Weaponization of Trade

The Great Unbalancing of Politics and Economics
Author: Rebecca Harding
Publisher: Perspectives
ISBN: 9781907994722
Category:
Page: 176
View: 3977

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Trade is being weaponized - and this is not good. As politicians on both sides of the Atlantic raise the stakes, trade is increasingly a tool of coercion to achieve strategic influence. This book looks at the risks for us all as trade becomes an instrument of foreign policy, and it shows how politicians could turn things around."

A Better Politics

How Government Can Make Us Happier
Author: Danny Dorling
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
ISBN: 9781907994531
Category: Common good
Page: 192
View: 7205

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The aim of this book is to inspire a better politics: one that will enable future generations to be happier. Greater well-being and better health should be the goals - rather than wealth maximization. We need to value health-care more than hedge-funds, caring above careers, relationships more than real-estate. Happiness is the avoidance of misery, the gaining of long-term life satisfaction, the feeling of fulfilment, of worth, of kindness, of usefulness and of love. The book is about what makes most of us happier, but it is also about the collective good. We cannot truly be happy if those around us are not happy. Individualist attempts at self-improvement - or only looking after yourself and your family - do not work in the long-run. This book looks at the evidence for a successful politics that would promote happiness and health. It suggests policies that take account of this evidence. Government can and should work to make us happier.

The Future Security Environment in the Middle East

Conflict, Stability, and Political Change
Author: Nora Bensahel,Daniel Byman
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 083303619X
Category: Political Science
Page: 365
View: 1237

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This report identifies several important trends that are shaping regional security. It examines traditional security concerns, such as energy security and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as newer challenges posed by political reform, economic reform, civil-military relations, leadership change, and the information revolution. The report concludes by identifying the implications of these trends for U.S. foreign policy.

Driverless Cars


Author: Christian Wolmar
Publisher: Perspectives
ISBN: 9781907994753
Category:
Page: 134
View: 7163

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Driverless cars are the future. That is what the tech giants, the auto industry and even the government want us to think. Almost daily there are media stories about how we will soon all be able to rip up our driving licences, sit in the back seat and let the car take us around. But is this really going to happen? Christian Wolmar has dug behind the hype and found a very different story. We are nowhere near this driverless utopia. Indeed it may prove to be impossible to reach. And even if it were achievable, does anyone want it? Far from reducing traffic and pollution, millions of zombie cars on the roads would make them worse. Wolmar looks at the technical and other difficulties that make this driverless future a very uncertain proposition. He finds that it is the tech companies and the auto manufacturers who are desperate to get us out of the driving seat, and argues that far from making the roads safer, driverless cars may well make them more dangerous. This entertaining polemic sets out the many technical, legal and moral problems that obstruct the path to a driverless future, and debunks many of the myths around that future's purported benefits.

World Without Mind

The Existential Threat of Big Tech
Author: Franklin Foer
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101981113
Category: HISTORY
Page: 257
View: 6767

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Elegantly tracing the intellectual history of computer science, Foer puts the DNA of the very idea of "tech" under the microscope. Google, Facebook, Apple, and Amazon, he argues, are breaking laws intended protect intellectual property and privacy. This is not the path towards freedom and prosperity, but the total automation and homogenization of our social, political, and intellectual lives. Today's corporate giants want access to every facet of our identities and influence over every corner of our lives. Foer both indicts these companies, and shapes a path towards reining them in.

Britain's Cities, Britain's Future


Author: Mike Emmerich
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
ISBN: 9781907994623
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 176
View: 4255

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Why did Britain's cities, once the engines of the industrial revolution, decline so severely? What needs to be done if our cities are once again to be the drivers of our economy? This book answers these questions, looking at the lessons of the last two hundred years. .

Safe as Houses?

A Historical Analysis of Property Prices
Author: Neil Monnery
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
ISBN: 9781907994012
Category: Housing
Page: 212
View: 5712

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There can be few everyday financial issues more important than the price of houses. Whether we own one and worry about its value or aspire to own one and are frustrated by their high prices, nobody can avoid the issue. In the UK, while prices have fluctuated during our lifetimes, overall they have risen steadily and sometimes spectacularly. The accepted wisdom is that houses are a safe and excellent investment for the long term. But are they really as good an investment as we believe? Might the future be different from the past? Are houses really so safe? This book looks at house prices over the long term in several countries -- including the UK, the US, France, Holland, Norway, Germany and Australia -- to find out what has happened to house prices and why. The author illustrates his findings with authoritative data on trends and provides intriguing details including a century-long index of UK house prices, an analysis of the value of the White House and a fascinating four-hundred-year story of houses in Amsterdam. - To what extent are we right to view our houses as an investment as well as a home? - If prices can rise for decades and then fall for more than a whole generation, then what does the future hold? - If prices rise further, will houses become unaffordable for many young people? How will that affect our society? - If they crash, will that endanger our banks once more? - Are politicians, policymakers and regulators prepared for the true range of possibilities? Anybody who owns a house, wants to own a house or follows the prices and economics of housing will find this book an accessible, fascinating and door-opening read. Neil Monnery studied at Oxford and Harvard Business School. He worked for many years at The Boston Consulting Group as a Director and Senior Vice President and is now active in business, investing and research.

