Classes of Finite Groups


Author: Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches,Luis M. Ezquerro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402047193
Category: Mathematics
Page: 381
View: 9202

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This book covers the latest achievements of the Theory of Classes of Finite Groups. It introduces some unpublished and fundamental advances in this Theory and provides a new insight into some classic facts in this area. By gathering the research of many authors scattered in hundreds of papers the book contributes to the understanding of the structure of finite groups by adapting and extending the successful techniques of the Theory of Finite Soluble Groups.

The Theory of Classes of Groups


Author: Guo Wenbin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401140545
Category: Mathematics
Page: 258
View: 8466

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One of the characteristics of modern algebra is the development of new tools and concepts for exploring classes of algebraic systems, whereas the research on individual algebraic systems (e. g. , groups, rings, Lie algebras, etc. ) continues along traditional lines. The early work on classes of alge bras was concerned with showing that one class X of algebraic systems is actually contained in another class F. Modern research into the theory of classes was initiated in the 1930's by Birkhoff's work [1] on general varieties of algebras, and Neumann's work [1] on varieties of groups. A. I. Mal'cev made fundamental contributions to this modern development. ln his re ports [1, 3] of 1963 and 1966 to The Fourth All-Union Mathematics Con ference and to another international mathematics congress, striking the ories of classes of algebraic systems were presented. These were later included in his book [5]. International interest in the theory of formations of finite groups was aroused, and rapidly heated up, during this time, thanks to the work of Gaschiitz [8] in 1963, and the work of Carter and Hawkes [1] in 1967. The major topics considered were saturated formations, Fitting classes, and Schunck classes. A class of groups is called a formation if it is closed with respect to homomorphic images and subdirect products. A formation is called saturated provided that G E F whenever Gjip(G) E F.

Arboreal Group Theory

Proceedings of a Workshop Held September 13 - 16, 1988 [at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, Berkeley, CA]
Author: Roger C. Alperin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387975184
Category: Mathematics
Page: 368
View: 3544

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Millions of Americans worked hard to elect Barack Obama. Now they're asking themselves, What's next? How do we keep the momentum going? 50 Simple Ways You Can Help Obama Change America describes actions citizens can take to clean up the mess, enact Obama's core campaign promises, and move the country forward.

A Course in the Theory of Groups


Author: Derek J.S. Robinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441985948
Category: Mathematics
Page: 502
View: 8349

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"An excellent up-to-date introduction to the theory of groups. It is general yet comprehensive, covering various branches of group theory. The 15 chapters contain the following main topics: free groups and presentations, free products, decompositions, Abelian groups, finite permutation groups, representations of groups, finite and infinite soluble groups, group extensions, generalizations of nilpotent and soluble groups, finiteness properties." —-ACTA SCIENTIARUM MATHEMATICARUM

Formal Groups and Applications


Author: Michiel Hazewinkel
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082185349X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 573
View: 7879

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This title provides a comprehensive treatment of the theory of formal groups and its numerous applications in several areas of mathematics. The seven chapters of the book present basics and main results of the theory, as well as very important applications in algebraic topology, number theory, and algebraic geometry.

Semigroups and Their Applications

Proceedings of the International Conference “Algebraic Theory of Semigroups and Its Applications” held at the California State University, Chico, April 10–12, 1986
Author: Simon M. Goberstein,Peter M. Higgins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027724632
Category: Mathematics
Page: 211
View: 549

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Most papers published in this volume are based on lectures presented at the Chico Conference on Semigroups held on the Chico campus of the Cal ifornia State University on April 10-12, 1986. The conference was spon sored by the California State University, Chico in cooperation with the Engineering Computer Sciences Department of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. The program included seven 50-minute addresses and seventeen 30-minute lectures. Speakers were invited by the organizing committee consisting of S. M. Goberstein and P. M. Higgins. The purpose of the conference was to bring together some of the leading researchers in the area of semigroup theory for a discussion of major recent developments in the field. The algebraic theory of semigroups is growing so rapidly and new important results are being produced at such a rate that the need for another meeting was well justified. It was hoped that the conference would help to disseminate new results more rapidly among those working in semi groups and related areas and that the exchange of ideas would stimulate research in the subject even further. These hopes were realized beyond all expectations.

Group Theory in China


Author: Zhexian Wan,Sheng-Ming Shi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792339892
Category: Mathematics
Page: 261
View: 2324

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Hsio-Fu Tuan is a Chinese mathematician who has made important contributions to the theories of both finite groups and Lie groups. He has also had a great influence on the development of algebra, and particularly group theory in China. The present volume consists of a collection of essays on various aspects of group theory written by some of his former students and colleagues in honour of his 80th birthday. The papers contain the main general results, as well as recent ones, on certain topics within this discipline. The chief editor, Zhe-Xian Wan, is a leading algebraist in China.

