Totality — The Great American Eclipses of 2017 and 2024


Author: Mark Littmann,Fred Espenak
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192514903
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 7144

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Totality: The Great American Eclipses is a complete guide to the most stunning of celestial sights, total eclipses of the Sun. It focuses on the eclipses of August 21, 2017 and April 8, 2024 that pass across the United States. The U.S. mainland has not experienced a total solar eclipse since 1979. This book provides information, photographs, and illustrations to help the public understand and safely enjoy all aspects of these eclipses including: § How to observe a total eclipse of the Sun § How to photograph and video record an eclipse § Why solar eclipses happen § The earliest attempts to understand and predict eclipses § The mythology and folklore of eclipses § The response of animals to total solar eclipses § The response of man to total eclipses through time § How scientists used total eclipses to understand how the Sun works § How astronomers used a total solar eclipse in 1919 to confirm Einstein's general theory of relativity § Weather prospects for the 2017 eclipse § Detailed maps of the path of totality for the 2017 eclipse and the eclipses of 2018 through 2024 § Precise local times for the eclipses of 2017 and 2024 (the next total solar eclipse to visit the U.S.) § Color and black-and-white photographs, diagrams, and charts to illustrate and explain total solar eclipses § Global maps of total solar eclipses from 2017 to 2045 and lists of total and annual solar eclipses from 1970 through 2070

Totality

The Great American Eclipses of 2017 and 2024
Author: Mark Littmann,Fred Espenak
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198795696
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 5063

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Totality: The Great American Eclipses is a complete guide to the most stunning of celestial sights, total eclipses of the Sun. It focuses on the eclipses of August 21, 2017 and April 8, 2024 that pass across the United States. The U.S. mainland has not experienced a total solar eclipse since1979. This book provides information, photographs, and illustrations to help the public understand and safely enjoy all aspects of these eclipses including:* How to observe a total eclipse of the Sun* How to photograph and video record an eclipse* Why solar eclipses happen* The earliest attempts to understand and predict eclipses* The mythology and folklore of eclipses* The response of animals to total solar eclipses* The response of man to total eclipses through time* How scientists used total eclipses to understand how the Sun works* How astronomers used a total solar eclipse in 1919 to confirm Einstein's general theory of relativity* Weather prospects for the 2017 eclipse* Detailed maps of the path of totality for the 2017 eclipse and the eclipses of 2018 through 2024* Precise local times for the eclipses of 2017 and 2024 (the next total solar eclipse to visit the U.S.)* Color and black-and-white photographs, diagrams, and charts to illustrate and explain total solar eclipses * Global maps of total solar eclipses from 2017 to 2045 and lists of total and annual solar eclipses from 1970 through 2070

Totality — The Great American Eclipses of 2017 and 2024


Author: Mark Littmann,Fred Espenak
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019251489X
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 4951

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Totality: The Great American Eclipses is a complete guide to the most stunning of celestial sights, total eclipses of the Sun. It focuses on the eclipses of August 21, 2017 and April 8, 2024 that pass across the United States. The U.S. mainland has not experienced a total solar eclipse since 1979. This book provides information, photographs, and illustrations to help the public understand and safely enjoy all aspects of these eclipses including: § How to observe a total eclipse of the Sun § How to photograph and video record an eclipse § Why solar eclipses happen § The earliest attempts to understand and predict eclipses § The mythology and folklore of eclipses § The response of animals to total solar eclipses § The response of man to total eclipses through time § How scientists used total eclipses to understand how the Sun works § How astronomers used a total solar eclipse in 1919 to confirm Einstein's general theory of relativity § Weather prospects for the 2017 eclipse § Detailed maps of the path of totality for the 2017 eclipse and the eclipses of 2018 through 2024 § Precise local times for the eclipses of 2017 and 2024 (the next total solar eclipse to visit the U.S.) § Color and black-and-white photographs, diagrams, and charts to illustrate and explain total solar eclipses § Global maps of total solar eclipses from 2017 to 2045 and lists of total and annual solar eclipses from 1970 through 2070

Road Atlas for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2024 - Color Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781941983157
Category:
Page: 50
View: 5596

