The Principles of Learning and Behavior


Author: Michael P. Domjan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305142675
Category: Education
Page: 448
View: 1917

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From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Principles of Learning and Behavior


Author: Michael P. Domjan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285088565
Category: Education
Page: 448
View: 2089

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From habituation, classical conditioning, and instrumental conditioning to stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition, this learning and behavior textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the 20th century. Applications boxes help you understand how findings from animal research relate to human learning and behavior, while neuroscience boxes offer you insights into the brain activity underlying learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Principles of Learning and Behavior: Active Learning Edition


Author: Michael Domjan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495601993
Category: Psychology
Page: 696
View: 6294

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This active learning edition includes a new, built-in workbook that provides examples and exercises to help students practice and remember what they read in the text. In addition, students read graphs and make their own interpretations of what the information yields about behavior. Each exercise begins with a short lesson, and then has short assignments that range from 1 minute to 30 minutes worth of work -- some are short answer, some are projects, and some are more involved. The workbook also incorporates students exercises for SNIFFY THE VIRTUAL RAT, VERSION 2.0. Known for its currency and clear writing style, PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR provides a comprehensive and systematic introduction to elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the twentieth century. The book covers habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, aversive control, and their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. Biological constraints on learning are integrated throughout the text, as are applications boxes that relate animal research to human learning and behavior. The book closely reflects the field of research it represents in terms of topics covered, theories discussed, and experimental paradigms described. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Learning & Behavior

Eighth Edition
Author: James E. Mazur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315450267
Category: Psychology
Page: 412
View: 8233

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This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. ? The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis.? Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.

Introduction to Learning and Behavior


Author: Russell A. Powell,P. Lynne Honey,Diane G. Symbaluk
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305652940
Category: Education
Page: 640
View: 9141

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Offering a variety of innovative teaching tools, INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 5th Edition provides a clear introduction to the principles of learning and behavior. Designed to strike a balance between basic principles and their practical application, it provides an engaging outline of the behavioral approach to psychology and its relevance for understanding and improving the world we live in. This edition includes a new emphasis on behavior self-management -- including an appendix on tactics of behavior self-management as well as Study Tip boxes advising students on a range of study behavior issues, from how to best read a textbook to the use of stimulus control procedures to increase concentration and reduce procrastination. Instructors who include self-management projects as a course assignment may particularly appreciate this material. As with past editions, numerous opportunities for review and self-testing help students maximize their understanding and retention. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Learning

Principles and Applications
Author: Stephen B. Klein
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452271933
Category: Psychology
Page: 504
View: 3178

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Incorporating the latest scholarship and applications in the field, Learning: Principles and Applications, Seventh Edition shows students the relevance of basic learning processes through real-world examples, vignettes, critical thinking questions, and applications. Acclaimed for its accessible and thorough coverage of both classic and current studies of animal and human research, the book is known for its scholarship and easy-to-read style, and the introduction of concepts and theories within the framework of highly effective pedagogical elements, the new edition has been updated and reorganized into twelve chapters to reflect recent changes in the field.

Learning and Behavior


Author: Paul Chance
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1111832773
Category: Self-Help
Page: 464
View: 4129

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LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, Seventh Edition, is stimulating and filled with high-interest queries and examples. Based on the theme that learning is a biological mechanism that aids survival, this book embraces a scientific approach to behavior but is written in clear, engaging, and easy-to-understand language. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Comparative Psychology

Evolution and Development of Behavior, 2nd Edition
Author: Mauricio R. Papini
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136873198
Category: Psychology
Page: 800
View: 5606

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This textbook introduces the student to evolutionary and developmental approaches to the study of animal behavior. It can be used as a core textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in Comparative Psychology, Animal Behavior, and Evolutionary Psychology.

Elementary Principles of Behavior


Author: Richard W. Malott,Maria E. Malott,Elizabeth A. Trojan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780130837066
Category: Psychology
Page: 500
View: 4279

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B> A solid introduction to the principles of behavior using a clear, interesting, entertaining style with many case studies and everyday examples. This book maintains a high level of intellectual rigor addressing fundamental concepts at the beginning of each chapter with more advanced topics left for one of the two enrichment sections within each chapter. Bite sized research methods are covered throughout the chapters in the intermediate enrichment sections with a complete research methods chapter, Chapter 29, to refer to at any time. The Reinforcer, Reinforcement, Escape, Punishment, Penalty, Extinction and Recovery, Differential Reinforcement and Punishment, Shaping, Unlearned Reinforcers and Aversive Conditions, Special Establishing Operations, Learned Reinforcers and Aversive Conditions, Discrimination, Stimulus Generalization, Concept Training, and Stimulus Fading, Imitation, Avoidance, Punishment by Prevention Ratio Schedules, Time-Dependent Schedules, Concurrent Contingencies, Stimulus-Response Chains and Rate Contingencies, Respondent Conditioning, Analogs to Reinforcement, A Theory of Rule-Governed Behavior, Pay for Performance, Moral and Legal Control, Maintenance Transfer, Research Methods. For behavior analysts, psychologists and social workers, supervisors and managers.

