Effective Writing in Psychology

Papers, Posters, and Presentations
Author: Bernard C. Beins,Agatha M. Beins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357573
Category: Psychology
Page: 288
View: 7081

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This book helps students, writers and speakers at all levels refine their communication skills by guiding them at every stage of the process. Focuses on principles of good writing and writing in APA style Offers tips on internet publishing, poster presentations, and making presentations to Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Highlights methods for selecting a research topic, organizing papers and communicating statistics in an accessible way

How To Write in Psychology

A Student Guide
Author: John R. Beech
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405156937
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 242
View: 387

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A guide to the unique writing requirements of psychology. Filled with practical instructions and examples, it includes what the student needs to know about the principles and practice of writing for psychology. Suitable for those pursuing a psychology degree, it lays out helpful tricks to manage time and stay on track during writing assignments.

Principles of Research in Behavioral Science


Author: Bernard E. Whitley (Jr.),Mary E. Kite,Heather L. Adams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415879280
Category: Education
Page: 754
View: 1209

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Intended for beginning graduate or advanced undergraduate students, this book provides a comprehensive review of research methods used in psychology and related disciplines. It covers topics that are often omitted in other texts including correlational and qualitative research and integrative literature reviews. Basic principles are reviewed for those who need a refresher. The focus is on conceptual issues – statistics are kept to a minimum. Featuring examples from all fields of psychology, the book addresses laboratory and field research. Chapters are written to be used independently, so instructors can pick and choose those that fit their course needs. Reorganized to parallel the steps of the research process, tips on writing reports are also provided. Each chapter features an outline, key terms, a summary, and questions and exercises that integrate chapter topics and put theory into practice. A glossary and an annotated list of readings are now included. Extensively updated throughout, the new edition features a new co-author, Mary Kite, and: • New chapters on qualitative research and content analysis and another on integrative literature reviews including meta-analysis, critical techniques for today’s research environment. • A new chapter on exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis that addresses the use of path analysis and structural equation modeling. • A new chapter on how to write a research report using APA style. • Examples from cross-cultural and multi-cultural research, neuroscience, cognitive, and developmental psychology along with ones from social, industrial, and clinical psychology. • More on Internet research and studies. • Greatly expanded Part 3 on research designs with chapters on true experiments, field research, correlational and single-case designs, content analysis, and survey and qualitative research. • A website with PowerPoint slides for each chapter, a test bank with short answer and multiple choice questions, additional teaching resources, and the tables and figures from the book for Instructor’s and chapter outlines, suggested readings, and links to related web sites for students. Intended as a text for beginning graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in research methods or experimental methods or design taught in psychology, human development, family studies, education, or other social and behavioral sciences, a prerequisite of undergraduate statistics and a beginning research methods course is assumed.

Influence

The Psychology of Persuasion
Author: Robert B. Cialdini, PhD
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 9780061899874
Category: Self-Help
Page: 336
View: 8983

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Influence, the classic book on persuasion, explains the psychology of why people say "yes"—and how to apply these understandings. Dr. Robert Cialdini is the seminal expert in the rapidly expanding field of influence and persuasion. His thirty-five years of rigorous, evidence-based research along with a three-year program of study on what moves people to change behavior has resulted in this highly acclaimed book. You'll learn the six universal principles, how to use them to become a skilled persuader—and how to defend yourself against them. Perfect for people in all walks of life, the principles of Influence will move you toward profound personal change and act as a driving force for your success. Some images that appeared in the print edition of this book are unavailable in the electronic edition due to rights reasons.

Principles of Forensic Report Writing


Author: Michael Karson,Lavita Nadkarni
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN: 9781433813061
Category: Medical
Page: 193
View: 5484

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"In teaching forensic report writing to graduate students, we have been impressed with the available guides to writing specific kinds of reports. There are also some good summary articles on report writing and check-lists regarding what reports ought to cover. What we wanted, though, was a single volume that looked at report writing and reading as behaviors, informed by what we know about behavior, and that looked in-depth at the topic of applying general knowledge to particular situations. As is true for so many authors, this is the book we wish we'd read in graduate school. We offer these principles of forensic report writing as preparation for trainees, particularly those in Stages 1-3 of the developmental scheme described here, and also as reminders for professionals who have already written many reports"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

Reflections on the Principles of Psychology

William James After A Century
Author: Michael G. Johnson,Tracy B. Henley
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134990081
Category: Psychology
Page: 344
View: 7086

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This important volume looks back to 1890 and -- 100 years later -- asks some of the same questions William James was asking in his Principles of Psychology. In so doing, it reviews our progress toward their solutions. Among the contemporary concerns of 1990 that the editors consider are: the nature of the self and the will, conscious experience, associationism, the basic acts of cognition, and the nature of perception. Their findings: Although the developments in each of these areas during the last 100 years have been monumental, James' views as presented in the Principles still remain viable and provocative. To provide a context for understanding James, some chapters are devoted primarily to recent scholarship about James himself -- focusing on the time the Principles was written, relevant intellectual influences, and considerations of his understanding of this "new" science of psychology. The balance of this volume is devoted to specific topics of particular interest to James. One critical theme woven into almost every chapter is the tension between the role of experience (or phenomenological data) within a scientific psychology, and the viability of a materialistic (or biologically reductive) account of mental life. Written for professionals, practitioners, and students of psychology -- in all disciplines.

