The Unitary Executive and the Modern Presidency


Author: Ryan J. Barilleaux,Christopher S. Kelley
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 1603441905
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 2468

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During his first term in office, Pres. George W. Bush made reference to the "unitary executive" ninety-five times, as part of signing statements, proclamations, and executive orders. Pres. Barack Obama's actions continue to make issues of executive power as timely as ever. Unitary executive theory stems from interpretation of the constitutional assertion that the president is vested with the "executive power" of the United States. In this groundbreaking collection of studies, eleven presidential scholars examine for the first time the origins, development, use, and future of this theory. The Unitary Executive and the Modern Presidency examines how the unitary executive theory became a recognized constitutional theory of presidential authority, how it has evolved, how it has been employed by presidents of both parties, and how its use has affected and been affected by U.S. politics. This book also examines the constitutional, political, and even psychological impact of the last thirty years of turmoil in the executive branch and the ways that controversy has altered both the exercise and the public’s view of presidential power.

Executive Power in Theory and Practice


Author: H. Liebert,G. McDowell,Terry L. Price
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137014458
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 222
View: 3945

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Since September 11, 2001, long-standing debates over the nature and proper extent of executive power have assumed a fresh urgency. In this book eleven leading scholars of American politics and political theory address the idea of executive power.

The Presidency and Political Science: Paradigms of Presidential Power from the Founding to the Present: 2014

Paradigms of Presidential Power from the Founding to the Present
Author: Raymond Tatalovich,Steven E Schier
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317455177
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 5328

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This history of presidential studies surveys the views of leading thinkers and scholars about the constitutional powers of the highest office in the land from the founding to the present.

The Unitary Executive

Presidential Power from Washington to Bush
Author: Steven G. Calabresi,Christopher S. Yoo
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300145381
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 558
View: 8321

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This book is the first to undertake a detailed historical and legal examination of presidential power and the theory of the unitary executive. This theory--that the Constitution gives the president the power to remove and control all policy-making subordinates in the executive branch--has been the subject of heated debate since the Reagan years. To determine whether the Constitution creates a strongly unitary executive, Steven G. Calabresi and Christopher S. Yoo look at the actual practice of all forty-three presidential administrations, from George Washington to George W. Bush. They argue that all presidents have been committed proponents of the theory of the unitary executive, and they explore the meaning and implications of this finding.

The Presidency in the Twenty-first Century


Author: Charles W. Dunn
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813140161
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 6597

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As the most prominent figure of the U.S. government, the president is under constant scrutiny from both his colleagues and the American people. Questions about the proper role of the president have been especially prevalent in the media during the current economic crisis. The Presidency in the Twenty-first Century explores the growth of presidential power, investigating its social, political, and economic impact on America's present and future. Editor Charles W. Dunn and a team of the nation's leading political scientists examine a variety of topics, from the link between campaigning and governing to trends in presidential communication with the public. The book discusses the role of the presidency in a government designed to require cooperation with Congress and how this relationship is further complicated by the expectations of the public. Several contributors take a closer look at the Obama administration in light of President George W. Bush's emphasis on the unitary executive, a governing style that continues to be highly controversial. Dunn and his contributors provide readers with a thorough analysis of a rapidly changing political role, provoking important questions about the future of America's political system.

Taking the Measure

The Presidency of George W. Bush
Author: Donald R. Kelley,Todd G. Shields
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 1623490995
Category: History
Page: 184
View: 7825

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Some of today’s most prominent experts on the American presidency offer their perspectives, commentary, and analyses in this volume of studies, commissioned by the Fulbright Institute of International Relations and the Blair Center of Southern Politics and Culture, both at the University of Arkansas. With a shared focus on Bush’s decision-making style, the impact of increasing partisanship, economic issues—especially after the 2008 financial meltdown—and, of course, the cumulative impact of 9/11 and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, the contributors link their observations and conclusions to broader political and policy-related questions. They also take the opportunity to compare the Bush presidency with that of his successor, Barack Obama, through the latter administration’s experience of disappointment in the 2010 congressional elections. The debate over the Bush legacy will not soon end, and this volume does not presume to offer the definitive, final commentary. It does, however, bridge the gap between dispassionate academic commentary written essentially for scholars and the sort of informed and unbiased analysis written for a larger public audience, contributing to the public understanding of our recent national experience. Taking the Measure: The Presidency of George W. Bush contributes significantly to the beginnings of careful, systematic consideration of the George W. Bush presidency.