Are Trams Socialist?

Why Britain Has No Transport Policy
Author: Christian Wolmar
Publisher: Perspectives
ISBN: 9781907994562
Category:
Page: 128
View: 7090

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Moving Forward EU-India Relations

The Significance of the Security Dialogues
Author: Nicola Casarini,Stefania Benaglia,Sameer Patil
Publisher: Edizioni Nuova Cultura
ISBN: 8868128535
Category: Political Science
Page: 174
View: 5330

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Relations between the European Union (EU) and India have been growing in quantity and quality in the last two decades. Alongside the economic dimension, the political and security elements of the relationship have emerged as the most promising area for further collaboration between the two sides. This volume brings together analyses and recommendations on EU-India security relations in the fields of: (i) maritime security and freedom of navigation; (ii) cyber security and data protection; (iii) space policy and satellite navigation; (iv) defence cooperation. The chapters have been written by a select pan-European and Indian group of experts tasked by the Rome-based Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and the Mumbai-based Gateway House (GH) in the framework of the EU-India Think Tank Twinning Initiative – a public diplomacy project aimed at connecting research institutions in Europe and India funded by the EU. The book provides the reader with original research and innovative insights into how to move forward EU-India relations. It will be essential reading for scholars and policy makers interested in the subject.

Housing

Where's the Plan?
Author: Kate Barker
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
ISBN: 9781907994111
Category: Housing
Page: 128
View: 6899

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Housing is a fundamental necessity, and yet it is generally acknowledged that we have a 'housing crisis' in the UK. The housing market has worked well for many people (who have enjoyed the steeply rising values of their homes), which is why change, especially new building, is resisted. But for increasing numbers it now works less well, as home ownership is out of reach. Government finds it easier to introduce short-term policies that are not really effective, meaning that the long-term issues are never really resolved. Reforms are urgently needed. --Page [4] of cover.

The Challenge of Immigration

A Radical Solution
Author: Gary Stanley Becker,Diane Coyle
Publisher: Inst of Economic Affairs
ISBN: 9780255366137
Category: Political Science
Page: 69
View: 9456

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How can market-based solutions help solve the challenges of immigration? Nobel Prize winner Prof. Gary Becker, in this IEA Occasional Paper, proposes a radical policy which, if implemented by the coalition government, could raise over 600 million a year. Prof. Becker proposes that visas to work in the UK should be sold off. The coalition's immigration cap scheme could be amended using this proposal to ensure that the most suitable immigrants are allowed in. The people willing to pay the most to live in the UK are likely to be the same people who would contribute most to our economy. Executive Summary: Despite substantial economic growth in underdeveloped countries, there are still huge differences in wage levels between poorer and richer countries. Low fertility, especially in Europe, is also likely to lead to pressures that will encourage migration in future decades. Net migration has grown dramatically in recent years. In 1980, net migration to the UK was approximately zero and by 2005 the figure was 190,000 per annum. In the same periodnet migration to the USA more or less doubled to 1.1 million per annum. There were very substantial migration flows in the late nineteenth century but the USA imposed restrictions from the 1920s onwards. Those restrictions are onerous and involve bureaucratic controls. Given the extent of welfare states in countries with higher incomes, it would be difficult to go back to a policy of free migration. There would be many advantages to a policy of charging immigrants a fee. If a fee of (say) $50,000 were charged, it would ensure that economically active migrants who had a real commitment to the country were most attracted. This fee could be used to lower other taxes. Charging a fee would be a much more efficient way of controlling economic migration than the use of quotas and other bureaucratic systems of control. Even a fee of $50,000 would allow people on relatively low earnings to enter the USA if there were skill shortages. Given the level of wage differentials, such a fee could be paid back in a few years or in a decade or so. Certain categories of migrant might be allowed to benefit from a loans system to enable them to pay the fee over a period of years. This could operate rather like a student loans system in higher education. One advantage of using a fee rather than administrative controls would be that illegal immigrants would have a strong incentive to regularise their status - and would be allowed to do so legally. Such people would have to pay the required fee but would then be free to choose much more remunerative occupations. As such, the use of the price mechanism in migration policy could alleviate the scourge of illegal immigration."

What's the Use of Economics?

Teaching the Dismal Science After the Crisis
Author: Diane Coyle
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
ISBN: 9781907994043
Category: Economics
Page: 197
View: 9460

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The gap between important real-word problems and the workhorse mathematical model-based economics being taught to students has become a chasm. This book examines what economists need to bring to their jobs, and the way in which economics education in universities could be improved to fit them better for the real world.

