The Science of Cheese


Author: Michael H. Tunick,Michael Tunick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199922306
Category: Science
Page: 281
View: 8647

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Describes the science of cheese making, from chemistry to biology, in a lively way that is readable for both the food scientist and the artisanal hobbyist.

The Science of Cheese


Author: Michael H. Tunick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199922314
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 1391

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In an engaging tour of the science and history of cheese, Michael Tunick explores the art of cheese making, the science that lies underneath the deliciousness, and the history behind how humanity came up with one of its most varied and versatile of foods. Dr. Tunick spends his everyday deep within the halls of the science of cheese, as a researcher who creates new dairy products, primarily, cheeses. He takes us from the very beginning, some 8000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent, and shows us the accidental discovery of cheese when milk separated into curds and whey. This stroke of luck would lead to a very mild, and something akin to cottage, cheese-deemed delicious enough by our traveling cheese maker that he or she did it again another day. Today we know of more than 2,000 varieties of cheese from Gorgonzola, first noted in year 879, to Roquefort in 1070 to Cheddar in 1500. But Tunick delves deeper into the subject to provide a wide-ranging overview that begins with cows and milk and then covers the technical science behind creating a new cheese, milk allergies and lactose intolerance, nutrition and why cheese is a vital part of a balanced diet. The Science of Cheese is an entertaining journey through one of America's favorite foods.

Fundamentals of Cheese Science


Author: P. F. Fox,Timothy P. Guinee,Timothy M. Cogan,Paul L. H. McSweeney
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1489976817
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 799
View: 5148

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This book provides comprehensive coverage of the scientific aspects of cheese, emphasizing fundamental principles. The book's updated 22 chapters cover the chemistry and microbiology of milk for cheesemaking, starter cultures, coagulation of milk by enzymes or by acidification, the microbiology and biochemistry of cheese ripening, the flavor and rheology of cheese, processed cheese, cheese as a food ingredient, public health and nutritional aspects of cheese, and various methods used for the analysis of cheese. The book contains copious references to other texts and review articles.

Cheese and Culture

A History of Cheese and its Place in Western Civilization
Author: Paul Kindstedt
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603584129
Category: Cooking
Page: 256
View: 4334

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Behind every traditional type of cheese there is a fascinating story. By examining the role of the cheesemaker throughout world history and by understanding a few basic principles of cheese science and technology, we can see how different cheeses have been shaped by and tailored to their surrounding environment, as well as defined by their social and cultural context. Cheese and Culture endeavors to advance our appreciation of cheese origins by viewing human history through the eyes of a cheese scientist. There is also a larger story to be told, a grand narrative that binds all cheeses together into a single history that started with the discovery of cheese making and that is still unfolding to this day. This book reconstructs that 9000-year story based on the often fragmentary information that we have available. Cheese and Culture embarks on a journey that begins in the Neolithic Age and winds its way through the ensuing centuries to the present. This tour through cheese history intersects with some of the pivotal periods in human prehistory and ancient, classical, medieval, renaissance, and modern history that have shaped western civilization, for these periods also shaped the lives of cheesemakers and the diverse cheeses that they developed. The book offers a useful lens through which to view our twenty-first century attitudes toward cheese that we have inherited from our past, and our attitudes about the food system more broadly. This refreshingly original book will appeal to anyone who loves history, food, and especially good cheese.

Cheese and Microbes


Author: Catherine W. Donnelly
Publisher: ASM Press
ISBN: 1555818595
Category: Science
Page: 350
View: 5011

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A scientific overview of the association of microbes with cheese, through the lens of select cheese varieties that result due to surface mold ripening, internal mold ripening, rind washing, cave aging, or surface smear rind development. Over the past decade, there has been explosive growth in the U.S. artisan cheese industry. The editor, Ms. Donnelly, was involved in developing a comprehensive education curriculum for those new to cheese making, which focused on the science of cheese, principally to promote cheese quality and safety. Many of the chapters in this book focus on aspects of that requisite knowledge. • Explains the process of transformation of milk to cheese and how sensory attributes of cheese are evaluated. • Provides an overview of cheese safety and regulations governing cheese making, both in the US and abroad, to ensure safety. • Explores how the tools of molecular biology provide new insights into the complexity of the microbial biodiversity of cheeses. • Examines the biodiversity of traditional cheeses as a result of traditional practices, and overviews research on the stability of the microbial consortium of select traditional cheese varieties. • Key text for cheese makers, scientists, students, and cheese enthusiasts who wish to expand their knowledge of cheeses and traditional foods.