Testing the Limits

George W. Bush and the Imperial Presidency
Author: Mark J. Rozell,Gleaves Whitney
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442200413
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 8083

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This collaboration of distinguished presidential scholars offers one of the first book-length post-presidency analyses of President George W. Bush and his policies. Mark J. Rozell and Gleaves Whitney have assembled a varied list of contributors from both ends of the political spectrum, bringing together academics and professionals to provide a glimpse into the politics and policies that defined President George W. Bush's presidency. Testing the Limits discusses all aspects of the Bush policy and administration, from staff appointments to foreign and domestic policy to budgetary politics. Several contributors focus their energy on the expansion of presidential powers during Bush presidency, assessing the increased influence of the Vice-President, the politicization of federal court appointments, and the development of executive privilege and presidential secrecy.

Political Conflict in America


Author: A. Ware
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137010339
Category: Political Science
Page: 214
View: 6286

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Recently, there has been a high level of conflict in American politics. Massive disagreements over government policies have pitted one group of Americans against another. This book explores how and why this style of politics developed and argues that fundamental disagreements between Americans have always been at the root of its politics.

Bad Presidents

Failure in the White House
Author: P. Abbott
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137306599
Category: Political Science
Page: 260
View: 5789

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Bad Presidents seeks to interpret the meaning of presidential 'badness' by investigating the ways in which eleven presidents were 'bad.' The author brings a unique, and often amusing perspective on the idea of the presidency, and begins a new conversation about the definition of presidential success and failure.

Summary: Broken Government

Review and Analysis of John W. Dean's Book
Author: BusinessNews Publishing
Publisher: Primento
ISBN: 251100030X
Category: Political Science
Page: 44
View: 9190

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The must-read summary of John W. Dean's book: "Broken Government: How Republican Rule Destroyed the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches". This complete summary of "Broken Government" by John W. Dean, former political counsel to Nixon and currently a journalist and political commentator, presents the author's belief that Republicans have transgressed or ignored the traditional rules that have allowed our government to function. In his book, Dean explains that Bush's White House has chosen to operate in secrecy while the Republicans have overturned their traditional conservative ideology. This summary provides readers with an insight into the major changes seen in American politics and how each party is acting according to their own interests, and what this means for the future. Added-value of this summary: • Save time • Understand how the Bush administration moved towards extremism • Expand your knowledge of American politics and government To learn more, read "Broken Government" and find out more about the political parties that are running America.

The Unilateral Presidency and the News Media

The Politics of Framing Executive Power
Author: Mark Major
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137387890
Category: Political Science
Page: 191
View: 3225

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Media coverage of presidential actions can not only serve journalistic purposes, but can also act as a check against unilateral decision making. The book seeks to uncover how the news media has worked to curtail overreaching power within the executive branch, demonstrating how the fourth estate keeps presidential overreach at bay.

The Supreme Court and the Presidency

Struggles for Supremacy
Author: Julie Novkov
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1452234175
Category: Law
Page: 472
View: 9374

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The Supreme Court and the Presidency: Struggles for Supremacy This newest edition to The Supreme Court’s Power in American Politics series explores and analyzes the dynamic alliances and tensions between the nation’s chief executive and the Court over time. Through primary source and other documents and insightful narratives, this work discusses appointments, prerogative governance, and the role of time and regimes in the complex scheme of checks and balances. Featured topics include: Major theories of constitutional interpretation and their application to the exercise of executive power The political dynamics in the relationship between the three branches of federal government The evolution of executive authority and the struggle over the legislative veto Precedents for treaty-making and executive agreements with foreign governments Executive and legislative relations and powers in times of war and national emergency, particularly after 9/11 The president’s authority as commander-in-chief Historical controversies of executive privilege and censure and impeachment Executive authority to issue pardons Appendix with comparative data about conventional and Court periodization

The Lovers' Quarrel

The Two Foundings and American Political Development
Author: Elvin T. Lim
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019932395X
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 9905

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The United States has had not one, but two Foundings. The Constitution produced by the Second Founding came to be only after a vociferous battle between Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The Federalists favored a relatively powerful central government, while the Anti-Federalists distrusted the concentration of power in one place and advocated the preservation of sovereignty in the states as crucibles of post-revolutionary republicanism -- the legacy of the First Founding. This philosophical cleavage has been at the heart of practically every major political conflict in U.S. history, and lives on today in debates between modern liberals and conservatives. In The Lovers' Quarrel, Elvin T. Lim presents a systematic and innovative analysis of this perennial struggle. The framers of the second Constitution, the Federalists, were not operating in an ideational or institutional vacuum; rather, the document they drafted and ratified was designed to remedy the perceived flaws of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. To decouple the Two Foundings is to appreciate that there is no such thing as "original meaning," only original dissent. Because the Anti-Federalists insisted that prior and democratically sanctioned understandings of federalism and union had to be negotiated and partially grafted onto the new Constitution, the Constitution's Articles and the Bill of Rights do not cohere as well together as has conventionally been thought. Rather, they represent two antithetical orientations toward power, liberty, and republicanism. The altercation over the necessity of the Second Founding generated coherent and self-contained philosophies that would become the core of American political thought, reproduced and transmitted across two centuries, whether the victors were the neo-Federalists (such as during the Civil War and the New Deal) or the neo-Anti-Federalists (such as during the Jacksonian era and the Reagan Revolution). The Second Founding -- the sole "founding" that we generally speak of -- would become a template for the unique, prototypically American species of politics and political debate. Because of it, American political development occurs only after the political entrepreneurs of each generation lock horns in a Lovers' Quarrel about the principles of one of the Two Foundings, and succeed in justifying and forging a durable expansion or contraction of federal authority.

