Trade Cooperation

The Purpose, Design and Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements
Author: Andreas Dür,Manfred Elsig
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316033481
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 7321

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Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) have been proliferating for more than two decades, with the negotiations for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership and a Trans-Pacific Partnership being just the tip of the iceberg. This volume addresses some of the most pressing issues related to the surge of these agreements. It includes chapters written by leading political scientists, economists and lawyers which theoretically and empirically advance our understanding of trade agreements. The key theme is that PTAs vary widely in terms of design. The authors provide explanations as to why we see these differences in design and whether and how these differences matter in practice. The tools for understanding the purposes and effects of PTAs that are offered will guide future research and inform practitioners and trade policy experts about progress in the scientific enquiry into PTAs.

The Future of International Competition Law Enforcement

An Assessment of the EU’s Cooperation Efforts
Author: Valerie Demedts
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004372962
Category: Law
Page: 456
View: 6186

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The Future of International Competition Law Enforcement undertakes an original assessment of the EU's international cooperation agreements in the field of competition law and is uniquely focused on the bilateral sphere, often labelled as a mere 'interim-solution' awaiting a global agreement.

Handbook of International Trade Agreements

Country, regional and global approaches
Author: Robert E. Looney
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351046934
Category: Political Science
Page: 462
View: 9815

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International trade has, for decades, been central to economic growth and improved standards of living for nations and regions worldwide. For most of the advanced countries, trade has raised standards of living, while for most emerging economies, growth did not begin until their integration into the global economy. The economic explanation is simple: international trade facilitates specialization, increased efficiency and improved productivity to an extent impossible in closed economies. However, recent years have seen a significant slowdown in global trade, and the global system has increasingly come under attack from politicians on the right and on the left. The benefits of open markets, the continuation of international co-operation, and the usefulness of multilateral institutions such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have all been called into question. While globalization has had a broadly positive effect on overall global welfare, it has also been perceived by the public as damaging communities and social classes in the industrialized world, spawning, for example, Brexit and the US exit from the Trans-Pacific Partnership. The purpose of this volume is to examine international and regional preferential trade agreements (PTAs), which offer like-minded countries a possible means to continue receiving the benefits of economic liberalization and expanded trade. What are the strengths and weaknesses of such agreements, and how can they sustain growth and prosperity for their members in an ever-challenging global economic environment? The Handbook is divided into two parts. The first, Global Themes, offers analysis of issues including the WTO, trade agreements and economic development, intellectual property rights, security and environmental issues, and PTAs and developing countries. The second part examines regional and country-specific agreements and issues, including NAFTA, CARICOM, CETA, the Pacific Alliance, the European Union, EFTA, ECOWAS, SADC, TTIP, RCEP and the TPP (now the CPTPP), as well as the policies of countries such as Japan and Australia.

Handbook of Commercial Policy

Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444639268
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 598
View: 6090

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Handbook of Commercial Policy explores three main topics that permeate the study of commercial policy. The first section presents a broad set of basic empirical facts regarding the pattern and evolution of commercial policy, with the second section investigating the crosscutting legal issues relating to the purpose and design of agreements. Final sections cover key issues of commercial policy in the modern global economy. Every chapter in the book provides coverage from the perspectives of multilateral, and where appropriate, preferential trade agreements. While most other volumes are policy-oriented, this comprehensive guide explores the ways that intellectual thinking and rigor organize research, further making frontier-level synthesis and current theoretical, and empirical, research accessible to all. Covers the research areas that are critical for understanding how the world of commercial policy has changed, especially over the last 20 years Presents the way in which research on the topic has evolved Scrutinizes the economic modeling of bargaining and legal issues Useful for examining the theory and empirics of commercial policy

Reshaping the Asia Pacific Economic Order

Author: Associate Professor of Economics and Research Associate of the Australian-Japan Research Center Christopher Findlay, Dr,Christopher Findlay,Hadi Soesastro
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134270879
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 6997

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Relationships and alignments among the nations of the world’s most populous and productive region, the Asia Pacific, are in flux. Current global political, economic and security uncertainty, heightened by 9/11 and the subsequent War on Terror, has fuelled a reassessment by many Asia Pacific nations about the structure and form of future economic and political cooperation and development. Featuring contributions from some of the most eminent and influential economists and political scientists in the Asia Pacific region, this book explores the forces reshaping the Asia Pacific economic order, and where these changes may lead. Focusing on the origins of the shift towards policy driven integration, the book examines what new structures may eventually emerge on both sides of the Pacific, the ways in which this shift will affect the progress of economic integration and how cross-Pacific relations will therefore be affected.

