The Trobrianders of Papua New Guinea


Author: Annette B. Weiner
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780030119194
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 7413

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This re-examination of the Trobrianders of Papua New Guinea, the people described in Malinowski’s classic ethnographic work of the early 20th century, provides a balanced view of the society from a male and female perspective, including coverage of new discoveries about the importance of woman’s work and wealth in the society.

The Balinese


Author: John Stephen Lansing
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 148
View: 9232

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This study of the complex Balinese culture examines Balinese concepts of personhood and society; the integration of art into every aspect of Balinese life; the effects of the Guen Revolution on Balinese agriculture; the ecological role of their water temples in an age-old system of inigrate rice terraces; and the ethnohistory of Bali, including both colonial and Balinese views. The book is organized around four different periods of fieldwork and includes an appendix of available films and videos on the Balinese.

Friend by Day, Enemy by Night

Organized Vengeance in a Kohistani Community
Author: R. Lincoln Keiser
Publisher: Holt Rinehart & Winston
ISBN: 9780030533327
Category: Social Science
Page: 131
View: 9372

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Islands of Love, Islands of Risk

Culture and HIV in the Trobriands
Author: Katherine Lepani
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press (TN)
ISBN: 9780826518750
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 241
View: 5563

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As a contemporary perspective on Malinowski's classic accounts of Trobriand sexuality, the book reaffirms the Trobriands' central place in the study of anthropology. This book is the recipient of the annual Norman L. and Roselea J. Goldberg Prize for the best project in the area of medicine"

Shelter Blues

Sanity and Selfhood Among the Homeless
Author: Robert R. Desjarlais
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812206436
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 5012

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Desjarlais shows us not anonymous faces of the homeless but real people. While it is estimated that 25 percent or more of America's homeless are mentally ill, their lives are largely unknown to us. What must life be like for those who, in addition to living on the street, hear voices, suffer paranoid delusions, or have trouble thinking clearly or talking to others. Shelter Blues is an innovative portrait of people residing in Boston's Station Street Shelter. It examines the everyday lives of more than 40 homeless men and women, both white and African-American, ranging in age from early 20s to mid-60s. Based on a sixteen-month study, it draws readers into the personal worlds of these individuals and, by addressing the intimacies of homelessness, illness, and abjection, picks up where most scholarship and journalism stops. Robert Desjarlais works against the grain of media representations of homelessness by showing us not anonymous stereotypes but individuals. He draws on conversations as well as observations, talking with and listening to shelter residents to understand how they relate to their environment, to one another, and to those entrusted with their care. His book considers their lives in terms of a complex range of forces and helps us comprehend the linkages between culture, illness, personhood, and political agency on the margins of contemporary American society. Shelter Blues is unlike anything else ever written about homelessness. It challenges social scientists and mental health professionals to rethink their approaches to human subjectivity and helps us all to better understand one of the most pressing problems of our time.

Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline, Second Edition

Factory Women in Malaysia
Author: Aihwa Ong
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438433565
Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE
Page: 295
View: 3252

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New edition of the classic ethnographic study of Malay women factory workers. In the two decades since its original publication, Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline has become a classic in the fields of anthropology, labor, gender and globalization studies. Based on intensive fieldwork, the book captures a moment of profound transformation for rural Muslim women even as their labor helped launch Malaysia’s rise as a tiger economy. Aihwa Ong’s analysis of the disruptions, conflicts, and ambivalences that roiled the lives of working women has inspired later generations of feminist ethnographers in their study of power, resistance, religious upheavals, and subject formation in the industrial periphery. With a critical introduction by anthropologist Carla Freeman, this new edition upholds an exemplary model of anthropological inquiry into cultural modes of resistance to the ideology, discipline, and workings of global capitalism. “This work … remains powerful for its refusal to over-simplify the complexities of export industrialization as a model for economic development, and for its demonstration of the intimate dialectics of culture, economy, gender, religion, and class, and the meaningfulness of place amid the swirling forces of global capitalism … [It] opened up many of the questions that should continue to inspire our analyses of globalization today. Indeed, these questions are equally compelling for the reader returning to this work after twenty years and for the reader new to this text and to the intriguing and complex puzzles of globalization.” — from the Introduction by Carla Freeman

Dingo Makes Us Human

Life and Land in an Australian Aboriginal Culture
Author: Deborah Bird Rose
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521794848
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 264
View: 7599

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This ethnography explores the culture of the Yarralin people in the Northern Territory.

