The reconstruction justice of Salmon P. Chase

in re Turner and Texas v. White
Author: Harold Melvin Hyman
Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 184
View: 9254

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The demise of the Confederacy left a legacy of legal arrangements that raised fundamental and vexing questions regarding the legal rights and status of former slaves and the status of former Confederate states. As Harold Hyman shows, few individuals had greater impact on resolving these difficult questions than Salmon P. Chase, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1865 to 1873.Hyman argues that in two cases -- In Re Turner (1867) and Texas v. White (1869) -- Chase combined his abolitionist philosophy with an activist jurisprudence to help dismantle once and for all the deposed machineries of slavery and the Confederacy.In Re Turner was a private law case decided at the federal circuit level. It involved a black woman's claim that she, a recent slave, was being held in involuntary, servitude. Elizabeth Turner's mother had apprenticed her to their former master, who had not abided by his contractual obligations to provide Elizabeth with training and compensation, substantively keepingher in slavery. Chase's decision, which relied upon due process and equal protection implications in the thirteenth amendment and the 1866 Civil Rights Act, confirmed the rights of emancipated slaves to bargain and contract with employers on a parity with white workers.Texas v. White was a public law case decided in the Supreme Court. It revolved around the issue of whether the holders of U.S. bonds seized and sold by the Confederate state of Texas could demand payment after the war from that state's newly reconstructed government. In effect, Chase and his associate justices were asked to determine the legality of actions committed by all former Confederate states and, thus, to define whatconstituted a state. Chase's opinion reaffirmed the permanence of the Union and its constituent states and the duty of the states to respect the legal rights and obligations of all citizens.Hyman's exemplary study provides

Reconstructions

New Perspectives on Postbellum America
Author: Thomas J. Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199723973
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 7083

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The pivotal era of Reconstruction has inspired an outstanding historical literature. In the half-century after W.E.B. DuBois published Black Reconstruction in America (1935), a host of thoughtful and energetic authors helped to dismantle racist stereotypes about the aftermath of emancipation and Union victory in the Civil War. The resolution of long-running interpretive debates shifted the issues at stake in Reconstruction scholarship, but the topic has remained a vital venue for original exploration of the American past. In Reconstructions: New Perspectives on the Postbellum United States, eight rising historians survey the latest generation of work and point to promising directions for future research. They show that the field is opening out to address a wider range of adjustments to the experiences and effects of Civil War. Increased interest in cultural history now enriches understandings traditionally centered on social and political history. Attention to gender has joined a focus on labor as a powerful strategy for analyzing negotiations over private and public authority. The contributors suggest that Reconstruction historiography might further thrive by strengthening connections to such subjects as western history, legal history, and diplomatic history, and by redefining the chronological boundaries of the postwar period. The essays provide more than a variety of attractive vantage points for fresh examination of a major phase of American history. By identifying the most exciting recent approaches to a theme previously studied so ably, the collection illuminates the creative process in scholarly historical literature.

The Chase Court : Justices, Rulings, and Legacy


Author: Jonathan Lurie,Salmon Portland Chase
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576078213
Category: History
Page: 247
View: 1590

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A revealing examination of the Supreme Court's justices and their "cautiously moderate" jurisprudence during the ten-year tenure of Chief Justice Salmon Portland Chase. * A–Z entries include the significant rulings involving Reconstruction and restoration of the Union such as Ex parte Milligan (1866), the Test Oath Cases (1867), Ex parte McCardle (1868), and Texas v. White (1869) * An analysis of the historical impact and continuing legacy of decisions such as the Court's narrow interpretation of the 14th Amendment in the famous Slaughterhouse Cases

The Promises of Liberty

The History and Contemporary Relevance of the Thirteenth Amendment
Author: Alexander Tsesis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520131
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 492

