The Physics of Solids


Author: J. B. Ketterson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191060569
Category: Science
Page: 800
View: 448

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This comprehensive text covers the basic physics of the solid state starting at an elementary level suitable for undergraduates but then advancing, in stages, to a graduate and advanced graduate level. In addition to treating the fundamental elastic, electrical, thermal, magnetic, structural, electronic, transport, optical, mechanical and compositional properties, we also discuss topics like superfluidity and superconductivity along with special topics such as strongly correlated systems, high-temperature superconductors, the quantum Hall effects, and graphene. Particular emphasis is given to so-called first principles calculations utilizing modern density functional theory which for many systems now allow accurate calculations of the electronic, magnetic, and thermal properties.

Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Volume II: Electronic Properties
Author: Jenö Sólyom
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540853154
Category: Science
Page: 646
View: 2015

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The reader is holding the second volume of a three-volume textbook on sol- state physics. This book is the outgrowth of the courses I have taught for many years at Eötvös University, Budapest, for undergraduate and graduate students under the titles Solid-State Physics and Modern Solid-State Physics. The main motivation for the publication of my lecture notes as a book was that none of the truly numerous textbooks covered all those areas that I felt should be included in a multi-semester course. Especially, if the course strives to present solid-state physics in a uni?ed structure, and aims at d- cussing not only classic chapters of the subject matter but also (in more or less detail) problems that are of great interest for today’s researcher as well. Besides, the book presents a much larger material than what can be covered in a two- or three-semester course. In the ?rst part of the ?rst volume the analysis of crystal symmetries and structure goes into details that certainly cannot be included in a usual course on solid-state physics. The same applies, among others, to the discussion of the methods used in the determination of band structure, the properties of Fermi liquids and non-Fermi liquids, and the theory of unconventional superconductors in the present and third volumes. These parts can be assigned as supplementary reading for interested students, or can be discussed in advanced courses.

The Physics of Solids


Author: Richard Turton,Richard John Turton
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198503521
Category: Science
Page: 418
View: 7828

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I like the way the book starts with bonds between atoms before the obligatory chapter on crystalline solids, followed by an excellent treatment of mechanical properties. The standard topics of solid-state physics are then presented, starting with electronic properties. There is a splendid final chapter on polymers. The style is confident, authoritative and up to date ...Richard Feynman, in evaluating his own attempt to teach quantum mechanics early in a physics course, reckoned he had failed. Has Richard Turton succeeded? I think he has. Andrew Briggs, professor of materials, University of Oxford The Times Higher, 24 November 2000 (Physics and Engineering)This book is aimed at first and second year undergraduates taking a course in solid state physics. It is suitable for physics or engineering students. It is aimed at a substantially lower level than the majority of solid state physics texts. in particular, it does not assume any prior knowledge of quantum theory. The text is largely non-mathematical, but questions are integrated into the text to encourage readers to tackle the problem-solving aspects of the subject. Worked examples and a complete set of detailed solutions are included.

The Physics of Instabilities in Solid State Electron Devices


Author: Harold L. Grubin,V.V. Mitin,E. Schöll,M.P. Shaw
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489923446
Category: Science
Page: 468
View: 6438

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The past three decades have been a period where useful current and voltage instabilities in solids have progressed from exciting research problems to a wide variety of commercially available devices. Materials and electronics research has led to devices such as the tunnel (Esaki) diode, transferred electron (Gunn) diode, avalanche diodes, real-space transfer devices, and the like. These structures have proven to be very important in the generation, amplification, switching, and processing of microwave signals up to frequencies exceeding 100 GHz. In this treatise we focus on a detailed theoretical understanding of devices of the kind that can be made unstable against circuit oscillations, large amplitude switching events, and in some cases, internal rearrangement of the electric field or current density distribution. The book is aimed at the semiconductor device physicist, engineer, and graduate student. A knowledge of solid state physics on an elementary or introductory level is assumed. Furthermore, we have geared the book to device engineers and physicists desirous of obtaining an understanding substantially deeper than that associated with a small signal equivalent circuit approach. We focus on both analytical and numerical treatment of specific device problems, concerning ourselves with the mechanism that determines the constitutive relation governing the device, the boundary conditions (contact effects), and the effect of the local circuit environment.

Electronic Structure and the Properties of Solids

The Physics of the Chemical Bond
Author: Walter A. Harrison
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486141780
Category: Science
Page: 582
View: 9330

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This text offers basic understanding of the electronic structure of covalent and ionic solids, simple metals, transition metals and their compounds; also explains how to calculate dielectric, conducting, bonding properties.

