The Politics of Parliamentary Debate

Author: Sven-Oliver Proksch,Jonathan B. Slapin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110707276X
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 6789

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Explains how parties and their members of parliament structure parliamentary debate, providing novel insights into intra-party politics and representation.

The Politics of Dissensus

Parliament in Debate
Author: Kari Palonen,José María Rosales,Tapani Turkka
Publisher: Ed. Universidad de Cantabria
ISBN: 8481027057
Category: Philosophy
Page: 521
View: 4223

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The Politics of Dissensus inverts the traditional perspective on the study of parliamentary politics by focusing on its less obvious and less well-known aspects. Dissensus instead of consensus becomes the condition for the intelligibility of parliamentary politics. Such politics is indebted to the rhetorical culture of addressing issues from opposite perspectives and debating the alternatives pro et contra: no motion is approved without a thorough examination of, and confrontation among, imaginable alternatives. Establishing the openness of political debating, parliamentarism has become a distinctive historical contribution to the rise of parliamentary democracy. Parliament in Debate refers to the paradigmatic institution for political deliberation, the debates surrounding its legislative activity, as well as the supervision of government and administration. Parliament has become a fascinating object of scrutiny as a political institution adopted and developed by different political traditions. In a nutshell, the book retrieves the study of parliamentary politics to present political theory and action in the parliamentary mode. It is a book on the relevance of parliamentarism to the study of politics and a book on the comparative conceptual and institutional history of parliamentary politics. The Politics of Dissensus: Parliament in Debate is the outcome of an international team of contributors coordinated by two ongoing research projects, relying on a long-lasting international cooperation, namely the Academy of Finland project The Politics of Dissensus and the Spanish National Research Fund projects The Rhetorics of Democracy and The Civic Constellation.

The Politics of Parliamentary Procedure

The Formation of the Westminster Procedure as a Parliamentary Ideal Type
Author: Kari Palonen
Publisher: Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3847407872
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 2448

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Currently, parliament as a political institution does not enjoy the best reputation. This book aims to recover less known political resources of the parliamentary mode of proceeding. The parliamentary procedure relies on regulating debates in a fair way and on constructing opposed perspectives on the agenda items.

The Embryo Research Debate

Science and the Politics of Reproduction
Author: Michael Mulkay
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521576833
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 212
View: 937

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Highly accessible cultural account of the debates concerning human embryo research.

The Politics of Parliamentary Procedure

The Formation of the Westminster Procedure as a Parliamentary Ideal Type
Author: Kari Palonen
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 3847402935
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 461

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Currently, parliament as a political institution does not enjoy the best reputation. This book aims to recover less known political resources of the parliamentary mode of proceeding. The parliamentary procedure relies on regulating debates in a fair way and on constructing opposed perspectives on the agenda items. The British House of Commons provides the closest historical approximation for the parliamentary ideal type of politics. This book deals with the formation and conceptual change in the Westminster procedure, based on the way they are interpreted in the tracts on procedure. The tracts illustrate the changing parliamentary self-understanding from the 1570s to the present and the growing political role of procedural disputes. The parliamentary style of politics, as discussed in the tracts, can be divided into two genres: the politics of agenda-setting and the politics of debate. The book analyses their formation and overall conceptual change as well as the procedural responses to the increasingly scarce parliamentary time from the period after the 1832 parliamentary reform. It insists that in spite of claims on urgency and on government’s leadership the procedural resources of the House of Commons contribute to maintaining the debate-centred parliamentary style of politics.

The Politics of Exclusion

Debating Migration in Austria
Author: Michal Krzyzanowski,Ruth Wodak
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412812089
Category: Social Science
Page: 236
View: 3765

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In many European countries the extreme right have refined their electoral programmes under the rubric of nationalist-populist slogans and have adopted subtle forms of racism. The move away from overt neo-fascist discourse has, allowed these parties to expand their electoral support as populist nationalist parties. Paradoxically, this has led to an increase in racist and anti-Semitic discourse. In this on-site analysis, Michal Krzyzanowski and Ruth Wodak describe a confluence of racism and xenophobia, and show how that union creates a new kind of racism. The "new" racism differs from the older kinds in that it is usually not expressed in overtly racial terms. Instead, the justifications that are typically employed concern protecting jobs, eliminating abuse of welfare benefits, or cultural incompatibilities. The new racism exploits xenophobia rooted in ethnocentrism, male chauvinism, and ordinary prejudices that are often unconscious or routinized. For these reasons, the new racism can be defined as "syncretic," a mixture of many, sometimes contradictory, racist and xenophobic beliefs and stereotypes. Racism as ideology and practice is alive and well. This important book aims to provide understanding of the many socio-political and historical processes involved in such expressions of institutional and individual racism--processes which are not necessarily evident from more overt or traditional expressions of racism. This is an innovative look at the political study of language as well as new instances of race, ethnicity, and class in present-day Europe.