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On Monday, April 8, 2024, a total eclipse of the Sun will be visible from parts of the United States and Canada. Although a partial eclipse will be seen from all of North America, the total phase in which the Moon completely covers the Sun (known as totality) will only be seen from within the ~120-mile-wide path of the Moon's umbral shadow as it sweeps cross Mexico, the United States (Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine), and Canada (Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland). The Road Atlas for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2024 contains a comprehensive series of 26 maps of the path of totality across Mexico, the USA and Canada. The large scale (1 inch ≈ 22 miles) shows both major and minor roads, towns and cities, rivers, lakes, parks, national forests, wilderness areas and mountain ranges. The path of totality on each map is depicted as a lightly shaded region with the northern and southern limits clearly identified. The total eclipse can only be seen inside this path. The closer one gets to the central line of the path, the longer the total eclipse lasts. Gray lines inside the path mark the duration of the total eclipse in 30 second steps. This makes it easy to estimate the duration of totality from any location in the eclipse path.Armed with this atlas and the latest weather forecasts, the road warrior is ready to chase totality no matter where it takes him/her along the entire path. This mobile strategy offers the highest probability of witnessing the spectacular 2024 total eclipse in clear skies.

American Eclipse: A Nation's Epic Race to Catch the Shadow of the Moon and Win the Glory of the World


Author: David Baron
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 1631490176
Category: Science
Page: 384
View: 9895

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Richly illustrated and meticulously researched, American Eclipse ultimately depicts a young nation that looked to the skies to reveal its towering ambition and expose its latent genius. On a scorching July afternoon in 1878, at the dawn of the Gilded Age, the moon’s shadow descended on the American West, darkening skies from Montana Territory to Texas. This rare celestial event—a total solar eclipse—offered a priceless opportunity to solve some of the solar system’s most enduring riddles, and it prompted a clutch of enterprising scientists to brave the wild frontier in a grueling race to the Rocky Mountains. Acclaimed science journalist David Baron, long fascinated by eclipses, re-creates this epic tale of ambition, failure, and glory in a narrative that reveals as much about the historical trajectory of a striving young nation as it does about those scant three minutes when the blue sky blackened and stars appeared in mid-afternoon. In vibrant historical detail, American Eclipse animates the fierce jockeying that came to dominate late nineteenth-century American astronomy, bringing to life the challenges faced by three of the most determined eclipse chasers who participated in this adventure. James Craig Watson, virtually forgotten in the twenty-first century, was in his day a renowned asteroid hunter who fantasized about becoming a Gilded Age Galileo. Hauling a telescope, a star chart, and his long-suffering wife out west, Watson believed that he would discover Vulcan, a hypothesized "intra-Mercurial" planet hidden in the sun’s brilliance. No less determined was Vassar astronomer Maria Mitchell, who—in an era when women’s education came under fierce attack—fought to demonstrate that science and higher learning were not anathema to femininity. Despite obstacles erected by the male-dominated astronomical community, an indifferent government, and careless porters, Mitchell courageously charged west with a contingent of female students intent on observing the transcendent phenomenon for themselves. Finally, Thomas Edison—a young inventor and irrepressible showman—braved the wilderness to prove himself to the scientific community. Armed with his newest invention, the tasimeter, and pursued at each stop by throngs of reporters, Edison sought to leverage the eclipse to cement his place in history. What he learned on the frontier, in fact, would help him illuminate the world. With memorable accounts of train robberies and Indian skirmishes, David Baron’s page-turning drama refracts nineteenth-century science through the mythologized age of the Wild West, revealing a history no less fierce and fantastical.

Totality

Eclipses of the Sun
Author: Mark Littmann,Fred Espenak,Ken Willcox
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191579947
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 6733

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A total eclipse of the Sun is the most awesome sight in the heavens. Totality: Eclipses of the Sun takes you to eclipses of the past, present, and future, and lets you see - and feel - why people travel to the ends of the Earth to observe them. Totality: Eclipses of the Sun is the best guide and reference book on solar eclipses ever written. It explains: how to observe them; how to photograph and videotape them; why they occur; their history and mythology; and future eclipses - when and where to see them Totality also tells the remarkable story of how eclipses shocked scientists, revealed the workings of the Sun, and made Einstein famous. And the book shares the experiences and advice of many veteran eclipse observers. Totality: Eclipses of the Sun is profusely illustrated with stunning photographs (many in color) and more than a hundred maps and diagrams. It can be read by lay people and astronomers with ease and enjoyment.

