The Skeptical Environmentalist

Measuring the Real State of the World
Author: Bjørn Lomborg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521010689
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 515
View: 4831

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Challenges widely held beliefs regarding the current environmental situation, discussing why there is cause for optimism and the need to prioritize resources to address problems.

Cool it!

warum wir trotz Klimawandels einen kühlen Kopf bewahren sollten
Author: Bjørn Lomborg
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783570550656
Category: Climatic changes
Page: 281
View: 4080

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The Inquisition of Climate Science


Author: James Lawrence Powell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527845
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 4960

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Modern science is under the greatest and most successful attack in recent history. An industry of denial, abetted by news media and "info-tainment" broadcasters more interested in selling controversy than presenting facts, has duped half the American public into rejecting the facts of climate science—an overwhelming body of rigorously vetted scientific evidence showing that human-caused, carbon-based emissions are linked to warming the Earth. The industry of climate science denial is succeeding: public acceptance has declined even as the scientific evidence for global warming has increased. It is vital that the public understand how anti-science ideologues, pseudo-scientists, and non-scientists have bamboozled them. We cannot afford to get global warming wrong—yet we are, thanks to deniers and their methods. The Inquisition of Climate Science is the first book to comprehensively take on the climate science denial movement and the deniers themselves, exposing their lack of credentials, their extensive industry funding, and their failure to provide any alternative theory to explain the observed evidence of warming. In this book, readers meet the most prominent deniers while dissecting their credentials, arguments, and lack of objectivity. James Lawrence Powell shows that the deniers use a wide variety of deceptive rhetorical techniques, many stretching back to ancient Greece. Carefully researched, fully referenced, and compellingly written, his book clearly reveals that the evidence of global warming is real and that an industry of denial has deceived the American public, putting them and their grandchildren at risk.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies


Author: Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663719
Category: Political Science
Page: 752
View: 2168

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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History


Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394474
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 1626

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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies


Author: Erik Brynjolfsson,Andrew McAfee
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393241254
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 6801

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A New York Times Bestseller. A “fascinating” (Thomas L. Friedman, New York Times) look at how digital technology is transforming our work and our lives. In recent years, Google’s autonomous cars have logged thousands of miles on American highways and IBM’s Watson trounced the best human Jeopardy! players. Digital technologies—with hardware, software, and networks at their core—will in the near future diagnose diseases more accurately than doctors can, apply enormous data sets to transform retailing, and accomplish many tasks once considered uniquely human. In The Second Machine Age MIT’s Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee—two thinkers at the forefront of their field—reveal the forces driving the reinvention of our lives and our economy. As the full impact of digital technologies is felt, we will realize immense bounty in the form of dazzling personal technology, advanced infrastructure, and near-boundless access to the cultural items that enrich our lives. Amid this bounty will also be wrenching change. Professions of all kinds—from lawyers to truck drivers—will be forever upended. Companies will be forced to transform or die. Recent economic indicators reflect this shift: fewer people are working, and wages are falling even as productivity and profits soar. Drawing on years of research and up-to-the-minute trends, Brynjolfsson and McAfee identify the best strategies for survival and offer a new path to prosperity. These include revamping education so that it prepares people for the next economy instead of the last one, designing new collaborations that pair brute processing power with human ingenuity, and embracing policies that make sense in a radically transformed landscape. A fundamentally optimistic book, The Second Machine Age alters how we think about issues of technological, societal, and economic progress.

Kicking the Carbon Habit

Global Warming and the Case for Renewable and Nuclear Energy
Author: William Sweet
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231510373
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 2117

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With glaciers melting, oceans growing more acidic, species dying out, and catastrophic events like Hurricane Katrina ever more probable, strong steps must be taken now to slow global warming. Further warming threatens entire regional economies and the well being of whole populations, and in this century alone, it could create a global cataclysm. Synthesizing information from leading scientists and the most up-to-date research, science journalist William Sweet examines what the United States can do to help prevent climate devastation. Rather than focusing on cutting oil consumption, which Sweet argues is expensive and unrealistic, the United States should concentrate on drastically reducing its use of coal. Coal-fired plants, which currently produce more than half of the electricity in the United States, account for two fifths of the country's greenhouse gas emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Sweet believes a mixture of more environmentally sound technologies-wind turbines, natural gas, and nuclear reactors-can effectively replace coal plants, especially since dramatic improvements in technology have made nuclear power cleaner, safer, and more efficient. Sweet cuts through all the confusion and controversies. He explores dramatic advances made by climate scientists over the past twenty years and addresses the various political and economic issues associated with global warming, including the practicality of reducing emissions from automobiles, the efficacy of taxing energy consumption, and the responsibility of the United States to its citizens and the international community to reduce greenhouse gases. Timely and provocative, Kicking the Carbon Habit is essential reading for anyone interested in environmental science, economics, and the future of the planet.