The Theory and Applications of Harmonic Integrals


Author: W. V. D. Hodge
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521358811
Category: Mathematics
Page: 284
View: 1792

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First published in 1941, this book, by one of the foremost geometers of his day, rapidly became a classic. In its original form the book constituted a section of Hodge's essay for which the Adam's prize of 1936 was awarded, but the author substantially revised and rewrote it. The book begins with an exposition of the geometry of manifolds and the properties of integrals on manifolds. The remainder of the book is then concerned with the application of the theory of harmonic integrals to other branches of mathematics, particularly to algebraic varieties and to continuous groups. Differential geometers and workers in allied subjects will welcome this reissue both for its lucid account of the subject and for its historical value. For this paperback edition, Professor Sir Michael Atiyah has written a foreword that sets Hodges work in its historical context and relates it briefly to developments.

Applications of the Theory of Groups in Mechanics and Physics


Author: Petre P. Teodorescu,Nicolae-A.P. Nicorovici
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402020469
Category: Mathematics
Page: 446
View: 9375

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The notion of group is fundamental in our days, not only in mathematics, but also in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, theory of relativity, quantum mechanics, theory of elementary particles, etc. This notion has developed during a century and this development is connected with the names of great mathematicians as E. Galois, A. L. Cauchy, C. F. Gauss, W. R. Hamilton, C. Jordan, S. Lie, E. Cartan, H. Weyl, E. Wigner, and of many others. In mathematics, as in other sciences, the simple and fertile ideas make their way with difficulty and slowly; however, this long history would have been of a minor interest, had the notion of group remained connected only with rather restricted domains of mathematics, those in which it occurred at the beginning. But at present, groups have invaded almost all mathematical disciplines, mechanics, the largest part of physics, of chemistry, etc. We may say, without exaggeration, that this is the most important idea that occurred in mathematics since the invention of infinitesimal calculus; indeed, the notion of group expresses, in a precise and operational form, the vague and universal ideas of regularity and symmetry. The notion of group led to a profound understanding of the character of the laws which govern natural phenomena, permitting to formulate new laws, correcting certain inadequate formulations and providing unitary and non contradictory formulations for the investigated phenomena.

Applied Finite Group Actions


Author: Adalbert Kerber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540659419
Category: Mathematics
Page: 454
View: 2166

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Written by one of the top experts in the fields of combinatorics and representation theory, this book distinguishes itself from the existing literature by its applications-oriented point of view. The second edition is extended, placing more emphasis on applications to the constructive theory of finite structures. Recent progress in this field, in particular in design and coding theory, is described.

The Theory of Groups and Quantum Mechanics


Author: Hermann Weyl
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486602691
Category: Mathematics
Page: 422
View: 8172

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This landmark among mathematics texts applies group theory to quantum mechanics, first covering unitary geometry, quantum theory, groups and their representations, then applications themselves — rotation, Lorentz, permutation groups, symmetric permutation groups, and the algebra of symmetric transformations.

Identities of Algebras and Their Representations


Author: I͡Uriĭ Pitirimovich Razmyslov,Jurij P. Razmyslov,Yu. P. Razmyslov,︠I︡Uriĭ Pitirimovich Razmyslov
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821846087
Category: Mathematics
Page: 318
View: 1168

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During the past forty years, a new trend in the theory of associative algebras, Lie algebras, and their representations has formed under the influence of mathematical logic and universal algebra, namely, the theory of varieties and identities of associative algebras, Lie algebras, and their representations. The last twenty years have seen the creation of the method of 2-words and $\alpha$-functions, which allowed a number of problems in the theory of groups, rings, Lie algebras, and their representations to be solved in a unified way. The possibilities of this method are far from exhausted. This book sums up the applications of the method of 2-words and $\alpha$-functions in the theory of varieties and gives a systematic exposition of contemporary achievements in the theory of identities of algebras and their representations closely related to this method. The aim is to make these topics accessible to a wider group of mathematicians.

Mathematics Galore!

Masterclasses, Workshops and Team Projects in Mathematics and Its Applications
Author: Christopher Budd,Christopher Sangwin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198507703
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 254
View: 1632

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This book is a series of self-contained workshops in mathematics which aim to enthuse and inspire young people, their parents and teachers with the joy and excitement of modern mathematics. Written in an informal style, each chapter describes how novel mathematical ideas relate directly to real life. The chapters contain both a description of the mathematics and its applications together with problem sheets, their solutions and ideas for further work, project and field trips. Topics include; mazes, folk dancing, sundials, magic, castles, codes, number systems, and slide rules. This book should be accessible to young people from age thirteen upwards and yet contains material which should stretch the brightest students.

