore, about what has been pushed to the margins of history. Customarily, anthropologists and public officials have represented Ainu issues and political affairs as limited to rural pockets of Hokkaido. Today, however, a significant proportion of the Ainu people live in and around major cities on the main island of Honshu, particularly Tokyo. Based on extensive original ethnographic research, this book explores this largely unknown diasporic aspect of Ainu life and society. Drawing from debates on place-based rights and urban indigeneity in the twenty-first century, the book engages with the experiences and collective struggles of Tokyo Ainu in seeking to promote a better understanding of their cultural and political identity and sense of community in the city. Looking in-depth for the first time at the urban context of ritual performance, cultural transmission and the construction of places or ‘hubs’ of Ainu social activity, this book argues that recent government initiatives aimed at fostering a national Ainu policy will ultimately founder unless its architects are able to fully recognize the historical and social complexities of the urban Ainu experience.

Linguistic Stereotyping and Minority Groups in Japan

Author: Nanette Gottlieb
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415338035
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 156
View: 5547

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This book is the first full-length study in English to examine the use of discriminatory language in Japan. As in other countries, there has been much debate about the public use of language deemed demeaning to certain groups within society especially in relation to the issue of minority rights versus freedom of speech. Adding a new dimension to the discussion of language and society in Japan, the book focuses on an aspect of language and power which highlights some of the dissent underlying Japan’s officially promoted ideology of a harmonious society. The text presents a revealing examination of the discriminatory language, known as sabetsu yogo, as identified by five minority groups, the Burakumin, the Ainu, people with physical or mental disabilities, women and ethnic groups within Japan

Graphic History

Essays on Graphic Novels And/As History
Author: Richard Iadonisi
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144384358X
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels
Page: 295
View: 5194

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When it comes to recounting history, issues arise as to whose stories are told and how reliable is the telling. This collection of fourteen essays explores the unique ways in which graphic novels can aid us in addressing those issues while shedding new light on a variety of texts, including those by canonical North American and European writers Art Spiegelman (Maus, In the Shadow of No Towers), Alan Moore (From Hell, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen), Frank Miller (The Dark Knight Returns), Chris Ware (Jimmy Corrigan), Chester Brown (Louis Riel), and Harvey Pekar. Recognizing the global appeal of graphic novels, this collection also provides a fresh look at history seen through the eyes of canonical non-Western writers Marjane Starapi (Persepolis) and Yoshihiro Tatsumi (A Drifting Life) and the highly vexed relationship of the West and the Middle East. The array of contributors (from the fields of art, literature, history, and cultural studies) is matched by the array of theoretical perspectives and by the depth and breadth of subjects, ranging from the sixteenth century voyages of Sebastian Cabot to Jack the Ripper, from the Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 to lynching in the early twentieth-century American South, and from post-war Japan to the fall of the Shah in Iran.

Transcultural Cities

Border-Crossing and Placemaking
Author: Jeffrey Hou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135122040
Category: Architecture
Page: 336
View: 4931

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Transcultural Cities uses a framework of transcultural placemaking, cross-disciplinary inquiry and transnational focus to examine a collection of case studies around the world, presented by a multidisciplinary group of scholars and activists in architecture, urban planning, urban studies, art, environmental psychology, geography, political science, and social work. The book addresses the intercultural exchanges as well as the cultural trans-formation that takes place in urban spaces. In doing so, it views cultures not in isolation from each other in today’s diverse urban environments, but as mutually influenced, constituted and transformed. In cities and regions around the globe, migrations of people have continued to shape the makeup and making of neighborhoods, districts, and communities. For instance, in North America, new immigrants have revitalized many of the decaying urban landscapes, creating renewed cultural ambiance and economic networks that transcend borders. In Richmond, BC Canada, an Asian night market has become a major cultural event that draws visitors throughout the region and across the US and Canadian border. Across the Pacific, foreign domestic workers in Hong Kong transform the deserted office district in Central on weekends into a carnivalesque site. While contributing to the multicultural vibes in cities, migration and movements have also resulted in tensions, competition, and clashes of cultures between different ethnic communities, old-timers, newcomers, employees and employers, individuals and institutions. In Transcultural Cities Jeffrey Hou and a cross-disciplinary team of authors argue for a more critical and open approach that sees today’s cities, urban places, and placemaking as vehicles for cross-cultural understanding.

Studying Transcultural Literary History

Author: Gunilla Lindberg-Wada
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110920557
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 324
View: 9823

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In our globalised world, literature is less and less confined to national spaces. Europe-centred frameworks for literary studies have become insufficient; academics are increasingly called upon to address matters of cultural difference. In this unique volume, leading scholars discuss the critical and methodical challenges that these developments pose to the writing of literary history. What is the object of literary history? What is the meaning of the term “world literature”? How do we compare different cultural systems of genres? How do we account theoretically for literary transculturation? What are the implications of postcolonial studies for the discipline of comparative literature? Ranging in focus from the Persian epic of Majnun Layla and Zulu praise poetry to South Korean novels and Brazilian antropofagismo, the essays offer a concise overview of these and related questions. Their aim is not to reach a consensus on these matters. They show instead what is at stake in the emergent field of global comparatism.