Skin and Bones

The Management of People and Natural Resources in Shellcracker Haven, Florida
Author: Jane W. Gibson
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780155084766
Category: Social Science
Page: 103
View: 1001

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Skin and Bones relates the history of Shellcracker Haven, a community pseudonym, to the development of fresh water fish and wildlife management in the state of Florida. It examines the clash of worldviews between community residents who are personally invested and locally sensitive to the ecosystem that has fed their families for several generations, and biologist resource managers who rely on detached science-based models and political sensitivity when making policy decisions. Skin and Bones challenges readers to think about the natural world as more than fragile species and ecosystems to be defended against human destruction or as discrete natural resources to be commercially exploited. Through the Knight family of Shellcracker Haven, one learns of the power of emotional investment in the natural world, and the cost to both people and planet when we destroy that relationship.

Women of Value, Men of Renown

New Perspectives in Trobriand Exchange
Author: Annette B. Weiner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780292790193
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 4862

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This study of women, men, and exchanges of wealth in the Trobriand Islands, Papua New Guinea, makes an interesting comparison with the work of pioneer ethnographer Bronislaw Malinowski, who conducted his seminal research there between 1915 and 1918. While Malinowski and others have focused on men, dismissing "women's work" as unimportant, Weiner shows that women play a vital role in Trobriand society.

Human Culture

Highlights of Cultural Anthropology
Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin R. Ember,Peter N. Peregrine
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780205957231
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 3495

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Explains how and why human cultures vary so greatly across space and time Human Culture: Highlights of Cultural Anthropology, 3/e helps students understand how humans vary culturally and why they got to be that way. It provides both a comprehensive and scientific introduction to cultural anthropology. This new edition has an expanded and updated focus on environmental issues. REVEL from Pearson is an immersive learning experience designed for the way today's student read, think, and learn. REVEL modernizes familiar and respected course content with dynamic media interactives and assessments, and empowers educators to increase engagement in the course, better connecting with students. The result is increased student engagement and improved learning. Teaching and Learning Experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience- for you and your students. It: Immersive Learning Experiences with REVEL: REVEL delivers immersive learning experiences designed for the way today's students read, think, and learn. Engaging Pedagogically-Driven Design: Learning Objectives in each chapter correspond to chapter summary materials A Clear Understanding of humans: Readers will learn the major variations in human kinship, economic, political, and religious systems and why it is significant. Focus on Contemporary issues: Students will understand contemporary social problems and how anthropology might be used to address them.

Culture and Inference

A Trobriand Case Study
Author: Edwin Hutchins
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674179707
Category: History
Page: 143
View: 4109

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This book takes a major step in psychological anthropology by applying new analytic tools from cognitive science to one of the oldest and most vexing anthropological problems: the nature of "primitive" thought. For a decade or more there has been broad agreement within anthropology that culture might be usefully viewed as a system of tacit rules that constrain the meaningful interpretation of events and serve as a guide to action. However, no one has made a serious attempt to write a cultural grammar that would make such rules explicit. In Culture and Inference Edwin Hutchins makes just such an attempt for one enormously instructive case, the Trobriand Islanders' system of land tenure. Using the propositional network notation developed by Rumeihart and Norman, Hutchins describes native knowledge about land tenure as a set of twelve propositions. Inferences are derived from these propositions by a set of transfer formulas that govern the way in which static knowledge about land tenure can be applied to new disputes. After deriving this descriptive system by extensive observation of the Trobrianders' land courts and by interrogation of litigants, Hutchins provides a test of his grammar by showing how it can be used to simulate decisions in new cases. What is most interesting about these simulations, generally, is that theyrequire all the same logical operations that arise from a careful analysis of Western thought. Looking closely at "primitive" inference in a natural situation, Hutchins finds that Trobriand reasoning is no more primitive than our own.