Sun Moon Earth

The History of Solar Eclipses from Omens of Doom to Einstein and Exoplanets
Author: Tyler Nordgren
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465096468
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 1030

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On August 21, 2017, more than ten million Americans will experience an awe-inspiring phenomenon: the first total eclipse of the sun in America in almost forty years. In Sun Moon Earth, astronomer Tyler Nordgren illustrates how this most seemingly unnatural of natural phenomena was transformed from a fearsome omen to a tourist attraction. From the astrologers of ancient China and Babylon to the high priests of the Maya, Sun Moon Earth takes us around the world to show how different cultures interpreted these dramatic events. Greek philosophers discovered eclipsesÕ cause and used them to measure their world and the cosmos beyond. Victorian-era scientists mounted eclipse expeditions during the age of globe-spanning empires. And modern-day physicists continue to use eclipses to confirm EinsteinÕs theory of relativity. Beautifully illustrated and lyrically written, Sun Moon Earth is the ideal guide for all eclipse watchers and star gazers alike.

Total Addiction

The Life of an Eclipse Chaser
Author: Kate Russo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642304818
Category: Science
Page: 193
View: 9189

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Seeing a total solar eclipse is often described as a once-in-a-lifetime experience. However, for many who have experienced totality, once-in-a-lifetime is simply not enough. They want more, and are willing to go to great lengths often at great expense to repeat the experience. What is it like to experience totality? What is it about the experience that motivates these eclipse chasers? Is there an eclipse chaser personality? Can eclipse chasing actually be described as an addiction? This book describes the people who dedicate their lives to chasing their dream.

Eclipse Bulletin: Total Solar Eclipse of 2017 August 21 - Color Edition


Author: Fred Espenak,Jay Anderson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781941983058
Category:
Page: 160
View: 7743

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On Monday, 2017 August 21, a total eclipse of the Sun will be visible from the contiguous United States for the first time since 1979. The track of the Moon's umbral shadow begins in the Pacific Ocean and crosses the nation from west to east through Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and North and South Carolina. Inside the 70-mile-wide path of totality, the Moon will completely cover the Sun as the landscape is plunged into an eerie twilight and the Sun's glorious corona is revealed for nearly 3 minutes. Outside the narrow shadow track, a partial eclipse will be visible from all of North America.Eclipse Bulletin: Total Solar Eclipse of 2017 August 21 is the ultimate guide to this highly anticipated event. Written by two of the leading experts on eclipses, the bulletin is a treasure trove of facts on every conceivable aspect of the eclipse. The exact details about the path of the Moon's shadow can be found in a series of tables containing geographic coordinates, times, altitudes, and physical dimensions. A number of high resolution maps plot the total eclipse track across the USA. They show hundreds of cities and towns in the path, the duration of totality with distance from the central line and the location of major roads and highways. Local circumstance tables for more than 1000 cities across the USA provide times for each phase of the eclipse along with the eclipse magnitude, duration and Sun's altitude. Additional tables cover the eclipse circumstances for cities in Canada, Mexico, Central and South America and Europe. An exhaustive climatological study identifies areas along the eclipse path where the highest probability of favorable weather may be found. A travelogue highlights key locations in the eclipse track from Oregon through South Carolina. Finally, comprehensive information is presented about solar filters and how to safely observe and photograph the eclipse.

Mask of the Sun: The Science, History and Forgotten Lore of Eclipses


Author: John Dvorak
Publisher: Pegasus Books
ISBN: 1681773856
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 2538

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They have been thought of as harbingers of evil as well as a sign of the divine. Eclipses—one of the rarest and most stunning celestial events we can witness here on Earth—have shaped the course of human history and thought since humans first turned their eyes to the sky. What do Virginia Woolf, the rotation of hurricanes, Babylonian kings and Einstein’s General Theory Relativity all have in common? Eclipses. Always spectacular and, today, precisely predicable, eclipses have allowed us to know when the first Olympic games were played and, long before the first space probe, that the Moon was covered by dust. Eclipses have stunned, frightened, emboldened and mesmerized people for thousands of years. They were recorded on ancient turtle shells discovered in the Wastes of Yin in China, on clay tablets from Mesopotamia and on the Mayan “Dresden Codex." They are mentioned in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and at least eight times in the Bible. Columbus used them to trick people, while Renaissance painter Taddeo Gaddi was blinded by one. Sorcery was banished within the Catholic Church after astrologers used an eclipse to predict a pope’s death. In Mask of the Sun, acclaimed writer John Dvorak the importance of the number 177 and why the ancient Romans thought it was bad to have sexual intercourse during an eclipse (whereas other cultures thought it would be good luck). Even today, pregnant women in Mexico wear safety pins on their underwear during an eclipse. Eclipses are an amazing phenomena—unique to Earth—that have provided the key to much of what we now know and understand about the sun, our moon, gravity, and the workings of the universe. Both entertaining and authoritative, Mask of the Sun reveals the humanism behind the science of both lunar and solar eclipses. With insightful detail and vividly accessible prose, Dvorak provides explanations as to how and why eclipses occur—as well as insight into the forthcoming eclipse of 2017 that will be visible across North America.

