"The United Nations at Fifty"

Berichte uber zwei wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen
Author: Universität Tübingen. Institut für Politikwissenschaft. Abteilung Internationale Beziehungen/Friedens- und Konfliktforschung
Publisher: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 29
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Strengths and Weaknesses of the United Nations

Author: Nikolas Eristavi
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640948025
Page: 32
View: 304

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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: International Organisations, grade: 90, LMU Munich, course: Introduction to International Politics, language: English, abstract: The now dissolved League of Nations was replaced when the United Nations Charter came into effect on October 24 in 1945. Five permanent member states signed onto the Security Council: China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. Their collective influence empowered the organization and gave it the legitimacy that the League of Nations lacked. The UN flowered thereafter as it became a catalyst for change in response to humanitarian crises and the propensity of war. Social services developed around the world thanks to the organization, and conflict resolution became a key facet of the intergovernmental agency. The United Nations in its current state is subject to much scrutiny. Despite its strength in its work in protecting and serving the needs of humanity and functioning as mediatory power for international conflict resolution, the UN does falter as a "world government" as it heralds little hegemony and is ineffective at being a progressive power.

The United Nations System

Toward International Justice
Author: N. D. White
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588260703
Category: Political Science
Page: 335
View: 7591

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To what extent does the United Nations system work? This comprehensive survey of the world's most important family of international organizations examines the UN's structure and powers, and considers whether it is achieving what it set out to do.

The Law and Practice of the United Nations

Author: Benedetto Conforti
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004143084
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 6585

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This fully up-dated, third revised edition of Conforti's thought-provoking and challenging textbook, The Law and Practice of the United Nations, provides a comprehensive legal analysis of problems concerning membership, the structure of UN organs, their functions and their acts, taking into consideration the text of the Charter, its historical origins, and, particularly, the practice of the organs. Its main focus is on the practice of the Security Council. In particular the action of the Security Council under Chapter VII has been taken into account. The legal literature on Chapter VII - a literature which has grown enormously in recent times - has also been considered. The fact that the legal aspects of the action or the inaction of the Security Council have been discussed to an unusually large extent by ordinary people at the time of the war against Iraq and even later is worth noting. The importance of the role of the United Nations, and the content of the rules governing it, has become a leitmotiv of all debates on international politics. Consequently, the opinion often held in the past, according to which it was useless to deal with the legal aspects of the United Nations activity, can be considered as obsolete.

The A to Z of the United Nations

Author: Jacques Fomerand
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 9780810870208
Category: History
Page: 696
View: 5101

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Consisting of 192 Member States, the United Nations was founded in 1945 to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations based on the respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples; to achieve international cooperation in solving problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character; and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion. Just how successful the UN has been in maintaining these goals is covered in The A to Z of the United Nations. Author Jacques Fomerand provides a comprehensive dictionary of nearly 900 cross-referenced entries on the UN's various committees and organizations, its leaders, terms, policies, and major events in which the UN took part. Supplementing the dictionary entries are a chronology, an introduction, a bibliography, and appendixes, which include a reproduction of the UN's Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as a list of the Member States and when they joined.

The United Nations

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Jussi M. Hanhimäki
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190222700
Category: History
Page: 172
View: 4846

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The United Nations has been called everything from "the best hope of mankind" to "irrelevant" and "obsolete." In this concise overview, Jussi Hanhimaki sheds light on the current debate over the UN's effectiveness as he provides a clear understanding of how it was originally conceived, how it has come to its present form, and how it must confront new challenges in a rapidly changing world. After a brief history of the UN, the author examines its successes and failures as a guardian of international peace and security, as a promoter of human rights, as a protector of international law, and as an engineer of socioeconomic development.

Women, Politics, and the United Nations

Author: Anne Winslow
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313295225
Category: Political Science
Page: 213
View: 443

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Participants and scholars appraise the successes and failures of women's agendas at the UN and international conferences for equality and full partnership.

Admission to the United Nations

Charter Article 4 and the Rise of Universal Organization
Author: Thomas D. Grant
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004173633
Category: Political Science
Page: 332
View: 4293

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The United Nations began as an alliance during World War II. Eventually, however, the UN came to approximate a universal organization - i.e., open to and aspiring to include all States. This presents a legal question, for Article 4 of the Charter contains substantive criteria to limit admission of States to the UN and no formal amendment has touched that part of the Charter. This book gives an up-to-date account of admission to the UN, from the 1950s logjam through on-going controversies like Kosovo and Taiwan. With reference to Charter law, the book considers how Article 4 came to accommodate universality and what the future of a universal organization in a world of politically diverse States might be.

The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations

Author: Thomas George Weiss
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199279517
Category: Political Science
Page: 810
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This major new handbook provides the definitive and comprehensive analysis of the UN and will be an essential point of reference for all those working on or in the organization

The Future of the United Nations System

Potential for the Twenty-first Century
Author: International Peace Research Association
Publisher: United Nations University Press
ISBN: 9789280809732
Category: Law
Page: 450
View: 5413

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What does the future hold for the UN? In this book, twenty-two scholars from all continents contribute twelve chapters that cover prevention of violence, creating economic and social structures that sustain human fulfilment, sharing and protecting the commons, and peace education. The search for future potential, based on experience in these twelve "laboratories," leads to sixty-six recommendations for new institutions and programs on issues that include controlling weapons, humanitarian intervention, collaboration between UN peacekeepers and NGOs, human rights, economic policies, advancement of women, refugees, ecological security, communications, and peace education. These recommendations are brought together in a concluding chapter and summarized in the appendix. Most of the recommendations do not require amendments to the UN Charter or to the treaties establishing the UN Specialized Agencies. Instead, their implementation would require creative efforts of Member States, secretariats, NGOs, and dedicated individuals that are pointed toward attainment of multilateral capacity for coping with an array of global problems that increasingly threaten the quality of human life. This is stimultaing reading for anyone who wants to be challenged to think creatively about the potential for coping with a growing array of global problems.