The Dobe Ju/'Hoansi


Author: Richard B. Lee
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 113371353X
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 2490

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This classic, bestselling study of the !Kung San, foragers of the Dobe area of the Kalahari Desert describes a people's reactions to the forces of modernization, detailing relatively recent changes to !Kung rituals, beliefs, social structure, marriage and kinship system. It documents their determination to take hold of their own destiny, despite exploitation of their habitat and relentless development to assert their political rights and revitalize their communities. Use of the name Ju/'hoansi (meaning real people) acknowledges their new sense of empowerment. Since the publication of the Third Edition in 2003, Richard Lee has made eight further trips to the Kalahari, the most recent in 2010 and 2011. The Dobe and Nyae Nyae Areas have continued to transform and the people have had to respond and adapt to the pressures of capitalist economics and bureaucratic governance of the Namibian and Botswana states. This Fourth Edition chronicles and bears witness to these evolving social conditions and their impacts on lives of the Ju/'hoansi. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Laughter Out of Place

Race, Class, Violence, and Sexuality in a Rio Shantytown
Author: Donna M. Goldstein
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520276043
Category: Social Science
Page: 349
View: 7615

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Drawing on the author's experience in Brazil, this text provides a portrait of everyday life among the women of the favelas - a portrait that challenges much of what we think we know about the 'culture of poverty'. It helps us understand the nature of joking and laughter in the shantytown.

Merchants in the City of Art

Work, Identity, and Change in a Florentine Neighborhood
Author: Anne L. Schiller
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442634634
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 807

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This lively and engaging ethnography, written and designed with students in mind, uses the experiences and perspectives of a set of long-time market vendors in San Lorenzo, a neighborhood in the historic center of Florence, Italy, to explore how cultural identities are formed in periods of profound economic and social change.

Growing up on the Trobriand Islands in Papua New Guinea

Childhood and educational ideologies in Tauwema
Author: Barbara Senft,Gunter Senft
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027264104
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 248
View: 8833

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This volume deals with the children’s socialization on the Trobriands. After a survey of ethnographic studies on childhood, the book zooms in on indigenous ideas of conception and birth-giving, the children’s early development, their integration into playgroups, their games and their education within their `own little community’ until they reach the age of seven years. During this time children enjoy much autonomy and independence. Attempts of parental education are confined to a minimum. However, parents use subtle means to raise their children. Educational ideologies are manifest in narratives and in speeches addressed to children. They provide guidelines for their integration into the Trobrianders’ “balanced society” which is characterized by cooperation and competition. It does not allow individual accumulation of wealth – surplus property gained has to be redistributed – but it values the fame acquired by individuals in competitive rituals. Fame is not regarded as threatening the balance of their society.

Mirror for Humanity

A Concise Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Author: Kottak
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
ISBN: 0077582535
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 5163

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Etiquette and Taboos around the World: A Geographic Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Customs


Author: Ken Taylor,Victoria Williams Ph.D.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440838216
Category: Social Science
Page: 373
View: 6927

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An interesting resource for learning about the cultural differences and characteristics of people across the globe, this encyclopedia covers the "do's" and "don'ts" of a breadth of countries and major ethnic groups. • Provides comprehensive coverage of many of the world's countries and cultures that enables readers to make insightful cross-cultural comparisons • Directly supports the National Geography Standards by examining cultural mosaics • Provides relevant and useful information for readers preparing for study-abroad excursions or other international travel

Inalienable Possessions

The Paradox of Keeping-While Giving
Author: Annette B. Weiner
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520911802
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 6814

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Inalienable Possessions tests anthropology's traditional assumptions about kinship, economics, power, and gender in an exciting challenge to accepted theories of reciprocity and marriage exchange. Focusing on Oceania societies from Polynesia to Papua New Guinea and including Australian Aborigine groups, Annette Weiner investigates the category of possessions that must not be given or, if they are circulated, must return finally to the giver. Reciprocity, she says, is only the superficial aspect of exchange, which overlays much more politically powerful strategies of "keeping-while-giving." The idea of keeping-while-giving places women at the heart of the political process, however much that process may vary in different societies, for women possess a wealth of their own that gives them power. Power is intimately involved in cultural reproduction, and Weiner describes the location of power in each society, showing how the degree of control over the production and distribution of cloth wealth coincides with women's rank and the development of hierarchy in the community. Other inalienable possessions, whether material objects, landed property, ancestral myths, or sacred knowledge, bestow social identity and rank as well. Calling attention to their presence in Western history, Weiner points out that her formulations are not limited to Oceania. The paradox of keeping-while-giving is a concept certain to influence future developments in ethnography and the theoretical study of gender and exchange.