Eclipse

Journeys to the Dark Side of the Moon
Author: Frank Close
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198795491
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 5920

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On 21 August 2017, over 100 million people will gather in a narrow belt across the USA to witness the most watched total solar eclipse in history. Eclipse - Journeys to the Dark Side of the Moon, written by well-known popular science author Frank Close, describes the spellbinding allure of this most beautiful natural phenomenon. The book explains why eclipses happen, reveals their role in history, literature and myth, and focuses on eclipse chasers, who travelwith ecstatic fervour to some of the most inaccessible places on the globe to be present at the moment of totality. The book includes the author's quest to solve a 3000 years old mystery: how did the moonmove backwards during a total solar eclipse, as claimed in the Book of Joshua?It is an inspirational tale: how a teacher and an eclipse inspired the author, aged eight, to a life in science, and a love affair with eclipses, which takes him to a war zone in the Western Sahara, to the South Pacific and the African bush. The tale comes full circle with another eight-year old boy - the author's grandson - at the 2017 great American eclipse. Readers of all ages will be drawn tothis inspirational chronicle of the mesmerizing experience of total solar eclipse.

Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse


Author: Michael E. Bakich
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319276328
Category: Science
Page: 395
View: 8602

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In this book Astronomy Magazine editor Michael Bakich presents all the information you’ll need to be ready for the total solar eclipse that will cross the United States on August 21, 2017. In this one resource you’ll find out where the eclipse will occur, how to observe it safely, what you’ll experience during the eclipse, the best equipment to choose, how to photograph the event, detailed weather forecasts for locations where the Moon’s shadow will fall, and much more. Written in easy-to-understand language (and with a glossary for those few terms you may not be familiar with), this is the must-have reference for this unique occurrence. It’s not a stretch to say that this eclipse will prove to be the most viewed sky event in history. That’s why even now, more than a year before the eclipse, astronomy clubs, government agencies, cities — even whole states — are preparing for the unprecedented onslaught of visitors whose only desire is to experience darkness at midday. Bakich informs observers what anyone will need to observe, enjoy, and understand this event.

In the Shadow of the Moon

The Science, Magic, and Mystery of Solar Eclipses
Author: Anthony Aveni
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300227574
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 1868

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In anticipation of solar eclipses visible in 2017 and 2024, an exploration of the scientific and cultural significance of this mesmerizing cosmic display Since the first humans looked up and saw the sun swallowed by darkness, our species has been captivated by solar eclipses. Astronomer and anthropologist Anthony Aveni explains the history and culture surrounding solar eclipses, from prehistoric Stonehenge to Babylonian creation myths, to a confirmation of Einstein’s theory of general relativity, to a spectacle that left New Yorkers in the moon’s shadow, to future eclipses that will capture human imaginations. In one accessible and engaging read, Aveni explains the science behind the phenomenon, tracks eclipses across the ancient world, and examines the roles of solar eclipses in modern times to reveal the profound effects these cosmic events have had on human history. Colored by his own experiences—Aveni has witnessed eight total solar eclipses in his lifetime—his account of astronomy’s most storied phenomenon will enthrall anyone who has looked up at the sky with wonder.

Total Solar Eclipse 2017

Your Guide to the Next Us Eclipse
Author: Marc Nussbaum
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780692513729
Category:
Page: 196
View: 9274