Governing America


Author: L. Peter Schultz
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761806394
Category: Political Science
Page: 145
View: 6228

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Governing America is intended to illuminate the character of the American constitutional order as it was created and as it functions today. It examines both the distant philosophic background of the Constitution as well as the immediate context in which that document was drafted. It then examines the Constitution itself, the separation of powers, and the three departments of the government that were created in 1787, arguing that the government created then was intended to be impressively powerful, potentially prudent, and partially popular. In fact, the new government was recognized by its creators as potentially dangerous given the scope and character of its powers, as well as its partially popular character. Early attempts to render this new government "safe" are examined, focusing on the presidencies of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Jackson. In this context, the phenomena of political parties and federalism are considered as tools used to render our government as safe as possible. Finally, Governing America examines the link between this powerful government and politics as practiced in the United States today, arguing that our politics are deeply affected by our continuing commitment to a powerful, prudent, and partially popular government."

Die Arroganz der Macht


Author: J. William Fulbright
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3688112873
Category: Fiction
Page: 248
View: 8260

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Nach den bürgerkriegsähnlichen Unruhen in Vierteln von Newark, Detroit und anderen Städten der USA faßte Fulbright Anfang August 1967 in einer Rede vor der amerikanischen Anwaltsvereinigung in Honolulu seine Kritik an der Innen- und Außenpolitik der USA zusammen in dem Urteil, die Vereinigten Staaten «übten Macht um der Macht willen» aus und sie seien auf dem Wege, «eine imperialistische Nation zu werden». Der Illusion, Amerika könne in Vietnam Krieg führen und zugleich Armut und Rechtsungleichheit im eigenen Lande wirksam bekämpfen, hielt der Senator die Diagnose entgegen, die USA seien im Begriff, den Krieg an beiden Fronten zu verlieren, denn: «Der Vietnamkrieg zehrt nicht nur an den menschlichen und materiellen Grundlagen unserer schwelenden Städte, er nährt nicht nur in den Slums die Überzeugung, daß das Land ihrer Lage gleichgültig gegenüberstehe. Der Krieg bestärkt immer mehr die Vorstellung, daß die Gewalt ein Weg zur Lösung von Problemen sei.»

The Development of the American Presidency


Author: Richard J. Ellis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351708562
Category: Political Science
Page: 602
View: 5523

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A full understanding of the institution of the American presidency requires us to examine how it developed from the founding to the present. This developmental lens, analyzing how historical turns have shaped the modern institution, allows for a richer, more nuanced understanding. The Development of the American Presidency pays great attention to that historical weight but is organized by the topics and concepts relevant to political science, with the constitutional origins and political development of the presidency its central focus. Through comprehensive and in-depth coverage, Richard Ellis looks at how the presidency has evolved in relation to the public, to Congress, to the executive branch, and to the law, showing at every step how different aspects of the presidency have followed distinct trajectories of change. Each chapter promotes active learning, beginning with a narrative account of some illustrative puzzle that brings to life a central concept. A wealth of photos, figures, and tables allow for the visual presentations of concepts. New to the Third Edition Analysis of the 2016 election, including the role of the Electoral College and implications of Trump’s nomination for the "party decides" thesis; Exploration of Trump’s Twitter presidency and the effectiveness of using social media to bypass the Washington press corps; In-depth coverage of the development of twentieth-century president–press relations, including a new section on broadcasting the presidency that explores the development of the presidential press conference and presidents’ use of radio and television; Study of national security policy in the Obama administration, with a special focus on the targeted killing of American citizens and Obama’s legacy for presidential war powers; Examination of the original understanding and contemporary relevance of impeachment as well as updated discussion of the president’s pardon power; Discussion of recent developments in the legislative and legal realms, including Trump’s first hundred days, the Garland–Gorsuch episode, and abolition of the filibuster for Supreme Court appointments; Preliminary assessment of Trump’s place in historical time.

Was ist Populismus?

