The Tree of Life

A Phylogenetic Classification
Author: Guillaume Lecointre,Hervé Le Guyader
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674021839
Category: Science
Page: 560
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Did you know that you are more closely related to a mushroom than to a daisy? That crocodiles are closer to birds than to lizards? That dinosaurs are still among us? That the terms "fish," "reptiles," and "invertebrates" do not indicate scientific groupings? All this is the result of major changes in classification, whose methods have been totally revisited over the last thirty years. Modern classification, based on phylogeny, no longer places humans at the center of nature. Groups of organisms are no longer defined by their general appearance, but by their different individual characteristics. Phylogeny, therefore, by showing common ancestry, outlines a tree of evolutionary relationships from which one can retrace the history of life. This book diagrams the tree of life according to the most recent methods of classification. By showing how life forms arose and developed and how they are related, The Tree of Life presents a key to the living world in all its dazzling variety.,

Strickberger's Evolution


Author: Brian K. Hall,Benedikt Hallgrímsson,Monroe W. Strickberger
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449614841
Category: Science
Page: 644
View: 6890

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Now with a new full color design and art program, the Fifth Edition of Strickberger's Evolution is updated with the latest data and updates from the field. The authors took care to carefully modify the chapter order in an effort to provide a more clear and student-friendly presentation of course material. The original scope and theme of this popular text remains, as it continues to present an overview of prevailing evidence and theories about evolution by discussing how the world and its organisms arose and changed over time. New boxed features concentrating on modern and exciting research in the field are included throughout the text. New and Key Features of the Fifth Edition - New Full color design and art program - Maintains the student-friendly engaging writing-style for which it is known - A reorganized chapter order provides a more clear and accessible presentation of course material. - Chapters on the evolution of biodiversity are now found on the text's website. - Access to the companion website is included with every new copy of the text. - New boxed features highlight new and exciting research in the field.

Trees of Life

A Visual History of Evolution
Author: Theodore W. Pietsch
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421411857
Category: Science
Page: 376
View: 4880

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Evolution.

Animal Evolution

Interrelationships of the Living Phyla
Author: Claus Nielsen
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199606021
Category: Science
Page: 402
View: 4071

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Animal Evolution is a complete analysis of the evolutionary interrelationships and myriad diversity of the animal kingdom. This new edition brings the subject fully up to date, especially in light of the latest advances in molecular techniques. It also includes new chapters as the result of new systematic understanding.

Using the Biological Literature

A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition
Author: Diane Schmidt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466558571
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 412
View: 5118

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The biological sciences cover a broad array of literature types, from younger fields like molecular biology with its reliance on recent journal articles, genomic databases, and protocol manuals to classic fields such as taxonomy with its scattered literature found in monographs and journals from the past three centuries. Using the Biological Literature: A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition is an annotated guide to selected resources in the biological sciences, presenting a wide-ranging list of important sources. This completely revised edition contains numerous new resources and descriptions of all entries including textbooks. The guide emphasizes current materials in the English language and includes retrospective references for historical perspective and to provide access to the taxonomic literature. It covers both print and electronic resources including monographs, journals, databases, indexes and abstracting tools, websites, and associations—providing users with listings of authoritative informational resources of both classical and recently published works. With chapters devoted to each of the main fields in the basic biological sciences, this book offers a guide to the best and most up-to-date resources in biology. It is appropriate for anyone interested in searching the biological literature, from undergraduate students to faculty, researchers, and librarians. The guide includes a supplementary website dedicated to keeping URLs of electronic and web-based resources up to date, a popular feature continued from the third edition.

21st Century Guidebook to Fungi with CD


Author: David Moore,Geoffrey D. Robson,Anthony P. J. Trinci
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107006767
Category: Science
Page: 627
View: 6320

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Uniquely modern textbook providing a broad, all-round understanding of fungal biology and the biological systems to which fungi contribute.

6th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics


Author: Miguel P. Rocha,Nicholas Luscombe,Florentino Fdez-Riverola,Juan M. Corchado Rodríguez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642288391
Category: Computers
Page: 286
View: 5652

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The growth in the Bioinformatics and Computational Biology fields over the last few years has been remarkable and the trend is to increase its pace. In fact, the need for computational techniques that can efficiently handle the huge amounts of data produced by the new experimental techniques in Biology is still increasing driven by new advances in Next Generation Sequencing, several types of the so called omics data and image acquisition, just to name a few. The analysis of the datasets that produces and its integration call for new algorithms and approaches from fields such as Databases, Statistics, Data Mining, Machine Learning, Optimization, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Within this scenario of increasing data availability, Systems Biology has also been emerging as an alternative to the reductionist view that dominated biological research in the last decades. Indeed, Biology is more and more a science of information requiring tools from the computational sciences. In the last few years, we have seen the surge of a new generation of interdisciplinary scientists that have a strong background in the biological and computational sciences. In this context, the interaction of researchers from different scientific fields is, more than ever, of foremost importance boosting the research efforts in the field and contributing to the education of a new generation of Bioinformatics scientists. PACBB‘12 hopes to contribute to this effort promoting this fruitful interaction. PACBB'12 technical program included 32 papers from a submission pool of 61 papers spanning many different sub-fields in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. Therefore, the conference will certainly have promoted the interaction of scientists from diverse research groups and with a distinct background (computer scientists, mathematicians, biologists). The scientific content will certainly be challenging and will promote the improvement of the work that is being developed by each of the participants.

