The Quantum Theory of Fields


Author: Steven Weinberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521550017
Category: SCIENCE
Page: 635
View: 726

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Available for the first time in paperback, The Quantum Theory of Fields is a self-contained, comprehensive, and up-to-date introduction to quantum field theory from Nobel Laureate Steven Weinberg. Volume I introduces the foundations of quantum field theory.

The Quantum Theory of Nonlinear Optics


Author: Peter D. Drummond,Mark Hillery
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107004217
Category: Science
Page: 380
View: 6381

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This self-contained treatment of field quantization requires no prior knowledge of nonlinear optics. Supplemented by end-of-chapter exercises and detailed examples of calculation techniques in different systems, it is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in nonlinear optics, condensed matter physics, quantum information and atomic physics.

Quantum Mechanics

Special Chapters
Author: Walter Greiner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540600732
Category: Science
Page: 378
View: 5667

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Supplementing "Quantum Mechanics. An Introduction" and "Quantum Mechanics. Symmetries", this book covers an important additional course on quantum mechanics, including an introduction to quantum statistics, the structure of atoms and molecules, and the Schrödinger wave equation. 72 fully worked examples and problems consolidate the material.

Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model


Author: Matthew D. Schwartz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107034736
Category: Science
Page: 863
View: 7400

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Modern introduction to quantum field theory for graduates, providing intuitive, physical explanations supported by real-world applications and homework problems.

Men of Physics: L.D. Landau

Thermodynamics, Plasma Physics and Quantum Mechanics
Author: D. Ter Haar
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483153827
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 5935

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Men of Physics: L. D. Landau, Volume 2: Thermodynamics, Plasma Physics and Quantum Mechanics is dedicated to L. D. Landau's contributions in the fields of thermodynamics, plasma physics, and quantum mechanics. Landau's theory of second-order phase transitions is discussed, along with his contributions to nuclear physics, astrophysics, cosmic ray physics, and quantum field theory. This volume is comprised of 15 chapters and begins with a discussion on Landau's theory of second-order phase transitions, which includes his assumption that all thermodynamic functions would allow regular series expansions near the transition point. The following chapters focus on Landau's papers on the transport equation for ionized systems and on plasma oscillations; his contributions to nuclear physics, cosmic ray physics, and astrophysics; his work in pure quantum mechanics; and his contributions to quantum field theory. The second section elaborates on the theory of phase transitions; the transport equation in the case of Coulomb interactions; the vibrations of the electronic plasma; and the statistical theory of nuclei. The origin of stellar energy is also examined, along with the multiple production of particles during collisions of fast particles and the extension of the uncertainty principle to relativistic quantum theory. A theory of energy transfer in collisions is also described. The final chapter considers the conservation laws for weak interactions. This book will be a useful resource for physicists and students interested in the work of L. D. Landau.

Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier

Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums
Author: Lisa Randall
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104030251
Category: Science
Page: 464
View: 4801

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Die Natur der Dunklen Materie gehört zu den spannendsten Fragen der Kosmologie. Die Bestseller-Autorin und Harvard-Professorin Lisa Randall nimmt uns in ihrem neuen Buch ›Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier. Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums‹ mit auf eine Reise in die Welt der Physik und hilft uns zu verstehen, welche Rolle die Dunkle Materie bei der Entstehung unserer Galaxie, unseres Sonnensystems und sogar des Lebens selbst gespielt hat. Eindrucksvoll zeigt sie, wie die Wissenschaft neue Konzepte und Erklärungen für dieses weithin unbekannte Phänomen entwickelt und verwebt geschickt die Geschichte des Kosmos mit unserer eigenen. Ein Buch, das ein völlig neues Licht auf die tiefen Verbindungen wirft, die unsere Welt so maßgeblich mitgeprägt haben, und uns die außerordentliche Schönheit zeigt, die selbst den alltäglichsten Dingen innewohnt.

