The Sociology of Human Rights


Author: Mark Frezzo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745686680
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 2905

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Long the arena of philosophers, legal scholars, and political scientists, the interdisciplinary study of human rights has recently seen an influx of sociologists. Why is this so, and how do sociologists contribute to our understanding of human rights in the contemporary world? In this landmark new text, Mark Frezzo explores the sociological perspective on human rights, which he shows to be uniquely placed to illuminate the economic, political, social, and cultural conditions under which human rights norms and laws are devised, interpreted, implemented, and enforced. Sociologists treat human rights not as immutable attributes but as highly contested claims that vary across historical time and geographic space, and investigate how human rights can serve either to empower or to constrain social actors, from large societies to small communities and identity groups. Frezzo guides readers through the scholarly, pedagogical, and practical applications of a sociological view of major debates such as foundationalism vs. social constructionism, universalism vs. particularism, globalism vs. localism, and collective vs. individual rights. This cutting-edge text will appeal to students of sociology, political science, law, development, and social movements, and all interested in the nature, scope, and applicability of human rights in the twenty-first century.

New Directions in the Sociology of Human Rights


Author: Patricia Hynes,Michele Lamb,Damien Short,Matthew Waites
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113493095X
Category: Social Science
Page: 152
View: 4124

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New Directions in the Sociology of Human Rights is a contribution to both sociology and to human rights research, particularly where these are directed towards challenging power relations and inequalities in contemporary societies. It expands and develops the sociology of human rights as a sub-field of sociology and interdisciplinary human rights scholarship. The volume suggests new directions for the use of social and sociological theories in the analysis of issues such as torture and genocide and addresses a number of themes which have not previously been a sustained focus in the sociology of human rights literature. These range from climate change and the human rights of soldiers, to corporate social responsibility and children’s rights in relation to residential care. The collection is thus multi-dimensional, examining a range of specific empirical contexts, and also considering relationships between sociological analysis and human rights scholarship and activism. Hence in a variety of ways it points the way for future analyses, and also for human rights activism and practices. It is intended to widen our field of vision in the sociology of human rights, and to spark both new ideas and new forms of political engagement. This book was published as a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

The Political Sociology of Human Rights


Author: Kate Nash
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052119749X
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 2592

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A sociological approach to human rights, showing how rights language is used to address structural injustices around the world.

Die Sakralität der Person

Eine neue Genealogie der Menschenrechte
Author: Hans Joas
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518754505
Category: Political Science
Page: 303
View: 2155

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Ein hartnäckiger Meinungsstreit der letzten Jahrzehnte dreht sich um die Frage, welchen Ursprungs die Idee der Menschenrechte ist. Verdanken wir sie unserem christlich-jüdischen Erbe oder ist sie eine Erfindung der Aufklärung? Weder das eine noch das andere, behauptet der Sozialtheoretiker Hans Joas und erzählt in seinem Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte der Menschenrechte. Im Stile einer »historischen Soziologie« fördert er dabei eine überraschende dritte Sicht der Dinge zutage: Der Glaube an die universale Menschenwürde ist das Ergebnis eines Prozesses der Sakralisierung, in dessen Verlauf jedes einzelne menschliche Wesen mehr und mehr als heilig angesehen wurde. Diesen Prozeß zeichnet Joas in exemplarischen Studien etwa über die Abschaffung der Sklaverei sowie anhand der Genese paradigmatischer »Erklärungen der Menschenrechte« nach und analysiert ihn als eine komplexe kulturelle Transformation: Erfahrungen von Gut und Böse mußten vor dem Hintergrund unterschiedlicher Werttraditionen diskursiv artikuliert, in Rechten kodifiziert und in Praktiken gelebt werden. Die Menschenrechte, so zeigt sich, sind eben nicht das Ergebnis eines bloßen Konsenses über ein universalistisches Prinzip, sondern entstammen einem langen kulturübergreifenden Gespräch über Werte. Ihre Geschichte setzt sich aus vielen Geschichten zusammen. Hans Joas erzählt sie auf packende Weise und eröffnet damit die Debatte über die Idee der Menschenrechte neu.

