The Rise and Fall of the British Press

Author: Mick Temple
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351716999
Category: Social Science
Page: 106
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The Rise and Fall of the British Press takes an artful look at the past, present and immediate future of the printed newspaper. Temple offers a thought-provoking account of the evolution of Britain’s news consumption across the centuries, situating it within significant social, cultural and political currents of the time. Chapters cover: The impact of key technological developments; from the birth of print and the introduction of television, to the rise of the internet and digital media; The ever-shifting power play between political parties and the press; The notion of the ‘public sphere’ and how newspapers have influenced it over the decades; The role of news media during some of Europe’s most significant historical events, such as the French Revolution, the First and Second World Wars and the Suez crisis; The aftermath of the Leveson inquiry and the question of increased media regulation; The successes and failures of important media players, including Baron Beaverbrook and Lord Northcliffe in the nineteenth century, and Rupert Murdoch and Mark Zuckerberg in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Throughout the book, parallels are drawn between current issues impacting on the press and society and those from previous decades, further illuminating the role, both historic and ongoing, of the news media in Britain. Temple concludes the book by looking to the future of print journalism, calling for a reassessment of its role in the twenty-first century, redefining what journalism should be and reasserting its value in society today. This far-reaching analysis will be an invaluable resource for both students and researchers of journalism and media studies.

Explorations in Communication and History

Author: Barbie Zelizer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135969582
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 240
View: 7665

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When and how do communication and history impact each other? How do disciplinary perspectives affect what we know? Explorations in Communication and History addresses the link between what we know and how we know it by tracking the intersection of communication and history. Asking how each discipline has enhanced and hindered our understanding of the other, the book considers what happens to what we know when disciplines engage. Through a critical collection of essays written by top scholars in the field, the book addresses the engagement of communication and history as it applies to the study of technology, audiences and journalism. A comprehensive introduction by Barbie Zelizer contextualises these debates and makes a case for the importance of disciplinary engagement for teaching as well as research in media and cultural studies and each section has a brief introduction to contextualise the essays and highlight the issues they raise, making this an invaluable collection for students and scholars alike.

Ireland in Transition, 1867-1921

Author: D. George Boyce,Alan O'Day
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134320019
Category: History
Page: 304
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This wide-ranging collection brings together multiple perspectives on a key period in Irish history, from the Fenian Rising in 1867 to the creation of the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland in 1921, with a focus on the formation of Irish identity. The chapters, written by team of experts, focus on key individuals or ideological groups and consider how they perceived Ireland's future, what their sense of Irish identity was, and who they saw as the enemy. Providing a new angle on Ireland during the period from 1867 to 1921, this book will be important reading for all those with an interest in Irish history.

Hyperlocal Journalism

The decline of local newspapers and the rise of online community news
Author: David Harte,Rachel Howells,Andy Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317200764
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 6946

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In the wake of the withdrawal of commercial journalism from local communities at the beginning of the 21st century, Hyperlocal Journalism critically explores the development of citizen-led community news operations. The book draws together a wide range of original research by way of case studies, interviews, and industry and policy analysis, to give a complete view of what is happening to communities as their local newspapers close or go into decline to be replaced by emerging forms of digital news provision. This study takes the United Kingdom as its focus but its findings speak to common issues found in local media systems in other Western democracies. The authors investigate who is producing hyperlocal news and why, as well as production practices, models of community and participatory journalism, and the economics of hyperlocal operations. Looking holistically at hyperlocal news, Hyperlocal Journalism paints a vivid picture of citizens creating their own news services via social media and on free blogging platforms to hold power to account, redress negative reputational geographies, and to tell everyday stories of community life. The book also raises key questions about the sustainability of such endeavours in the face of optimism from commentators and policy-makers.

International Bibliography of Business History

Author: Francis Goodall,Terry Gourvish,Steven Tolliday
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113613820X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 688
View: 606

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The field of business history has changed and grown dramatically over the last few years. There is less interest in the traditional `company-centred' approach and more concern about the wider business context. With the growth of multi-national corporations in the 1980s, international and inter-firm comparisons have gained in importance. In addition, there has been a move towards improving links with mainstream economic, financial and social history through techniques and outlook. The International Bibliography of Business History brings all of the strands together and provides the user with a comprehensive guide to the literature in the field. The Bibliography is a unique volume which covers the depth and breadth of research in business history. This exhaustive volume has been compiled by a team of subject specialists from around the world under the editorship of three prestigious business historians.

Time, Space, and Gender in the Nineteenth-Century British Diary

Author: R. Steinitz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230339603
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 272
View: 1600

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Through close examinations of diaries, diary publication, and diaries in fiction, this book explores how the diary's construction of time and space made it an invaluable and effective vehicle for the dominant discourses of the period; it also explains how the genre evolved into the feminine, emotive, private form we continue to privilege today.