The Siberian Curse

How Communist Planners Left Russia Out in the Cold
Author: Fiona Hill,Clifford G. Gaddy
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815796188
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 9706

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Can Russia ever become a normal, free-market, democratic society? Why have so many reforms failed since the Soviet Union's collapse? In this highly-original work, Fiona Hill and Clifford Gaddy argue that Russia's geography, history, and monumental mistakes perpetrated by Soviet planners have locked it into a dead-end path to economic ruin. Shattering a number of myths that have long persisted in the West and in Russia, The Siberian Curse explains why Russia's greatest assets––its gigantic size and Siberia's natural resources––are now the source of one its greatest weaknesses. For seventy years, driven by ideological zeal and the imperative to colonize and industrialize its vast frontiers, communist planners forced people to live in Siberia. They did this in true totalitarian fashion by using the GULAG prison system and slave labor to build huge factories and million-person cities to support them. Today, tens of millions of people and thousands of large-scale industrial enterprises languish in the cold and distant places communist planners put them––not where market forces or free choice would have placed them. Russian leaders still believe that an industrialized Siberia is the key to Russia's prosperity. As a result, the country is burdened by the ever-increasing costs of subsidizing economic activity in some of the most forbidding places on the planet. Russia pays a steep price for continuing this folly––it wastes the very resources it needs to recover from the ravages of communism. Hill and Gaddy contend that Russia's future prosperity requires that it finally throw off the shackles of its Soviet past, by shrinking Siberia's cities. Only by facilitating the relocation of population to western Russia, closer to Europe and its markets, can Russia achieve sustainable economic growth. Unfortunately for Russia, there is no historical precedent for shrinking cities on the scale that will be required. Downsizing Siberia will be a costly and wrenching process. But there is no alternative. Russia cannot afford to keep the cities communist planners left for it out in the cold.

You Have to Admit It's Getting Better

From Economic Prosperity to Environmental Quality
Author: Terry L. Anderson
Publisher: Hoover Press
ISBN: 0817944834
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 5853

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Contrary to popular belief, economic growth is not the antithesis of environmental quality; rather, the two go hand in hand if the incentives are right. The author shows how, by developing and protecting the institutions of freedom rather than regulating human use of natural resources through political processes, we can have our environmental cake and eat it too.

Earth

A Tenant's Manual
Author: Frank H. T. Rhodes
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801466202
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 699

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"It's impossible to grasp the whole planet or integrate all the descriptions of it. But because we live here, we have to try. This is not just an artistic compulsion or an existential yearning, still less an academic exercise. It's a survival issue. This is the only planet we have. We're stuck here, and we don't own the place-it would be the height of arrogance to assume that we do. We're tenants here, not owners, but we're tenants with hope for a long-term tenancy. We want to extend our lease just as far as we can."-from Earth: A Tenant's Manual In Earth: A Tenant's Manual, the distinguished geologist Frank H. T. Rhodes, President Emeritus of Cornell University, provides a sweeping, accessible, and deeply informed guide to the home we all share, showing us how we might best preserve the Earth's livability for ourselves and future generations. Rhodes begins by setting the scene for our active planet and explaining how its location and composition determine how the Earth works and why it teems with life. He emphasizes the changes that are of concern to us today, from earthquakes to climate change and the clashes over the energy resources needed for the Earth's exploding population. He concludes with an extended exploration of humanity's prospects on a complex, protean, and ultimately finite world. It is not a question of whether the planet is sustainable; the challenge facing life on Earth-and the life of the Earth-is whether an expanding and high-consumption species like ours is sustainable. Only new resources, new priorities, new policies and, most of all, new knowledge, can reverse the damage that humanity is doing to our home-and ourselves. A sustainable human future, Rhodes concludes in this eloquent, sobering, but ultimately optimistic book, will require a sense of responsible stewardship, for we are not owners of this planet; we are tenants. Surveying the systems, large and small, that govern Earth's processes and influence its changes, Rhodes addresses the negative consequences of human activities for the health of its regulatory systems but offers practical suggestions as to how we might effect repairs, or at least limit further damage to our home.

