The Politics of Social Science Research

Race, Ethnicity and Social Change
Author: P. Ratcliffe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230504957
Category: Social Science
Page: 252
View: 8640

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This book addresses some of the key questions facing contemporary social scientists. What is the point of our research? Who undertakes it? Does it have any impact on the social world it attempts to characterize: if so, what? It does so by focusing on international research on identity and inequality grounded in 'race' and ethnic difference. The contributors to the volume ask searching questions about the politics of research funding, the empowerment of minorities, and the prospects for meaningful change.

The Politics of Social Research


Author: Professor Martyn Hammersley
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446238417
Category:
Page: 200
View: 9645

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Is social research political? Should it be political? What are the implications of the politicization of social research? Recent years have seen a growing range of challenges to the idea that research should be governed by the principle of value neutrality. Critical, feminist, antiracist and postmodernist analyses have argued that social research is intrinsically political. In this stimulating and often controversial book, Martyn Hammersley weighs the arguments offered in support of these positions. He considers the fundamental issues that the debate raises about the nature of social research, its political dimensions and its contemporary relevance. At the same time he provides a robust defence of value neutrality as a constitutive principle of social research, and makes a reassessment of the role of research in modern societies. Praise for The Politics of Social Research For anyone interested in the nature of social research, who has enough grasp of the issues to access the text, this book is a must' - "British Journal of Educational Psychology "All in all Hammersley has produced a text which provides us with much to think about. As I have said, certain chapters will, no doubt, attract considerable debate. Almost all of the chapters could stand alone but the broad political theme used to bring chapters and topics together works well almost always' - "Local Government Studies "Not only is Hammersley a leading exponent of sociological research, he is also a key writer and thinker on the problems of undertaking research. This collection, some of which has been published elsewhere and some not, therefore is a welcome addition to the literature on social research... interesting and well-argued' - "Disability and Society "

The Embryo Research Debate

Science and the Politics of Reproduction
Author: Michael Mulkay
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576833
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 212
View: 4637

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Highly accessible cultural account of the debates concerning human embryo research.

The Politics of Knowledge

Area Studies and the Disciplines
Author: David L. Szanton
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520245365
Category: Education
Page: 425
View: 2914

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The usefulness and political implications of Area Studies programs are currently debated within the Academy and the Administration, where they are often treated as one homogenous and stagnant domain of scholarship. The essays in this volume document the various fields’ distinctive character and internal heterogeneity as well as the dynamism resulting from their evolving engagements with funders, US and international politics, and domestic constituencies. The authors were chosen for their long-standing interest in the intellectual evolution of their fields. They describe the origins and histories of US-based Area Studies programs, highlighting their complex, generative, and sometimes contentious relationships with the social science and humanities disciplines and their diverse contributions to the regions of the world with which they are concerned.

Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940

The Politics of Method
Author: Mike Savage
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191615277
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 7449

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Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940 examines how, between 1940 and 1970 British society was marked by the imprint of the academic social sciences in profound ways which have an enduring legacy on how we see ourselves. It focuses on how interview methods and sample surveys eclipsed literature and the community study as a means of understanding ordinary life. The book shows that these methods were part of a wider remaking of British national identity in the aftermath of decolonisation in which measures of the rational, managed nation eclipsed literary and romantic ones. It also links the emergence of social science methods to the strengthening of technocratic and scientific identities amongst the educated middle classes, and to the rise in masculine authority which challenged feminine expertise. This book is the first to draw extensively on archived qualitative social science data from the 1930s to the 1960s, which it uses to offer a unique, personal and challenging account of post war social change in Britain. It also uses this data to conduct a new kind of historical sociology of the social sciences, one that emphasises the discontinuities in knowledge forms and which stresses how disciplines and institutions competed with each other for reputation. Its emphasis on how social scientific forms of knowing eclipsed those from the arts and humanities during this period offers a radical re-thinking of the role of expertise today which will provoke social scientists, scholars in the humanities, and the general reader alike.

The Politics of field research

sociology beyond enlightenment
Author: Jaber F. Gubrium,David Silverman
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 2845

