The Textual Life of Savants

Ethnography, Iceland, and the Linguistic Turn
Author: Gisli Pálsson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113436654X
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 3217

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First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Magical Body

Power, Fame and Meaning in a Melanesian Society
Author: Richard Eves
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134410506
Category: Social Science
Page: 302
View: 6310

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An intriguing exploration of the role and significance of the body in the world of a Pacific Islands People, the Lelet of New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). In vivid ethnographic detail, the monograph captures the fluidity and complexity of Lelet conceptions of corporeality and their significance to identity as they encounter the influences of modernity, in the form of colonialism, Christianity and cash-cropping. The author examines the importance of the body to constructions of identity and difference, and its role in the constitution of place and space. The book provides a richly detailed ethnographic study of magical belief and the body whilst paying particular attention to the polyvalent meanings of bodily images and metaphors as they are used in numerous contexts of magic.

Savage Money

Author: C.A. Gregory
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135299404
Category: Social Science
Page: 357
View: 6699

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This volume is not simply another general theory of world system. It is a theoretically and ethnographically informed collection of essays which opens up new questions through an examination of concrete cases, covering global and local questions of political economy.

Images of Contemporary Iceland

Everyday Lives and Global Contexts
Author: Gisli Palsson,E. Paul Durrenberger
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
Category: Social Science
Page: 284
View: 1308

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The Anthropology of Iceland presents the first perspectives on Icelandic anthropology from both Icelandic and foreign anthropologists. The thirteen essays in this volume are divided into four themes: ideology and action; kinship and gender; culture, class, and ethnicity; and the Commonwealth period of circa 930 to 1220, which saw the flowering of sagas. Insider and outsider viewpoints on such topics as the Icelandic women's movement, the transformation of the fishing industry, the idea of mystical power in modern Iceland, and archaeological research in Iceland merge to form an international, comparative discourse. Individually and collectively, by bringing the insights of anthropology to bear on Iceland, the native and foreign authors of this volume carry Iceland into the realm of modern anthropology, advancing our understanding of the island's people and the practice of anthropology.

Mesolithic Studies in the North Sea Basin and Beyond

Proceedings of a Conference Held at Newcastle in 2003
Author: Clive Waddington,Kristian Pedersen
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
ISBN: 9781842172247
Category: History
Page: 158
View: 1741

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The North Sea has acted as both physical barrier, separating regions from each other, and as the principal means of communication between the same. This duality can also be seen in its potential to be both yielding and destructive; providing food and resources, but also being capable of causing catastrophe. These paradoxical qualities are unlikely to have been lost on our hunter-gatherer ancestors, and they remain relevent to the way that the sea is perceived today. The sixteen papers in this edited volume look at the impact the North Sea had on Northern Europe in the Mesolithic period.

A river of blessings

essays in honor of Paul Baxter
Author: David Brokensha
Publisher: Syracuse Univ
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 3426

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Gene Technology and Economy

Author: Susanne Lundin,Lynn Åkesson
Publisher: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 117
View: 1076

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Since the late 1990s, few areas of science have been able to compete with genetics when it comes to attracting public interest. The mapping of the entire human gene pool, the Hugo project, makes clear that genetics and gene technology concern life itself. The analysis of the human DNA means that new medicines can be designed, but also that human genetic material can be patented and commercialized. In this volume scholars shed light on the links between biotechnology and economics from a multidisciplinary perspective. Patent on genes, national and global power (im)balance, as well as human and plant genomics, are discussed.

The Anthropology of Iceland

Author: Edward Paul Durrenberger,Gísli Pálsson
Publisher: N.A
Category: Ethnologie - Islande
Page: 258
View: 4432

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These papers on the anthropology of Iceland were presented at a conference in Iowa City, Iowa in May 1987, and include historical and archaeological studies, the position of women in society and a chapter on Icelandic-Canadians in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Writing on Ice

The Ethnographic Notebooks of Vilhjalmur Stefansson
Author: Vilhjalmur Stefansson
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 9781584651192
Category: Social Science
Page: 351
View: 1404