The ABCs of Human Behavior

Behavioral Principles for the Practicing Clinician
Author: Jonas Ramnerö,Niklas Törneke
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications
ISBN: 1572245387
Category: Psychology
Page: 214
View: 495

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The ABCs of Human Behavior the first book to present modern behavioural psychology to practicing clinicians. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning, as well as the more recent developments that help explain language and cognition.When cognitive behaviour therapy emerged in 1950s, driven by the work of Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck, basic behaviour principles were largely sidelined in clinical psychology curricula. Issues in cognition became the focus of case conceptualization and intervention planning for most therapists. But as the new "third-wave" behaviour therapies begin to address weaknesses in the traditional cognitive behavioural models--principally the modest effectiveness of thought stopping and cognitive restructuring techniques--basic behaviour principles are once again attracting the interest of front-line clinicians. Many of today's clinicians, though, received their training during the years in which classical behaviourism was not a major part of clinical education. In order to make the best use of the new contextual behaviourism, they need to revisit basic behavioural principles from a practical angle. This book addresses this need. The ABCs of Human Behavior offers practicing clinicians a pithy and practical introduction to the basics of modern behavioural psychology. The book focuses both on the classical principles of learning as well as more recent developments that explain language and cognition in behavioural and contextual terms. These principles are not just discussed in the abstract--rather the book shows how the principles of learning apply in the clinical context. Practical and easy to read, the book walks clinicians through both common sense and clinical examples that help them learn to use behavioural principles to observe, explain and influence behaviour in a therapeutic setting.

The Essentials of Conditioning and Learning


Author: Michael Domjan
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
ISBN: 9781433827785
Category: Psychology
Page: 376
View: 2494

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Revised edition of the author's The essentials of conditioning and learning, c2005.

Principles of Animal Behavior

Third International Student Edition
Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393922332
Category: Science
Page: 648
View: 8195

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Principles of Animal Behavior has long been considered the most current and engaging introduction to animal behavior. The Third Edition is now also the most comprehensive and balanced in its approach to the theoretical framework behind how biologists study behavior.

Learning and Memory

Basic Principles, Processes, and Procedures, Fifth Edition
Author: W. Scott Terry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317224043
Category: Psychology
Page: 410
View: 4208

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This thoroughly updated edition provides a balanced review of the core methods and the latest research on animal learning and human memory. The relevance of basic principles is highlighted throughout via everyday examples to ignite student interest, along with more traditional examples from human and animal laboratory studies. Individual differences in age, gender, learning style, cultural background, or special abilities (such as the math gifted) are highlighted within each chapter to help students see how the principles may be generalized to other subject populations. The basic processes of learning – such as classical and instrumental conditioning and encoding and storage in long-term memory in addition to implicit memory, spatial learning, and remembering in the world outside the laboratory – are reviewed. The general rules of learning are described along with the exceptions, limitations, and best applications of these rules. The relationship between the fields of neuropsychology and learning and memory is stressed throughout. The relevance of this research to other disciplines is reflected in the tone of the writing and is demonstrated through a variety of examples from education, neuropsychology, rehabilitation, psychiatry, nursing and medicine, I/O and consumer psychology, and animal behavior. Each chapter begins with an outline and concludes with a detailed summary. A website for instructors and students accompanies the book. Updated throughout with new research findings and examples the new edition features: A streamlined presentation for today’s busy students. As in the past, the author supports each concept with a research example and real-life application, but the duplicate example or application now appears on the website so instructors can use the additional material to illustrate the concepts in class. Expanded coverage of neuroscience that reflects the current research of the field including aversive conditioning (Ch. 5) and animal working memory (Ch. 8). More examples of research on student learning that use the same variables discussed in the chapter, but applies them in a classroom or student’s study environment. This includes research that applies encoding techniques to student learning, for example: studying: recommendations from experts (Ch. 1); the benefits of testing (Ch. 9); and Joshua Foer’s Moonwalking with Einstein, on his quest to become a memory expert (Ch. 6). More coverage of unconscious learning and knowledge (Ch. 11). Increased coverage of reinforcement and addiction (Ch. 4), causal and language learning (Ch. 6), working memory (WM) and the effects of training on WM, and the comparative evolution of WM in different species (Ch. 8), and genetics and learning (Ch. 12).