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What can or should social research offer to funding agencies, to social groups, to the researcher, and to the subjects of the research? How does research in the "field" differ from other forms of social research? In The Politics of Field Research an international team of distinguished researchers draw on their extensive fieldwork experience to address these and other fundamental questions. They explore the political and philosophical context of social field research in general, and examine its role and influence in such fields of study as advertising, service policy, and management. Moreover, the contributors investigate the ways in which social research is used in the field through detailed examples including community care, therapeutic communities, and "green" political movements. The Politics of Field Research will interest those concerned with social theory and qualitative methods in a wide range of disciplines. "There is much of interest in Strong and Dingwall's chapter. . . . It presents a thoughtful analysis of the present state of sociology. . . . Papadakis provides a very interesting discussion of different modes of involvement of researchers with new social movements and the implications of these for the various models of the relationship between researcher and research that have been offered in the literature. . . . This is a book that raises important issues and introduces some interesting ideas about the current crisis facing sociology." --Reviewing Sociology "The editors have done a good job in getting their contributors to write in terms of a consistent set of themes, so that there is less of the divergence that characterizes many collections. There is also little doubt that the book as a whole raises many often uncomfortable issues about research practice and relevance." --Sociology "I recommend this volume to any reader interested in the nature and use of social scientific research in 'western' society. I found the analytic level of individual articles to be consistently high, the writing clear, and the eclectic subject matter often absorbing. The authors' concern with qualitative ethnography, their use of case materials, and their consistent emphasis on reflexive inquiry, particularly on the quality of power relations which define, limit, or shape ethnographic action in a 'post enlightenment era', enhances the relevance of the collection for all social scientists in general, and anthropologists in particular." --NEXUS: Canadian Journal of Anthropology

Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research


Author: Daniel Beland,Robert Henry Cox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199830879
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 1806

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Writing about ideas, John Maynard Keynes noted that they are "more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else." One would expect, therefore, that political science--a discipline that focuses specifically on the nature of power--would have a healthy respect for the role of ideas. However, for a variety of reasons--not least of which is the influence of rational choice theory, which presumes that individuals are self-maximizing rational actors--this is not the case, and the literature on the topic is fairly thin. As the stellar cast of contributors to this volume show, ideas are in fact powerful shapers of political and social life. In Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, Daniel B?land and Robert Henry Cox have gathered leading scholars from a variety of subdisciplines in political science and sociology to provide a general overview of the theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues raised by social science research on ideas and politics. Throughout, they hone in on three central questions. What is the theoretical basis for studying ideas in politics? What are the best methods? What sort of empirical puzzles can be solved by examining ideas and related phenomena such as discourse, policy paradigms, and framing processes? In sum, this is a state-of-the-art academic work on both the role of ideas in politics and the analytical utility that derives from studying them.

QUALITATIVE INQUIRY AND THE POLITICS OF EVIDENCE


Author: Norman K Denzin,Michael D Giardina
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1598743228
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 3438

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What is evidence in qualitative inquiry and how is it evaluated? The interdisciplinary, international group of contributors to this volume address these questions in an attempt to create evidential criteria for qualitative work.

The Politics of Collective Violence


Author: Charles Tilly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521531450
Category: Political Science
Page: 276
View: 6907

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This book, first published in 2003, attempts to explain collective violence and to identify the best ways to mitigate it.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology


Author: Janet M. Box-Steffensmeier,Henry E. Brady,David Collier
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199286546
Category: Political Science
Page: 880
View: 8174

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The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from major international scholars The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology provides the key point of reference for anyone working throughout the discipline.

Impure Science

AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge
Author: Steven Epstein
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520214455
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 466
View: 9357

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Epstein shows the extent to which AIDS research has been a social and political phenomenon and how the AIDS movement has transformed biomedical research practices through its capacity to garner credibility by novel strategies.

Social Research

Philosophy, Politics and Practice
Author: Martyn Hammersley
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780803988057
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 8339

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This critical introduction to the principles of social and educational research draws together a key set of readings which offers a comprehensive approach to the wide range of values and practice in social research. Issues explored include: the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methods; positivism and the role of the natural sciences as a model for social research; the purposes of research - knowledge or the transformation of the social world; issues of race, gender and power in social research; the politics and ethics of data collection; and the validity and relevance of social research. Social Research is a set book for The Open University course DEH313 Principles of Social and Educational Resear

Social Sciences and Modern States

National Experiences and Theoretical Crossroads
Author: Peter Wagner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521381987
Category: History
Page: 374
View: 8800

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Modern social sciences have, over the past forty years, been committed to the improvement of public policy. More recently, however, doubts have arisen about the possibility and desirability of a policy-oriented social science. In this book, leading specialists in the field analyze both the development and failings of policy-oriented social science. In contrast to other writings on the subject, this volume presents a distinctively historical and comparative approach. By looking at earlier periods, the contributors demonstrate how policy orientation has been central to the emergence and evolution of the social sciences as a form of professional activity. Case studies of rarely examined societies such as Poland, Brazil and Japan further demonstrate the various ways in which intellectual developments have been shaped by the societal contexts in which they have emerged and how they have taken part in the shaping of these societies.