The Incredible Human Journey


Author: Alice Roberts
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408810913
Category: Science
Page: 384
View: 8528

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Alice Roberts has been travelling the world - from Ethiopian desert to Malay peninsula and from Russian steppes to Amazon basin - in order to understand the challenges that early humans faced as they tried to settle continents. On her travels she has witnessed some of the daunting and brutal challenges our ancestors had to face: mountains, deserts, oceans, changing climates, terrifying giant beasts and volcanoes. But she discovers that perhaps the most serious threat of all came from other humans. When our ancestors set out from Africa there were already two other species of human on the planet: Neanderthal in Europe and Homo erectus in Asia. Both (contrary to popular perception) were intelligent, adept at making tools and weapons and were long adapted to their environments. So, Alice asks, why did only Homo sapiens survive? Part detective story, part travelogue, and drawing on the latest genetic and archaeological discoveries, Alice examines how our ancestors evolved physically in response to these challenges, finding out how our colour, shape, size, diet, disease resistance and even athletic ability have been shaped by the range of environments that our ancestors had to survive. She also relates how astonishingly closely related we all are. As a lecturer in Anatomy at Bristol University, Alice Roberts is eminently qualified to write this book. As a talented artist, she is perfectly qualified to illustrate it, and dotted throughout this lively book are many of the sketches and photographs from her travels.

Big History

From the Big Bang to the Present
Author: Cynthia Stokes Brown
Publisher: New Press/ORIM
ISBN: 1595588450
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 2724

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Extend the human story backward for the five thousand years of recorded history and it covers no more than a millionth of a lifetime of the Earth. Yet how do we humans take stock of the history of our planet, and our own place within it? A “vast historical mosaic” (Publishers Weekly) rendered engaging and accessible, Big History interweaves different disciplines of knowledge to offer an all-encompassing account of history on Earth. Since its publication, Cynthia Brown’s “world history on a grand scale” (Kirkus) has been translated into nine languages and has helped propel the “big history” concept to viral status. This new edition of Brown’s seminal work is more relevant today than ever before, as we increasingly must grapple with accelerating rates of change and, ultimately, the legacy we will bequeath to future generations. Here is a pathbreaking portrait of our world, from the birth of the universe from a single point the size of an atom to life on a twenty-first-century planet inhabited by 7 billion people.

Cancel The Apocalypse

The New Path To Prosperity
Author: Andrew Simms
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 074811954X
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 4024

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Ever get the feeling that things are falling apart? You're not alone. From bad banks to global warming it can all look hopeless, but what if everything could turn out, well, even better than before? What if the only thing holding us back is a lack of imagination and a surplus of old orthodoxies? In fascinating and iconoclastic detail - on everything from the cash in your pocket to the food on your plate and the shape of our working lives - Cancel the Apocalypse describes how the relentless race for economic growth is not always one worth winning, how excessive materialism has come at a terrible cost to our environment, and hasn't even made us any happier in the process. Simms believes passionately in the human capacity for change, and shows how the good life remains in our grasp. While global warming and financial meltdown might feel like modern day horsemen of the apocalypse, Simms shows how such end of the world scenarios offer us the chance for a new beginning.

On Global Justice


Author: Mathias Risse
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400845505
Category: Philosophy
Page: 480
View: 838

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Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.