Introduction to the Physics of Electrons in Solids


Author: Henri Alloul
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642135651
Category: Science
Page: 618
View: 522

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This textbook sets out to enable readers to understand fundamental aspects underlying quantum macroscopic phenomena in solids, primarily through the modern experimental techniques and results. The classic independent-electrons approach for describing the electronic structure in terms of energy bands helps explain the occurrence of metals, insulators and semiconductors. It is underlined that superconductivity and magnetism can only be understood by taking into account the interactions between electrons. The text recounts the experimental observations that have revealed the main properties of the superconductors and were essential to track its physical origin. While fundamental concepts are underlined, those which are required to describe the high technology applications, present or future, are emphasized as well. Problem sets involve experimental approaches and tools which support a practical understanding of the materials and their behaviour.

The Physics of Solids

Essentials and Beyond
Author: Eleftherios N. Economou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642020698
Category: Science
Page: 865
View: 9135

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Solid State Physics emphasizes a few fundamental principles and extracts from them a wealth of information. This approach also unifies an enormous and diverse subject which seems to consist of too many disjoint pieces. The book starts with the absolutely minimum of formal tools, emphasizes the basic principles, and employs physical reasoning (" a little thinking and imagination" to quote R. Feynman) to obtain results. Continuous comparison with experimental data leads naturally to a gradual refinement of the concepts and to more sophisticated methods. After the initial overview with an emphasis on the physical concepts and the derivation of results by dimensional analysis, The Physics of Solids deals with the Jellium Model (JM) and the Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals (LCAO) approaches to solids and introduces the basic concepts and information regarding metals and semiconductors.

Introduction to the Physics of Electrons in Solids


Author: Brian K. Tanner,Tanner Brian K.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521283588
Category: Science
Page: 246
View: 8199

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In this upper-level text, Professor Tanner introduces the reader to the behavior of electrons in solids, starting with the simplest possible model. Unlike other solid state physics texts, this book does not begin with complex crystallography, but instead builds up from the simplest possible model of a free electron in a box and introduces higher levels of complexity only when the simple model is inadequate. The approach is to introduce the subject through its historical development, and to show how quantum mechanics is necessary for an understanding of the properties of electrons in solids. The author also includes an examination of the consequences of collective behavior in the phenomena of magnetism and superconductivity. Examples and problems are included for practice.

Introduction to the Physics of Fluids and Solids


Author: J. S. Trefil
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148318739X
Category: Science
Page: 318
View: 1833

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Introduction to the Physics of Fluids and Solids presents a way to learn continuum mechanics without mastering any other systems. It discusses an introduction to the principles of fluid mechanics. Another focus of study is the fluids in astrophysics. Some of the topics covered in the book are the rotation of the galaxy, the concept of stability, the fluids in motion, and the waves in fluids, the theory of the tides, the vibrations of the earth, and nuclear fission. The viscosity in fluids is covered. The flow of viscous fluids is discussed. The text identifies the general circulation of the atmosphere. An analysis of the general properties of solids is presented. A chapter of the volume is devoted to the applications of seismology. Another section of the book focuses on the flow of the blood and the urinary drop spectrometer. The book will provide useful information to doctors, physicists, engineers, students and researchers.

The Physics of Amorphous Solids


Author: Richard Zallen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527617973
Category: Science
Page: 318
View: 4388

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An in-depth study of non-crystalline solids in which the arrangement of the atoms do not have long-range order. Describes the way amorphous solids are formed, the phenomenology of the liquid-to-glass and glass- to-liquid transition, and the technological applications. Emphasizes modern approaches such as scaling, localization, and percolation. Includes extensive treatment of structural aspects of amorphous solids, ranging from metallic glasses, to chalcogenides, to organic polymers. Incorporates illustrations for the clarification of physics concepts.

Solid State Physics


Author: J. S. Blakemore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521313919
Category: Science
Page: 506
View: 7826

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Updated to reflect recent work in the field, this book emphasizes crystalline solids, going from the crystal lattice to the ideas of reciprocal space and Brillouin zones, and develops these ideas for lattice vibrations, for the theory of metals, and for semiconductors. The theme of lattice periodicity and its varied consequences runs through eighty percent of the book. Other sections deal with major aspects of solid state physics controlled by other phenomena: superconductivity, dielectric and magnetic properties, and magnetic resonance.