Sociology and Human Rights

A Bill of Rights for the Twenty-First Century
Author: Judith Blau,Mark Frezzo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412991382
Category: Social Science
Page: 295
View: 1123

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This anthology examines the implications that human rights have for the social sciences. It discusses how the 1789 Bill of Rights of the US Constitution should be expanded to encompass fundamental human rights, as most other constitutions already have been. This collection has special relevance for sociologists because many implicitly assume positive human rights in their studies of, for example, health care and education, and yet do not make these assumptions explicit. This volume also discusses the relevance of social and political movements. The discussions in this text allow readers to compare constitutions, examine international human rights treaties, and delve into countries' histories. Sociology and Human Rights is ideal for engaging in comparative studies of countries' politics and aspects of international cooperation. Each chapter ends with discussion questions to challenge students to think critically about human rights in the United States and around the world.

Sociology and Human Rights: New Engagements


Author: Patricia Hynes,Michele Lamb,Damien Short,Matthew Waites
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317985311
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 8875

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Sociology and Human Rights: New Engagements is the first collection to focus on the contribution sociological approaches can make to analysis of human rights. Taking forward the sociology of human rights which emerged from the 1990s, it presents innovative analyses of global human rights struggles by new and established authors. The collection includes a range of new work addressing issues such as genocide in relation to indigenous peoples, rights-based approaches in development work, trafficking of children, and children’s rights in relation to political struggles for the decriminalisation of same-sex sexual activity in India. It examines contexts ranging from Rwanda and South Korea to Northern Ireland and the city of Barcelona. The collection as a whole will be of interest to students and academics working in various disciplines such as politics, law and social policy, and to practitioners working on human rights for various governmental and non-governmental organisations, as well as to sociologists seeking to develop understanding of the sociology of human rights. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of Human Rights.

Handbook of Sociology and Human Rights


Author: David L. Brunsma,Keri E. Iyall Smith,Brian K Gran
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317258398
Category: Social Science
Page: 585
View: 1902

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Long the province of international law, human rights now enjoys a renaissance of studies and new perspectives from the social sciences. This landmark book is the first to synthesize and comprehensively evaluate this body of work. It fosters an interdisciplinary, international, and critical engagement both in the social study of human rights and the establishment of a human rights approach throughout the field of sociology. Sociological perspectives bring new questions to the interdisciplinary study of human rights, as amply illustrated in this book. The Handbook is indispensable to any interdisciplinary collection on human rights or on sociology. This text: Brings new perspectives to the study of human rights in an interdisciplinary fashion. Offers state-of-the-art summaries, critical discussions of established human rights paradigms, and a host of new insights and further research directions. Fosters a comprehensive human rights approach to sociology, topically representing all 45 sections of the American Sociological Association.

Making Human Rights Intelligible

Towards a Sociology of Human Rights
Author: Mikael Rask Madsen,Gert Verschraegen
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 178225109X
Category: Law
Page: 320
View: 7392

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Human rights have become a defining feature of contemporary society, permeating public discourse on politics, law and culture. But why did human rights emerge as a key social force in our time and what is the relationship between rights and the structures of both national and international society? By highlighting the institutional and socio-cultural context of human rights, this timely and thought-provoking collection provides illuminating insights into the emergence and contemporary societal significance of human rights. Drawn from both sides of the Atlantic and adhering to refreshingly different theoretical orientations, the contributors to this volume show how sociology can develop our understanding of human rights and how the emergence of human rights relates to classical sociological questions such as social change, modernisation or state formation. Making Human Rights Intelligible provides an important sociological account of the development of international human rights. It will be of interest to human rights scholars and sociologists of law and anyone wishing to deepen their understanding of one of the most significant issues of our time.

Making Human Rights Work Globally


Author: Anthony Woodiwiss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135311234
Category: Law
Page: 160
View: 7677

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This book is one of the first studies in the new field of the sociology of human rights,and it centres its analysis on labour rights. Such rights are of critical importance in this field, work being the defining aspect of many peoples lives and a central concern of sociology.

Torture

A Sociology of Violence and Human Rights
Author: Lisa Hajjar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415518067
Category: Social Science
Page: 83
View: 9140

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Torture is indisputably abhorrent. Why, you might ask, would you even want to think or read about torture? That is a very good question, and one this book addresses in a compelling and enlightening way. Torture is a very important issue, not least because millions of people around the world have been subjected to this odious practice--and many are enduring torture right now as you read these words.