Reinventing London


Author: Bridget Rosewell
Publisher: Do Sustainability
ISBN: 1907994254
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 98
View: 6251

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London has enjoyed an extraordinary period of growth in the past generation, symbolized by the towers of Canary Wharf built on the skeleton of the old docks. Finance was at the heart of this, so how can London’s economy be reinvented after the financial crisis? Success will depend on several factors that must go together: growing service sectors in addition to finance; making it possible for the people who work in London to live there in pleasant and affordable surroundings; and investing in communications and transport links. This must include an early decision on airport investment to improve global links, given that the capital’s main airport is full to capacity – where the extra capacity is located is less important than starting work on expansion as soon as possible.

Travel Fast Or Smart?

A Manifesto for an Intelligent Transport Policy
Author: David Metz
Publisher: Perspectives
ISBN: 9781907994593
Category:
Page: 156
View: 6215

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Art, Argument, and Advocacy

Mastering Parliamentary Debate
Author: John Meany,Kate Shuster
Publisher: IDEA
ISBN: 9780970213075
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 382
View: 1595

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This text is designed to provide a foundation for effective participation in academic parliamentary debate competition. It explores contemporary parliamentary debate formats and also includes arguments, debate tactics and practice exercises.

Russia in Decline


Author: S. Enders Wimbush,Elizabeth M. Portale
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780998666006
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 7393

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Russia is in precipitous decline, which is unlikely to be reversed. This conclusion, based on the research of Russian and American experts, constitutes the bottom line of The Jamestown Foundation's project, Russia in Decline. Moreover, the tempo of Russia's decay is accelerating across virtually every fragment of its politics, economy, society and military, which renders Russia a poor candidate to survive globalization, let alone claim the mantle of a Great Power. This small volume details why Russia's spiraling into decline and disarray should keep strategists awake at night. It should also alert foreign policy, security and military planners, for whom Russia's decline will necessarily become the leitmotif of informed planning.

Everything Belongs to the Future


Author: Laurie Penny
Publisher: Tor.com
ISBN: 0765388278
Category: Fiction
Page: 87
View: 4862

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Time is a weapon wielded by the rich, who have excess of it, against the rest, who must trade every breath of it against the promise of another day's food and shelter. What kind of world have we made, where human beings can live centuries if only they can afford the fix? What kind of creatures have we become? The same as we always were, but keener. In the ancient heart of Oxford University, the ultra-rich celebrate their vastly extended lifespans. But a few surprises are in store for them. From Nina and Alex, Margo and Fidget, scruffy anarchists sharing living space with an ever-shifting cast of crusty punks and lost kids. And also from the scientist who invented the longevity treatment in the first place. Everything Belongs to the Future is a bloody-minded tale of time, betrayal, desperation, and hope that could only have been told by the inimitable Laurie Penny. "The scariest, most enduring dystopias walk a fine line between parable and prediction. Penny erases that line. In this made-up story, the rich speciate from the poor; in our real world, working class lifespans are declining as the one percent live ever longer lives at ever-greater removes from the rest of us. This is no mere literary device. This is a pitiless allegory, calculated to enrage and terrify its readers." -- Cory Doctorow At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Finks

How the C.I.A. Tricked the World's Best Writers
Author: Joel Whitney
Publisher: OR Books
ISBN: 1682190250
Category: Political Science
Page: 348
View: 6538

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When news broke that the CIA had colluded with literary magazines to produce cultural propaganda throughout the Cold War, a debate began that has never been resolved. The story continues to unfold, with the reputations of some of America’s best-loved literary figures—including Peter Matthiessen, George Plimpton, and Richard Wright—tarnished as their work for the intelligence agency has come to light. Finks is a tale of two CIAs, and how they blurred the line between propaganda and literature. One CIA created literary magazines that promoted American and European writers and cultural freedom, while the other toppled governments, using assassination and censorship as political tools. Defenders of the “cultural” CIA argue that it should have been lauded for boosting interest in the arts and freedom of thought, but the two CIAs had the same undercover goals, and shared many of the same methods: deception, subterfuge and intimidation. Finks demonstrates how the good-versus-bad CIA is a false divide, and that the cultural Cold Warriors again and again used anti-Communism as a lever to spy relentlessly on leftists, and indeed writers of all political inclinations, and thereby pushed U.S. democracy a little closer to the Soviet model of the surveillance state. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; line-height: 15.0px; font: 13.0px Helvetica; color: #323333; -webkit-text-stroke: #323333} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; line-height: 15.0px; font: 13.0px Helvetica; color: #323333; -webkit-text-stroke: #323333; min-height: 16.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none}

Architect of Prosperity

Sir John Cowperthwaite and the Making of Hong Kong
Author: Neil Monnery
Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
ISBN: 9781907994692
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 320
View: 4585

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This is a book about Sir John Cowperthwaite - the man Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman identified as being behind Hong Kong's remarkable post-war economic transformation.