The Tree of Life

A Phylogenetic Classification
Author: Guillaume Lecointre,Hervé Le Guyader
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674021839
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 1216

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Did you know that you are more closely related to a mushroom than to a daisy? That crocodiles are closer to birds than to lizards? That dinosaurs are still among us? That the terms "fish," "reptiles," and "invertebrates" do not indicate scientific groupings? All this is the result of major changes in classification, whose methods have been totally revisited over the last thirty years. Modern classification, based on phylogeny, no longer places humans at the center of nature. Groups of organisms are no longer defined by their general appearance, but by their different individual characteristics. Phylogeny, therefore, by showing common ancestry, outlines a tree of evolutionary relationships from which one can retrace the history of life. This book diagrams the tree of life according to the most recent methods of classification. By showing how life forms arose and developed and how they are related, The Tree of Life presents a key to the living world in all its dazzling variety.,

Using the Biological Literature

A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition
Author: Diane Schmidt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466558571
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 412
View: 3302

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The biological sciences cover a broad array of literature types, from younger fields like molecular biology with its reliance on recent journal articles, genomic databases, and protocol manuals to classic fields such as taxonomy with its scattered literature found in monographs and journals from the past three centuries. Using the Biological Literature: A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition is an annotated guide to selected resources in the biological sciences, presenting a wide-ranging list of important sources. This completely revised edition contains numerous new resources and descriptions of all entries including textbooks. The guide emphasizes current materials in the English language and includes retrospective references for historical perspective and to provide access to the taxonomic literature. It covers both print and electronic resources including monographs, journals, databases, indexes and abstracting tools, websites, and associations—providing users with listings of authoritative informational resources of both classical and recently published works. With chapters devoted to each of the main fields in the basic biological sciences, this book offers a guide to the best and most up-to-date resources in biology. It is appropriate for anyone interested in searching the biological literature, from undergraduate students to faculty, researchers, and librarians. The guide includes a supplementary website dedicated to keeping URLs of electronic and web-based resources up to date, a popular feature continued from the third edition.

6th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics


Author: Miguel P. Rocha,Nicholas Luscombe,Florentino Fdez-Riverola,Juan M. Corchado Rodríguez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642288391
Category: Computers
Page: 286
View: 1736

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The growth in the Bioinformatics and Computational Biology fields over the last few years has been remarkable and the trend is to increase its pace. In fact, the need for computational techniques that can efficiently handle the huge amounts of data produced by the new experimental techniques in Biology is still increasing driven by new advances in Next Generation Sequencing, several types of the so called omics data and image acquisition, just to name a few. The analysis of the datasets that produces and its integration call for new algorithms and approaches from fields such as Databases, Statistics, Data Mining, Machine Learning, Optimization, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Within this scenario of increasing data availability, Systems Biology has also been emerging as an alternative to the reductionist view that dominated biological research in the last decades. Indeed, Biology is more and more a science of information requiring tools from the computational sciences. In the last few years, we have seen the surge of a new generation of interdisciplinary scientists that have a strong background in the biological and computational sciences. In this context, the interaction of researchers from different scientific fields is, more than ever, of foremost importance boosting the research efforts in the field and contributing to the education of a new generation of Bioinformatics scientists. PACBB‘12 hopes to contribute to this effort promoting this fruitful interaction. PACBB'12 technical program included 32 papers from a submission pool of 61 papers spanning many different sub-fields in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology. Therefore, the conference will certainly have promoted the interaction of scientists from diverse research groups and with a distinct background (computer scientists, mathematicians, biologists). The scientific content will certainly be challenging and will promote the improvement of the work that is being developed by each of the participants.

Biosystematik


Author: Guillaume Lecointre,Hervé Le Guyader
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540299793
Category: Science
Page: 696
View: 3224

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Wussten Sie, dass Sie mit einem Röhrling näher verwandt sind als mit einem Gänseblümchen oder Vögel den Krokodilen näher sind als Eidechsen? In den letzten 30 Jahren sind die Methoden der Klassifikation des Lebens völlig neu überdacht worden. Das Resultat stellt die bisherige Einteilung der mehr als 2 Millionen bekannten Arten auf den Kopf. Das Buch hilft, die organismische Vielfalt zu bewältigen, indem wesentliche Einteilungs- und Ordnungskriterien vorgestellt und bedeutende stammesgeschichtliche Entwicklungslinien diskutiert werden.

Encyclopedia of Astrobiology


Author: Muriel Gargaud,Ricardo Amils,Henderson James Cleaves
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642112714
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 1853
View: 7587

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Astrobiology is a remarkably interdisciplinary field. This reference serves as a key to understanding technical terms from the different subfields of astrobiology, including astronomy, biology, chemistry, the geosciences and the space sciences.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 3000

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Die Kunst der Benennung


Author: Michael Ohl
Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3957571340
Category: Science
Page: 317
View: 8453

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1942, mitten im Zweiten Weltkrieg, führt Hitler einen ganz persönlichen Kampf: den Kampf für die Spitzmaus. Biologen, die sich erdreistet hatten, dem irrtümlich als "Maus" bezeichneten Tier einen anderen Namen zu verpassen, drohte er mit einem Arbeitseinsatz an der Ostfront. Um die richtigen Namen für die Natur wird - wenn auch weniger dramatisch - seit jeher gerungen. Entgegen der ausgefeilten Systematik der Tierkategorisierung unterliegt die Namensgebung selbst der Freiheit des Entdeckers und gestaltet sich entsprechend kunstvoll wie kontrovers. Doch wie passt das mit dem Exaktheitsanspruch der Naturwissenschaft zusammen? In einer unterhaltsamen Expedition durch die Geschichte der Naturkunde, durch Museen und Wildnis, eröffnet uns Michael Ohl eine eigentümliche, faszinierende Sprachwelt, die sich von volkstümlichen Bezeichnungen über die Systematisierung bei Linné bis hin zur Genetik stetig weiterentwickelt hat. Er erzählt die Geschichte von waghalsigen Abenteurern und sammelwütigen Sonderlingen und erkärt, warum der Maulwurf sein Maul bei sich behält und das Murmeltier pfeift und nicht murmelt. Mit diesem Verständnis des sinnlichen Wechselspiels von Kultur und Natur können wir begreifen, warum die "Diva unter den Pferdebremsen" mit goldenem Hinterteil den Namen von Beyoncé trägt, und was es mit der merkwürdigen Art "Homo sapiens" auf sich hat.

Vertebrate Biology


Author: Donald W. Linzey
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 530
View: 9311

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This long-awaited entry into the Vertebrate Biology market has been praised for its student-friendly writing style. The text contains many pedagogical aids for students including boldface key terms throughout and a comprehensive glossary. End-of-chapter pedagogy includes a list of supplemental readings, a listing of related Internet sites, and chapter review questions.

Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences


Author: Thomas Heams,Philippe Huneman,Guillaume Lecointre,Marc Silberstein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401790140
Category: Science
Page: 910
View: 1998

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The Darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and this book presents the details of the core of modern Darwinism and its latest developmental directions. The authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life. The second part of this book scrutinizes Darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, Darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. The final section addresses anti-Darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools. The reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. This work examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits. Scholars interested in modern Darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find this book an excellent read, and those considering how Darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable. Originally produced in French (Les Mondes Darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of the book have led to the production of this English text, to reach a wider audience. This book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by Francophone scholars into the world of Darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades. Alex Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Duke University Until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. Thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves. Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge

Biology: The Dynamic Science


Author: Peter J. Russell,Paul E. Hertz,Beverly McMillan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305389891
Category: Science
Page: 1520
View: 4791