Salishan


Author: Michael Hollister
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1468566725
Category: Fiction
Page: 492
View: 3052

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Historical novel beginning in the last Ice Age, depicting first contacts between whites and Indians, Jedidiah Bowman, a young logger from Maine, fights at Gettysburg, rides the Oregon Trail settles outside Molalla, near Portland. Five generation of his family care for three hundred acres of forestland and help to build the West. Affirms both pioneers and Indians in a cast including over thirty tribes. In the 1970’s Daniel Bowman marries a Salish Indian girl, Shona Fullmoon. Their son Nathaniel grows up to be a logger, studies forestry and marries an activist. During the 1990’s, he becomes a double agent in the culture war between environmentalist and timber workers, focused on the northern spotted owl. Dramatize the conflict over forests and urban versus rural politics. Under cover, Nat contends with hit men, penetrates a cell of eco terrorists after 9/11and falls in love with the revisionists historians and prevailing ecological theory

Managing Europe's Water Resources

Twenty-first Century Challenges
Author: Dr Chad Staddon
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409488411
Category: Science
Page: 290
View: 4353

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Illustrated with case studies which explain key concepts and provide practical examples, this book provides a detailed and comprehensive introduction to water management issues from a European perspective. The book begins with a brief history of water management, followed by a consideration of the major frameworks used for managing water in its qualitative and quantitative aspects. Several chapters treat key water management issues, including; dams, privatization, hydropolitics, climate change and finally provides a synoptic treatment of major water management issues across Europe's geographical regions.

Umweltschutz oder Klimawahn?

Der Paradigmenwechsel der Umweltpolitik
Author: Shimona Löwenstein
Publisher: neobooks
ISBN: 3738016252
Category: Science
Page: 210
View: 9941

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Naturzerstörung und Umweltverschmutzung ist ein nach wie vor bestehendes Problem unserer Gesellschaft, das mit geringfügigen, meist nur prestigefördernden Maßnahmen und der verordneten „Förderung der Umweltbildung“ nicht beseitigt wurde, sondern im Laufe der Jahre eher angewachsen ist. Die von der Umweltökonomie entwickelten rechtlichen und wirtschaftlichen Methoden hätten zum wirksameren Naturschutz und einer allgemeinen Verbesserung der Umweltbedingungen führen können, wenn sie sich politisch durchgesetzt hätten. Statt dessen erfolgten aber ein methodischer Paradigmenwechsel sowie eine inhaltliche Verschiebung von konkreter Sorge für Natur und Umwelt zugunsten eines behaupteten drohenden Klimawandels und die Verlagerung der Umweltpolitik auf Maßnahmen zur vermeintlichen „Klimarettung“, vor allem in bezug auf CO2-Reduktion und Energiesparmaßnahmen. Die theoretischen Annahmen der Treibhaustheorie erweisen sich dabei als widersprüchlich und fraglich, die angenommenen Folgen einer vermeintlichen globalen Erwärmung als kaum nachvollziehbar und möglicherweise eher positiv, die hysterische Verfolgung von Kohlendioxid nicht nur als unsinnig und teuer, sondern auch als widersinnig in bezug auf echten Natur- und Umweltschutz, zuweilen sogar destruktiv und gefährlich.

Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production : EurSAFE 2012, Tübingen, Germany, 30 May-2 June 2012
Author: European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. Congress
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9086867537
Category: Science
Page: 526
View: 386

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Climate change is a major framing condition for sustainable development of agriculture and food. Global food production is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time it is among the sectors worst affected by climate change.This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors exploring the ethical dimensions of climate change and food. Conceptual clarifications provide a necessary basis for putting sustainable development into practice. Adaptation and mitigation demand altering both agricultural and consumption practices. Intensive vs. extensive production is reassessed with regard to animal welfare, efficiency and environmental implications. Property rights pay an ever-increasing role, as do shifting land-use practices, agro-energy, biotechnology, food policy to green consumerism. And, last but not least, tools are suggested for teaching agricultural and food ethics.Notwithstanding the plurality of ethical analyses and their outcome, it becomes apparent that governance of agri-food is faced by new needs and new approaches of bringing in the value dimension much more explicitly. This book is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change.

'Sleepwalking to segregation'?

Challenging myths about race and migration
Author: Finney, Nissa,Simpson, Ludi
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447305981
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 8322

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In the context of renewed debates about diversity and cohesion, this book interrogates contemporary claims about race and migration. It demonstrates that many of the claims are myths, presenting evidence in support of and in opposition to them in an accessible yet academically rigorous manner. The book combines an easy-to-read overview of the subject with innovative new research. It tackles head-on questions about levels of immigration, the contribution of immigrants, minority self-segregation, ghettoisation and the future diversity of the population. The authors argue that the myths of race and migration are the real threat to an integrated society and recommend that focus should return to problems of inequality and prejudice.