The A to Z of the United Nations


Author: Jacques Fomerand
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810870208
Category: History
Page: 696
View: 3316

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Consisting of 192 Member States, the United Nations was founded in 1945 to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations based on the respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples; to achieve international cooperation in solving problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character; and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion. Just how successful the UN has been in maintaining these goals is covered in The A to Z of the United Nations. Author Jacques Fomerand provides a comprehensive dictionary of nearly 900 cross-referenced entries on the UN's various committees and organizations, its leaders, terms, policies, and major events in which the UN took part. Supplementing the dictionary entries are a chronology, an introduction, a bibliography, and appendixes, which include a reproduction of the UN's Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as a list of the Member States and when they joined.

The United Nations System

Toward International Justice
Author: N. D. White
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588260703
Category: Political Science
Page: 335
View: 7598

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To what extent does the United Nations system work? This comprehensive survey of the world's most important family of international organizations examines the UN's structure and powers, and considers whether it is achieving what it set out to do.

Women, Politics, and the United Nations


Author: Anne Winslow
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313295225
Category: Political Science
Page: 213
View: 3409

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Participants and scholars appraise the successes and failures of women's agendas at the UN and international conferences for equality and full partnership.

United Nations at the Millennium

The Principal Organs
Author: Paul Taylor,A.J.R. Groom
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826447784
Category: Political Science
Page: 363
View: 7506

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This book provides unparalleled coverage of each of the principal organs of the United Nations. This collection offers a survey of the life of each organ since its inception in 1945, the extent to which is has fulfilled its founding mission, and proposals for reform.As well as providing comprehensive coverage of the present role of this highly influential organization, the book addresses larger questions about the role of the U.N. and the fitness for purpose of its principal organs as a means to global governance.

The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations


Author: Thomas George Weiss
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199279517
Category: Political Science
Page: 810
View: 7168

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This major new handbook provides the definitive and comprehensive analysis of the UN and will be an essential point of reference for all those working on or in the organization

For a Better World

Posters from the United Nations
Author: Edward B. Marks
Publisher: Pomegranate
ISBN: 9780764913402
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Page: 159
View: 1666

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This beautifully designed and collectable book reproduces the best of hundreds of posters issued over the years by the United Nations, since the organization's inception in 1946.From its beginning, the UN addressed the world through the medium of posters. Heralding the call to disarmament, the demand for human rights, the plight of refugees, and countless other civic and humanitarian causes, the UN's posters are widely recognized for their bold design, artful composition and skillful rendering.Including rare specimens from the organization's early days—including two posters produced the UN's predecessor organization, the League of Nations—the book pictures prizewinners from various competitions and those adapted from work by such well-known artists as Norman Rockwell, Pablo Picasso, Hans Erni, Peter Max, and Robert Rauschenberg. Also included are biographies of select artists and a preface by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

The United Nations

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Jussi M. Hanhimäki
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190222700
Category: History
Page: 172
View: 9883

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The United Nations has been called everything from "the best hope of mankind" to "irrelevant" and "obsolete." In this concise overview, Jussi Hanhimaki sheds light on the current debate over the UN's effectiveness as he provides a clear understanding of how it was originally conceived, how it has come to its present form, and how it must confront new challenges in a rapidly changing world. After a brief history of the UN, the author examines its successes and failures as a guardian of international peace and security, as a promoter of human rights, as a protector of international law, and as an engineer of socioeconomic development.

Great Debates at the United Nations

An Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000
Author: Robert F. Gorman
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313313868
Category: Political Science
Page: 452
View: 7794

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Examines the fifty most critical issues debated in the history of the United Nations, including human rights issues, the Cold War, women's rights, Zionism, Apartheid, and regional conflicts.

The Law And Practice Of The United Nations


Author: Benedetto Conforti
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004143092
Category: Law
Page: 328
View: 5457

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This fully up-dated, third revised edition of Conforti's thought-provoking and challenging textbook, The Law and Practice of the United Nations, provides a comprehensive legal analysis of problems concerning membership, the structure of UN organs, their functions and their acts, taking into consideration the text of the Charter, its historical origins, and, particularly, the practice of the organs. Its main focus is on the practice of the Security Council. In particular the action of the Security Council under Chapter VII has been taken into account. The legal literature on Chapter VII - a literature which has grown enormously in recent times - has also been considered. The fact that the legal aspects of the action or the inaction of the Security Council have been discussed to an unusually large extent by ordinary people at the time of the war against Iraq and even later is worth noting. The importance of the role of the United Nations, and the content of the rules governing it, has become a leitmotiv of all debates on international politics. Consequently, the opinion often held in the past, according to which it was useless to deal with the legal aspects of the United Nations activity, can be considered as obsolete.