Assembling the Tree of Life


Author: Joel Cracraft,Michael J. Donoghue
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199729609
Category: Science
Page: 592
View: 7062

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This edited volume is provides an authoritative synthesis of knowledge about the history of life. All the major groups of organisms are treated, by the leading workers in their fields. With sections on: The Importance of Knowing the Tree of Life; The Origin and Radiation of Life on Earth; The Relationships of Green Plants; The Relationships of Fungi; and The Relationships of Animals. This book should prove indispensable for evolutionary biologists, taxonomists, ecologists interested in biodiversity, and as a baseline sourcebook for organismic biologists, botanists, and microbiologists. An essential reference in this fundamental area.

Tree of Life

The Incredible Biodiversity of Life on Earth
Author: Rochelle Strauss,Margot Thompson
Publisher: Kids Can Press Ltd
ISBN: 1554539617
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 40
View: 478

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Reveals how all living things are separated into five kingdoms--all of which contain different facets of life on Earth--in an introduction to biodiversity.

The Bees of the World


Author: Charles Duncan Michener
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801861338
Category: Science
Page: 913
View: 7062

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Written by the world's leading authority on bees, this reference is the first and only comprehensive, worldwide treatment of all groups of bees, and includes more than 16,000 species. Michener examines the evolution of bees from wasps, the relations of the bodies of bees to one another, the evolution of bees, and the structure of immature and adult bees, and more. 433 line drawings. 88 photos, 48 in color.

Encyclopedia of Astrobiology


Author: Muriel Gargaud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642112714
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 1853
View: 1082

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Astrobiology is a remarkably interdisciplinary field. This reference serves as a key to understanding technical terms from the different subfields of astrobiology, including astronomy, biology, chemistry, the geosciences and the space sciences.

Systematics and the Origin of Species:

On Ernst Mayr's 100th Anniversary
Author: National Academy of Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309095360
Category: Science
Page: 382
View: 1537

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In December 2004, the National Academy of Sciences sponsored a colloquium on "Systematics and the Origin of Species" to celebrate Ernst Mayr's 100th anniversary and to explore current knowledge concerning the origin of species. In 1942, Ernst Mayr, one of the twentieth century's greatest scientists, published Systematics and the Origin of Species, a seminal book of the modern theory of evolution, where he advanced the significance of population variation in the understanding of evolutionary process and the origin of new species. Mayr formulated the transition from Linnaeus's static species concept to the dynamic species concept of the modern theory of evolution and emphasized the species as a community of populations, the role of reproductive isolation, and the ecological interactions between species. In addition to a preceding essay by Edward O. Wilson, this book includes the 16 papers presented by distinguished evolutionists at the colloquium. The papers are organized into sections covering the origins of species barriers, the processes of species divergence, the nature of species, the meaning of "species," and genomic approaches for understanding diversity and speciation.

Bat Ecology


Author: Thomas H. Kunz,M. Brock Fenton
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226462072
Category: Nature
Page: 779
View: 1983

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Bats display astonishing ecological and evolutionary diversity and serve as important models for studies of a wide variety of topics, including food webs, biogeography, and emerging diseases. In Bat Ecology, world-renowned bat scholars present an up-to-date, comprehensive, and authoritative review of this ongoing research. The first part of the book covers the life history and behavioral ecology of bats, from migration to sperm competition and natural selection. The next section focuses on functional ecology, including ecomorphology, feeding, and physiology. In the third section, contributors explore macroecological issues such as the evolution of ecological diversity, range size, and infectious diseases (including rabies) in bats. A final chapter discusses conservation challenges facing these fascinating flying mammals. "Kunz and Fenton have enlisted an outstanding group of bat biologists, who, without exception, have done a superb job summarizing and synthesizing the material in their respective chapters. . . . This is a very valuable book."—John O. Whitaker Jr., Ecology

Understanding Evolution


Author: Kostas Kampourakis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107034914
Category: Science
Page: 270
View: 3171

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Bringing together conceptual obstacles and core concepts of evolutionary theory, this book presents evolution as straightforward and intuitive.