The Politics of Sex

Prostitution and Pornography in Australia Since 1945
Author: Barbara Sullivan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521556309
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 280
View: 1565

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This book is broad in scope, tracing the sex industry from a time of prohibition to the present period of legalised prostitution and the proliferation of pornography in print, on video and on the Internet. It cogently presents all sides of a complex and changing debate and will be invaluable to readers and policy-makers in politics, sociology, law and women's studies.

The Politics of Race in Britain and South Africa

Black British Solidarity and the Anti-apartheid Struggle
Author: Elizabeth M. Williams
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780764200
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 9959

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The postwar government of South Africa, led by H.F. Verwoerd, implemented wide-ranging racial segregation laws, beginning the open policy of apartheid in one of Africa's most prosperous and internationally influential states. During the apartheid era, the British government faced an uneasy dilemma: while repudiating apartheid laws it maintained an ambiguous stance towards the South African government. As black South African's were reduced to the status of non-citizens after the 1970 Citizenship Act, increasing numbers of exiles and fugitives were finding refuge in Britain, which was now home to a growing anti-apartheid protest movement. This is the first book to examine the British support for the anti-apartheid movement among its own black communities. Elizabeth Williams highlights the connection between domestic anti-racism struggles and the struggle in South Africa, showing how black Britons who were themselves fighting racism in British society identified and expressed solidarity with black South Africans during the Apartheid years. Williams further assesses the way in which Black communities in Britain viewed Margaret Thatcher's support of South Africa despite the international call for sanctions. Featuring the work of acclaimed documentary photographer and civil rights activist Vanley Burke, this will be an essential book for students and scholars of race, British history, international relations, post-colonial studies and South African history.

The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research
Author: Christina Boswell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139477611
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 3240

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Why do politicians and civil servants commission research and what use do they make of it in policymaking? The received wisdom is that research contributes to improving government policy. Christina Boswell challenges this view, arguing that policymakers are just as likely to value expert knowledge for two alternative reasons: as a way of lending authority to their preferences; or to signal their capacity to make sound decisions. Boswell develops a compelling new theory of the role of knowledge in policy, showing how policymakers use research to establish authority in contentious and risky areas of policy. She illustrates her argument with an analysis of European immigration policies, charting the ways in which expertise becomes a resource for lending credibility to controversial claims, underpinning high-risk decisions or bolstering the credibility of government agencies.

Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control, 1867-1967

Author: Christopher G. Anderson
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 077482395X
Category: Political Science
Page: 280
View: 4978

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With restrictive immigration policies, increased interdiction, and the detention of asylum seekers, it is clear that Canada's approach to border control has shifted in recent years. Yet such practices are just the latest in a long and complex national history. Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control sheds light on the first century of Canada's efforts to control its borders, framing pivotal moments within a long-standing but often overlooked debate over the rights of non-citizens. Anderson provides valuable insights into contemporary liberal-democratic control by demonstrating that today's more restrictive approach reflects traditions deeply embedded within liberal democracies.

From Oratory to Debate

Parliamentarisation of Deliberative Rhetoric in Westminster
Author: Kari Palonen
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845272961
Category: Political Science
Page: 262
View: 5342

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Recent studies manifest a new interest in the politics of internal parliamentary practices. The book presents a thesis that a shift from oratory to debate characterises the parliamentarisation of deliberative rhetoric. Parliamentary speeches are intelligible only as political interventions pro et contra to debates on motions on the agenda and the agenda-setting itself. Scholars of rhetoric and parliaments have been slow to recognise this shift and its political implications. The book analyses the rhetoric of Westminster-related writings from late 18th century to WWII among scholars and others outsiders in contrast to parliamentary insiders (officials, journalists, members). A special attention is given to John Stuart Mill and Walter Bagehot as the most prominent British parliamentary theorists and to cases studies on actual parliamentary debates. With its procedures and ways of dealing time the Westminster-style parliament is an exemplary political assembly of debating pro et contra.

The Politics of British Arms Sales Since 1964

'to Secure Our Rightful Share'
Author: Mark Phythian
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719059070
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 340
View: 1805

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Drawing extensively on official documents, this is an in-depth analysis of British arms sales policy. It sets the related issues in context, and explains Britain's continuing addiction to the arms sales fix.