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Russell/Hertz/McMillan, BIOLOGY: THE DYNAMIC SCIENCE 4e and MindTap teach Biology the way scientists practice it by emphasizing and applying science as a process. You learn not only what scientists know, but how they know it, and what they still need to learn. The authors explain complex ideas clearly and describe how biologists collect and interpret evidence to test hypotheses about the living world. Throughout, Russell and MindTap provide engaging applications, develop quantitative analysis and mathematical reasoning skills, and build conceptual understanding. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Ancestors and Relatives

Genealogy, Identity, and Community
Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912319
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 5138

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Genealogy has long been one of humanity's greatest obsessions. But with the rise of genetics, and increasing media attention to it through programs like Who Do You Think You Are? and Faces of America, we are now told that genetic markers can definitively tell us who we are and where we came from. The problem, writes Eviatar Zerubavel, is that biology does not provide us with the full picture. After all, he asks, why do we consider Barack Obama black even though his mother was white? Why did the Nazis believe that unions of Germans and Jews would produce Jews rather than Germans? In this provocative book, he offers a fresh understanding of relatedness, showing that its social logic sometimes overrides the biological reality it supposedly reflects. In fact, rather than just biological facts, social traditions of remembering and classifying shape the way we trace our ancestors, identify our relatives, and delineate families, ethnic groups, nations, and species. Furthermore, genealogies are more than mere records of history. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, Zerubavel introduces such concepts as braiding, clipping, pasting, lumping, splitting, stretching, and pruning to shed light on how we manipulate genealogies to accommodate personal and collective agendas of inclusion and exclusion. Rather than simply find out who our ancestors were and identify our relatives, we actually construct the genealogical narratives that make them our ancestors and relatives. An eye-opening re-examination of our very notion of relatedness, Ancestors and Relatives offers a new way of understanding family, ethnicity, nationhood, race, and humanity.

Kunstformen der Natur


Author: Ernst Haeckel
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3867415773
Category:
Page: 400
View: 9885

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"Die Natur erzeugt im ihrem Scho e eine unersch pfliche F lle von wunderbaren Gestalten, durch deren Sch nheit und Mannigfaltigkeit alle vom Menschen geschaffenen Kunstformen weitaus bertroffen werden." Der Naturwissenschaftler Ernst Haeckel stellt in seinem Werk sthetische Formen aus Bereichen der Botanik und der Zoologie zusammen. Zahlreiche Schwarzwei - und Farbabbildungen. Nachdruck der Komplettausgabe von 1904 mit 100 Tafeln und dem "Supplement-Heft" .

Die Dreifachhelix

Gen, Organismus und Umwelt
Author: Richard Lewontin
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642561632
Category: Science
Page: 135
View: 4644

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Dieses allgemein verständliche Buch eines weltbekannten Evolutionsbiologen gibt einen brilliant geschriebenen Überblick über die Auswirkungen der Evolutionsbiologie und Genforschung auf die menschliche Gesellschaft. Ausführlich analysiert und kommentiert der Autor insbesondere weit verbreitete falsche Vorstellungen, die oft das Verständnis von Biologie und Evolution behindern. Der Titel "Die Dreifachhelix" bezieht sich auf die drei Komponenten, die bei der Evolution eine Rolle spielen: Gen, Organismus, Umwelt. Alle wissenschaftlichen Interessierten, die sich mit politischen Fragen im Zusammenhang mit Genforschung befassen sowie Mathematiker und Informatiker, die sich in biologischen Fragen einarbeiten wollen, finden in dem Buch eine hervorragende Grundlage. "...das Nachdenken eines ganzen wissenschaftlichen Lebens über Genetik und Evolution ist in diesem kleinen, eleganten und Maßstäbe setzenden Buch konzentriert..." Nature Nov. 2000

Natürliche schöpfungsgeschichte

Gemeinverständliche wissenschaftliche vorträge über die entwickelungslehre im allgemeinen und diejenige von Darwin, Goethe und Lamarck im besonderen
Author: Ernst Haeckel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Evolution (Biology)
Page: 688
View: 5344

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Choice

A Classified Cumulation : Volumes 1-10, March 1964--February 1974
Author: Richard K. Gardner,Phyllis Grumm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Best books
Page: N.A
View: 5322

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