Principles of Psychology


Author: S. Marc Breedlove
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199329362
Category: Psychology
Page: 736
View: 7474

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Organized around four well-established core principles, Principles of Psychology provides students with a framework to understand the science of behavior. Written in a conversational style, the text is organized around the following four well-established principles that serve as touchstones for the field of psychology: --The mind is a process at work in a physical machine, the brain. --We are consciously aware of only a fraction of our mental activity. --We constantly modify our behavior, beliefs, and attitudes according to what we perceive about the people around us. --Experience physically alters the structure and function of the brain. With these four principles as a framework for the text, Principles of Psychology emphasizes that psychology is a science through discussion of relevant big-picture and proven concepts and cutting-edge research-based investigations that examine behavioral, psychological, and neuroscience experiments. By presenting data and facts from other scientific disciplines, as well as real-world vignettes and stories, Marc Breedlove teaches the reader how to think critically and scientifically about the underlying mechanisms of behavior. In-Text Features --Vignette Each chapter begins with a story, an instance when behavior has a big impact on someone's life. The chapter returns to the vignette several times as we cover findings that relate to that particular case. --Researchers at Work In every chapter, important discoveries are explained and illustrated to highlight the process of experimentation and hypothesis testing. Over the course of the book, the progression of experiments provides an increasingly sharper picture of the factors shaping behavior. --Skeptic at Large Intended to sharpen the student's critical thinking skills, these boxes explore a widespread misconception and demonstrate how scientific research disproves it. The exploration of scientific experimentation also reinforces the Researchers at Work feature. --Psychology in Everyday Life These are topics where knowledge of psychology might be applicable to everyday life, such as whether people with schizophrenia are violent, the importance of "blind" auditions for musicians, how to stop smoking, or how conditioned taste aversion might cause you to stop eating sushi when you used to love it. --The Cutting Edge Just prior to the end of every chapter, this feature explores an exciting report of current research. Showing students these vibrant and bold experiments will emphasize that psychology research remains alive and well. --Think Like a Psychologist: Principles in Action To close each chapter, each principle is related back to the vignette to show the student that when they observe an interesting behavior they can recall and apply the four principles. If they can do this, they will indeed be thinking like a psychologist.

Mind, Brain, and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century

Cerebral Localization and Its Biological Context from Gall to Ferrier
Author: Robert Maxwell Young
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195063899
Category: Medical
Page: 278
View: 6742

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The author examines ideas of the nature and localization of the functions of the brain in the light of the philosophical constraints at work in the sciences of mind and brain in the 19th century. Particular attention is paid to phrenology, sensory-motor physiology and associationist psychology.

The Principles of Psychology


Author: William James
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1602062846
Category: Psychology
Page: 708
View: 8545

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The Principles of Psychology is a two-volume introduction to the study of the human mind. Based on his classroom lessons and first published in 1890, James has gathered together what he feels to be the most interesting and most accessible information for the beginning student. Psychology, according to James, deals with thoughts and feelings as its facts and does not attempt to determine where such things come from. This would be the realm of metaphysics, and he is careful to avoid crossing over from science into philosophy. This first volume contains discussions of the brain, methods for analyzing behavior, thought, consciousness, attention, association, time, and memory. Anyone wanting a thorough introduction to psychology will find this work useful and engaging. American psychologist and philosopher WILLIAM JAMES (1842-1910), brother of novelist Henry James, was a groundbreaking researcher at Harvard University and one of the most popular thinkers of the 19th century. Among his many works are Human Immortality (1898) and The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature (1902).

Principles of Social Change


Author: Leonard A. Jason
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199841853
Category: Medical
Page: 186
View: 5713

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Principles of Social Change is written for those who are impassioned and driven by social justice issues in their communities and seek practical solutions to successfully address them. Leonard A. Jason, a leading community psychologist, demonstrates how social change can be accomplished and fostered by observing five key principles.

Revision Cognitive and Instructional Processes

Cognitive and Instructional Processes
Author: Linda Allal,L. Chanquoy,Pierre Largy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710488
Category: Education
Page: 237
View: 7466

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Revision Revisited LINDA ALLAL* & LUCILE CHANQUOY** *University ofGeneva, SWitzerland, **UniversityofNantes, France Revision is a fundamental component of the writing process. So fundamental that for some specialists writing is largely a matter of revising, or as Murray (1978) stated, "Writing is rewriting..." (p. 85). Experience with writing does not, however, automatically translate into increased skill in revision. Learning to revise is a lengthy, complex endeavor. Beginning writers do little revision spontaneously and even experienced writers encounter difficulties in attempting to improve the quality of their texts (Fitzgerald, 1987). Although revision has been extensively dealt with in the writing and learning-to write literature, this book proposes to "revisit" theory and research in this area through a series of new contributions. The introduction begins with an overview of what revision encompasses. It then examines two parallel interrogations that under lie the chapters assembled here, namely: (1) What are the implications of research on cognitive processes for instruction in revision? (2) What are the questions raised by instructional research for the investigation of cognitive processes of revision? A final section presents the chapters of this book.