Reform of the United Nations


Author: Ed. K.R. Gupta
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788126906680
Category: International cooperation
Page: 820
View: 6246

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The United Nations Was Set Up At The End Of The Second World War, In 1945, To Replace The Ill-Fated League Of Nations. The United States, The United Kingdom, Russia (Former Ussr), France And China Are Permanent Members Of The Security Council, The Most Powerful Organ Of The United Nations. At That Time, The United States Was The Most Powerful Country Economically, Technologically And Militarily. It Has Been Playing A Dominant Role In All Decisions Taken By The United Nations And Its Affiliated Agencies. It Has Been Dominating Other Countries And Flouting The Rules And Provisions Of The United Nations. To Give A Concrete Example, The Grant Of Loans By The World Bank, Imf And Ifc Is Substantially Influenced By The United States, Instead Of Being Guided By Commercial And Financial Prudence. During The Last Six Decades, The Position Of The World Has Substantially Changed In Regard To The Economic, Military And Technological Power. This Has Necessitated The Redrawing Of The United Nations And Its Various Agencies. Unfortunately, This Is Being Strongly Resisted By The United States And Other Permanent Members Of The Security Council. The Volumes Include Viewpoints Of The Secretary-General As Well As All The Important Countries In Regard To The Reforms Of The United Nations. They Also Include A Large Number Of Documents Concerning These Reforms. A Detailed Bibliography Has Been Included To Enable The Inquisitive Readers To Pursue The Subject Further. The Volumes Would Be Found Highly Useful By The Students, Researchers And Teachers Of Political Science And Economics. They Would Also Be Useful For Executives And Parliamentarians Of All The Countries Concerned With The Working Of The United Nations And Its Agencies.

Reforming the United Nations [electronic resource]

the struggle for legitimacy and effectiveness
Author: Joachim Müller
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004151311
Category: Political Science
Page: 531
View: 1178

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The United Nations is in need of reform. There has always been widespread agreement that this is the case - indeed throughout the 60-year history of the Organization. Differences over the best cure reflect the political confrontation between its 191 member states. The institution has been criticized to lack legitimacy, to need accountability and to be inefficient with a bloated bureaucracy. Recently, allegations of mismanagement and corruption in the Oil-for-Food Program have led to a crisis of confidence. The public debate followed reform initiatives for enlarging the Security Council, achieving the Millennium Development Goals, and establishing new collective mechanisms to protect human rights, counter terrorism and respond to crimes against humanity. Strengthening oversight, governance and management practices aimed at introducing fundamental institutional changes. The publication describes the reform process leading to the United Nations Summit in September 2005. The achievements remain disappointing with the failure to approve a grand bargain. A number of recommendations are put forward to facilitate the reform process in the United Nations, realising, however, that this will remain cumbersome and a lengthy step-by-step effort.

Admission to the United Nations

Charter Article 4 and the Rise of Universal Organization
Author: Thomas D. Grant
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004173633
Category: Political Science
Page: 332
View: 9135

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The United Nations began as an alliance during World War II. Eventually, however, the UN came to approximate a universal organization - i.e., open to and aspiring to include all States. This presents a legal question, for Article 4 of the Charter contains substantive criteria to limit admission of States to the UN and no formal amendment has touched that part of the Charter. This book gives an up-to-date account of admission to the UN, from the 1950s logjam through on-going controversies like Kosovo and Taiwan. With reference to Charter law, the book considers how Article 4 came to accommodate universality and what the future of a universal organization in a world of politically diverse States might be.

Waiting for the Millennium

The United Nations and the Future of World Order
Author: J. Martin Rochester
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780872498822
Category: Political Science
Page: 347
View: 6624

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Explores one of the most challenging puzzles of our time--the global coordination of security, economic, & ecological problem-solving at a time when guidance might be harder than ever to achieve.

The Iraq Crisis and the United Nations

Power Politics Vs. the International Rule of Law : Memoranda and Declarations of the International Progress Organization (1990-2003)
Author: Hans Köchler
Publisher: International Progress Organization
ISBN: 9783900704223
Category: Guerre du golfe Persique, 1991 - Histoire diplomatique - Sources
Page: 105
View: 6941

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Reforming the United Nations

The Challenge of Working Together
Author: Joachim Müller
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004178430
Category: Political Science
Page: 386
View: 9658

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The hurdles for UN system reform are tremendous. This is demonstrated in a description of recent efforts in Security Council reform, the system-wide coherence initiatives and inter-agency coordination. Success is seen to require increased consolidation of mandates and structures.

Yearbook of the United Nations


Author: United Nations
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211008579
Category: Law
Page: 262
View: 5742

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The Yearbook is the primary reference work on the United Nations, and details the many activities of the organisation and its programmes and bodies in 2000. It provides an overview of the major challenges the UN has addressed, including peacekeeping; the promotion of human rights; development policy and economic co-operation ; the International Court of Justice; and international tribunals. It is fully indexed and reproduces all major General Assembly, Security Council and Economic and Social Council resolutions issued during the year.

The United Nations & Regional Security

Europe and Beyond
Author: Michael Charles Pugh,Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588262325
Category: Political Science
Page: 309
View: 6747

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Events in Europe over the past decade or so have created a dynamic requiring conceptual and practical adjustments on the part of the UN and a range of regional actors. This volume explores the resulting collaborative relationships in the context of peace operations in the Balkans.