The Sparking Discipline of Criminology

John Braithwaite and the Construction of Critical Social Science and Social Justice
Author: Stephan Parmentier
Publisher: Universitaire Pers Leuven
ISBN: 9058678830
Category: Political Science
Page: 164
View: 508

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In recent decades, the Australian social scientist John Braithwaite has played a crucial role in the development of international criminology. He is considered one of the most renowned criminologists of our time, and he has put his scientific engagement at the service of humanity and society by aiming at social justice, participatory democracy, sustainable development, and world peace. In this collection of essays well-known academics reflect on Braithwaite's work by addressing two leading questions: What are the implications of a republican theory of justice for criminology and criminal policy? And what is the role of academic criminology in today's social, political, and economic environment? The volume concludes with an extensive contribution from John Braithwaite himself in which he not only to the essays in the book but also addresses challenges to and future directions for academic criminology.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology


Author: Rod Morgan,Mike Maguire,Robert Reiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199590273
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 1029
View: 4861

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With contributions from leading academics, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology provides an authoritative collection of chapters covering the topics studied on criminology courses. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates, and includes extensive references to aid further research.

Soziologie der Kriminalität


Author: Dietrich Oberwittler,Dr Susanne Karstedt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531140599
Category: Social Science
Page: 508
View: 690

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Das Buch stellt den Stand der internationalen Forschung zur Soziologie der Kriminalitat vor. Es werden zentrale Theorien und Problemfelder diskutiert und neueste Ansatze mit richtungsweisendem Charakter beleuchtet. Mit Beitragen von Henner Hess, Sebastian Scheerer, David Garland, Steve Messner, John Hagan, Bill McCarthy, Oliver Morgenroth, Klaus Boehnke, Lydia Seus, Gerald Prein, Shadd Maruna, Stephen Farrall, John Braithwaite, Eva Schmitt-Rodermund, Rainer K. Silbereisen, Dirk Enzmann, Karin Brettfeld, Peter Wetzels, Alexander Vazsonyi, Christian Seipel, Stefanie Eifler, Willem de Haan, Letizia Paoli, Klaus Boers, Hans Theile, Kari-Maria Karliczek und Tim Hope.

The Exclusive Society

Social Exclusion, Crime and Difference in Late Modernity
Author: Professor Jock Young
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446240724
Category:
Page: 224
View: 3563

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In this major new work, which Zygmunt Bauman calls a '"tour de force" of breathtaking erudition and clarity', Jock Young charts the movement of the social fabric in the last third of the twenthieth century from an inclusive society of stability and homogeneity to an exclusive society of change and division. Jock Young, one of the foremost criminologists of our time, explores exclusion on three levels: economic exclusion from the labour market; social exclusion between people in civil society; and the ever-expanding exclusionary activities of the criminal justice system. Taking account of the massive dramatic structural and cultural changes that have beset our society and relating these to the quantum leap in crime and incivilities, Jock Young develops a major new theory based on a new citizenship and a reflexive modernity.

Controversial Issues in Criminology


Author: John R. Fuller,Eric W. Hickey
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780205272105
Category: Law
Page: 258
View: 5392

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Should prostitution be legalized? Are stalking laws effective? Is medical treatment a useful way to deal with criminal offenders? Are restorative justice processes too lenient toward offenders? These are some of the most hotly debated questions in the field of criminology, often sparking discomfort and anger among those who wish to know more about these issues. Now, Controversial Issues in Criminology attempts to provide factual information and a much-needed forum for discussion, utilizing a unique debate format to discuss controversial issues in the field of criminology. KEY TOPICS: Topics addressed in this book were chosen with a conscious effort to include those that are the most controversial. The contributing authors, each solicited because of their expertise in this area, come from a variety of backgrounds, academic disciplines and perspectives. In addition to such hot topics as prostitution, stalking, and the rehabilitation of criminals, the book also covers issues such as the "supersizing" of murder, government research on terrorism, stricter law enforcement for "techno-crimes," and the role of "community corrections." Law enforcement officers, corrections officers, educators, students of law enforcement, and anyone interested in issues of criminal justice and the correctional process.

Handbook of Critical Criminology


Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135192804
Category: Social Science
Page: 552
View: 1739

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The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology explores the most-up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. In addition to including cutting edge, original contributions made by many leading experts in the field, this book is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for students, faculty, policy makers, and practitioners.

The Oxford handbook of criminology


Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 1227
View: 2167

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This is the substantially updated and revised third edition of the highly acclaimed Handbook of Criminology. It is the most comprehensible and authoritative single volume guide to the subject; combining masterly reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the history of the discipline and reviews of different theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date reviews of such diverse topics as crime statistics, the criminal justice process, race and gender and the media and crime. It is essential reading for all teachers and students of criminology and an indispensable source book for professionals.