Ein Essay
Author: Jan-Werner Müller
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518740857
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 4652

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Wer wird heute nicht alles als Populist bezeichnet: Gegner der Eurorettung, Figuren wie Marine Le Pen, Politiker des Mainstream, die meinen, dem Volk aufs Maul schauen zu müssen. Vielleicht ist ein Populist aber auch einfach nur ein populärer Konkurrent, dessen Programm man nicht mag, wie Ralf Dahrendorf einmal anmerkte? Lässt sich das Phänomen schärfer umreißen und seine Ursachen erklären? Worin besteht der Unterschied zwischen Rechts- und Linkspopulismus? Jan-Werner Müller nimmt aktuelle Entwicklungen zum Ausgangspunkt, um eine Theorie des Populismus zu skizzieren und Populismus letztlich klar von der Demokratie abzugrenzen. Seine Thesen helfen zudem, neue Strategien in der Auseinandersetzung mit Populisten zu entwickeln.

Presidential Pork

White House Influence over the Distribution of Federal Grants
Author: John Hudak
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815725213
Category: Political Science
Page: 222
View: 6187

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Presidential earmarks? Perhaps even more so than their counterparts in Congress, presidents have the motive and the means to politicize spending for political power. But do they? In Presidential Pork, John Hudak explains and interprets presidential efforts to control federal spending and accumulate electoral rewards from that power. The projects that members of Congress secure for their constituents certainly attract attention. Political pundits still chuckle about the "Bridge to Nowhere." But Hudak clearly illustrates that while Congress claims credit for earmarks and pet projects, the practice is alive and well in the White House, too. More than any representative or senator, presidents engage in pork barrel spending in a comprehensive and systematic way to advance their electoral interests. It will come as no surprise that the White House often steers the enormous federal bureaucracy to spend funds in swing states. It is a major advantage that only incumbents enjoy. Hudak reconceptualizes the way in which we view the U.S. presidency and the goals and behaviors of those who hold the nation's highest office. He illustrates that presidents and their White Houses are indeed complicit in distributing presidential pork—and how they do it. The result is an illuminating and highly original take on presidential power and public policy.

Emergency Presidential Power

From the Drafting of the Constitution to the War on Terror
Author: Chris Edelson
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres
ISBN: 0299295338
Category: History
Page: 359
View: 1187

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Can a U.S. president decide to hold suspected terrorists indefinitely without charges or secretly monitor telephone conversations and e-mails without a warrant in the interest of national security? Was the George W. Bush administration justified in authorizing waterboarding? Was President Obama justified in ordering the killing, without trial or hearing, of a U.S. citizen suspected of terrorist activity? Defining the scope and limits of emergency presidential power might seem easy—just turn to Article II of the Constitution. But as Chris Edelson shows, the reality is complicated. In times of crisis, presidents have frequently staked out claims to broad national security power. Ultimately it is up to the Congress, the courts, and the people to decide whether presidents are acting appropriately or have gone too far. Drawing on excerpts from the U.S. Constitution, Supreme Court opinions, Department of Justice memos, and other primary documents, Edelson weighs the various arguments that presidents have used to justify the expansive use of executive power in times of crisis. Emergency Presidential Power uses the historical record to evaluate and analyze presidential actions before and after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The choices of the twenty-first century, Edelson concludes, have pushed the boundaries of emergency presidential power in ways that may provide dangerous precedents for current and future commanders-in-chief. Winner, Crader Family Book Prize in American Values, Department of History and Crader Family Endowment for American Values, Southeast Missouri State University

The Revolutionary Constitution


Author: David J. Bodenhamer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019991303X
Category: History
Page: 296
View: 4003

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The framers of the Constitution chose their words carefully when they wrote of a more perfect union--not absolutely perfect, but with room for improvement. Indeed, we no longer operate under the same Constitution as that ratified in 1788, or even the one completed by the Bill of Rights in 1791--because we are no longer the same nation. In The Revolutionary Constitution, David J. Bodenhamer provides a comprehensive new look at America's basic law, integrating the latest legal scholarship with historical context to highlight how it has evolved over time. The Constitution, he notes, was the product of the first modern revolution, and revolutions are, by definition, moments when the past shifts toward an unfamiliar future, one radically different from what was foreseen only a brief time earlier. In seeking to balance power and liberty, the framers established a structure that would allow future generations to continually readjust the scale. Bodenhamer explores this dynamic through seven major constitutional themes: federalism, balance of powers, property, representation, equality, rights, and security. With each, he takes a historical approach, following their changes over time. For example, the framers wrote multiple protections for property rights into the Constitution in response to actions by state governments after the Revolution. But twentieth-century courts--and Congress--redefined property rights through measures such as zoning and the designation of historical landmarks (diminishing their commercial value) in response to the needs of a modern economy. The framers anticipated just such a future reworking of their own compromises between liberty and power. With up-to-the-minute legal expertise and a broad grasp of the social and political context, this book is a tour de force of Constitutional history and analysis.