Mastering Artisan Cheesemaking

The Ultimate Guide for Home-Scale and Market Producers
Author: Gianaclis Caldwell
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603583335
Category: Cooking
Page: 368
View: 9732

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The key to becoming a successful artisan cheesemaker is to develop the intuition essential for problem solving and developing unique styles of cheeses. There are an increasing number of books on the market about making cheese, but none approaches the intricacies of cheesemaking science alongside considerations for preparing each type of cheese variety in as much detail as Mastering Artisan Cheesemaking. Indeed, this book fills a big hole in the market. Beginner guides leave you wanting more content and explanation of process, while recipe-based cookbooks often fail to dig deeper into the science, and therefore don’t allow for a truly intuitive cheesemaker to develop. Acclaimed cheesemaker Gianaclis Caldwell has written the book she wishes existed when she was starting out. Every serious home-scale artisan cheesemaker—even those just beginning to experiment—will want this book as their bible to take them from their first quick mozzarella to a French mimolette, and ultimately to designing their own unique cheeses. This comprehensive and user-friendly guide thoroughly explains the art and science that allow milk to be transformed into epicurean masterpieces. Caldwell offers a deep look at the history, science, culture, and art of making artisan cheese on a small scale, and includes detailed information on equipment and setting up a home-scale operation. A large part of the book includes extensive process-based recipes dictating not only the hard numbers, but also the concepts behind each style of cheese and everything you want to know about affinage (aging) and using oils, brushes, waxes, infusions, and other creative aging and flavoring techniques. Also included are beautiful photographs, profiles of other cheesemakers, and in-depth appendices for quick reference in the preparation and aging room. Mastering Artisan Cheesemaking will also prove an invaluable resource for those with, or thinking of starting, a small-scale creamery. Let Gianaclis Caldwell be your mentor, guide, and cheering section as you follow the pathway to a mastery of cheesemaking. For the avid home hobbyist to the serious commercial artisan, Mastering Artisan Cheesemaking is an irreplaceable resource.

Technology of Cheesemaking


Author: Barry A. Law,Adnan Y. Tamime
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444347896
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 8653

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Now in a fully-revised new edition, this book covers the science and technology underlying cheesemaking, as practised today in the manufacture of hard, semi-soft and soft cheeses. Emphasis is placed on the technology, and the science and technology are integrated throughout. Authors also cover research developments likely to have a commercial impact on cheesemaking in the foreseeable future within the areas of molecular genetics, advanced sensor / measurement science, chemometrics, enzymology and flavour chemistry. In order to reflect new issues and challenges that have emerged since publication of the first book, the new chapters are included on milk handling prior to cheesemaking; packaging; and major advances in the control of the end user properties of cheese using key manufacturing parameters and variables. The volume has been structured to flow through the discrete stages of cheese manufacture in the order in which they are executed in cheese plants - from milk process science, through curd process science, to cheese ripening science and quality assessment. Overall, the volume provides process technologists, product development specialists, ingredients suppliers, research and development scientists and quality assurance personnel with a complete reference to cheese technology, set against the background of its physical, chemical and biological scientific base.

Reinventing the Wheel

Milk, Microbes, and the Fight for Real Cheese
Author: Bronwen Percival,Francis Percival
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520290151
Category: Cooking
Page: 320
View: 7990

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"Reinventing the Wheel is equal parts popular science, history, and muckraking. Over the past hundred and fifty years, dairy farming and cheesemaking have been transformed, and this book explores what has been lost along the way. Today, using cutting-edge technologies like high-throughput DNA sequencing, scientists are beginning to understand the techniques of our great-grandparents. The authors describe how geneticists are helping conservationists rescue rare dairy cow breeds on the brink of extinction, microbiologists are teaching cheesemakers to nurture the naturally occurring microbes in their raw milk rather than destroying them, and communities of cheesemakers are producing "real" cheeses that reunite farming and flavor, rewarding diversity and sustainability at every level."--Provided by publisher.

Improving the Flavour of Cheese


Author: B C Weimer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693051
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 600
View: 8521

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Flavour is key to the acceptance of cheese products among consumers and is therefore a critical issue for professionals in the dairy industry. However, the manufacture of cheeses that are consistently safe and flavourful often eludes scientists. Developments such as high throughput genome sequencing and metabolite analysis are having a significant impact on research, leading to the development of new tools to control and improve the flavour of cheese. With contributions from an international array of acclaimed authors, Improving the flavour of cheese, provides crucial reviews of recent research in the field. The book begins with a summary of cheese ripening and the compounds associated with cheese flavour. Part one discusses the metabolism of specific substrates to flavour compounds by microbes associated with milk and cheese. Part two reviews the influence of ingredients, processing and certain chemical and physical factors on cheese flavour. Part three addresses the measurement of cheese flavour. The book concludes with a selection of case studies on specific product types such as hard Italian, brined cheese, as well as low fat and soft-ripened cheeses. Improving the flavour of cheese provides a unique review of emerging techniques and ideas to control the flavour of cheese. This original book will be a standard reference for those concerned with the development and manufacture of cheese. Discusses the wealth of research in the area of flavour development Reviews the influence of ingredients, processing and certain chemical and physical factors on cheese flavour Concludes with a selection of case studies on specific product types

