Towards a Sociology of Health Discourse in Africa


Author: Jimoh Amzat,Oliver Razum
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319616722
Category: Social Science
Page: 165
View: 7000

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This book discusses fundamental discourses relating to health in Africa arising out of the consequences of endemic diseases in Africa. It identifies, explains and illustrates the contexts, challenges and efforts to combat these diseases. The book provides a unique comparative analysis of African contexts of health, thereby not ignoring the global contexts of health within which Africa exists. It follows a macro-analytic stance about health in Africa framed around significant/pressing issues. "Discourse of disease" is part of a profound sociological discourse of health in Africa, which provides a framework for students, academics and healthcare practitioners to understand the states of health and healthcare in Africa.

Medical Sociology in Africa


Author: Jimoh Amzat,Oliver Razum
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319039865
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 2526

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This book presents a comprehensive discussion of classical ideas, core topics, currents and detailed theoretical underpinnings in medical sociology. It is a globally renowned source and reference for those interested in social dimensions of health and illness. The presentation is enriched with explanatory and illustrative styles. The design and illustration of details will shift the minds of the readers from mere classroom discourse to societal context (the space of health issues), to consider the implications of those ideas in a way that could guide health interventions. The elemental strengths are the sociological illustrations from African context, rooted in deep cultural interpretations necessitated because Africa bears a greater brunt of health problems. More so, the classical and current epistemological and theoretical discourse presented in this book are indicative of core themes in medical sociology in particular, but cut across a multidisciplinary realm including health social sciences (e.g., medical anthropology, health psychology, medical demography, medical geography and health economics) and health studies (medicine, public health, epidemiology, bioethics and medical humanities) in general. Therefore, apart from the book’s relevance as a teaching text of medical sociology for academics, it is also meant for students at various levels and all health professionals who require a deeper understanding of social dimensions of health and illness (with illustrations from the African context) and sociological contributions to health studies in general.

The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication


Author: Christina Bratt Paulston,Scott F. Kiesling,Elizabeth S. Rangel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444354329
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 768
View: 3453

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The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication brings together internationally-renowned scholars from a range of fields to survey the theoretical perspectives and applied work, including example analyses, in this burgeoning area of linguistics. Features contributions from established researchers in sociolinguistics and intercultural discourse Explores the theoretical perspectives underlying work in the field Examines the history of the field, work in cross-cultural communication, and features of discourse Establishes the scope of this interdisciplinary field of study Includes coverage on individual linguistic features, such as indirectness and politeness, as well as sample analyses of IDC exchanges

Global Health

Gesundheit und Gerechtigkeit
Author: Oliver Razum,Hajo Zeeb,Olaf Müller,Albrecht Jahn
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783456854342
Category:
Page: 288
View: 8500

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In Zeiten der Globalisierung müssen sowohl Gesundheitsprobleme als auch gesundheitsbezogene Strategien international betrachtet werden. Die Auswirkungen der Globalisierung auf die wirtschaftliche, politische und soziale Situation der Menschen werden breit diskutiert. Die Globalisierung birgt große Risiken, aber auch Chancen für die Gesundheit und die gesundheitliche Versorgung. Betroffen sind alle Menschen, sowohl in den ärmeren Ländern des Südens als auch in den reichen Industrienationen wie Deutschland. Eine internationale Perspektive wird daher immer wichtiger. Ausgehend von Fragen der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit und anderer "klassischer" Herausforderungen an Public Health behandelt dieser Band eine Vielzahl von Themen. Dazu gehören · die Identifizierung prioritärer Gesundheitsprobleme · Hintergründe, Inhalt und Relevanz globaler Vereinbarungen wie der Millennium-Entwicklungsziele · die Ausbreitung alter und neuer Infektionskrankheiten · die Diskussion von Lösungsstrategien für globale Gesundheitsprobleme · die Bedeutung von weltweiten Katastrophen und Terrorismus. Erfahrene Gesundheitswissenschaftler und Praktiker aus internationalen Organisationen beschreiben nicht nur Probleme, sondern auch Chancen und neue Lösungswege. Kernpunkt hierbei ist die Kommunikation und nachhaltige Zusammenarbeit über nationale und kulturelle Grenzen hinweg.

The Modernization of the Nursing Workforce: Valuing the healthcare assistant


Author: Ian Kessler,Paul Heron,Sue Dopson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651869
Category: Medical
Page: 264
View: 6162

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The Modernization of the Nursing Workforce: Valuing the healthcare assistant is based on recently completed research exploring the role of healthcare assistants (HCA) in acute hospitals. Whilst a support role working alongside registered nurses has been a longstanding feature of the NHS, the contemporary HCA role has become increasingly central to the process of health service modernization. The role is now assuming even greater importance as the ramifications of financial constraints, restructuring and other pressures on the NHS play out. The issue is becoming increasingly relevant as the government has commissioned an independent review into the role of healthcare assistants, the Cavendish Review, which uses this book extensively. The HCA role is unregulated and low paid, but by taking-on direct care tasks from registered nurses, the role has become politically sensitive. The HCA remains a cheap and flexible source of labour, but the unregulated role encourages dilemmas and public scrutiny over risk and patient safety. The book explores how public policy reform of the health service feeds through to impact upon the management and structure of the healthcare workforce. More specifically, the book provides a timely evidence base for the extended and growing use of the HCA role. The book draws upon a multi-method research design from four geographically located hospital trusts in England, which during a three year period saw over 270 staff interviewed, focus groups and interviews with over 100 patients, some 275 hours of ward-based observation, and detailed survey responses from over 3,000 members of staff and hospital patients. The unusual richness of the data allows a definitive examination of who undertakes the HCA role, its shape, nature and diversity, along with the consequences for those with a stake in the role - hospital managers, the assistants themselves, the patients they care for and the nurses they work alongside, making The Modernization of the Nursing Workforce: Valuing the healthcare assistant essential reading for health care studies and public management communities, and those charged with training and education policy.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Nursing and Midwifery

Towards a Critical Social Science
Author: Jon Adams,Philip Tovey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317595254
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 4794

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This book explores the historical, social, political and cultural facets of integration between complementary and alternative medicine and nursing/midwifery. It examines the ever-expanding integration in relation to: the role and conceptualization of the patient the role and responsibilities of different professional healthcare providers (nurses, midwives, alternative therapists, etc) the future provision and approach of nursing and midwifery practice the challenges and opportunities currently facing healthcare systems as a result of integration. This innovative book provides the first critical overview of this important field of health research. It is important reading for medical sociologists, nurses and other health professionals - as well as students in these areas - with an interest in complementary and alternative medicine.

Critical Issues in Clinical and Health Psychology


Author: Poul Rohleder
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1849207615
Category: Psychology
Page: 232
View: 9934

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This textbook gives a clear and thought-provoking introduction to the critical issues related to health, illness and disability in clinical and health psychology. Challenging some of the preconceptions of ill-health of the biomedical approach, the book explores how health and illness is often shaped by factors such as culture, poverty, gender and sexuality, and examines how these influences impact on the experience and treatment of physical and mental illness as well as disability. Students are introduced to literature from disciplines other than psychology to provide multiple perspectives on these complex issues.

A Companion to Qualitative Research


Author: Uwe Flick,Ernst von Kardoff,Ines Steinke
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761973751
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 8079

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A Companion to Qualitative Research draws on the work of an array of leading scholars from Europe, Britain and North America to present a summary of every aspect of the qualitative research process from nuts-and-bolts methods and research styles, to examinations of methodological theory and epistemology. It is one of the few surveys of qualitative research to adopt a genuinely international voice.

Concept and Application of Transdisciplinarity in Intellectual Discourse and Research


Author: Hester du Plessis,Jeffrey Sehume,Leonard Martin,Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1920655352
Category: Social Science
Page: 266
View: 5182

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In the past four decades, transdisciplinarity has gained conceptual and practical traction for its transformative value in accounting for the complex challenges besetting humankind, including social relations and natural ecosystems. The need to develop frameworks for joint problem-solving involving diverse stakeholders is unquestionable. Besides generating inclusivity, which embraces academia, civil society, and policymakers in the public and private sectors, transdisciplinarity allows for the appreciation of phenomena from a multiplicity of angles and affords societies creative ways of seeking solutions to challenges that may appear intractable. This book puts forward alternatives within this arena and attempts to directly respond to the multilayered challenges of diffuse disciplines, interlinked socioeconomic problems, impacts of globalization, technological advancements, environmental concerns, food security, and more.

Folklore as Discourse


Author: M. D. Muthukumaraswamy
Publisher: NFSC www.indianfolklore.org
ISBN: 8190148168
Category: Folklore
Page: 254
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Contributed articles with reference to India.