Migrant Labour in Japan

Author: Yoko Sellek
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780333804322
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 261
View: 7387

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Since the mid-1980s, Japan has become one of the major destinations for foreign migrant workers. Despite the recession, the number of overstayers has remained constant. This book explores the emergence of the social, economic, and political influences exerted by foreign migrants on Japanese society in the 1990s and explains how some of the components of sovereign power over immigration control have been reshaped under the influence of economic globalization. The author also questions whether Japan is already facing the same kind of problems of socio-cultural assimilation with which the United States and European countries have been struggling for some time. She analyses the struggle of a government that tries its best to preserve the image of a 'homogeneous' society within Japan, and investigates how 'homogeneity', whether as a 'myth' or 'reality', has been influenced by the presence of these imigrants, some of whom have become long-term settlers or 'social beings'.

Radicals And Realists in the Japanese Nonverbal Arts

The Avant-garde Rejection of Modernism
Author: Thomas R. H. Havens
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 9780824830113
Category: Art
Page: 296
View: 2058

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Focusing on the nonverbal genres of painting, sculpture, dance, choreography, and music composition, this work shows that generational and political differences, not artistic doctrines, largely account for the divergent stances artists took vis-a-vis modernism, the international arts community, Japan's ties to the United States, and the alliance of corporate and bureaucratic interests that solidified in Japan during the 1960s."

Freud and the Far East

Psychoanalytic Perspectives on the People and Culture of China, Japan, and Korea
Author: Salman Akhtar
Publisher: Jason Aronson
ISBN: 0765706938
Category: Psychology
Page: 327
View: 5236

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In Freud and the Far East, distinguished psychoanalysts from East and West provide meticulous historical accounts of the development of psychoanalysis in Japan, Korea, and China. The contributors to the book discuss the depth-psychological concepts of amae and wa, the Ajase complex, and the filial piety complex, underscoring the intricate interplay of drive and ego development with the powerful forces of ancestral legacies and their attendant myths and fantasies. The book offers insights into the psychosocial trials and tribulations of the immigrant populations from these countries and their Western-born offspring. Implications of such understanding for the conduct of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis are also discussed. Offering a vast panopoly of fables and folklore, fiction and poetry, psychosocial observations and films, the book seeks to enlighten Western therapists regarding the cultural nuances with which their Far Eastern patients' emotional problems emerge in the clinical situation. Book jacket.

Korean Masculinities and Transcultural Consumption

Yonsama, Rain, Oldboy, K-Pop Idols
Author: Sun Jung
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9888028669
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 3722

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This book investigates transcultural consumption of three iconic figures ù the middle-aged Japanese female fandom of actor Bae Yong-Joon, the Western online cult fandom of the thriller film Oldboy, and the Singaporean fandom of the pop-star Rain. Through these three specific but hybrid context, the author develops the concepts of soft masculinity, as well as global and postmodern variants of masculine cultural impacts. In the concluding chapter, the author also discusses recently emerging versatile masculinity within the transcultural pop production paradigm represented by K-pop idol boy bands.

Globale Armutsbekämpfung - ein Trojanisches Pferd?

Auswege aus der Armutsspirale oder westliche Kriegsstrategien?
Author: Thomas Roithner,Österreichisches Studienzentrum für Frieden und Konfliktlösung
Publisher: N.A
Category: Armut - Bekämpfung - Internationale Politik - Aufsatzsammlung
Page: 363
View: 6410

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New Worlds, New Lives

Globalization and People of Japanese Descent in the Americas and from Latin America in Japan
Author: Lane Ryo Hirabayashi,Akemi Kikumura-Yano,James A. Hirabayashi
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804744621
Category: Social Science
Page: 358
View: 4441

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This book confronts the question of who and what is a Nikkei, that is, a person of Japanese descent, by presenting 18 case studies from throughout the Americas—including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Paraguay, Peru, and the United States.

The Globetrotting Shopaholic

Consumer Spaces, Products, and Their Cultural Places
Author: Tanfer Emin-Tunc,Annessa Ann Babic
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Social Science
Page: 276
View: 8510

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The thrust of the literature on consumer space and society focuses on product labeling, marketing techniques and approaches to branding, as well as how mass consumer culture has reshaped individuals' interaction with needs and desires. Globetrotting Shopaholics departs from this current discourse by examining both consumption venues and the cultural, political and social reasons why we consume. It elucidates international trends in consumption politics, and how they impact the creation of consumer spaces, which, in this book, takes the form of numerous global loci including Canada's West Edmonton Mall, Japanese theme parks, shopping venues in the Philippines, and expat boutiques in Budapest. Using a wide range of epistemological frameworks including cultural ethnography, historical analysis, literary theory, sociological dissection, anthropological examination, and philosophical ruminations, this collection conveys how material objects and lifestyles are accumulated and represented internationally, and how consumer goods and spaces define who we are as human beings.