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In these original essays, America's leading historians and legal scholars reassess the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment and its relevance to issues of liberty, justice, and equality. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States, reasserting the radical, egalitarian dimensions of the Constitution. It also laid the foundations for future civil rights and social justice legislation. Yet subsequent reinterpretation and misappropriation have curbed more substantive change. With constitutional jurisprudence undergoing a revival, The Promises of Liberty provides a full portrait of the Thirteenth Amendment and its potential for ensuring liberty. The collection begins with Pulitzer Prize-winning historian David Brion Davis, who discusses the failure of the Thirteenth Amendment to achieve its framers' objectives. The next piece, by Alexander Tsesis, provides a detailed account of the Amendment's revolutionary character. James M. McPherson, another Pulitzer recipient, recounts the influence of abolitionists on the ratification process, and Paul Finkelman focuses on who freed the slaves and President Lincoln's commitment to ending slavery. Michael Vorenberg revisits the nineteenth century's understanding of freedom and citizenship and the Amendment's surprisingly small role in the Reconstruction and post-Reconstruction periods. William M. Wiecek shows how the Supreme Court's narrow interpretation once rendered the guarantee of freedom nearly illusory, and the collection's third Pulitzer Prize winner, David M. Oshinsky, explains how peonage undermined the prohibition against compulsory service. Subsequent essays relate the Thirteenth Amendment to congressional authority, hate crimes legislation, the labor movement, and immigrant rights. These chapters analyze unique features of the amendment along with its elusive meanings and affirm its power to reform criminal and immigration law, affirmative action policies, and the protection of civil liberties.

The Ordeal of the Reunion

A New History of Reconstruction
Author: Mark Wahlgren Summers
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469617587
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 373

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For a generation, scholarship on the Reconstruction era has rightly focused on the struggles of the recently emancipated for a meaningful freedom and defined its success or failure largely in those terms. In The Ordeal of the Reunion, Mark Wahlgren Summers goes beyond this vitally important question, focusing on Reconstruction's need to form an enduring Union without sacrificing the framework of federalism and republican democracy. Assessing the era nationally, Summers emphasizes the variety of conservative strains that confined the scope of change, highlights the war's impact and its aftermath, and brings the West and foreign policy into an integrated narrative. In sum, this book offers a fresh explanation for Reconstruction's demise and a case for its essential successes as well as its great failures. Indeed, this book demonstrates the extent to which the victors' aims in 1865 were met--and at what cost. Summers depicts not just a heroic, tragic moment with equal rights advanced and then betrayed but a time of achievement and consolidation, in which nationhood and emancipation were placed beyond repeal and the groundwork was laid for a stronger, if not better, America to come.

The Salmon P. Chase Papers: Correspondence, 1865-1873


Author: Salmon Portland Chase
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780873386180
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 401
View: 4543

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This fifth volume of the Salmon P. Chase papers covers 215 letters that shed light on the last phase of Chase's life, the eight and a half years that he presided over the United States Supreme Court as chief justice. During this period, he dealt with issues that redefined the rights of individuals.

Seitenwechsel


Author: Nella Larsen
Publisher: Dörlemann eBook
ISBN: 3908778190
Category: Fiction
Page: 192
View: 1451

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"Nella Larsens Roman "Seitenwechsel" ist das Gegenstück zu Scott Fitzgeralds "Der große Gatsby"." Irene Redfield flieht vor der Hitze eines heißen Sommertages ins Dachrestaurant des Drayton Hotels in Chicago. Sie traut ihren Augen kaum, als sie hier ihre Freundin aus Kindertagen wiedertrifft. Clare Kendry ist nach dem frühen Tod ihres Vaters bei weißen Verwandten aufgewachsen und der Kontakt zwischen den Freundinnen abgerissen. Zwei Jahre später zieht Clare nach New York und meldet sich bei Irene, die in Harlem lebt, während Clare in der Welt der Weißen zu Hause ist. Clare ist mit einem Rassisten verheiratet, der nicht auch nur entfernt von ihrer schwarzen Herkunft ahnt. Zudem beunruhigt Irene mehr und mehr, daß Clare eine magische Wirkung auf ihren eigenen Ehemann zu haben scheint. Clare, die Wanderin zwischen den Welten, liebt die Gefahr und das Spiel mit dem Feuer - und droht ständig, sich zu verbrennen.