Graphene Science Handbook, Six-Volume Set


Author: Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Nasar Ali,William I. Milne,Cengiz S. Ozkan,Stanislaw Mitura,Juana L. Gervasoni
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466591196
Category: Science
Page: 3379
View: 5509

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Graphene is the strongest material ever studied and can be an efficient substitute for silicon. This six-volume handbook focuses on fabrication methods, nanostructure and atomic arrangement, electrical and optical properties, mechanical and chemical properties, size-dependent properties, and applications and industrialization. There is no other major reference work of this scope on the topic of graphene, which is one of the most researched materials of the twenty-first century. The set includes contributions from top researchers in the field and a foreword written by two Nobel laureates in physics. Volumes in the set: K20503 Graphene Science Handbook: Mechanical and Chemical Properties (ISBN: 9781466591233) K20505 Graphene Science Handbook: Fabrication Methods (ISBN: 9781466591271) K20507 Graphene Science Handbook: Electrical and Optical Properties (ISBN: 9781466591318) K20508 Graphene Science Handbook: Applications and Industrialization (ISBN: 9781466591332) K20509 Graphene Science Handbook: Size-Dependent Properties (ISBN: 9781466591356) K20510 Graphene Science Handbook: Nanostructure and Atomic Arrangement (ISBN: 9781466591370)

Eichfeldtheorie

Eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie auf Faserbündeln
Author: Helga Baum
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642385397
Category: Mathematics
Page: 380
View: 5715

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Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie auf Faserbündeln. Nach einem Kapitel über Lie-Gruppen und homogene Räume werden lokal-triviale Faserungen, insbesondere die Hauptfaserbündel und zu ihnen assoziierte Vektorbündel, besprochen. Es folgen die grundlegenden Begriffe der Differentialrechnung auf Faserbündeln: Zusammenhang, Krümmung, Parallelverschiebung und kovariante Ableitung. Anschließend werden die Holonomiegruppen vorgestellt, die zentrale Bedeutung in der Differentialgeometrie haben. Als Anwendungen werden charakteristische Klassen und die Yang-Mills-Gleichung behandelt. Zahlreiche Aufgaben mit Lösungshinweisen helfen, das Gelernte zu vertiefen. Das Buch richtet sich vor allem an Studenten der Mathematik und Physik im Masterstudium. Es stellt mathematische Grundlagen bereit, die in Vorlesungen zur Eichfeldtheorie in der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik Anwendung finden.

Quantum Plasmadynamics


Author: D. B. Melrose
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387739025
Category: Science
Page: 464
View: 8857

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The idea of synthesizing quantum electrodynamics (QED) and the kinetic theory of plasmas ?rst occurred to me in the early 1970s [1, 2]. The project to do so has been carried out bit by bit over the subsequent years. The name “quantum plasmadynamics” (QPD) is my own jargon [3] for the synthesized theory. Both QED and the kinetic theory of plasmas areconcerned with the int- action between charged particles and the electromagnetic ?eld, but they are radically di?erent in the way the interaction is described. The kinetic theory of plasmas is a collective-medium theory: a plasma is not a collection of - dependent particles in a given electromagnetic ?eld, but a medium in which the particles collectively modify the ?eld, and the ?eld modi?es the par- cles. The charge and current densities associated with the particles are part of a self-consistent ?eld. Conventionally, the kinetic theory of plasmas is a classical theory: the motions of particles are treated using classical dynamics.

The Lattice Boltzmann Equation

For Fluid Dynamics and Beyond
Author: Sauro Succi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198503989
Category: Mathematics
Page: 288
View: 450

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In recent years, stylized forms of the Boltzmann equation, now going by the name of "Lattice Boltzmann equation" (LBE), have emerged, which relinquish most mathematical complexities of the true Boltzmann equation without sacrificing physical fidelity in the description of many situations involving complex fluid motion. This book provides the first detailed survey of LBE theory and its major applications to date. Accessible to a broad audience of scientists dealing with complex system dynamics, the book also portrays future developments in allied areas of science (material science, biology etc.) where fluid motion plays a distinguished role.

CERN Courier


Author: European Organization for Nuclear Research
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nuclear energy
Page: N.A
View: 5529

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Die Wirklichkeit, die nicht so ist, ...