Leben 3.0

Mensch sein im Zeitalter Künstlicher Intelligenz
Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843716706
Category: Social Science
Page: 528
View: 4577

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Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Die Macht der Gewohnheit: Warum wir tun, was wir tun


Author: Charles Duhigg
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827070740
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 2015

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Seit kurzem versuchen Hirnforscher, Verhaltenspsychologen und Soziologen gemeinsam neue Antworten auf eine uralte Frage zu finden: Warum tun wir eigentlich, was wir tun? Was genau prägt unsere Gewohnheiten? Anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus der Forschung wie dem Alltag erzählt Charles Duhigg von der Macht der Routine und kommt dem Mechanismus, aber auch den dunklen Seiten der Gewohnheit auf die Spur. Er erklärt, warum einige Menschen es schaffen, über Nacht mit dem Rauchen aufzuhören (und andere nicht), weshalb das Geheimnis sportlicher Höchstleistung in antrainierten Automatismen liegt und wie sich die Anonymen Alkoholiker die Macht der Gewohnheit zunutze machen. Nicht zuletzt schildert er, wie Konzerne Millionen ausgeben, um unsere Angewohnheiten für ihre Zwecke zu manipulieren. Am Ende wird eines klar: Die Macht von Gewohnheiten prägt unser Leben weit mehr, als wir es ahnen.

Human Rights in a Globalizing World


Author: Darren J O'Byrne
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137335971
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 9591

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What is the relevance of the concept of human rights in an age of increasing global interconnectivity, complexity and uncertainty? This provocative study connects the sociology of human rights with the field of global studies to explore what each can offer the other. Its thorough theoretical focus is informed by a broad range of controversial issues, including the genocides in Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the Israel/Palestine conflict and recent anti-capitalist protests. Thus it formulates the seemingly straightforward idea of human rights as a language-structure and emphasises the need to think of globalization as a complicated set of processes. Favouring complexity and contradiction over simplicity and consistency, this passionate and hopeful account provokes questions instead of providing clear-cut answers, and encourages readers to consider the emancipatory potential of human rights in a globalizing world. O'Byrne offers a clear but critical overview relevant to students, teachers and researchers across the social sciences, particularly those in sociology, global studies, human rights and law. Its highly original conclusions also make this essential for scholars interested in issues of global citizenship, social movements and postcolonial studies.

Aus der Welt

Grenzen der Entscheidung oder Eine Freundschaft, die unser Denken verändert hat
Author: Michael Lewis
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593506866
Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
Page: 359
View: 3805

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Lewis verknüpft die Biografien der beiden Psychologen Daniel Kahneman und Amos Tversky mit ihren Forschungsarbeiten und zeigt, wie aus ihren Arbeiten eine neue Wissenschaftsdisziplin, die Verhaltensökonomik, entstehen konnte.

A Sociology of Transnational Constitutions


Author: Chris Thornhill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107038529
Category: History
Page: 538
View: 1848

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This book develops a unique sociological approach to the analysis of transnational legal norms. This title is also available as Open Access.

New Rights Advocacy

Changing Strategies of Development and Human Rights NGOs
Author: Paul J. Nelson,Ellen Dorsey
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589012054
Category: Political Science
Page: 222
View: 8817

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After World War II dozens of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) emerged on the global scene, committed to improving the lives of the world's most vulnerable people. Some focused on protecting human rights; some were dedicated to development, aimed at satisfying basic economic needs. Both approaches had distinctive methods, missions, and emphases. In the 1980s and 90s, however, the dividing line began to blur. In the first book to track the growing intersection and even overlap of human rights and development NGOs, Paul Nelson and Ellen Dorsey introduce a concept they call "new rights advocacy." New rights advocacy has at its core three main trends: the embrace of human rights-based approaches by influential development NGOs, the adoption of active economic and social rights agendas by major international human rights NGOs, and the surge of work on economic and social policy through a human rights lens by specialized human rights NGOs and social movement campaigns. Nelson and Dorsey draw on rich case studies of internationally well-known individual NGOs such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Oxfam, CARE, ActionAid, and Save the Children, and employ perspectives from fields of human rights, international relations, the sociology of social movements and of complex organizations, and development theory, in order to better understand the changes occurring within NGOs. In questioning current trends using new theoretical frameworks, this book breaks new ground in the evolution of human rights-development interaction. The way in which NGOs are reinventing themselves has great potential for success--or possibly failure--and profound implications for a world in which the enormous gap between the wealthiest and poorest poses a persistent challenge to both development and human rights.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten
Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593507668
Category: Political Science
Page: 429
View: 6473

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In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