Health Promotion Global Principles and Practice


Author: Rachael Dixey
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9781780641324
Category: Communication in medicine
Page: 240
View: 5900

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Health promotion is a key mechanism in tackling the foremost health challenges faced by developing and developed nations. Covering key concepts, theory and practical aspects, this textbook focuses on the themes central to contemporary health promotion practice on a global scale. Social determinants, equality and equity, policy and health, working in partnerships, sustainability, evaluation and evidence-based practice are detailed, and the critical application of health promotion to practice is outlined throughout the book. With contributions from the Centre for Health Promotion Research team a.

Sociological Abstracts


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 3263

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Public Health

Sozial- und Präventivmedizin kompakt
Author: Matthias Egger,Oliver Razum
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110372959
Category: Medical
Page: 388
View: 2516

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Das praxisorientierte Handbuch Public Health bietet einen leicht verständlichen Einstieg in die verschiedenen Aspekte von Public Health. Neben den grundlegenden Begriffen und Konzepten im Fach Public Health wird das relevante Basiswissen aus den Bereichen Epidemiologie, Biostatistik, Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung sowie Gesundheitswesen vermittelt. Darüber hinaus werden aktuelle Themen wie Umweltmedizin und internationale Aspekte von Gesundheit (International Health) erörtert. Zahlreiche Abbildungen und Tabellen dienen der Verdeutlichung und Visualisierung komplizierter Zusammenhänge. Das am Swiss Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Training orientierte Lehrbuch - das aber auch den deutschen GK berücksichtigt - vermittelt Studenten der Medizin und der Gesundheitswissenschaften in kurzer, prägnanter Form das prüfungsrelevante Wissen im Bereich Public Health. Darüber hinaus bietet es Studierenden der Pflegeberufe einen Überblick über Public Health-relevante Inhalte ihrer Lehrgänge. Bachelor- und Master-Studierenden in Public Health und verwandten Fächern erlaubt das Buch einen ersten Einstieg in ihr Fach.

Biohealth

Beyond Medicalization: Imposing Health
Author: Raymond Downing
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621890422
Category: Religion
Page: 190
View: 9647

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The development of modern medicine is on a very steep trajectory upward--a rise that began only about a hundred years ago. This rise is certainly quantitative, but it is accompanied by qualitative changes in the way we understand and deliver healthcare. This book begins with a look at three recognized periods of medical development--from 1900 until World War II, from the war until about 1980, and the period since 1980. While the common response is to celebrate these developments, this book suggests that perhaps we should also be wary, especially of the qualitative changes. Since World War II, these medical developments have entered more and more areas of our lives. It is precisely this process of medicalization that should be critically examined. Since 1980 we have medicalized life itself. Drawing from medical sociology, the book examines four characteristics of contemporary Western health care: health as a system, risk as a means of understanding health, health as a commodity, and individual responsibility for health. Critical examination of these four tendencies in contemporary health care forms the core of the argument of this important book about the essence of biohealth and medical practice.

Aberrations in Black

Toward a Queer of Color Critique
Author: Roderick A. Ferguson
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9780816641291
Category: Social Science
Page: 175
View: 9559

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The sociology of race relations in America typically describes an intersection of poverty, race, and economic discrimination. But what is missing from the picture--sexual difference--can be as instructive as what is present. In this ambitious work, Roderick A. Ferguson reveals how the discourses of sexuality are used to articulate theories of racial difference in the field of sociology. He shows how canonical sociology--Gunnar Myrdal, Ernest Burgess, Robert Park, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, and William Julius Wilson--has measured African Americans' unsuitability for a liberal capitalist order in terms of their adherence to the norms of a heterosexual and patriarchal nuclear family model. In short, to the extent that African Americans' culture and behavior deviated from those norms, they would not achieve economic and racial equality. Aberrations in Black tells the story of canonical sociology's regulation of sexual difference as part of its general regulation of African American culture. Ferguson places this story within other stories--the narrative of capital's emergence and development, the histories of Marxism and revolutionary nationalism, and the novels that depict the gendered and sexual idiosyncrasies of African American culture--works by Richard Wright, Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, Audre Lorde, and Toni Morrison. In turn, this book tries to present another story--one in which people who presumably manifest the dys-functions of capitalism are reconsidered as indictments of the norms of state, capital, and social science. Ferguson includes the first-ever discussion of a new archival discovery--a never-published chapter of Invisible Man that deals with a gay character in a way thatcomplicates and illuminates Ellison's project. Unique in the way it situates critiques of race, gender, and sexuality within analyses of cultural, economic, and epistemological formations, Ferguson's work introduces a new mode of discourse--which Ferguson calls queer of color analysis--that helps to lay bare the mutual distortions of racial, economic, and sexual portrayals within sociology. A hard-hitting look at the regulation of sexual difference and its role in circumscribing African American culture.

