The Punisher's Brain

The Evolution of Judge and Jury
Author: Morris B. Hoffman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107038065
Category: Law
Page: 368
View: 8734

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"Evolution built us to punish cheaters. Without that punishment instinct, we would never have been able to live in small groups, and would never have realized all the significant benefits that small-group living conferred, including mutual defense, cooperative hunting, property, divisions of labor and economies of scale. In fact, to a large extent our notions of right and wrong, of empathy and compassion, of fairness and justice, all come from the tensions of group living, and thus indirectly owe their very existence to punishment. It may sound strange that one key to civilization is our willingness to punish each other, but every parent knows it's true. Every parent also feels the irresistible pull not to punish too much, and in fact maybe not to punish at all - to forgive - and this, too, is a remnant of evolution. Our punishment instinct is not so much a sword ready to fall as it is a finely tuned balance, sometimes susceptible to the gentlest of breezes"--

The Brain, Emotion, and Depression

Author: Edmund T. Rolls
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019256823X
Category: Medical
Page: 304
View: 9226

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There are myriad questions that emerge when one considers emotions and decision-making: What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relationship between emotion, reward value, and subjective feelings of pleasure? How is the value of 'good' represented in the brain? Will neuroeconomics replace classical microeconomics? How does the brain implement decision-making? Are gene-defined rewards and emotions in the interests of the genes? Does rational multistep planning enable us to go beyond selfish genes to plans in the interests of the individual? The Brain, Emotion, and Depression addresses these issues, providing a unified approach to emotion, reward value, economic value, decision-making, and their brain mechanisms. The evolutionary, adaptive value of the processes involved in emotion, the neural networks involved in emotion and decision making, and the issue of conscious emotional feelings are all considered. The book will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience, neurology, psychology, psychiatry, biology, animal behaviour, economics, and philosophy from the advanced undergraduate level upwards, and for all interested in emotion and decision-making.

Social Networks

An Introduction
Author: Jeroen Bruggeman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113404819X
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 2286

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Social Networks: An Introduction is the first textbook that combines new with still-valuable older methods and theories. Designed to be a core text for graduate (and some undergraduate) courses in a variety of disciplines it is well-suited for everybody who makes a first encounter with the field of social networks, both academics and practitioners. This book includes reviews, study questions and text boxes as well as using innovative pedagogy to explain mathematical models and concepts. Examples ranging from anthropology to organizational sociology and business studies ensure wide applicability. An easy to use software tool, free of charge and open source, is appended on the supporting website that enables readers to depict and analyze networks of their interest. It is essential reading for students in sociology, anthropology, and business studies and can be used as secondary material for courses in economics and political science.

Emotion Explained

Author: Edmund T. Rolls
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198570035
Category: Medical
Page: 606
View: 4511

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"Emotion Explained will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience, psychology, and cognitive neuroscience from advanced undergraduate level upwards. It will also be of interest to those in biology, animal behaviour, zoology, evolutionary biology, physiology, nutrition, psychiatry, medicine, and philosophy. The book has been written with modular chapters and sections, making it possible to select particular chapters for course work."--Jacket.

Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Author: Edmund T. Rolls
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191635154
Category: Medical
Page: 688
View: 9034

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What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings of pleasure? How is the value of a good represented in the brain? Will neuroeconomics replace classical microeconomics? How does the brain implement decision-making? Are gene-defined rewards and emotions in the interests of the genes, and does rational multistep planning enable us to go beyond selfish genes to long-term plans and social contracts in the interests of the individual? This book seeks explanations of emotion and decision-making by considering these questions. The topics covered include: The nature of emotion, and a theory of emotion The functions of emotion, including a Darwinian theory of the adaptive value of emotion, which helps to illuminate many aspects of brain design and behaviour The brain mechanisms of emotion Affective states and motivated behaviour: hunger and sexual behaviour The pharmacology of emotion, and brain mechanisms for action Neuroeconomics, and the foundation of economic value Decision-making Emotional feelings, and consciousness Neural networks involved in emotion The book will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience and neurology, psychology, psychiatry, and philosophy

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080914551
Category: Psychology
Page: 1816
View: 415

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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Brain-inspired IT 2

Author: Kazuo Ishii,Kiyohisa Natsume,Akitoshi Hanazawa
Publisher: Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Category: Medical
Page: 292
View: 6028

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This second volume of "Brain-Inspired IT Series" includes five invited papers and 59 selected technical papers from the Second International Symposium "BrainIT 2005" which was held on in Kitakyushu, Japan, on October 7-9, 2005. The First International Symposium BrainIT 2004 was a great success, and provided the participants with good opportunities to exchange valuable information and various ideas from multidisciplinary research areas. A survey was made of the current state-of-the-art and the possibility to establish new research fields in the Brain-Inspired Information Technology was explored. In this second volume, it can be found that the seeds of BrainIT 2004 are growing and about to bloom as collaboration reaches among a wide variety of areas from biology to robotics. In the symposium BrainIT 2005, special sessions on "Decision and Behavioral Choice Organized by Natural and Artificial Brains" were provided besides technical sessions in a wide range of fields from Brain Science to Information Technology as well as the previous symposium. The first five invited papers are contributed by outstanding researchers in the area, and were presented in special sessions to discuss how the brain recognizes outer and inner worlds and organizes behavior expression, decision making and behavioral selection. The technical papers cover vision and sensory systems, cognition and languages, learning and memory, behavior and emotion, motor controls, dynamics, neural computation, neural networks, and brain-inspired intelligent machines, etc. It is hoped that this Brain-Inspired IT series will be a key milestone for researchers and students to pioneer the new field "Brain-Inspired Information Technology".