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Between 1906 and 1918, anthropologist and explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson went on three long expeditions to the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic. He wrote voluminously about his travels and observations, as did others. Stefansson's fame was partly fueled by a series of controversies involving envious competitors in the race for public recognition. While many anthropological works refer to his writings and he continues to be cited in ethnographic and historical works on indigenous peoples of the North American Arctic, particularly the Inuit, his successes in exploration (the discovery and mapping of some of the last remaining land on earth) have overshadowed his anthropological work. Writing on Ice utilizes his extensive fieldwork diaries, now in Dartmouth's Special Collections, and contemporary photographs and sketches, some never before published, to bring to life the anthropology of the Arctic explorer. Gísli Pálsson situates the diaries in the context of that era's anthropological practice, early 20th-century expeditionary power relations, and the North American community surrounding Stefansson. He also examines the tension between the rhetoric of ethnography and exploration (the notion of the "friendly Arctic") and the reality of fieldwork and exploration, partly with reference to Stefansson's silence about his Inuit family.

Weather, climate, culture

Author: Sarah Strauss,Benjamin S. Orlove
Publisher: Berg Publishers
ISBN: 9781859736920
Category: Nature
Page: 307
View: 4381

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Throughout history, the weather has been both feared and revered for its powerful influence over living creatures. Not only does it control our moods, activities, and fashions, but it has also played a crucial role in broader issues of cultural identity, concepts of time, and economic development. In fact, the weather has become so ingrained in our everyday routines that many of us forget just how profoundly this omnipotent force shapes culture. With the continuing rise in global warming and consequential change in weather patterns, our awareness and understanding of this topic has never been so important. This fascinating book is the first to explore our close relationship with the weather. From folklore to visual representations, agricultural and health practices, and unusual weather events, Weather, Climate, Culturedemonstrates that the way we discuss and interpret meteorological phenomena concerns not only the events in question but, more complexly, the cultural, political, and historical framework in which we discuss them. Why is it politically safe to discuss current weather conditions, but highly controversial to discuss long-term climate change? Why are the British renowned for talking about the weather and why, in the eighteenth century, was this regarded as genteel? How can accounts of cultural or moral change be associated with narratives of changing climate and vice-versa? Drawing on a wide range of case studies from around the world, this pioneering book provides an original and lively perspective on a subject that continues to have an incalculable impact on the way we live. It will serve as a landmark text for years to come.


From Theory to Method and Back Again
Author: Michael William Coy
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791400609
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 540

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This book examines the phenomenon of apprenticeship by exploring it as a social, economic, and educational institution. Studies of apprenticeship in both craft occupations and supernatural specializations in Africa, Latin America, North America, and Asia are offered. The authors also look at apprenticeship as a method in anthropological field research. Many of the contributors have apprenticed themselves in other-cultural settings, providing a unique marriage of subject and method in cross-cultural research. Esther N. Goody provides a summary look at learning, apprenticeship and the division of labor.

Anthropological Other Or Burmese Brother?

Studies in Cultural Analysis
Author: Melford E. Spiro
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412817288
Category: Social Science
Page: 250
View: 3701

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The studies collected in this volume represent Spiro's contention that despite marked differences, non-Western peoples are "brother," not "other," and that the opportunity to construct a genuine cross-cultural science with commanding universals remains compelling. Melford E. Spiro is the author.

Human Ecology As Human Behavior

Essays in Environmental and Development Anthropology
Author: John William Bennett
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412825627
Category: Nature
Page: 387
View: 1969

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Human interaction with the natural environment has a dual character. By turning increasing quantities of natural substances into physical resources, human beings might be said to have freed themselves from the constraints of low-technology survival pressures. However, the process has generated a new dependence on nature in the form of complex "socionatural systems", as Bennett calls them, in which human society and behavior are so interlocked with the management of the environment that small changes in the systems can lead to disaster. Bennett's essays cover a wide range: from the philosophy of environmentalism to the ecology of economic development; from the human impact on semi-arid lands to the ecology of Japanese forest management. This expanded paperback edition includes a new chapter on the role of anthropology in economic development. Bennett's essays exhibit an underlying pessimism: if human behavior toward the physical environment is the distinctive cause of environmental abuse, then reform of current management practices offers only temporary relief; that is, conservationism, like democracy, must be continually reaffirmed. Clearly presented and free of jargon, Human Ecology as Human Behavior will be of interest to anthropologists, economists, and environmentalists.