The Unnatural Nature of Science


Author: Lewis Wolpert
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674929814
Category: Science
Page: 191
View: 4416

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How is it that nobody--except maybe scientists--sees science for what it is? In this entertaining and provocative book, Lewis Wolpert draws on the entire history of science, from Thales of Miletus to Watson and Crick, from the study of eugenics to the discovery of the double helix. The result is a scientist's view of the culture of science, authoritative and informed and at the same time mercifully accessible to those who find cohabiting with this culture a puzzling experience. Science is arguably the defining feature of our age. For anyone who hopes to understand its nature, this lively and thoughtful book provides the perfect starting point.

Systematics and the Origin of Species, from the Viewpoint of a Zoologist


Author: Ernst Mayr
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674862500
Category: Science
Page: 334
View: 4475

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Ernst Mayr is perhaps the most distinguished biologist of the twentieth century, and "Systematics and the Origin of Species" may be one of his greatest and most influential books. This classic study, first published in 1942, helped to revolutionize evolutionary biology by offering a new approach to taxonomic principles and correlating the ideas and findings of modern systematics with those of other life science disciplines. This book is one of the foundational documents of the "Evolutionary Synthesis." It is the book in which Mayr pioneered his new concept of species based chiefly on such biological factors as interbreeding and reproductive isolation, taking into account ecology, geography, and life history. In his new introduction for this edition, Mayr reflects on the place of this enduring work in the subsequent history of his field.

Tree Thinking

An Introduction to Phylogenetic Biology
Author: David A. Baum,Stacey D. Smith
Publisher: Roberts & Company
ISBN: 9781936221165
Category: Science
Page: 476
View: 8721

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Baum and Smith, both professors evolutionary biology and researchers in the field of systematics, present this highly accessible introduction to phylogenetics and its importance in modern biology. Ever since Darwin, the evolutionary histories of organisms have been portrayed in the form of branching trees or "phylogenies." However, the broad significance of the phylogenetic trees has come to be appreciated only quite recently. Phylogenetics has myriad applications in biology, from discovering the features present in ancestral organisms, to finding the sources of invasive species and infectious diseases, to identifying our closest living (and extinct) hominid relatives. Taking a conceptual approach, Tree Thinking introduces readers to the interpretation of phylogenetic trees, how these trees can be reconstructed, and how they can be used to answer biological questions. Examples and vivid metaphors are incorporated throughout, and each chapter concludes with a set of problems, valuable for both students and teachers. Tree Thinking is must-have textbook for any student seeking a solid foundation in this fundamental area of evolutionary biology.

Essential Bioinformatics


Author: Jin Xiong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113945062X
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 821

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Essential Bioinformatics is a concise yet comprehensive textbook of bioinformatics, which provides a broad introduction to the entire field. Written specifically for a life science audience, the basics of bioinformatics are explained, followed by discussions of the state-of-the-art computational tools available to solve biological research problems. All key areas of bioinformatics are covered including biological databases, sequence alignment, genes and promoter prediction, molecular phylogenetics, structural bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics. The book emphasizes how computational methods work and compares the strengths and weaknesses of different methods. This balanced yet easily accessible text will be invaluable to students who do not have sophisticated computational backgrounds. Technical details of computational algorithms are explained with a minimum use of mathematical formulae; graphical illustrations are used in their place to aid understanding. The effective synthesis of existing literature as well as in-depth and up-to-date coverage of all key topics in bioinformatics make this an ideal textbook for all bioinformatics courses taken by life science students and for researchers wishing to develop their knowledge of bioinformatics to facilitate their own research.

The Kingdom of Fungi


Author: Jens H. Petersen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400846870
Category: Nature
Page: 272
View: 8215

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The fungi realm has been called the "hidden kingdom," a mysterious world populated by microscopic spores, gigantic mushrooms and toadstools, and a host of other multicellular organisms ranging widely in color, size, and shape. The Kingdom of Fungi provides an intimate look at the world's astonishing variety of fungi species, from cup fungi and lichens to truffles and tooth fungi, clubs and corals, and jelly fungi and puffballs. This beautifully illustrated book features more than 800 stunning color photographs as well as a concise text that describes the biology and ecology of fungi, fungal morphology, where fungi grow, and human interactions with and uses of fungi. The Kingdom of Fungi is a feast for the senses, and the ideal reference for naturalists, researchers, and anyone interested in fungi. Reveals fungal life as never seen before Features more than 800 stunning color photos Describes fungal biology, morphology, distribution, and uses A must-have reference book for naturalists and researchers

Genetics and the Origin of Species


Author: Theodosius Dobzhansky,Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231054751
Category: Science
Page: 364
View: 7409

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Featuring an introduction by Stephen Jay Gould, "Genetics and the Origin of Species" presents the first edition of Dobzhansky's groundbreaking and now classic inquiry into what has emerged as the most important single area of scientific inquiry in the twentieth century: biological theory of evolution. Genetics and the Origin of Species went through three editions (1937, 1941, and 1951) in which the importance accorded natural selection changed radically.