Japanese Phenomenology

Phenomenology as the Trans-cultural Philosophical Approach
Author: Y. Nitta,H. Tatematsu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400998686
Category: Science
Page: 308
View: 5222

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Islands of Discontent

Okinawan Responses to Japanese and American Power
Author: Laura Elizabeth Hein,Mark Selden
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742518667
Category: History
Page: 322
View: 4885

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Examining contemporary Okinawan culture, politics, and historical memory, this book traces the dynamic reconstruction and reframing of Okinawan identity. The contributors explore the cultural and political expression that has flowered in the past decade with the vigorous growth of local museums and memorials and of the popularity of distinctive Okinawan music and literature, as well as of political movements targeting both U.S. military bases and Japanese national policy on ecological, developmental, and equity grounds. A key strategy has been the mobilization of historical memory, particularly recalling the violent subordination of Okinawan interests to those of the Japanese and American wartime and occupation governments. With its intertwining themes of memory, nationality, ethnicity, and cultural conflict in contemporary society, the book will be valuable reading for scholars and students across the social sciences and humanities.

Transcultural management dictionary: German - English

Author: Gebhard Deissler
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640803779
Category: Intercultural communication
Page: 144
View: 7790

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Dokument aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Medien / Kommunikation - Interkulturelle Kommunikation, Note: -, -, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This bilingual dictionary of English terms and concepts from the field of intercultural communication and management with their German adaptation is based on extractions from state-of-the-art intercultural literature (see Literature in the annex) and personal investigation. It responds to the needs of students and practitioners in the field. It is by no means meant to be exhaustive, but it rather is work in progress. I have tried to attribute all important concepts to their authors and I sincerely apologize, should anyone have been omitted and request the permission to lay the foundation - on the basis of their myriad contributions - for an intercultural/transcultural terminological resource to benefit the intercultural community and those who are interested in the sustainable management of the 21st century global environment with its myriad cultural challenges. On my way towards a new conceptualization and contextualization of culture and its management, I have also included some innovative terms and constructs such as transcultural intelligence (TCQ) as an enhancement of cultural intelligence (CQ) a transcultural management profiler and 360 transcultural synergy to name a few. Intercultural and truly transcultural approaches synergize to result in an innovative transcultural managerial mindset and skill set. Dieses zweisprachige interkulturelle Referenzworterbuch mit englisch-deutschem Paralleltext beinhaltet Begriffe und Konzepte aus dem Bereich der interkulturellen Kommunikation und des interkulturellen und transkulturellen Managements. Es reprasentiert die internationale Fachterminologie der Fachliteratur in diesem Bereich, sowie die personliche Erfahrung des Autors. Es ist work in progress" in einem dynamischen Wissensbereich und weniger eine umfassende Darstellung der heterogenen terminologischen Welt dieses innovative

Globalizing Japan

Ethnography of the Japanese Presence in Asia, Europe, and America
Author: Harumi Befu,Sylvie Guichard-Anguis
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415285667
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 262
View: 1929

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Globalizing Japan explores the social and cultural dimensions of Japan's global presence. Japan's expansion and presence as an economic giant is witnessed on an everyday basis. Both consciously and unconsciously, we regularly come into contact with Japan's industrial and cultural globalization, from cameras and automobiles to judo, cuisine or animation. Japan's presence in the popular imagination is heavily influenced both by the country's historical past and its global present. This book will appeal to students and scholars of Japanese Studies, Anthropology and Cultural Studies.

Dandyism and Transcultural Modernity

The Dandy, the Flaneur, and the Translator in 1930s Shanghai, Tokyo, and Paris
Author: Hsiao-yen Peng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136941754
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 9046

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This book views the Neo-Sensation mode of writing as a traveling genre, or style, that originated in France, moved on to Japan, and then to China. The author contends that modernity is possible only on "the transcultural site"—transcultural in the sense of breaking the divide between past and present, elite and popular, national and regional, male and female, literary and non-literary, inside and outside. To illustrate the concept of transcultural modernity, three icons are highlighted on the transcultural site: the dandy, the flaneur, and the translator. Mere flaneurs and flaneurses simply float with the tide of heterogeneous information on the transcultural site, whereas the dandy/flaneur and the cultural translator, propellers of modernity, manage to bring about transformative creation. Their performance marks the essence of transcultural modernity: the self-consciousness of working on the threshold, always testing the limits of boundaries and tempted to go beyond them. To develop the concept of dandyism—the quintessence of transcultural modernity—the Neo-Sensation gender triad formed by the dandy, the modern girl, and the modern boy is laid out. Writers discussed include Liu Na’ou, a Shanghai dandy par excellence from Taiwan, Paul Morand, who looked upon Coco Chanel the female dandy as his perfect other self, and Yokomitsu Riichi, who developed the theory of Neo-Sensation from Kant’s the-thing-in-itself.