The Life of Cheese

Crafting Food and Value in America
Author: Heather Paxson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520270185
Category: Social Science
Page: 303
View: 5284

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"The Life of Cheese is the definitive work on America's artisanal food revolution. Heather Paxson's engaging stories are as rich, sharp, and well-grounded as the product she scrutinizes. A must read for anyone interested in fostering a sustainable food system." Warren Belasco, author of Meals to Come: A History of the Future of Food "Heather Paxson's lucid and engaging book, The Life of Cheese, is a gift to anyone interested in exploring the wonderful and wonderfully complex realities of artisan cheesemaking in the United States. Paxson deftly integrates careful considerations of the importance of sentiment, value and craft to the work of cheesemakers with vivid stories and lush descriptions of their farms, cheese plants and cheese caves. While she beguiles you with the stories and tastes of cheeses from Vermont, Wisconsin and California, she also asks you to envision a post-pastoral ethos in the making. This ethos reconsiders contemporary beliefs about America's food commerce and culture, reimagines our relationship to the natural world, and redefines how we make, eat, and appreciate food. For cheese aficionados, food activists, anthropologists and food scholars alike, reading The Life of Cheese will be a transformative experience." Amy Trubek, author of The Taste of Place: A Cultural Journey into Terroir

Cheese: Chemistry, Physics and Microbiology

General Aspects
Author: Patrick F. Fox,Paul L. H. McSweeney,Timothy M. Cogan,Timothy P. Guinee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080500935
Category: Medical
Page: 640
View: 6519

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The market for cheese as a food ingredient has increased rapidly in recent years and now represents upto approximately 50% of cheese production in some countries. Volume one is entitled General Aspects which will focus on general aspects on the principles of cheese science. This title contains up-to-date reviews of the literature on the chemical, biochemical, microbiological and physico-chemical aspects of cheese in general. Cheese: Chemistry, Physics, and Microbiology Two-Volume Set, 3E is available for purchase as a set, and as well, so are the volumes individually. *Reflects major advances in cheese science during the last decade *Produced in a new 2-color format *Illustrated with numerous figures and tables

Technology of Cheesemaking


Author: Barry A. Law
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 9781841270371
Category: Cheesemaking
Page: 322
View: 7269

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This book covers the science and technology underlying cheesemaking, as practised today in the manufacture of hard, semi–soft and soft cheeses. Emphasis is placed on the technology, and the science and technology are integrated throughout. Authors also cover research developments likely to have a commercial impact on cheesemaking in the foreseeable future within the areas of molecular genetics, advanced sensor / measurement science, chemometrics, enzymology and flavour chemistry. The volume has been structured to flow through the discrete stages of cheese manufacture in the order in which they are executed in cheese plants – from milk process science, through curd process science, to cheese ripening science and quality assessment. Overall, the volume provides process technologists, product development specialists, ingredients suppliers, research and development scientists and quality assurance personnel with a complete reference to cheese technology, set against the background of its physical, chemical and biological scientific base.

The Science and Practice of Cheese-Making

A Treatise on the Manufacture of American Cheddar Cheese and Other Varieties (Classic Reprint)
Author: Lucius L. Van Slyke
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9781528478151
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 512
View: 8682

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Excerpt from The Science and Practice of Cheese-Making: A Treatise on the Manufacture of American Cheddar Cheese and Other Varieties This book has been prepared to supply a need definitely expressed by dairy teachers, dairy stu dents and cheese-makers. To meet the require ments of to-day, a book on cheese-making must be something more than a mere description, in a recipe-like form, of certain Operations to be per formed; it must also make prominent the reasons for each step in every operation and present as clearly as possible the facts and principles under lying the methods; in other words, it must present the science as well as the practice of cheese-making. Knowledge of cheese-making, as of any art, is two-sided, practical and scientific. Practical knowl edge tells us what to do; scientific knowledge gives us the reasons for what is done. Practice consists in doing things; science, in knowing things. Knowledge, to be complete, must be both practical and scientific; we must know not only what particular things to do but why we do them. Just in proportion as the prae tical and the scientific sides of knowledge advance together, does the practice become more nearly per feet. The more one knows, the more and better can one do. The practice of cheese-making embraces a systematic series of mechanical operations, which have been gradually developed by experience and observation. In its widest application, it includes (1) the produc tion and care of milk: (2) the conversion of milk into cheese; and (3) the care of the manufactured product until it is ready to be used as food. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Oxford Companion to Cheese


Author: Catherine Donnelly
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199330883
Category:
Page: 1084
View: 9260

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The discovery of cheese is a narrative at least 8,000 years old, dating back to the Neolithic era. Yet, after all of these thousands of years we are still finding new ways to combine the same four basic ingredients - milk, bacteria, salt, and enzymes - into new and exciting products with vastly different shapes, sizes, and colors, and equally complex and varied tastes, textures, and, yes, aromas. In fact, after a long period of industrialized, processed, and standardized cheese, cheesemakers, cheesemongers, affineurs, and most of all consumers are rediscovering the endless variety of cheeses across cultures. The Oxford Companion to Cheese is the first major reference work dedicated to cheese, containing 855 A-Z entries on cheese history, culture, science, and production. From cottage cheese to Camembert, from Gorgonzola to Gruyere, there are entries on all of the major cheese varieties globally, but also many cheeses that are not well known outside of their region of production. The concentrated whey cheeses popular in Norway, brunost, are covered here, as are the traditional Turkish and Iranian cheeses that are ripened in casings prepared from sheep's or goat's skin. There are entries on animal species whose milk is commonly (cow, goat, sheep) and not so commonly (think yak, camel, and reindeer) used in cheesemaking, as well as entries on a few highly important breeds within each species, such as the Nubian goat or the Holstein cow. Regional entries on places with a strong history of cheese production, biographies of influential cheesemakers, innovative and influential cheese shops, and historical entries on topics like manorial cheesemaking and cheese in children's literature round out the Companion's eclectic cultural coverage. The Companion also reflects a fascination with the microbiology and chemistry of cheese, featuring entries on bacteria, molds, yeasts, cultures, and coagulants used in cheesemaking and cheese maturing. The blooms, veins, sticky surfaces, gooey interiors, crystals, wrinkles, strings, and yes, for some, the odors of cheese are all due to microbial action and growth. And today we have unprecedented insight into the microbial complexity of cheese, thanks to advances in molecular biology, whole-genome sequencing technologies, and microbiome research. The Companion is equally interested in the applied elements of cheesemaking, with entries on production methodologies and the technology and equipment used in cheesemaking. An astonishing 325 authors contributed entries to the Companion, residing in 35 countries. These experts included cheesemakers, cheesemongers, dairy scientists, anthropologists, food historians, journalists, archaeologists, and on, from backgrounds as diverse as the topics they write about. Every entry is signed by the author, and includes both cross references to related topics and further reading suggestions. The endmatter includes a list of cheese-related museums and a thorough index. Two 16-page color inserts and well over a hundred black and white images help bring the entries to life. This landmark encyclopedia is the most wide-ranging, comprehensive, and reliable reference work on cheese available, suitable for both novices and industry insiders alike. "

The Science and Practice of Cheese-Making


Author: Lucius Van Slyke,Charles Publow
Publisher: Applewood Books
ISBN: 1429010738
Category: Cooking
Page: 516
View: 7961

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Van Slyke and Publow's 1913 work is a comprehensive source of information on American cheese-making. A vital reference for anyone interested in making cheese.

The Book of Cheese

The Essential Guide to Discovering Cheeses You'll Love
Author: Liz Thorpe
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1250063450
Category: Cooking
Page: 416
View: 4631

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EXPLORE THE WORLD OF CHEESE BY ASKING YOURSELF ONE SIMPLE QUESTION: WHAT CHEESES DO I ALREADY LOVE? This is the first book of its kind to be organized not by country, milk type, or any other technical classification. The Book of Cheese maps the world of cheese using nine familiar favorites, what author Liz Thorpe calls the Gateway Cheeses. From basics like Swiss, blue, and cheddar, Liz leads the way to more adventurous types. Love Brie? Liz shows you how to find other Brie-like cheeses, from the mild Moses Sleeper to the pungent Fromage de Meaux. Her revolutionary approach allows food lovers to focus on what they really care about: finding more cheeses to enjoy. Complete with flavor and aroma wheels, charts guiding you through different intensities and availabilities, and gorgeous photography, this is the only book on cheese you will ever need.