Die Federalist papers


Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406547546
Category: Constitutional history
Page: 583
View: 2422

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Co. Aytch - Erinnerungen eines Konföderierten an den Bürgerkrieg


Author: Sam Watkins
Publisher: neobooks
ISBN: 3738011617
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 183
View: 3326

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Als im April 1861 der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg ausbricht, ist der 21jährige Sam Watkins aus Maury County, Tennessee einer der tausenden von Kriegsfreiwilligen, die sich zu den Armeen der Südstaaten melden. Watkins schließt sich der „Co. Aytch" (so die lautmalerische Ausschreibung für „Kompanie H") des 1. Tennessee-Infanterieregiments an und folgt dem Regiment von den ersten kleinen Gefechten in Virginia bis zur vernichtenden Niederlage der konföderierten Tennessee-Armee in der Schlacht von Nashville. In seinen im Jahre 1881 entstandenen Kriegserinnerungen schildert Watkins mit scharfem Blick für das Erzählenswerte und feinem Sinn für Humor all jene furchtbaren und absurd-komischen Geschehnisse, die der Wahnsinn des Krieges für einen Soldaten der konföderierten Tennessee-Armee bereithielt. Dabei gewährt „Co. Aytch", das zu Recht als Standardwerk der Bürgerkriegsliteratur gilt, nicht nur einen wertvollen Einblick in die Erlebnisse und Gedanken des durchschnittlichen „Johnny Reb", sondern ist zugleich bewegendes Zeugnis eines Versuchs der literarischen Vergangenheitsbewältigung. Ein Anhang der erhaltenen, vom Regimentskommandeur verfassten Gefechtsberichte des 1. Tennessee-Regiments zu den Schlachten von Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro und Chickamauga ermöglicht einen aufschlussreichen Vergleich zu den Schilderungen des unmittelbar beteiligten Soldaten.

Der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg


Author: John Keegan
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644106517
Category: History
Page: 512
View: 4439

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Mit über 700 000 gefallenen Soldaten war der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg blutiger und verlustreicher als alle Kriege zusammen, die die USA seither geführt haben. Und was seine Brutalität und Totalität angeht, nahm er sogar die Schrecken des Ersten Weltkriegs vorweg. Für John Keegan, laut New York Times «der originellste Militärhistoriker der Gegenwart», ist dieser Konflikt schlichtweg der erste moderne Krieg und zugleich «der wichtigste ideologische Kampf der Weltgeschichte». In seinem Buch schildert er nicht nur die Vorgeschichte des Bürgerkriegs, die großen Ereignisse und Schlachten und welche Folgen sie hatten – er widmet sich genauso den Protagonisten wie Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee oder Ulysses Grant. Dabei geht es ihm neben der profunden militärhistorischen Analyse auch um die politischen Dimensionen und die menschlichen Erschütterungen. Nicht zuletzt beschäftigt ihn die Frage, wie es möglich war, dass ein Land, das so sehr auf Konsens gebaut ist wie die Vereinigten Staaten, von einem tödlichen Bruderkonflikt zerrissen wurde. Ein Standardwerk, das eine Lücke schließt.

Abraham Lincoln

Amerikas großer Präsident ; eine Biographie
Author: Jörg Nagler
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406622151
Category:
Page: 463
View: 9734

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Handbuch Geschichte der Sklaverei

Eine Globalgeschichte von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart
Author: Michael Zeuske
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110278812
Category: Social Science
Page: 739
View: 2894

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This handbook is the first publication to systematically present the history of slavery in the context of global history. The point of departure is an understanding of slavery as the capitalization of the human body. The most diverse types of slavery are analyzed – on all continents, under its respective names and in its historical context. This broad empirical basis leads to a history of slavery beginning around 10,000 BC and continuing to the present day.