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BLACK AND WHITE PRINT EDITION NOTE: For FULL COLOR EDITION, select "see all formats" above, and then click on triangle inside box on left of the word "Paperback." On Monday, August 21, 2017, the universe will reveal itself in an epic show more astonishing than anything ever devised by the magic of Hollywood or Disney. The Sun, Mother Nature's multi-gigaton, 24/7 nuclear inferno in the sky, is going to put on a show. This will be the first US coast-to-coast total solar eclipse in 99 years, placing totality within an over-night drive of 320 million Americans. This is the most complete guide to the 2017 eclipse that is available. It includes everything you need to plan a successful viewing experience, with dozens of tips from veteran eclipse chasers: * Where to see the eclipse and instructions on how to observe it safely. * Over seventy high-quality photographs, diagrams, detailed maps and tables. * Simple explanations for how it all works, including the corona, Baily's beads, the diamond ring and more. * What gear to take, including eye safety filters, binoculars, and how to get the best pictures from your camera or smartphone. The shadow of totality will carve a 2,527 mile path across U.S. territory-never touching land in any foreign country-making it the first ever "All American" Total Solar Eclipse. Beyond this narrow shadow of totality-about 60 miles wide-everyone else in the continental US will see a partial solar eclipse. This promises to be the most viewed and photographed eclipse in human history. Viewing a total solar eclipse is an emotional experience that should be on everyone's bucket list. In 2017 the eclipse will occur in our collective "backyard," an ideal time to take loved ones on an adventure of a lifetime. ______________ "Planning an eclipse trip without this book would be like traveling to Italy without reading Rick Steves' or Fodor's travel guide." - Craig Small, Hayden Planetarium Lecturer and Eclipse Chaser. "This book saved hours of research and gave me an appreciation of eclipse phenomena I didn't realize I was missing." - Ara Nazarian, Author of "Technical Minds" and Senior Vice President Engineering, WiTricity. About the Author: Marc Nussbaum has been developing high tech computer products for over 40 years. He is the President of Audible Rush and has served as CEO of Lantronix and SVP Engineering, Chief Technical Officer, and co-founder of Western Digital's hard drive business. He is an engineer, photographer and amateur astronomer. Marc has a BS in Physics from the State University of New York and chairs the science curriculum for the University of California Irvine Extension, Osher Lifelong Learning Institute.

Planets Beyond

Discovering the Outer Solar System
Author: Mark Littmann
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486436029
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 9751

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This book serves as a fascinating progress report on the outer solar system, offering a way to better appreciate the newest findings. It unlocks some of the mysteries surrounding Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto — from the drama of their discoveries to the startling results of Voyager 2’s historic 1989 encounter with Neptune.

How to Photograph the Solar Eclipse

A Guide to Capturing the 2017 Total Eclipse of the Sun
Author: Alan Dyer
Publisher: Alan Dyer
ISBN: 0993958915
Category: Photography
Page: 295
View: 800

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Learn how to photograph the total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, with a wide range of techniques and camera gear: Simple point-and-shoot and mobile phone cameras DSLR and Mirrorless still cameras Video cameras Wide-angle lenses and long telephotos Telescopes, both tracking the sky and untracked In this 290-page ebook, you’ll learn: What to expect to see and what to shoot. How to shoot simple grab shots and eclipse “selfies.” What types of cameras are best. What tripod features are best. What filters to use and when to remove them. How to shoot wide-angle still images. How to set up time-lapse sequences. How to frame scenes for time-lapses and composites. How to plan great shots above scenic landmarks. How to shoot close-ups of totality. What focal lengths are best for framing the Sun. What types of telescopes and mounts are best. How to align tracking mounts in the daytime. How to focus and avoid image blurring from sky motion. What the best exposures will be. When to shoot on auto exposure vs. manual. How to plan shoots with single or multiple cameras. How to automate a camera. Tips on last-minute moves to avoid clouds. What can go wrong and how to avoid the common mistakes. How to capture the eclipse and still see it! And finally … How to process your eclipse photos, from simple wide-angle scenes to complex multi-exposure stacks and composites The book contains: • Dozens of sky charts made specifically for the 2017 eclipse, and for both the eastern and western United States, to show how to frame the scene with a range of focal lengths, and for planning your shoot. • Active links to websites for equipment suppliers and for detailed eclipse maps and times for your site. • Step-by-step tutorials take you through processing, from basic developing of Raw files, to assembling time-lapse movies, and stacking images for composites, plus blending of multiple exposures with luminosity masks. What’s in the book — Chapter 1: Introduction A summary of the techniques the book explains. Chapter 2: The Eclipse Experience What you will see and experience during the eclipse, with the naked eye and through optics. Eclipse etiquette. Chapter 3: Where to Go Where you need to be in the path of totality. Plan B options. Chapter 4: Eclipse Photo Fundamentals Choosing filters. Shooting partial phases vs. totality. Chapter 5: Shooting Wide-Angle Stills Choosing cameras (from simple to complex) and lenses. Choosing exposures and other settings. Framing options, for capturing easy but dramatic wide-angle scenes and panoramas. Chapter 6: Shooting Close-Up Stills Choosing cameras, lenses, and telescopes for detailed close-ups. Tracking mounts vs. untracked tripods. Setting up a tracking telescope. Focusing tips. Recommended exposure sequences. Framing the corona. Practice tips for shooting the Moon. Chapter 7: Shooting Time-Lapses Setting up wide-angle and close-up time-lapses. Framing the motion of the Sun. Tracking the Sun. Controlling the camera. Chapter 8: Shooting Video Video camera and lens options. Setting exposures. Chapter 9: Shooting Composites Planning a multiple exposure composite. Framing the scene. Wide-angle vs. close-up sequences. Chapter 10: What Can Go Wrong? Common equipment and user malfunctions! Checklists. Operating multiple cameras and shooting plans. Automating a camera. Cloudy options. Contingency plans. Chapter 11: Processing Eclipse Images Workflows. Photoshop basics. Developing Raw images. Processing wide-angle scenes and close-ups of the corona. Processing time-lapse sequences. Stacking composites. Stacking and merging multi-exposure blends with HDR and luminosity masks. Chapter 12: Conclusion Advice for eclipse newbies. Future eclipses. Where to learn more – for detailed maps and information on your site.

America's First Great Eclipse

How Scientists, Tourists, and the Rocky Mountain Eclipse of 1878 Changed Astronomy Forever
Author: Steve Ruskin
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781546456285
Category: Astronomy
Page: 166
View: 9891

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Based on a decade of research, America's First Great Eclipse takes readers on a thrilling historical journey, revealing that nineteenth-century Americans were just as excited about a total solar eclipse as we are today ... and, like us, were willing to travel thousands of miles to see it. The upcoming total solar eclipse on August 21, 2017 is being called the Great American Eclipse. But it is not the first eclipse to deserve that title. In the summer of 1878, when the American West was still wild, hundreds of astronomers and thousands of tourists traveled by train to Wyoming, Colorado, and Texas to witness America's first "Great Eclipse." America's First Great Eclipse tells the story of a country, and its scientists, on the brink of a new era. Near the end of the nineteenth century, when the United States was barely a hundred years old, American astronomers were taking the lead in a science that Europeans had dominated for centuries. Scientists like Samuel Langley, Henry Draper, Maria Mitchell, and even the inventor Thomas Edison, were putting America at the forefront of what was being called the "new astronomy." On July 29, 1878, having braved treacherous storms, debilitating altitude sickness, and the threat of Indian attacks, they joined thousands of East-coast tourists and Western pioneers as they spread out across the Great Plains and climbed to the top of 14,000-foot Pikes Peak, all to glimpse one of nature's grandest spectacles: a total solar eclipse. It was the first time in history so many astronomers observed together from higher elevations. The Rocky Mountain eclipse of 1878 was not only a turning point in American science, but it was also the beginning of high-altitude astronomy, without which our current understanding of the Universe would be impossible. 22 illustrations.

The Heavens on Fire

The Great Leonid Meteor Storms
Author: Mark Littmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521779791
Category: Nature
Page: 349
View: 3534

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Meteor succeeded meteor in such rapid succession that it was impossible to count them; at times the sky seemed full of them, and the earth was illuminated as with a morning light. Eye-witness accounts such as this, and every spectacular detail of the Leonids, the greatest meteor showers of all, can be found in the acclaimed The Heavens on Fire. In this volume, author Mark Littmann vividly tells the history of meteors, and especially the Leonids, whose terrifying beauty established meteor science. He traces the history and mythology of meteors, profiles the fascinating figures whose discoveries advanced the field, and explores how meteors have changed the course of life on Earth. Crisp illustrations capture the excitement of past meteor showers and help elucidate important concepts. The returning Leonids are now reaching their peak with great activity expected in 1999 and 2000. For all those who wish to take part in this rare experience, Littmann offers advice on how and where to find the best view. Filled with practical tips, clear explanations, and descriptions of a sight that more than one observer has called "brilliant beyond conception," The Heavens on Fire will delight every reader. Mark Littmann teaches astronomy at the University of Tennessee. His previous books include Comet Halley: Once in a Lifetime and Planets Beyond: Discovering the Outer Solar System. Both books were chosen by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific as Astronomy Books of the Year.