A primer in radical criminology


Author: Michael J. Lynch,W. Byron Groves
Publisher: Criminal Justice Press
ISBN: 9780911577068
Category: Social Science
Page: 125
View: 1070

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The contents of this book include the Marxist theories on state and law, the radical concept of crime, incipient radicalism: conflict and labeling approaches, the causes of crime: a radical view, traditional contributions to radical criminology, the radical perspective on policing, the American court system: a justice model, a critical interpretation of punishment and corrections,and the policy implications of the radical position.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 9772

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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Kultur der Kontrolle

Verbrechensbekämpfung und soziale Ordnung in der Gegenwart
Author: David Garland
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783593385853
Category: Crime prevention
Page: 394
View: 6318

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Offizielles Ziel staatlichen Strafens war bisher neben der Generalprävention vor allem die Wiedereingliederung von Straftätern in die Gesellschaft. Das wohlfahrtsstaatliche Behandeln und Resozialisieren ist jedoch in den letzten Jahrzehnten - insbesondere in den USA, aber in Anfängen auch bei uns - immer mehr verdrängt worden von zwei neuen Formen der Kriminalitätsbekämpfung: vorbeugende Kontrollen einerseits, von Alarmanlagen über Datensammlungen bis zu Bürgerwehren, harte und ausgrenzende Strafen andererseits. David Garland liefert eine brillante Analyse dieser neuen Formen der sozialen Kontrolle und der Kriminalpolitik sowie ihrer sozialen Hintergründe. Abschottung und verstärkte Überwachung einerseits, die Ausgrenzung großer Gruppen andererseits sind Anzeichen einer Entwicklung zum Law-and-Order-Staat mit der Tendenz zum Autoritarismus. Im Fokus steht nicht nur der Umgang mit Kriminalität, sondern die Frage, in welcher Gesellschaft wir leben wollen. David Garland ist bekannt als Gesellschaftsanalytiker und Strafrechtskritiker. Er ist Professor für Soziologie und Recht an der New York University.

Criminology


Author: Larry J. Siegel
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 5666

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Intended for courses in Criminological Theory in departments of criminal justice, sociology, and social work at both two- and four-year schools.This best-selling text offers a comprehensive look at all areas of criminological theory, crime typologies, and criminal justice systems areas. Renowned for its exhaustive research base, this book presents cutting-edge and seminal research as well as up-to-the minute policy and news-worthy examples. Rewritten for greater readability, this thoroughly revised edition achieves new heights of student accessibility through increased pedagogical aids including Thinking Like a Criminologist and Policy and Practice in Criminology.

Crime prevention and community safety

new directions
Author: Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 354
View: 7338

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`This text represents a major contribution to the literature on crime prevention and community safety. It goes beyond existing literature in bringing together sophisticated theoretical analysis on these topics which are core issues for government at local as well as national levels. And it also brings a much needed international perspective to our understanding of the local governance of crime' - Kevin Stenson, Professor of Criminology, Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides an essential introduction to the complex issues and debates in the field of crime control and the new politics of safety and security across the globe. Collectively the contributions to this volume present a critique of current policy and open up the field of study to new directions. While engaging with the dominant focus on `what works' in crime reduction and community safety, the book also moves beyond the traditionally narrow, technical boundaries of much previous debate. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions looks at: -The relationship between crime control, communities and the nation state; -The diverse and changing sites of conflict, compromise and collusion around crime control policies; -Wider issues relating to `risk', 'safety' and `security'. The central feature of the volume as a whole is a commitment to exploring new directions for research and analysis, theoretically, empirically and comparatively. In opening up the varying and volatile spaces for crime prevention and community safety within the more general politics of social order, the book provides a critical rethinking of traditional connections between criminology, social policy and politics. Crime Prevention and Community Safety will be essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, socio-legal studies, sociology of crime and deviance and social policy. This is a course Reader for The Open University course D863 Community Safety, Crime Prevention and Social Control

Rationalitäten der Gewalt

Staatliche Neuordnungen vom 19. bis zum 21. Jahrhundert
Author: Susanne Krasmann,Jürgen Martschukat
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839406803
Category: Political Science
Page: 294
View: 1553

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Moderne Gesellschaften beruhen auf dem Selbstverständnis, Gewalt einzuhegen, zugleich sind das Recht und die Pflicht zur Gewaltanwendung Grundprinzipien moderner Staatlichkeit. Gewalt, Ordnung und Staatlichkeit sind demnach konstitutiv aufeinander bezogen, doch ihr prekäres Verhältnis erscheint zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts umstrittener denn je. Konzepte wie Rettungsfolter, gerechte Kriege, Ausnahme oder Sicherheit verweisen zugleich auf neue Rationalitäten staatlicher Gewalt. Der Band bietet interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf historische Kontinuitäten und Brüche staatlicher Neuordnungen von Gewalt in der Gegenwart. Mit Beiträgen von David Garland, Christian Geulen, Sven Kramer, Susanne Krasmann, Alf Lüdtke, Jürgen Martschukat, Andrew W. Neal, Günter Riederer, Ruth Stanley und Anja Feth, Frank Schumacher, Klaus Weinhauer sowie einen bisher im Deutschen unveröffentlichten Text von Judith Butler.

Darfur

der "uneindeutige" Genozid
Author: Gérard Prunier
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783936096668
Category:
Page: 274
View: 3105

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Die Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität

Zur Dynamik eines sozialen Feldes
Author: Henning Schmidt-Semisch,Henner Hess
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658034793
Category: Social Science
Page: 314
View: 9132

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Was Kriminalität ist, das ist theoretisch und politisch höchst umstritten. Die entsprechenden Differenzen und Streitigkeiten werden in Kriminalitätsdiskursen thematisiert und ausgetragen, die sich zu einer Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität formieren, d.h. zu spezifischen Formen der Aufmerksamkeit, der Erfahrung, der Erklärung, der Reaktion etc. hinsichtlich sozialer Phänomene. Zugleich aber ist diese Sinnprovinz der Kriminalität nichts Starres, sondern dynamisch und in stetem Wandel begriffen. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes thematisieren solche Dynamiken in unterschiedlichen Bereichen des sozialen Feldes der Kriminalität.

Corrections: A Text/Reader


Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452289921
Category: Social Science
Page: 728
View: 9051

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Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.