Teaching Africa

Towards a Transgressive Pedagogy
Author: George J. Sefa Dei
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402057717
Category: Philosophy
Page: 130
View: 8374

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One is always struck by the brilliant work of George Sefa Dei but nothing so far has demonstrated his pedagogical leadership as much as the current project. With a sense of purpose so pure and so thoroughly intellectual, Dei shows why he must be credited with continuing the motivation and action for justice in education. He has produced in this powerful volume, Teaching Africa, the same type of close reasoning that has given him credibility in the anti-racist struggle in education. Sustaining the case for the democratization of education and the revising of the pedagogical method to include Indigenous knowledge are the twin pillars of his style. A key component of this new science of pedagogy is the crusade against any form of hegemonic education where one group of people assumes that they are the masters of everyone else. Whether this happens in South Africa, Canada, United States, India, Iraq, Brazil, or China, Dei’s insights suggest that this hegemony of education in pluralistic and multi-ethnic societies is a false construction. We live pre-eminently in a world of co-cultures, not cultures and sub-cultures, and once we understand this difference, we will have a better approach to education and equity in the human condition.

Dead Aid

Warum Entwicklungshilfe nicht funktioniert und was Afrika besser machen kann
Author: Dambisa Moyo
Publisher: Haffmans & Tolkemitt
ISBN: 3942989719
Category: Social Science
Page: 236
View: 9460

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Afrika ist ein armer Kontinent. Ein Kontinent voller Hunger, blutiger Konflikte, gescheiterter Staaten, voller Korruption und Elend. Um zu helfen, adoptieren Prominente afrikanische Halbwaisen und flanieren durch Flüchtlingslager, laden die Gutmenschen unter den Popstars zu Benefiz-Konzerten, und westliche Staaten haben in den letzten 50 Jahren eine Billion Dollar an afrikanische Regierungen gezahlt. Aber trotz Jahrzehnten von billigen Darlehen, nicht rückzahlbaren Krediten, Schuldenerlassen, bilateraler und multilateraler Hilfe steht Afrika schlimmer da als je zuvor. Mit Dead Aid hat Dambisa Moyo ein provokatives Plädoyer gegen Entwicklungshilfe und für Afrika geschrieben. Knapp, faktenreich und zwingend legt sie ihre Argumente dar. Entwicklungshilfe, im Sinne von Geld-Transfers zwischen Regierungen, macht abhängig. Sie zementiert die bestehenden Gegebenheiten, fördert Korruption und finanziert sogar Kriege. Sie zerstört jeden Anreiz, gut zu wirtschaften und die Volkswirtschaft anzukurbeln. Entwicklungshilfe zu beziehen ist einfacher, als ein Land zu sanieren. Im Gegensatz zu Bono und Bob Geldoff weiß Moyo, wovon sie spricht. Die in Sambia geborene und aufgewachsene Harvard-Ökonomin arbeitete jahrelang für die Weltbank. In Dead Aid erklärt sie nicht nur, was die negativen Folgen von Entwicklungshilfe sind und warum China für Afrika eine Lösung und nicht Teil des Problems ist; sie entwirft zudem einen Weg, wie sich Afrika aus eigener Kraft und selbstbestimmt entwickeln kann. In den USA und Großbritannien löste Dead Aid eine hitzige Debatte aus. Es stand mehrere Wochen auf der New York Times Bestsellerliste und wurde vom Sunday Herald zum Buch des Jahres gewählt. Das Time Magazine wählte Dambisa Moyo 2009 zu einer der 100 wichtigsten Persönlichkeiten der Welt.

The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion


Author: Peter Clarke
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199279791
Category: Philosophy
Page: 1046
View: 8150

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An expert team of international scholars provide fifty-one essays as entry points into the sociological study and understanding of religion and in-depth surveys into its changing forms and content in the contemporary world. Issues discussed range from ecology to law, art to cognitive science, crime to health care.