Northern Ireland and the Politics of Reconciliation

Author: Dermot Keogh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459334
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 5524

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This collection adds to the extensive literature on Northern Ireland and Ireland by bringing together the leading academic and political figures working in the field and offering a comprehensive, multidisciplinary overview of the historical process. The topics discussed include the remote and proximate causes of the conflict, fresh developments within the two states on the island, the role of the Roman Catholic Church, the rise of the ecumenical movement and the impact of the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement on the triangular relationship between Dublin, Belfast and London. The volume concludes with an evaluation of likely impact of membership of the European Community on the conflict in Northern Ireland. The contributors to this book do not offer any easy solutions but provide a context in which the problem may be better understood by the international scholarly community and by the interested general reader.

The Politics of Adoption

Gender and the Making of French Citizenship
Author: Bruno Perreau,Deke Dusinberre
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262027224
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 240
View: 5992

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"This work originally appeared under the title Penser l'adoption, Presses Universitaires de France, 2012."

The Politics of Population

State Formation, Statistics, and the Census of Canada, 1840-1875
Author: Bruce Curtis
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802085856
Category: History
Page: 385
View: 4968

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Curtis discusses census making as a political project, investigating its place in and impact on party politics and ethnic, religious, and sectional struggles.

The Politics of Equality

Author: Leslie Lipson
Publisher: Victoria University Press
ISBN: 0864736835
Category: Political Science
Page: 496
View: 7107

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In January, 1939, Leslie Lipson became the foundation Professor of Political Science at Victoria, and in the University of New Zealand as a whole. During his seven years in Wellington he wrote The Politics of Equality: New Zealand's Adventures in Democracy, published in 1948 by the University of Chicago Press. This was immediately recognised as a classic contribution to our political literature, but it has long been out of print.

Hannah Arendt and the Law

Author: Marco Goldoni,Christopher McCorkindale
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847319327
Category: Law
Page: 382
View: 3285

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This book fills a major gap in the ever-increasing secondary literature on Hannah Arendt's political thought by providing a dedicated and coherent treatment of the many, various and interesting things which Arendt had to say about law. Often obscured by more pressing or more controversial aspects of her work, Arendt nonetheless had interesting insights into Greek and Roman concepts of law, human rights, constitutional design, legislation, sovereignty, international tribunals, judicial review and much more. This book retrieves these aspects of her legal philosophy for the attention of both Arendt scholars and lawyers alike. The book brings together lawyers as well as Arendt scholars drawn from a range of disciplines (philosophy, political science, international relations), who have engaged in an internal debate the dynamism of which is captured in print. Following the editors' introduction, the book is split into four Parts: Part I explores the concept of law in Arendt's thought; Part II explores legal aspects of Arendt's constitutional thought: first locating Arendt in the wider tradition of republican constitutionalism, before turning attention to the role of courts and the role of parliament in her constitutional design. In Part III Arendt's thought on international law is explored from a variety of perspectives, covering international institutions and international criminal law, as well as the theoretical foundations of international law. Part IV debates the foundations, content and meaning of Arendt's famous and influential claim that the 'right to have rights' is the one true human right.

The Political Economy of the Small Firm

Author: Charlie Dannreuther,Lew Perren
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415198569
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 208
View: 8125

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For many, small firms are everyday realities of the economy and visible in every high-street and industrial estate. Their existence and importance is unquestionable. Such beliefs are understandable, but the authors of this new book would suggest they are misguided. The Political Economy of the Small Firm challenges the assumptions regarding small firms that pervade society and political representation. Small firms are not organised into a homogenous sector that has a clear constituency or political influence. In fact, the small firm is shown to be an inconstant political construct that is discursively ethereal and vulnerable to political exploitation. Fusing theories from political science, management and linguistics, Dannreuther and Perren assert that the idea of the small firm is an important discursive resource used by political actors to legitimise their actions, influence their citizens and help sustain regimes of accumulation. On top of this, the authors also empirically test their claims against 200 years of UK parliamentary debate, from the Industrial Revolution to the Blair government. The political construction of the small firm is shown not only to provide rhetorical mechanisms to maintain periods of capitalist accumulation, but also to increase the relative autonomy of the state and to centralise power to elite politicians. For a period of 150 years up to the 1970s, the small firm was an unexplored presence, below the political radar and resonant with poor working standards and extreme forms of competition. During the so-called Fordist period from the 1930s, the small firm was seen as the dirty, out-dated, contrast to the clean, modern future represented by mass production and corporations. The perceived failure of Fordism led to the invention of the small firm and its presentation as an ideal political construct. By fabricating assertions of what small firms are and what they want, frequently out of conjecture, the authors of this book show how political elites have been able to advocate radical reformist agendas since the 1970s in the name of a phantom constituency.