The Science and Politics of Dietary Advice
Author: Gyorgy Scrinis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527144
Category: Cooking
Page: 368
View: 8025

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Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.

Wordsworth and the Formation of English Studies

Author: Ian Reid
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754635932
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 254
View: 1892

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Previous historical studies of English have not looked closely at the similarities of its development in different cultural settings and educational systems. This book provides a cross-national perspective on attempts to establish, maintain, and modify the discursive practices that constituted English literary studies in universities. Drawing on archival sources, it takes three leading institutions as exemplary sites: Cornell University, in the United States; The University of London, in Britain; and the University of Melbourne, in Australia. places, a persistent genetic identity exists that is best understood as Romantic. More particularly, Wordsworth's writings, and a cluster of ideas, images, and attitudes associated with him, exerted a normative pressure on curriculum and pedagogy during the 19th-century emergence of the university and literature as we know them today. They also provided long afterwards a naturalized set of framing assumptions.

No News is Bad News

Radio, Television and the Public
Author: Michael Bromley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317876105
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 280
View: 6769

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This volume of collected essays provides a wide-ranging survey of the state of radio and television, especially the idea of public service broadcasting, and of news, current affairs and documentary programming in America, Australia, the UK and the rest of western Europe. Among the key issues it addresses are the 'dumbing down' of TV news, the infotainment factor in current affairs shows and the disappearance of the documentary. Using contemporary cases and examples - from the row over the scheduling of News at Ten in the UK to the creation of ABC News Online in Australia -- the essays link the performance of radio and television at the turn of the millennium with the processes of deregulation, liberalisation and digitalisation which have been evident since the 1980s. Working from a much needed and original comparative approach which encompasses complex and well-established public broadcasting in the USA as well as emerging and vulnerable participatory radio stations in El Salvador, the book sets a variety of experiences of factual radio and television programming within wider political and cultural contexts. It offers analyses of not only the 'problems' associated with news, current affairs and documentary broadcasting in an era of a declining public service ethos and the apparent triumph of the market, however. The essays also explore the potential of alternative radio and television, new forms of communication, such as the internet, and changing practices among journalists and programme makers, as well as the resilience of public broadcasting and the powers of the public to ensure that the media remain relevant and accountable. A companion text to the bestselling Sex, Lies and Democracy: The Press and the Public, this volume presents a multi-faceted approach to the tumultuous present and the uncertain future of news, current affairs and documentary in radio and television.

Freemasonry and the Press in the Twentieth Century

A National Newspaper Study of England and Wales
Author: Paul Calderwood
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317132785
Category: History
Page: 378
View: 6572

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By the end of the twentieth century, Freemasonry had acquired an unsavoury reputation as a secretive network of wealthy men looking out for each others’ interests. The popular view is of an organisation that, if not actually corrupt, is certainly viewed with deep mistrust by the press and wider society. Yet, as this book makes clear, this view contrasts sharply with the situation at the beginning of the century when the public’s perception of Freemasonry in Britain was much more benevolent, with numerous establishment figures (including monarchs, government ministers, archbishops and civic worthies) enthusiastically recommending Freemasonry as the key to model citizenship. Focusing particularly on the role of the press, this book investigates the transformation of the image of Freemasonry in Britain from respectability to suspicion. It describes how the media projected a positive message of the organisation for almost forty years, based on a mass of news emanating from the organisation itself, before a change in public regard occurred during the later twentieth-century. This change in the public mood, the book argues, was due primarily to Masonic withdrawal from the public sphere and a disengagement with the press. Through an examination of the subject of Freemasonry and the British press, a number of related social trends are addressed, including the decline of deference, the erosion of privacy, greater competition in the media, the emergence of more aggressive and investigative journalism, the consequences of media isolation and the rise of professional Public Relations. The book also illuminates the organisation’s collisions with nationalism, communism, and state welfare provision. As such, the study is illuminating not only for students of Freemasonry, but those with an interest in the wider social history of modern Britain.

Entertainment Journalism

Making it your Career
Author: Ben Falk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317233247
Category: Social Science
Page: 156
View: 6854

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Entertainment Journalism is a practical guide to one of the most highly visible areas of media practice. Drawing on 20 years’ experience as an entertainment journalist, Ben Falk gives a comprehensive overview of journalistic reporting on the arts industries, with particular focus on film, music, TV and celebrity gossip. This is coupled with an extensive range of tips and tools to help students and young professionals hone the key skills required for a career in entertainment journalism. Interviews with industry professionals appear throughout, from current editors of the biggest entertainment brands, Hollywood bureau chiefs and critics to consumer publicists, multimedia content producers, live radio correspondents, video makers, TV presenters and social media specialists. Topics include: breaking a story interviewing techniques working at press junkets and red carpet events working with PRs selling as a freelance using social media for reporting and networking breaking into the industry. With up-to-the-minute expert advice, accessibly written guidance on writing and reporting and invaluable perspectives from those within the entertainment world, this is an instructive and insightful book for any aspiring showbiz journalist.