Eine Geschichte der Neugier

die Kunst des Reisens 1550-1800
Author: Justin Stagl
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
ISBN: 9783205994626
Category: Anthropology
Page: 413
View: 5343

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Mein Buch behandelt zum erstenmal zusammenfassend die Techniken (und Methodologien) der Sozial- und Kulturforschung vormoderner gesellschaften. Im Unterschied zur vorherrschenden meinung geht es davon aus, dass es irgendeine Form empirischer Forschung auf diesen gebieten in allen menschlichen Gruppen und Gesellschaftsformen gegeben haben muss, da diese sich ansonsten nicht an andere gruppen sowie an die eigenen inneren Wandlungen hätten anpassen können. Ich unterscheide drei grundlegende Forschungstechniken: (1 ) das reisen, (2) die Umfrage und (3) das Sammeln und Interpretieren konkreter Objekte. Kapitel I-III folgen der Entwicklung dieser Techniken von den archaischen Gesellschaften über die frühen Hochkulturen (exemplifiziert durch den Alten Orient, Ägypten, Israel und die griechisch-römische Welt) und das Mittelalter bis zum Europa der Frühen Neuzeit. Das Zentrum des Buches bildet die Periode vom Späthumanismus bis wir "wissenschaftlichen revolution" (ca. 1570-1660), als alle drei Techniken verfeinert und zwei von ihnen, das Reisen und das Sammeln, zu formalen Kunstlehren wurden. In dieser Periode begannen auch die traditionellen Hemmnisse der Akkumulation der Resultate empirischer Sozial- und Kulturforschung und damit der Herausbildung der Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften, nämlich die Geheimhaltung und der Aktualismus, nachzugeben. Dies hat meiner Ansicht nach wesentlich zur Vorherrschaft des Westens über die anderen Weltkulturen beigetragen. Kapitel IV-VIII behandeln Einzelprobleme der darauffolgenden Periode von der "wissenschaftlichen Revolution" bis zur Epochenschwelle der Moderne (ca. 1660-1800). Sie hängen untereinander eng zusammen und fügen den Allgemeinaussagen der Kapitel I-III signifikante und lebensnahe Details hinzu.

Im Spiegel der Sprache

warum die Welt in anderen Sprachen anders aussieht
Author: Guy Deutscher
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406606892
Category: Comparative linguistics
Page: 320
View: 2106

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"Ich spreche Spanisch zu Gott, Italienisch zu den Frauen, Französisch zu den Männern und Deutsch zu meinem Pferd.' Die scherzhafte Vermutung Karls V., dass verschiedene Sprachen nicht in allen Situationen gleich gut zu gebrauchen sind, findet wohl auch heute noch breite Zustimmung. Doch ist sie aus sprachwissenschaftlicher Sicht haltbar? Sind alle Sprachen gleich komplex, oder ist Sprache ein Spiegel ihrer kulturellen Umgebung - sprechen 'primitive' Völker 'primitive' Sprachen? Und inwieweit sieht die Welt, wenn sie 'durch die Brille' einer anderen Sprache gesehen wird, anders aus? Das neue Buch des renommierten Linguisten Guy Deutscher ist eine sagenhafte Tour durch Länder, Zeiten und Sprachen. Auf seiner Reise zu den aktuellsten Ergebnissen der Sprachforschung geht Guy Deutscher mit Captain Cook auf Känguruh-Jagd, prüft mit William Gladstone die vermeintliche Farbblindheit der Griechen zur Zeit Homers und verfolgt Rudolf Virchow in Carl Hagenbecks Zoo auf dem Kurfürstendamm im Berlin des 19. Jahrhunderts. Mitreisende werden nicht nur mit einer glänzend unterhaltsamen Übersicht der Sprachforschung, mit humorvollen Highlights, unerwarteten Wendungen und klugen Antworten belohnt. Sie vermeiden auch einen Kardinalfehler, dem Philologen, Anthropologen und - wer hätte das gedacht - auch Naturwissenschaftler allzu lange aufgesessen sind: die Macht der Kultur zu unterschätzen." -- Publisher's website.

Jahrbuch 1994-95

Author: Ernst Meister Gesellschaft
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783890869537
Page: 165
View: 6296

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