How to Motivate Reluctant Learners


Author: Robyn R. Jackson
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416610928
Category: Education
Page: 119
View: 929

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What we call "motivation" in school is really a decision students make to invest in our classrooms. It's our responsibility to show students the value of investment and guide them toward behaviors that will support learning. In this guide, Robyn R. Jackson takes you step by step through the process of motivating reluctant learners what great teachers do instead of relying on elaborate rewards systems or creative tricks to reach students who actively or passively resist investing themselves in the classroom. Here, you'll learn how to * Identify the classroom investments to ask for by considering the motivated behaviors you most want to see and ensuring that what you're asking for is specific, meaningful, observable, realistic, worth the effort, and small. * Create a classroom worth investing in by removing "demotivating" practice- and procedure-based barriers and giving students more opportunities for autonomy. * Understand and address students' resistance and respond with instructional strategies that minimize perceived risk and maximize immediate benefits. * Ask for and shape an investment by reaching out to students in a nonconfrontational way and providing a clear path toward motivated behavior. * Create a motivation plan that's tailored to the students you teach and designed to be effective in the long run. About the series Every teacher can become a master teacher with the right kind of practice and support. Each how-to guide in the Mastering the Principles of Great Teaching series focuses on one of the seven mastery principles introduced in Robyn R. Jackson's best-selling Never Work Harder Than Your Students . The guides' self-assessments, worksheets, planning templates, process outlines, checklists, links to online resources, suggested activities, and prompts for reflection help teachers of all experience levels apply the principles to address everyday classroom challenges and build their overall mastery mindset.

Principles of Behavior

Seventh Edition
Author: Richard Malott
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 131734510X
Category: Psychology
Page: 480
View: 9198

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Since the first edition of Principles of Behavior, the authors have sought to address the unique needs of students. This title has been written so that students of all levels will benefit from a solid introduction to the principles of behavior. The authors have laid the ground work for behavior analysis through an exploration of experimental, applied, and theoretical concepts. Case studies and everyday examples help readers apply principles of behavior to real life.

How Learning Works

Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching
Author: Susan A. Ambrose,Michael W. Bridges,Michele DiPietro,Marsha C. Lovett,Marie K. Norman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470617601
Category: Education
Page: 336
View: 315

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Praise for How Learning Works "How Learning Works is the perfect title for this excellent book. Drawing upon new research in psychology, education, and cognitive science, the authors have demystified a complex topic into clear explanations of seven powerful learning principles. Full of great ideas and practical suggestions, all based on solid research evidence, this book is essential reading for instructors at all levels who wish to improve their students' learning." —Barbara Gross Davis, assistant vice chancellor for educational development, University of California, Berkeley, and author, Tools for Teaching "This book is a must-read for every instructor, new or experienced. Although I have been teaching for almost thirty years, as I read this book I found myself resonating with many of its ideas, and I discovered new ways of thinking about teaching." —Eugenia T. Paulus, professor of chemistry, North Hennepin Community College, and 2008 U.S. Community Colleges Professor of the Year from The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education "Thank you Carnegie Mellon for making accessible what has previously been inaccessible to those of us who are not learning scientists. Your focus on the essence of learning combined with concrete examples of the daily challenges of teaching and clear tactical strategies for faculty to consider is a welcome work. I will recommend this book to all my colleagues." —Catherine M. Casserly, senior partner, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching "As you read about each of the seven basic learning principles in this book, you will find advice that is grounded in learning theory, based on research evidence, relevant to college teaching, and easy to understand. The authors have extensive knowledge and experience in applying the science of learning to college teaching, and they graciously share it with you in this organized and readable book." —From the Foreword by Richard E. Mayer, professor of psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara; coauthor, e-Learning and the Science of Instruction; and author, Multimedia Learning

Behavior Management

Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports
Author: John J. Wheeler,David Dean De Richey
Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed
ISBN: 0133366375
Category: Education
Page: 448
View: 5422

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This title is only available as a loose-leaf version with Pearson eText. Behavior Management: Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports, 3/e provides the best of behavior analysis and positive behavior supports (PBS) available in a book. Using vignettes and student examples, the book shows teachers how to achieve optimal behavioral and learning outcomes for their students–regardless of the challenging behavior exhibited. Chapters focus on universal tools such as reinforcement, meaningful instruction, and student progress monitoring. Behavior Support Plans demonstrate how to implement techniques for students at all levels and abilities. Referencing the latest research in the field, this edition expands coverage of prevention, RTI, and assessment as it unlocks the power of positive behavior supports.

Psychological Foundations of Education

Learning and Teaching
Author: B. Claude Mathis,John W. Cotton,Lee Sechrest
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483258165
Category: Education
Page: 796
View: 4464

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Psychological Foundations of Education presents some of the principles of psychology that are relevant to learning and teaching. It presents an alternative answer to the problem of the bifurcation of general and educational psychology in the curriculum of teacher preparation. While the solution is provisional and has obvious imperfections, it is offered in the hope that it may stimulate discussion of the problem and other solutions and/or explicit justifications for past practice. Key concepts discussed include teachers’ attitudes and behavior, different types of learning, technology in education, forgetting and extinction, child development, and intelligence measurements. Also covered are the assessment of educational achievement, the social psychology of the classroom, and education in urban schools. This text should have a variety of uses in classes where students are preparing for teaching. It was written specifically for those situations in which the prospective teacher is introduced to psychology through a one- or two-semester integrated sequence.