Disruptive Mood

Irritability in Children and Adolescents
Author: Argyris Stringaris,Eric Taylor
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191662062
Category: Medical
Page: 208
View: 8923

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A practical guide to understanding and treating children and adolescents prone to extreme levels of angry outbursts, Disruptive Mood: Irritability in Children and Adolescents is based on the very latest research and theory. Providing both a clinical and scientific perspective on irritability in children, this book is a timely look at recent developments in the field. Abnormal states of anger are a common reason for referral to child health services, and cause concern in clinics, schools, and families. Misdiagnosis and treatment can stem from a lack of understanding of the mechanisms involved in high levels of anger in children, and Disruptive Mood: Irritability in Children and Adolescents provides clear guidance on the development of abnormal states of anger, their consequences for later development, and how to assess and make differential diagnoses between them. A useful resource for clinical practice, this book is concise and accessible, and offers tools for evaluating treatments. Disruptive Mood: Irritability in Children and Adolescents is designed for practitioners involved in child and adolescent mental health and education and researchers who need an introduction to this complex field.

The Memory Process

Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives
Author: Suzanne Nalbantian,Paul M. Matthews,James L. McClelland
Publisher: Mit Press
Category: Psychology
Page: 440
View: 8391

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The convergence of neuroscience, philosophy, art, music, and literature offers valuable new insights into the study of memory.

The Enigmatic Brain Reveals

Author: Dewan Jaglul
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1491808640
Category: Education
Page: 310
View: 9086

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This book is a result of my childhood questions about myself as I wondered how did I appear to be myself suddenly with hardly any past recollection and I wondered about my understanding of my own experiences in my life and things of that nature. I wanted to look beyond the ‘Creator’s wish’ part, a prevalent mode of resignation of the thought process, to find a logical and scientific explanation by myself through reading. Eventually I developed the wisdom that the answer lies in the understanding of the brain. When I realized that it is my brain that is somehow generating all my experiences for me, it led to a pretty engrossing experience trying to understand it since. Since this is a book about the brain, I thought it was necessary to discuss the fundamental aspect of its structure. However, I only laid a gross picture with broad strokes only after briefly discussing the highlights of the history of evolution of the brain. Then I tried to address some of the big questions like the consciousness and the generation of the mind and self from a neurological point of view. I went ahead and discussed the mechanism of some of the attributes of self as well. Some of the functional aspects are elucidated as how we fall in love or how we navigate directions and so forth. Computation is the basis by which the brain derives its conclusions. The plasticity of the brain enables us to learn new skills. The genetic aspect cannot be overemphasized. I have included some fascinating data that has recently been found out in these regards. Psychiatric illnesses always fascinated me. I have discussed the genetic basis and pathophysiology of a few of them, like Depression, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. The whole book is written on the basis of the latest findings by dedicated professionals. Here I am like a collector who has put all this in a concise deliberation to share my own understandings regarding what it takes for each of us to be the way we are.

Encyclopedia of the human brain

Author: V. S. Ramachandran
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780122272141
Category: Medical
Page: 903
View: 4778

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Contains numerous peer-reviewed articles on the human brain from experts around the world. Covers the areas of anatomy, physiology, neuropsychology, clinical neurology, neuropharmacology, evolutionary biology, genetics, and behavioral science.

The Science of Emotional Intelligence

Knowns and Unknowns
Author: Gerald Matthews,Moshe Zeidner,Richard D. Roberts
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Psychology
Page: 502
View: 5441

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Bringing together international experts from a variety of sub-disciplines, this volume aims to integrate recent research on emotional intelligence. The contributors address a set of focused questions concerning theory, measures, and applications: How does emotional intelligence relate to personality? What is the optimal approach to testing emotional intelligence? How can emotional intelligence be trained? In the final section of the book, the volume editors distill and synthesize the main points made by these experts and set forth an agenda for building a science of emotional intelligence in the future. --From publisher's description.

Who Needs Emotions?

The Brain Meets the Robot
Author: Jean-Marc Fellous,Michael A. Arbib
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Page: 399
View: 5355

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This title addresses challenging questions concerning human and animal emotions, and their possible analogs in the 'brains' of robots, both now and in the future. It asks such questions as: what do we know of emotions in the animal and human brain?; can we design robots that will do more than mimic emotions?

The Slings & Arrows Comic Guide

Author: Frank Plowright
Publisher: Top Shelf Productions
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels
Page: 787
View: 2240

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Reviews and analyses of over 5000 titles from the 1930s to date. ... Every comic of note from the past fifty years is included in this comprehensive guide to American comics. From the underground to children's comics, autobiography to fantasy.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning

Author: Frances K. McSweeney,Eric S. Murphy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118468171
Category: Psychology
Page: 760
View: 9128

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This combined survey of operant and classical conditioning provides professional and academic readers with an up-to-date, inclusive account of a core field of psychology research, with in-depth coverage of the basic theory, its applications, and current topics including behavioral economics. Provides comprehensive coverage of operant and classical conditioning, relevant fundamental theory, and applications including the latest techniques Features chapters by leading researchers, professionals, and academicians Reviews a range of core literature on conditioning Covers cutting-edge topics such as behavioral economics

Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464920702
Category: Medical
Page: 1690
View: 1773

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Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Physiology. The editors have built Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Physiology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

The American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Neuropsychiatry

Author: Stuart C. Yudofsky
Publisher: American Psychiatric Publishing
Category: Neuropsychiatry
Page: 829
View: 9541

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Substantially expanded edition of the 1988 text providing comprehensive coverage in clinically relevant, self-contained chapters on basic principles, assessment, symptomatologies, disorders, and treatments. References for each chapter are extensive and up-to-date. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR