The Textual Life of Savants

Ethnography, Iceland, and the Linguistic Turn
Author: Gisli Pálsson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134366612
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 9569

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First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Historical Dictionary of Iceland

Author: Sverrir Jakobsson,Gudmundur Halfdanarson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442262915
Category: History
Page: 342
View: 2913

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This third edition of Historical Dictionary of Iceland contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 200 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

Iceland Imagined

Nature, Culture, and Storytelling in the North Atlantic
Author: Karen Oslund
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295802995
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 8018

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Iceland, Greenland, Northern Norway, and the Faroe Islands lie on the edges of Western Europe, in an area long portrayed by travelers as remote and exotic - its nature harsh, its people reclusive. Since the middle of the eighteenth century, however, this marginalized region has gradually become part of modern Europe, a transformation that is narrated in Karen Oslund�s Iceland Imagined. This cultural and environmental history sweeps across the dramatic North Atlantic landscape, exploring its unusual geography, saga narratives, language, culture, and politics, and analyzing its emergence as a distinctive and symbolic part of Europe. The earliest visions of a wild frontier, filled with dangerous and unpredictable inhabitants, eventually gave way to images of beautiful, well-managed lands, inhabited by simple but virtuous people living close to nature. This transformation was accomplished by state-sponsored natural histories of Iceland which explained that the monsters described in medieval and Renaissance travel accounts did not really exist, and by artists who painted the Icelandic landscapes to reflect their fertile and regulated qualities. Literary scholars and linguists who came to Iceland and Greenland in the nineteenth century related the stories and the languages of the �wild North� to those of their home countries.

Images of Contemporary Iceland

Everyday Lives and Global Contexts
Author: Gisli Palsson,E. Paul Durrenberger
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1587293544
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
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The Anthropology of Iceland presents the first perspectives on Icelandic anthropology from both Icelandic and foreign anthropologists. The thirteen essays in this volume are divided into four themes: ideology and action; kinship and gender; culture, class, and ethnicity; and the Commonwealth period of circa 930 to 1220, which saw the flowering of sagas. Insider and outsider viewpoints on such topics as the Icelandic women's movement, the transformation of the fishing industry, the idea of mystical power in modern Iceland, and archaeological research in Iceland merge to form an international, comparative discourse. Individually and collectively, by bringing the insights of anthropology to bear on Iceland, the native and foreign authors of this volume carry Iceland into the realm of modern anthropology, advancing our understanding of the island's people and the practice of anthropology.

Class Acts

An Anthropology of Urban Workers and Their Union
Author: E. Paul Durrenberger,Suzan Erem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131726231X
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
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American labor leaders are constantly developing new programs to revive the union movement. What happens when these plans collide with the daily lives of front-line union staff and members? This book examines the often conflicting interests of key players in the trenches of a national effort to bring back the American labor movement. Brutally honest, funny, never dull, this anthropological ethnography shows the daily struggles of union members today to bring about positive change and hold together their urban labor union in an era of globalization, outsourcing, and deindustrialization. A union activist and an anthropologist (the authors) pair up to offer insideoutside views of labor unions and of how anthropological fieldwork is done. Explaining, coaching, and warning Paul of hazards, Suzan, the communications director for the Local, provides inside views and details of day-to-day interactions. Paul, the anthropologist, provides outside analytical views that related Suzan's experiences and his own observations to the wider view anthropology offers through ethnography, holism, and comparativism. The result is a story of one dynamic union local, one anthropological study, and the lit fuse that connects them until the end.

The Anthropology of Iceland

Author: Edward Paul Durrenberger,Gísli Pálsson
Publisher: N.A
Category: Ethnologie - Islande
Page: 258
View: 1391

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These papers on the anthropology of Iceland were presented at a conference in Iowa City, Iowa in May 1987, and include historical and archaeological studies, the position of women in society and a chapter on Icelandic-Canadians in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Writing on Ice

The Ethnographic Notebooks of Vilhjalmur Stefansson
Author: Vilhjalmur Stefansson,Gísli Pálsson
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 9781584651192
Category: Social Science
Page: 351
View: 702

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An extensive account of the often elusive anthropology of a famed Arctic explorer.