Alchemists of Loss

How modern finance and government intervention crashed the financial system
Author: Kevin Dowd,Martin Hutchinson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470689967
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 432
View: 2764

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An engaging look at how modern finance almost destroyed our global economy Over the last thirty years, capital markets have been restructured through the tenets of modern finance. This has been enormously profitable for the financial services sector. However, these innovations, coupled with unsound risk and regulatory practices have proved disastrous for the global economy. In a clear and accessible style, ex-investment banker and financial journalist Martin Hutchinson, and highly respected academic, Kevin Dowd show how modern finance combined with easy money threatened to bring down the world financial system. At the heart of the book is modern finance as a U.S. invention, the theories and practices associated with them, and the changes they made in business models and risk management on Wall Street and other major financial centers. Breaks down the events involved in the 2007-08 financial collapse Reveals how botched policy response made a bad situation worse Focuses on lessons that the practice of finance must learn from recent events The Alchemists of Loss will help you to understand how our financial system crashed and show you what it will take to make sure this won't happen again as we move forward.


The Rough Guide
Author: Rosie Ayliffe,Marc Stephen Dubin,John Gawthrop
Publisher: N.A
Category: Turkey
Page: 776
View: 538

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Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: N.A
View: 6960

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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Der Krieg Gegen Den Westen

Author: Aurel Kolnai
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525310311
Page: 763
View: 2195

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English summary: This edition of Aurel Kolnai's War against the West (1938) brings one of the first English-language critiques of Nazi ideology to a German-speaking audience interested in contemporary approaches to critically examining Nazism. Kolnai's main goal was to warn the Western world that Nazism threatened its core and its way of life. He accomplished this in his discussion of the basic elements of Nazi ideology, such as anti-Semitism, racial nationalism, and the anti-liberal concept of a people's community (Volksgemeinschaft), which, in his view, amounted to replacing Christianity with the political religion of race. German description: Diese historisch-kritische deutsche Ausgabe des 1938 auf Englisch erschienenen Buches von Aurel Kolnai The War against the West schliesst eine Lucke in der Dokumentation der zeitgenossischen Auseinandersetzungen mit den Ideen des Nationalsozialismus. Kolnai stellte die Unvereinbarkeit des Nationalsozialismus mit dem christlich-humanistischen Wertesystem heraus und hob dessen fundamentalen Gegensatz zur westlichen Demokratie, ihren christlichen Grundlagen und sozialistischen Elementen hervor. Sein Buch verstand Kolnai als Appell an den Westen, auf die existenzielle Bedrohung des burgerlichen Gesellschafts- und Wertesystems durch den Nationalsozialismus politisch angemessen zu reagieren. Der Nationalsozialismus musse ernst genommen werden, anstatt ihn vulgarmarxistisch als wenig originelle Variante eines aggressiv auf seine Existenzkrise reagierenden Kapitalismus zu unterschatzen oder als rein destruktiven Nihilismus zu verkennen. Mit traditionellen politischen Begriffen wie reaktionar und konservativ jedenfalls sei das radikal Neue des Nazismus, das Kolnai an der rassenbiologischen Umgestaltung der deutschen Gesellschaft festmachte, nicht zu fassen. Als Ausdruck deutschen Geistes sei der Nationalsozialismus tief in deutscher Geschichte verwurzelt, auch wenn er keineswegs, wie von ihm beansprucht, Inkarnation des Deutschen sei.

Jewish Bankers and the Holy See

From the Thirteenth to the Seventeenth Century
Author: Leon Poliakov
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415523273
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 296
View: 6810

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The Jewish community in Rome is the oldest in Europe, the only one to have existed continuously for over 2,000 years. This detailed study of the Jewish banking community in Italy is therefore of special value and interest. Poliakov’s classic account of the rise and fall of the Jewish bankers is at the same time the story of medieval finance in general, its decline, and the birth of ‘modern’ finance. The author traces the economic and theological implication of each stage in the ambiguous relationship that developed between the Jewish money trade and the Holy See. He shows that the protection enjoyed by the Jews from the Holy See had not only theological, but also economic roots. The study ends with an account of the introduction of modern, ‘capitalist’ techniques and of the consequent inevitable decline of the Jewish money trade.