Reforming the United Nations [electronic resource]

the struggle for legitimacy and effectiveness
Author: Joachim Müller
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004151311
Category: Political Science
Page: 531
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The United Nations is in need of reform. There has always been widespread agreement that this is the case - indeed throughout the 60-year history of the Organization. Differences over the best cure reflect the political confrontation between its 191 member states. The institution has been criticized to lack legitimacy, to need accountability and to be inefficient with a bloated bureaucracy. Recently, allegations of mismanagement and corruption in the Oil-for-Food Program have led to a crisis of confidence. The public debate followed reform initiatives for enlarging the Security Council, achieving the Millennium Development Goals, and establishing new collective mechanisms to protect human rights, counter terrorism and respond to crimes against humanity. Strengthening oversight, governance and management practices aimed at introducing fundamental institutional changes. The publication describes the reform process leading to the United Nations Summit in September 2005. The achievements remain disappointing with the failure to approve a grand bargain. A number of recommendations are put forward to facilitate the reform process in the United Nations, realising, however, that this will remain cumbersome and a lengthy step-by-step effort.

For a Better World

Posters from the United Nations
Author: Edward B. Marks
Publisher: Pomegranate
ISBN: 9780764913402
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Page: 159
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This beautifully designed and collectable book reproduces the best of hundreds of posters issued over the years by the United Nations, since the organization's inception in 1946.From its beginning, the UN addressed the world through the medium of posters. Heralding the call to disarmament, the demand for human rights, the plight of refugees, and countless other civic and humanitarian causes, the UN's posters are widely recognized for their bold design, artful composition and skillful rendering.Including rare specimens from the organization's early days—including two posters produced the UN's predecessor organization, the League of Nations—the book pictures prizewinners from various competitions and those adapted from work by such well-known artists as Norman Rockwell, Pablo Picasso, Hans Erni, Peter Max, and Robert Rauschenberg. Also included are biographies of select artists and a preface by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

Bloc Politics at the United Nations

The African Group
Author: Isaac N. Endeley
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761845591
Category: Political Science
Page: 60
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In Bloc Politics at the United Nations, Endeley presents a detailed analysis of the structure and functioning of the African Group at the United Nations (UN). At the heart of the UN system is a series of regional caucusing blocs, of which the African Group is one of the most dynamic and cohesive. The African Group, which comprises more than twenty-five percent of the UN's Member States and wields considerable voting strength, has the potential to be one of the most prominent international actors in the post-Cold War era. Since its stance on crucial international issues can tip the scales in one direction or another, the African Group is very widely courted by the other international actors. Yet the behavior, structure, and function of the African Group at the UN have seldom been the object of any serious scientific inquiry. Endeley's analysis is informed by direct observation and by the consultation of key primary and secondary sources.

The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jussi M. Hanhimaki
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199743759
Category: Political Science
Page: 184
View: 4170

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The United Nations has been called everything from "the best hope of mankind" to "irrelevant" and "obsolete." With this much-needed introduction to the UN, Jussi Hanhim?ki engages the current debate over the organizations effectiveness as he provides a clear understanding of how it was originally conceived, how it has come to its present form, and how it must confront new challenges in a rapidly changing world. After a brief history of the United Nations and its predecessor, the League of Nations, the author examines the UN's successes and failures as a guardian of international peace and security, as a promoter of human rights, as a protector of international law, and as an engineer of socio-economic development. Hanhim?ki stresses that the UN's greatest problem has been the impossibly wide gap between its ambitions and capabilities. In the area of international security, for instance, the UN has to settle conflicts--be they between or within states--without offending the national sovereignty of its member states, and without being sidelined by strong countries, as happened in the 2003 intervention of Iraq. Hanhim?ki also provides a clear accounting of the UN and its various arms and organizations (such as UNESCO and UNICEF), and he offers a critical overview of how effective it has been in the recent crises in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, for example--and how likely it is to meet its overall goals in the future. The United Nations, Hanhim?ki concludes, is an indispensable organization that has made the world a better place. But it is also a deeply flawed institution, in need of constant reform. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

The United Nations & Regional Security

Europe and Beyond
Author: Michael Charles Pugh,Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588262325
Category: Political Science
Page: 309
View: 6038

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Events in Europe over the past decade or so have created a dynamic requiring conceptual and practical adjustments on the part of the UN and a range of regional actors. This volume explores the resulting collaborative relationships in the context of peace operations in the Balkans.

Waiting for the Millennium

The United Nations and the Future of World Order
Author: J. Martin Rochester
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780872498822
Category: Political Science
Page: 347
View: 5669

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Explores one of the most challenging puzzles of our time--the global coordination of security, economic, & ecological problem-solving at a time when guidance might be harder than ever to achieve.