Homemade Cheese

Recipes for 50 Cheeses from Artisan Cheesemakers
Author: Janet Hurst
Publisher: Voyageur Press
ISBN: 1610601386
Category: Cooking
Page: 160
View: 8163

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DIVMaking cheese at home is one of the joys of a self-sufficient lifestyle, along with gardening, canning, and raising chickens. Author Janet Hurst is a twenty-year-veteran home cheesemaker, who shows you how to easily craft your own cheddar, feta, chèvre, mozzarella, and 50 more cheeses. Included are profiles of 20 artisan cheesemakers—from Cypress Grove, Vermont Butter and Cheese, Shelburne Farms, Does Leap, Pure Luck, and more—and their favorite recipes./div

Cheese Problems Solved


Author: P L H McSweeney
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693531
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 424
View: 9562

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Cheese is a unique food product which requires a significant amount of scientific knowledge to be produced successfully. However, due to the many, complex and interrelated changes which occur during cheese manufacture and ripening, it is still not possible to guarantee the production of premium quality cheese. Written by an international team of renowned contributors, Cheese problems solved provides responses to over 200 of the most frequently asked questions about cheese and the cheese-making process, in a unique and practical question-and-answer format. Opening chapters concentrate on queries regarding the preparation of cheese milk, the conversion of milk to curd, the ripening process, pathogens, cheese analysis and nutritional aspects of cheese amongst other issues. The latter half of the book discusses particular types of cheeses such as Cheddar, Grana-type cheeses, Mozzarella, Dutch-type, Swiss and Blue cheeses, to name but a few. Edited by a leading expert and with contributions from specialists within the field, Cheese problems solved is an essential reference and problem solving manual for professionals and trainees in the cheese industry. Provides responses to over 200 of the most frequently asked questions about cheese and the cheese-making process An essential reference and problem solving manual for professionals and trainees in the cheese industry Benefit from the knowledge of leading specialists in the field

The Art of Natural Cheesemaking

Using Traditional, Non-Industrial Methods and Raw Ingredients to Make the World's Best Cheeses
Author: David Asher
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603585796
Category: Cooking
Page: 320
View: 3830

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Including more than 35 step-by-step recipes from the Black Sheep School of Cheesemaking Most DIY cheesemaking books are hard to follow, complicated, and confusing, and call for the use of packaged freeze-dried cultures, chemical additives, and expensive cheesemaking equipment. For though bread baking has its sourdough, brewing its lambic ales, and pickling its wild fermentation, standard Western cheesemaking practice today is decidedly unnatural. In The Art of Natural Cheesemaking, David Asher practices and preaches a traditional, but increasingly countercultural, way of making cheese—one that is natural and intuitive, grounded in ecological principles and biological science. This book encourages home and small-scale commercial cheesemakers to take a different approach by showing them: • How to source good milk, including raw milk; • How to keep their own bacterial starter cultures and fungal ripening cultures; • How make their own rennet—and how to make good cheese without it; • How to avoid the use of plastic equipment and chemical additives; and • How to use appropriate technologies. Introductory chapters explore and explain the basic elements of cheese: milk, cultures, rennet, salt, tools, and the cheese cave. The fourteen chapters that follow each examine a particular class of cheese, from kefir and paneer to washed-rind and alpine styles, offering specific recipes and handling advice. The techniques presented are direct and thorough, fully illustrated with hand-drawn diagrams and triptych photos that show the transformation of cheeses in a comparative and dynamic fashion. The Art of Natural Cheesemaking is the first cheesemaking book to take a political stance against Big Dairy and to criticize both standard industrial and artisanal cheesemaking practices. It promotes the use of ethical animal rennet and protests the use of laboratory-grown freeze-dried cultures. It also explores how GMO technology is creeping into our cheese and the steps we can take to stop it. This book sounds a clarion call to cheesemakers to adopt more natural, sustainable practices. It may well change the way we look at cheese, and how we make it ourselves.

Microbiology and Biochemistry of Cheese and Fermented Milk


Author: B.A. Law
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780751403466
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 365
View: 2925

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This new edition follows the successful structure of the first edition bringing together information on a wide range of fermented dairy products. It takes particular account of the profound influence that modern biotechnological sciences are having on the traditional biotechnology of dairy fermentations. For example, the taxonomy of lactic acid bacteria and of dairy pathogenic bacteria has been revolutionized in the past decade by the adoption of molecular biology techniques. Another important feature is the inclusion of a new chapter on the sensory evaluation of dairy flavors. This is a book for dairy scientists and technologists, both industrial and academic, particularly food chemists, dairy microbiologists and biotechnologists. It will also be an essential reference source for those in product development, processing and marketing, as well as regulatory officials in dairy companies and government laboratories.