Modernist Literature


Author: Rachel Potter
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748655298
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 256
View: 3972

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Introduces students to a wide range of modernist writers and critical debates in modernism studies

Principles of Developmental Psychology

An Introduction
Author: George Butterworth
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317758773
Category: Psychology
Page: 288
View: 6687

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Developmental psychology is concerned with the scientific understanding of age-related changes in experience and behaviour, not only in children but throughout the lifespan. The task is to discover, describe, and explain how development occurs, from its earliest origins, into childhood, adulthood, and old age. To understand human development requires one not only to make contact with human nature but also to consider the diverse effects of culture on the developing child. Development is as much a process of acquiring culture as it is of biological growth. This book reviews the history of developmental psychology with respect to both its nature and the effects of transmission of culture. The major theorists of the late 19th and early 20th century, Piaget, Vygotsky and Bowlby are introduced to provide a background to contemporary research and the modern synthesis of nature and nurture. This brief textbook is suitable as an introduction to developmental psychology, both at A level and for beginning undergraduate students. It aims to be of interest to psychologists, educationalists, social workers and others with an interest in a contemporary understanding of factors involved in human development.

Essays in Psychical Research


Author: William James
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674267084
Category: Philosophy
Page: 684
View: 2032

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The more than fifty articles, essays, and reviews in this volume, collected here for the first time, were published by William James over a span of some twenty-five years. The record of a sustained interest in phenomena of a highly controversial nature, they make it amply clear that James's work in psychical research was not an eccentric hobby but a serious and sympathetic concern. James was broad-minded in his approach but tough-minded in his demand that investigations be conducted in rigorous scientific terms. He hoped his study of psychic phenomena would strengthen the philosophy of an open-ended, pluralistic universe that he was formulating during the same period, and he looked forward to the new horizons for human experience that a successful outcome of his research would create. Robert A. McDermott, in his Introduction, discusses the relation of these essays to James's other work in philosophy, psychology, and religion.

Principles of Modern Educational Psychology


Author: Marwan Abuhewaij
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
ISBN: 1426947496
Category: Psychology
Page: 152
View: 7964

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In Principles of Modern Educational Psychology, author Dr. Marwan Abuhewaij presents a compilation of research by many of the best scientists in the field of modern educational psychology. Intended for use as a guide in the subject area for teachers and educational psychologists, this text examines many of the most critical topics of the field today, including the following: * A comprehensive view of the educational psychology, its definition, aims, and principles * Methods for preparing behavioral objectives effectively * The stages of a student's development and how to insure their effective educational development * The subject and applications of humanitarian intelligence. * Motivation, its importance in educational achievement, and the methods of improving motivation in learners Principles of Modern Educational Psychology offers an in-depth and effective exploration of how to employ educational psychology effectively in classrooms today.

The Psychology of Safety Handbook


Author: E. Scott Geller
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420032567
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 560
View: 4845

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You cannot improve your organization's safety performance to enviable levels without addressing human behavior and attitude effectively. The only comprehensive reference on the psychology of the human dynamics of safety, The Psychology of Safety Handbook shows you how to apply psychology to improve safety and health in your organization. Dr. Geller provides theory, procedures, and tools to guide your organization's long-term continuous improvement. Based on Dr. Geller's bestselling The Psychology of Safety, this new and expanded Handbook gives you everything you need to decrease the frequency and severity of accidental injuries in your organization. He covers all areas of psychology directly relevant to understanding and influencing safety-related behaviors. Engineering interventions and government policy have made their mark on injury reduction. Now it is time to work with the human dynamics of injury prevention. The cause of most injuries can be attributed to at-risk behavior or insufficient safe behavior. The Psychology of Safety Handbook not only teaches principles and practical procedures for improving safety-related behaviors, but also illustrates how to increase people's willingness to use these techniques to create a Total Safety Culture. For more than three decades, Professor E. Scott Geller has taught and conducted research as a faculty member of Virginia Tech's Department of Psychology. In this capacity he has authored more than 250 research articles and over 50 books or chapters addressing the development and evaluation of behavior-change interventions to improve quality of life. He has authored seven books on managing behaviors and attitudes for occupational health and safety, including The Psychology of Safety and Working Safe. Dr. Geller is Senior Partner of Safety Performance Solutions, a leading training and consulting firm helping companies empower their employees to achieve a Total Safety Culture. He has been awarded Fellow status by the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the World Academy of Productivity and Quality. Moreover, Scott Geller has been honored with three university-wide teaching awards - every one offered by Virginia Tech.