The World's Oldest Alphabet

Hebrew As the Language of the Proto-consonantal Script
Author: Douglas Petrovich
Publisher: Carta Jerusalem
ISBN: 9789652208842
Category: Religion
Page: 280
View: 8051

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For close to 150 years, scholars have attempted to identify the language of the world's oldest alphabetic script and to translate the inscriptions that use it, which were found in the Sinai Peninsula and date from 1842 to 1446 BCE. Until now, scholars have accomplished little more than identifying most of the pictographic letters and translating a few of the Semitic words. In The World's Oldest Alphabet, however, Douglas Petrovich presents a thorough, detailed defense of his bold new claims concerning these writings. Petrovich claims to have resolved all of the disputed letters and to have identified the language as Hebrew, which allows him to translate all of the inscriptions. Furthermore, he argues that they explicitly name three biblical figures and greatly illuminate the earliest Israelite history in a way that nothing else has, apart from the Bible.

A History of Biblical Israel

The Fate of the Tribes and Kingdoms from Merenptah to Bar Kochba
Author: Philippe Guillaume,Axel Knauf
Publisher: Equinox
ISBN: 9781781791424
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 3299

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There was probably only one past, but there are many different histories. As mental representations of narrow segments of the past, 'histories' reflect different cultural contexts and different historians, although 'history' is a scientific enterprise whenever it processes representative data using rational and controllable methods to work out hypotheses that can be falsified by empirical evidence. A History of Biblical Israel combines experience gained through decades of teaching biblical exegesis and courses on the history of ancient Israel, and of on-going involvement in biblical archaeology. 'Biblical Israel' is understood as a narrative produced primarily in the province of Yehud to forge the collective memory of the elite that operated the temple of Jerusalem under the auspices of the Achaemenid imperial apparatus. The notion of 'Biblical Israel' provides the necessary hindsight to narrate the fate of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah as the pre-history of 'Biblical Israel', since the archives of these kingdoms were only mined in the Persian era to produce the grand biblical narrative. The volume covers the history of 'Biblical Israel' through its fragmentation in the Hellenistic and Roman periods until 136 CE, when four Roman legions crushed the revolt of Simeon Bar-Kosiba.

Etymological Dictionary of Biblical Hebrew

Based on the Commentaries of Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch
Author: Matityahu Clark,Samson Raphael Hirsch
Publisher: Feldheim Publishers
ISBN: 9781583304310
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 330
View: 3709

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This dictionary, based on the commentaries of Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch, is a monumental work and guide to understanding the Biblical commentary of Rabbi Hirsch. This work analyzes the deep concepts inherent in Hebrew, the Divine language, revealing how every word's root contains connotations essential to a greater understanding of Torah.

Learning to Read across Languages and Writing Systems


Author: Ludo Verhoeven,Charles Perfetti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107095883
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 496
View: 8180

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Around the world, children embark on learning to read in their home language or writing system. But does their specific language, and how it is written, make a difference to how they learn? How is learning to read English similar to or different from learning in other languages? Is reading alphabetic writing a different challenge from reading syllabic or logographic writing? Learning to Read across Languages and Writing Systems examines these questions across seventeen languages representing the world's different major writing systems. Each chapter highlights the key features of a specific language, exploring research on learning to read, spell, and comprehend it, and on implications for education. The editors' introduction describes the global spread of reading and provides a theoretical framework, including operating principles for learning to read. The editors' final chapter draws conclusions about cross-linguistic universal trends, and the challenges posed by specific languages and writing systems.

Semitic Languages

Outline of a Comparative Grammar
Author: Edward Lipiński
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9789042908154
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 780
View: 6791

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The first comparative grammar of the Semitic languages, by H. Zimmern, was published a hundred years ago and the last original work of this kind was issued in Russian in 1972 by B.M. Grande. The present grammar, designed to come out in the centenary of the completion of Zimmern's work, fills thus a gap. Besides, it is based on both classical and modern Semitic languages, it takes new material of these last decades into account, and situates the Semitic languages in the wider context of Afro-Asiatic. The introduction briefly presents the languages in question. The main parts of the work are devoted to phonology, morphology, and syntax, with elaborate charts and diagrams. Then follows a discussion of fundamental questions related to lexicographical analysis. The study is supplemented by a glossary of linguistic terms used in Semitics, by a selective bibliography, by a general index, and by an index of words and forms. The book is the result of twenty-five years of research and teaching in comparative Semitic grammar.

The Ancient Hebrew Language and Alphabet

Understanding the Ancient Hebrew Language of the Bible Based on Ancient Hebrew Culture and Thought
Author: Jeff A. Benner
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9781589395343
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 228
View: 7657

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The Hebrew Bible, called the "Tenach" by Jews and "Old Testament" by Christians, was originally written in the Hebrew language using an ancient pictographic, or paleo-Hebrew, script. Through the study of this ancient language and script the words of the Bible will come alive to the reader in a way never seen before. When we read the Bible from our modern western perspective the original meanings of the words within the text are lost to us. Only by understanding these words in their original Hebraic context can we read the Bible through the eyes of the original authors. This book will examine the origins and history of the ancient Hebrew language and script and their close relationship to the culture of the ancient Hebrews. Included are detailed charts of the evolution of the ancient Hebrew script as well as many other related Semitic and non-Semitic scripts. Also included are the details of the root system of the Hebrew language, and a lexicon of ancient Hebrew roots to assist the reader of the Bible with finding the original cultural context for many Hebrew words.

The Jewish Bible and the Christian Bible

An Introduction to the History of the Bible
Author: Julio C. Trebolle Barrera
Publisher: Leiden : Brill
ISBN: 9780802838308
Category: Religion
Page: 573
View: 8262

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This wide-ranging handbook presents an overview of our current knowledge on the history of the Bible, enriched with new information from the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and scholarship across a wide range of academic disciplines.

Hebrew Thought Compared with Greek


Author: Thorleif Boman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393005349
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 616

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"Builds on the premise that language and thought are inevitably and inextricably bound up with each other. . . . A classic study of the differences between Greek and Hebrew thought."—John E. Rexrine, Colgate University

In the Beginning

A Short History of the Hebrew Language
Author: Joel Hoffman
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814736904
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 280
View: 6753

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A highly entertaining history of the Hebrew language and its contributions to all languages. Very well written and charming.

Zondervan Handbook of Biblical Archaeology

A Book by Book Guide to Archaeological Discoveries Related to the Bible
Author: J. Randall Price,H. Wayne House
Publisher: Zondervan
ISBN: 0310527643
Category: Religion
Page: 408
View: 6737

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The Zondervan Handbook of Biblical Archaeology is a reference resource for anyone interested in archaeology and its relevance to biblical, theological, and apologetic studies. Illustrated with full-color photos, charts, and maps, this handbook provides readers with a wealth of information that complements and supplements the historical context of the Bible. The Zondervan Handbook of Biblical Archaeology includes an introduction to the field of archaeology for readers who might not be familiar with the methods, practices, and importance of this area of study. Included in this section is an annotated bibliography of important biblical archaeological reports, books, and journal articles for further study. The rest of the handbook is devoted to a book-by-book (Genesis through Revelation) presentation of the most significant archaeological discoveries that enhance our understanding of the biblical text, including a section on the intertestamental period. A rich array of visual images including photos of excavations sites, coins, maps, artifacts, and historic structures allows readers to immerse themselves in the world of the Bible. This monumental work gives readers the opportunity to visit ancient sites and historical places while remaining in the comfort of their own home.

Masters of the Word

How Media Shaped History from the Alphabet to the Internet
Author: William J. Bernstein
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781782390039
Category: Communication
Page: 432
View: 7725

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In this work, Bernstein chronicles the development of the technology of human communication, or media, and illustrates how new communication technologies have all had a profound effect on human society, for better or for worse.

Deciphering the Indus Script


Author: Asko Parpola
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521795661
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 3539

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Of the writing systems of the ancient world which still await deciphering, the Indus script is the most important. It developed in the Indus or Harappan Civilization, which flourished c. 2500-1900 BC in and around modern Pakistan, collapsing before the earliest historical records of South Asia were composed. Nearly 4,000 samples of the writing survive, mainly on stamp seals and amulets, but no translations. Professor Parpola is the chief editor of the Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions. His ideas about the script, the linguistic affinity of the Harappan language, and the nature of the Indus religion are informed by a remarkable command of Aryan, Dravidian, and Mesopotamian sources, archaeological materials, and linguistic methodology. His fascinating study confirms that the Indus script was logo-syllabic, and that the Indus language belonged to the Dravidian family.

Origins of the Alphabet

Proceedings of the First Polis Institute Interdisciplinary Conference
Author: Claudia Attucci,Christophe Rico
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443877466
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 243
View: 6651

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Despite the fact that writing has arisen independently many times in various different regions of the world, including Egypt, Sumer, China, and Mexico, the concept of the alphabet was invented only once, somewhere between Egypt and Phoenicia, with all known alphabets going back to this single source. While it is possible, up to a certain point, for scholars to provide an answer as to how the alphabet came about, it is much more difficult to understand the cause of its origin: why did it come about? In February 2013 Polis - the Jerusalem Institute of Languages and Humanities invited some of the leading experts studying the origins of the alphabet to Jerusalem for an interdisciplinary debate on this topic. Although the birth of the alphabet has been the subject of numerous international conferences and symposia, studies offering a linguistic, sociological or psychological perspective on the development of writing are extremely rare. This volume, bringing together the proceedings of this conference, shows that a broad consensus is emerging concerning the main factors and circumstances that surrounded the birth of the alphabet, accounting for such facets as the date of the first-known alphabetic inscriptions, the cultures involved in its invention, and the influence of the linguistic structure of the language spoken by the inventors.

The Ancient Languages of Syria-Palestine and Arabia


Author: Roger D. Woodard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521684989
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 284
View: 4408

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This 2008 book, derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages, describes the ancient languages of Syria-Palestine and Arabia, for the convenience of students and specialists working in that area. Each chapter of the work focuses on an individual language or, in some instances, a set of closely related varieties of a language. Providing a full descriptive presentation, each of these chapters examines the writing system(s), phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon of that language, and places the language within its proper linguistic and historical context. The volume brings together an international array of scholars, each a leading specialist in ancient language study. While designed primarily for scholars and students of linguistics, this work will prove invaluable to all whose studies take them into the realm of ancient language.

Introduction to Biblical Hebrew


Author: Thomas Oden Lambdin
Publisher: Darton Longman and Todd
ISBN: 9780232513691
Category: Hebrew language
Page: 345
View: 814

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This book is designed to cover one year's work in Hebrew leading up to a full understanding of the language. It has been used by the author with his students for many years and the published text is the result of testing and refining over these years.Every attempt has been made to make the grammar clear and simple. For example, all Hebrew words are transliterated, as well as being given in the original for the first three-quarters of the book. The grammatical discussion is made as unsophisticated as possible for it is the author's intention that this book should also be of use to those who study Hebrew without a teacher.

Writing Systems of the World


Author: Florian Coulmas
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631180289
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 316
View: 5824

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This book is an account of the writing systems of the world from earliest times to the present. Its aim is to explore the complex ways in which writing systems relate to the language they depict. Writing, Coulmas contends, is not only the guide or garment of spoken language, but has a deep and lasting effect on the development of language itself. His study takes in Egyptian hieroglyphics and the cuneiform system of the ancient Near East; he describes Chinese writing, discussing why an apparently cumbersome system has been used continuously for more than 3,000 years; he ranges across the writing systems of western Asia and the Middle East, the Indian families and the various alphabetic traditions which had its origins in the multifarious world of Semitic writing and came to full bloom in pre-Classical Greece.