Encyclopaedia of Mathematics

Stochastic Approximation — Zygmund Class of Functions
Author: Michiel Hazewinkel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781556080081
Category: Mathematics
Page: 536
View: 3191

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This ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF MATHEMATICS aims to be a reference work for all parts of mathe matics. It is a translation with updates and editorial comments of the Soviet Mathematical Encyclopaedia published by 'Soviet Encyclopaedia Publishing House' in five volumes in 1977-1985. The annotated translation consists of ten volumes including a special index volume. There are three kinds of articles in this ENCYCLOPAEDIA. First of all there are survey-type articles dealing with the various main directions in mathematics (where a rather fme subdivi sion has been used). The main requirement for these articles has been that they should give a reasonably complete up-to-date account of the current state of affairs in these areas and that they should be maximally accessible. On the whole, these articles should be understandable to mathematics students in their first specialization years, to graduates from other mathematical areas and, depending on the specific subject, to specialists in other domains of science, en gineers and teachers of mathematics. These articles treat their material at a fairly general level and aim to give an idea of the kind of problems, techniques and concepts involved in the area in question. They also contain background and motivation rather than precise statements of precise theorems with detailed definitions and technical details on how to carry out proofs and constructions. The second kind of article, of medium length, contains more detailed concrete problems, results and techniques.

Topology and Its Applications

Proceedings of the International Topology Conference, Baku, October 3-8, 1987
Author: Sergeĭ Petrovich Novikov
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821831519
Category: Mathematics
Page: 250
View: 6649

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This book contains the proceedings of an international topology conference held in the town of Zagulba, near Baku in the former Soviet Union, in October 1987. Sponsored by the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of Azerbaijan and the Steklov Mathematical Institute, the conference was organized by F. G. Maksudov and S. P. Novikov. About 400 mathematicians, including about 100 foreigners, attended the conference. The book covers aspects of general, algebraic, and low-dimensional topology.

Algebraic and Geometric Surgery


Author: Andrew Ranicki
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198509240
Category: Mathematics
Page: 373
View: 8714

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'An excellent framework for various courses in Surgery Theory... very readable... I read this fine and carefully written book with great pleasure, and highly recommend it for everyone who wants to undertake a deeper study of Surgery Theory and its Applications.' -Alberto Cavicchioli (Modena), Zentralblatt MATHThis book is an introduction to surgery theory: the standard classification method for high-dimensional manifolds. It is aimed at graduate students, who have already had a basic topology course, and would now like to understand the topology of high-dimensional manifolds. This text contains entry-level accounts of the various prerequisites of both algebra and topology, including basic homotopy and homology, Poincare duality, bundles, cobordism, embeddings, immersions, Whitehead torsion, Poincare complexes, spherical fibrations and quadratic forms and formations. While concentrating on the basic mechanics of surgery, this book includes many worked examples, useful drawings for illustration of the algebra and references for further reading.

Characters of Finite Groups


Author: I_A. G. Berkovich,E. M. Zhmud_
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821897881
Category: Mathematics
Page: 332
View: 7971

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This book places character theory and its applications to finite groups within the reach of people with a comparatively modest mathematical background. The work concentrates mostly on applications of character theory to finite groups. The main themes are degrees and kernels of irreducible characters, the class number and the number of nonlinear irreducible characters, values of irreducible characters, characterizations and generalizations of Frobenius groups, and generalizations of monomial groups. The presentation is detailed, and many proofs of known results are new.

Recent Developments in Lie Algebras, Groups, and Representation Theory

2009-2011 Southeastern Lie Theory Workshop Series : Combinatorial Lie Theory and Applications, October 9-11, 2009, North Carolina State University : Homological Methods in Representation Theory, May 22-24, 2010, University of Georgia : Finite and Algebraic Groups, June 1-4, 2011, University of Virginia
Author: Kailash C. Misra,Daniel Ken Nakano,Brian Parshall
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821869175
Category: Mathematics
Page: 310
View: 2400

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This book contains the proceedings of the 2009-2011 Southeastern Lie Theory Workshop Series, held October 9-11, 2009 at North Carolina State University, May 22-24, 2010, at the University of Georgia, and June 1-4, 2011 at the University of Virginia. Some of the articles, written by experts in the field, survey recent developments while others include new results in Lie algebras, quantum groups, finite groups, and algebraic groups.

Mathematical Theory of Elasticity of Quasicrystals and Its Applications


Author: Tianyou Fan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642146430
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 350
View: 5582

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This inter-disciplinary work covering the continuum mechanics of novel materials, condensed matter physics and partial differential equations discusses the mathematical theory of elasticity of quasicrystals (a new condensed matter) and its applications by setting up new partial differential equations of higher order and their solutions under complicated boundary value and initial value conditions. The new theories developed here dramatically simplify the solving of complicated elasticity equation systems. Large numbers of complicated equations involving elasticity are reduced to a single or a few partial differential equations of higher order. Systematical and direct methods of mathematical physics and complex variable functions are developed to solve the equations under appropriate boundary value and initial value conditions, and many exact analytical solutions are constructed. The dynamic and non-linear analysis of deformation and fracture of quasicrystals in this volume presents an innovative approach. It gives a clear-cut, strict and systematic mathematical overview of the field. Comprehensive and detailed mathematical derivations guide readers through the work. By combining mathematical calculations and experimental data, theoretical analysis and practical applications, and analytical and numerical studies, readers will gain systematic, comprehensive and in-depth knowledge on continuum mechanics, condensed matter physics and applied mathematics.