Eine Reise in die Welt der Quantengravitation
Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644052514
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 9132

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Was ist Wirklichkeit? Existieren Raum und Zeit tatsächlich, wenn wir uns anschicken, die elementarsten Grundlagen unserer Existenz zu erforschen? Wie viel davon können wir überhaupt verstehen? Carlo Rovelli beschäftigt sich seit vielen Jahren damit, die Grenzen unseres Verstehens zu erweitern. In diesem Buch nimmt er uns mit auf eine Reise, die von dem Realitätsverständnis der griechischen Klassik bis zur Schleifenquantengravitation führt. Ein großer Physiker unserer Zeit macht sich auf, uns ein neues Welt-Bild zu zeichnen: mit einem physikalischen Universum ohne Zeit, einer Raumzeit, die aus Schleifen und Körnchen besteht und in der Unendlichkeit nicht existiert. Einer Kosmologie, die ohne Urknall und Paralleluniversen auskommt und hier zum ersten Mal von einem ihrer «Erfinder» für ein breites Publikum einfach und ausführlich erklärt wird. Ein Buch über «die großen Herausforderungen der gegenwärtigen Naturwissenschaften, die all unser Wissen über die Natur in Frage stellen» (Rovelli).

Gauge Theories in Particle Physics

Volume I: From Relativistic Quantum Mechanics to QED, Third Edition
Author: I.J.R. Aitchison,A.J.G. Hey
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849387753
Category: Science
Page: 422
View: 3956

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Gauge Theories in Particle Physics, Volume 1: From Relativistic Quantum Mechanics to QED, Third Edition presents an accessible, practical, and comprehensive introduction to the three gauge theories of the standard model of particle physics: quantum electrodynamics (QED), quantum chromodynamics (QCD), and the electroweak theory. For each of them, the authors provide a thorough discussion of the main conceptual points, a detailed exposition of many practical calculations of physical quantities, and a comparison of these quantitative predictions with experimental results. For this two-volume third edition, much of the book has been rewritten to reflect developments over the last decade, both in the curricula of university courses and in particle physics research. Substantial new material has been introduced that is intended for use in undergraduate physics courses. New introductory chapters provide a precise historical account of the properties of quarks and leptons, and a qualitative overview of the quantum field description of their interactions, at a level appropriate to third year courses. The chapter on relativistic quantum mechanics has been enlarged and is supplemented by additional sections on scattering theory and Green functions, in a form appropriate to fourth year courses. Since precision experiments now test the theories beyond lowest order in perturbation theory, an understanding of the data requires a more sophisticated knowledge of quantum field theory, including ideas of renormalization. The treatment of quantum field theory has therefore been considerably extended so as to provide a uniquely accessible and self-contained introduction to quantum field dynamics, as described by Feynman graphs. The level is suitable for advanced fourth year undergraduates and first year graduates. These developments are all contained in the first volume, which ends with a discussion of higher order corrections in QED; the second volume is devoted to the non-Abelian gauge theories of QCD and the electroweak theory. As in the first two editions, emphasis is placed throughout on developing realistic calculations from a secure physical and conceptual basis.

Quantenphysik für Dummies


Author: Steven Holzner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527668004
Category: Science
Page: 316
View: 1159

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Von den Grundlagen bis zur Streutheorie – das Wichtigste zur Quantenmechanik Die Quantenphysik ist ein zentrales und spannendes, wenn auch von vielen Schülern und Studenten ungeliebtes Thema der Physik. Aber keine Sorge! Steven Holzner erklärt Ihnen verständlich und lebendig, was Sie über Quantenphysik wissen müssen. Er erläutert die Grundlagen von Drehimpuls und Spin, gibt Ihnen Tipps, wie Sie komplexe Gleichungen lösen und nimmt den klassischen Problemen der Quantenphysik den Schrecken. Dabei arbeitet er mit Beispielen, die er ausführlich erklärt und gibt Ihnen so zusätzliche Sicherheit auf einem vor Unschärfen wimmelnden Feld.