Mesolithic Studies in the North Sea Basin and Beyond

Proceedings of a Conference Held at Newcastle in 2003
Author: Clive Waddington,Kristian Pedersen
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
ISBN: 9781842172247
Category: History
Page: 158
View: 4474

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The North Sea has acted as both physical barrier, separating regions from each other, and as the principal means of communication between the same. This duality can also be seen in its potential to be both yielding and destructive; providing food and resources, but also being capable of causing catastrophe. These paradoxical qualities are unlikely to have been lost on our hunter-gatherer ancestors, and they remain relevent to the way that the sea is perceived today. The sixteen papers in this edited volume look at the impact the North Sea had on Northern Europe in the Mesolithic period.

Human Ecology As Human Behavior

Essays in Environmental and Development Anthropology
Author: John William Bennett
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412825627
Category: Nature
Page: 387
View: 8558

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Human interaction with the natural environment has a dual character. By turning increasing quantities of natural substances into physical resources, human beings might be said to have freed themselves from the constraints of low-technology survival pressures. However, the process has generated a new dependence on nature in the form of complex "socionatural systems", as Bennett calls them, in which human society and behavior are so interlocked with the management of the environment that small changes in the systems can lead to disaster. Bennett's essays cover a wide range: from the philosophy of environmentalism to the ecology of economic development; from the human impact on semi-arid lands to the ecology of Japanese forest management. This expanded paperback edition includes a new chapter on the role of anthropology in economic development. Bennett's essays exhibit an underlying pessimism: if human behavior toward the physical environment is the distinctive cause of environmental abuse, then reform of current management practices offers only temporary relief; that is, conservationism, like democracy, must be continually reaffirmed. Clearly presented and free of jargon, Human Ecology as Human Behavior will be of interest to anthropologists, economists, and environmentalists.

Anthropological Other Or Burmese Brother?

Studies in Cultural Analysis
Author: Melford E. Spiro
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412817288
Category: Social Science
Page: 250
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The studies collected in this volume represent Spiro's contention that despite marked differences, non-Western peoples are "brother," not "other," and that the opportunity to construct a genuine cross-cultural science with commanding universals remains compelling. Melford E. Spiro is the author.

Gene Technology and Economy

Author: Susanne Lundin,Lynn Åkesson
Publisher: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 117
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Since the late 1990s, few areas of science have been able to compete with genetics when it comes to attracting public interest. The mapping of the entire human gene pool, the Hugo project, makes clear that genetics and gene technology concern life itself. The analysis of the human DNA means that new medicines can be designed, but also that human genetic material can be patented and commercialized. In this volume scholars shed light on the links between biotechnology and economics from a multidisciplinary perspective. Patent on genes, national and global power (im)balance, as well as human and plant genomics, are discussed.

A river of blessings

essays in honor of Paul Baxter
Author: David Brokensha
Publisher: Syracuse Univ
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
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From Theory to Method and Back Again
Author: Michael William Coy
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791400609
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 7931

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This book examines the phenomenon of apprenticeship by exploring it as a social, economic, and educational institution. Studies of apprenticeship in both craft occupations and supernatural specializations in Africa, Latin America, North America, and Asia are offered. The authors also look at apprenticeship as a method in anthropological field research. Many of the contributors have apprenticed themselves in other-cultural settings, providing a unique marriage of subject and method in cross-cultural research. Esther N. Goody provides a summary look at learning, apprenticeship and the division of labor.

Across the Great Divide

Journeys in History and Anthropology
Author: Bronwen Douglas
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9789057023064
Category: History
Page: 358
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Across the Great Divide tracks a Pacific historian's fruitful, ambivalent engagements with History and Anthropology, anticipating experiments in each discipline with the other's theories, and praxis. The revised and new essays comprising this collection provide systematic critiques of aspects of received scholarly wisdom about Oceania and are linked by reflexive commentaries addressing recent postcolonial concerns. A varied but coherent set of ethnographic and historical narratives about colonial encounters in Island Melanesia is informed by particular critical focus on the paradoxes and politics of knowing indigenous pasts through colonial texts.

Savage Money

Author: C.A. Gregory
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135299404
Category: Social Science
Page: 357
View: 7322

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This volume is not simply another general theory of world system. It is a theoretically and ethnographically informed collection of essays which opens up new questions through an examination of concrete cases, covering global and local questions of political economy.