Performance Ethnography

Critical Pedagogy and the Politics of Culture
Author: Norman K. Denzin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761910395
Category: Social Science
Page: 315
View: 2759

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In Performance Ethnography, one of the world’s most distinguished authorities on qualitative research, established the initial published connection of performance narratives with performance ethnography and autoethnography; the linkage of these formations to critical pedagogy and critical race theory; and the histories of these formations, and shown how they may be connected. Performance Ethnography is divided into three parts. Part I covers pedagogy, ethnography, performance, and theory as the foundation for a performative social science. Part II addresses the worlds of family, nature, praxis, and action, employing a structure that is equal parts memoir, essay, short story, and literary autoethnography. Part III examines the ethics and practical politics of performance autoethnography, anchored in the post-9/11 discourse in the United States. The amalgam serves as an invitation for social scientists and ethnographers to confront the politics of cultural studies and explore the multiple ways in which performance and ethnography can be both better understood and used as mechanisms for social change and economic justice. .

The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research
Author: Christina Boswell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521517419
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 9256

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A compelling account of how politicians and officials use expert research to establish credibility in contentious areas of policy.

The Political Research Experience

Readings and Analysis
Author: Marcus E. Ethridge
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765607577
Category: Political Science
Page: 401
View: 4937

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Organized to complement an introductory course in political science research methods, this work aims to help students understand research as it is actually practiced. Each chapter opens with an explanation of basic concepts and methods of political research.

Social Science and the Politics of Modern Jewish Identity


Author: Mitchell Bryan Hart
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804738248
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 4417

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This book traces the emergence and development of an organized, institutionalized Jewish social science, and explores the increasing importance of statistics and other modes of analysis for Jewish elites throughout Europe and the United States. The Zionist movement provided the initial impetus as it looked to the social sciences to provide the knowledge of contemporary Jewish life deemed necessary for nationalist revival. The social sciences offered empirical evidence of the ambiguous condition of the Jewish diaspora, and also charted emancipation and assimilation, viewed as dissolutions of and threats to Jewish identity. Liberal, assimilationist scholars also utilized social science data to demonstrate the continuing viability of Jewish life in the diaspora. Jewish social science grew out of a sustained effort to understand and explain the effects of modernization on Jewry. Above all, Jewish scholars sought to give the enormous transformations undergone by Jewry in the nineteenth century a larger meaning and significance

After Method

Mess in Social Science Research
Author: John Law
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113429431X
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 9461

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John Law argues that methods don't just describe social realities but are also involved in creating them. The implications of this argument are highly significant. If this is the case, methods are always political, and it raises the question of what kinds of social realities we want to create. Most current methods look for clarity and precision. It is usually said that only poor research produces messy findings, and the idea that things in the world might be fluid, elusive, or multiple is unthinkable. Law's startling argument is that this is wrong and it is time for a new approach. Many realities, he says, are vague and ephemeral. If methods want to know and help to shape the world, then they need to reinvent themselves and their politics to deal with mess. That is the challenge. Nothing less will do.

The Politics of Population

State Formation, Statistics, and the Census of Canada, 1840-1875
Author: Bruce Curtis
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802085856
Category: History
Page: 385
View: 4501

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Curtis discusses census making as a political project, investigating its place in and impact on party politics and ethnic, religious, and sectional struggles.

Poverty Knowledge

Social Science, Social Policy, and the Poor in Twentieth-Century U.S. History
Author: Alice O'Connor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400824745
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 8908

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Progressive-era "poverty warriors" cast poverty in America as a problem of unemployment, low wages, labor exploitation, and political disfranchisement. In the 1990s, policy specialists made "dependency" the issue and crafted incentives to get people off welfare. Poverty Knowledge gives the first comprehensive historical account of the thinking behind these very different views of "the poverty problem," in a century-spanning inquiry into the politics, institutions, ideologies, and social science that shaped poverty research and policy. Alice O'Connor chronicles a transformation in the study of poverty, from a reform-minded inquiry into the political economy of industrial capitalism to a detached, highly technical analysis of the demographic and behavioral characteristics of the poor. Along the way, she uncovers the origins of several controversial concepts, including the "culture of poverty" and the "underclass." She shows how such notions emerged not only from trends within the social sciences, but from the central preoccupations of twentieth-century American liberalism: economic growth, the Cold War against communism, the changing fortunes of the welfare state, and the enduring racial divide. The book details important changes in the politics and organization as well as the substance of poverty knowledge. Tracing the genesis of a still-thriving poverty research industry from its roots in the War on Poverty, it demonstrates how research agendas were subsequently influenced by an emerging obsession with welfare reform. Over the course of the twentieth century, O'Connor shows, the study of poverty became more about altering individual behavior and less about addressing structural inequality. The consequences of this steady narrowing of focus came to the fore in the 1990s, when the nation's leading poverty experts helped to end "welfare as we know it." O'Connor shows just how far they had traveled from their field's original aims.