Insiders versus Outsiders

Interest Group Politics in Multilevel Europe
Author: Andreas Dür,Gemma Mateo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191088498
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 4766

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What explains differences in the lobbying behaviour of interest groups? And what consequences do these differences have for the access that interest groups can gain to decision-makers and the influence that they can exert on policy outcomes? Building on an unprecedented amount of empirical evidence on lobbying in Europe, this book puts forward a distinction between lobbying insiders and lobbying outsiders. Lobbying insiders, most prominently business interests, try to establish direct contacts with decision-makers, enjoy good access to executive institutions, and manage to shape policy outcomes when mobilizing the public on an issue is difficult. Lobbying outsiders, in particular citizen groups such as consumer, environmental or health non-governmental organizations, put greater emphasis on mobilizing the public or changing public attitudes, find it easier to gain access to legislative decision-makers, and have the greatest impact on outcomes on issues that are amenable to an outside lobbying campaign. The book shows that a single argument, building on group type as the main variable, can explain variation across interest groups in their choice of strategy, their access to decision-makers, and the conditions under which they can exert influence. The existence of lobbying insiders and lobbying outsiders has important implications for both our understanding of political decision-making and the normative appraisal of contemporary democracy.

Economic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman,Simon J. Evenett
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821360644
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 500
View: 5266

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How can international trade agreements promote development and how can rules be designed to benefit poor countries? Can multilateral trade cooperation in the World Trade Organization (WTO) help developing countries create and strengthen institutions and regulatory regimes that will enhance the gains from trade and integration into the global economy? And should this even be done? These are questions that confront policy makers and citizens in both rich and poor countries, and they are the subject of Economic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation. This book analyzes how the trading system could be made more supportive of economic development, without eroding the core WTO functions.

The Economics of the World Trading System

Author: Kyle Bagwell,Robert W. Staiger
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262524346
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 3676

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An economic analysis of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization.

Designing the European Union

From Paris to Lisbon
Author: F. Laursen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230367577
Category: Political Science
Page: 317
View: 6989

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This book outlines the content of the main treaties that form the 'constitutional' basis of the European Union and analyses changes in these over time. The EU has expanded its policy scope and taken in many more members transferring powers to common supranational institutions in a way seen nowhere else in the world.

Der Einsatz externer Mitarbeiter in Bundesministerien

Eine politikwissenschaftliche Analyse
Author: Andreas Maisch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658084154
Category: Political Science
Page: 50
View: 5233

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Andreas Maisch untersucht den Personalaustausch zwischen öffentlichem Dienst und Privatwirtschaft, der in der Öffentlichkeit teilweise als eine neue Form des Lobbyismus betrachtet wird. Dabei analysiert der Autor, wie sich die Anzahl der externen Mitarbeiter seit dem Jahr 2008 entwickelt hat und welche Faktoren ihre Anzahl am stärksten beeinflussen. Des Weiteren betrachtet er, wie groß die Einflussmöglichkeiten der externen Mitarbeiter sind und ob das Ziel der Bundesregierung erreicht wurde, einen gegenseitigen Personalaustausch mit der Wirtschaft zu etablieren. Im Jahr 2004 hatte die rot-grüne Bundesregierung das Personalaustauschprogramm „Seitenwechsel“ gestartet, um das gegenseitige Verständnis zwischen öffentlichem Dienst und Privatwirtschaft zu verbessern.

OECD-Leitsätze für multinationale Unternehmen

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264122354
Page: 106
View: 6059

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Die OECD-Leitsätze für multinationale Unternehmen sind das weltweit wichtigste staatlich geförderte Instrument für verantwortungsvolles unternehmerisches Handeln. Die Ausgabe 2011 enthält neue Empfehlungen zu den Menschenrechten und zur Verantwortung der Unternehmen für ihre Zulieferketten.