The Physics of Phonons


Author: G.P Srivastava
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780852741535
Category: Science
Page: 438
View: 7985

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There have been few books devoted to the study of phonons, a major area of condensed matter physics. The Physics of Phonons is a comprehensive theoretical discussion of the most important topics, including some topics not previously presented in book form. Although primarily theoretical in approach, the author refers to experimental results wherever possible, ensuring an ideal book for both experimental and theoretical researchers. The author begins with an introduction to crystal symmetry and continues with a discussion of lattice dynamics in the harmonic approximation, including the traditional phenomenological approach and the more recent ab initio approach, detailed for the first time in this book. A discussion of anharmonicity is followed by the theory of lattice thermal conductivity, presented at a level far beyond that available in any other book. The chapter on phonon interactions is likewise more comprehensive than any similar discussion elsewhere. The sections on phonons in superlattices, impure and mixed crystals, quasicrystals, phonon spectroscopy, Kapitza resistance, and quantum evaporation also contain material appearing in book form for the first time. The book is complemented by numerous diagrams that aid understanding and is comprehensively referenced for further study. With its unprecedented wide coverage of the field, The Physics of Phonons will be indispensable to all postgraduates, advanced undergraduates, and researchers working on condensed matter physics.

The Physics and Engineering of Solid State Lasers


Author: Yehoshua Y. Kalisky
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 9780819460943
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 203
View: 768

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This text explains the mutual influences between the physical and dynamic processes in solids and their lasing properties. It provides insight into the physics and engineering of solid state lasers by integrating information from several disciplines, including solid state physics, materials science, photophysics, and dynamic processes in solids. The text discusses approaches to developing new laser materials and includes data tables of basic parameters that can be applied to laser design. Novel materials and techniques used in recent developments are also covered. One reviewer said, This is excellent. [Chapter 6] on photophysics is outstanding! Very well written and excellent equation derivation.

Solid-State Physics

An Introduction to Theory and Experiment
Author: Harald Ibach,Hans Lüth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642972306
Category: Science
Page: 341
View: 9804

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In recent decades solid state physics has seen many dramatic new developments and has become one of the largest independent branches of physics. It has simultaneously ex panded into many new areas, playing a vital role in fields that were once the domain of the engineering and chemical sciences. A consequence of this explosive development is that no single university lecturer can today be expected to have a detailed knowledge of all aspects of this vast subject; likewise, it is impossible to conceive of a course that could offer students a comprehensive understanding of the entire discipline and its many applications. In view of this situation, it is particularly valuable to have a textbook that gives a concise account of the essential elements of the physics of solids. In this book the fun damental aspects of solid state physics are presented according to the scheme: Chemical bonding, structure, lattice dynamics, and electronic properties. We believe that this se quence is the optimum choice for tutorial purposes. It enables the more difficult con cepts to be introduced at a point where a basic understanding of fundamental ideas has already been achieved through the study of simple models and examples. In addition to this carefully structured exposition of classical solid state theory based on the periodic solid and the one-electron approximation, the book also includes comprehen sive descriptions of the most active areas in modern research: Magnetism, superconduc tivity and semiconductor physics.

Introduction to Applied Solid State Physics

Topics in the Applications of Semiconductors, Superconductors, and the Nonlinear Optical Properties of Solids
Author: Richard Dalven
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468436740
Category: Science
Page: 330
View: 2402

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The aim of this book is a discussion, at the introductory level, of some applications of solid state physics. The book evolved from notes written for a course offered three times in the Department of Physics of the University of California at Berkeley. The objects of the course were (a) to broaden the knowledge of graduate students in physics, especially those in solid state physics; (b) to provide a useful course covering the physics of a variety of solid state devices for students in several areas of physics; (c) to indicate some areas of research in applied solid state physics. To achieve these ends, this book is designed to be a survey of the physics of a number of solid state devices. As the italics indicate, the key words in this description are physics and survey. Physics is a key word because the book stresses the basic qualitative physics of the applications, in enough depth to explain the essentials of how a device works but not deeply enough to allow the reader to design one. The question emphasized is how the solid state physics of the application results in the basic useful property of the device. An example is how the physics of the tunnel diode results in a negative dynamic resistance. Specific circuit applications of devices are mentioned, but not emphasized, since expositions are available in the elec trical engineering textbooks given as references.

Principles of the Theory of Solids


Author: J. M. Ziman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521297332
Category: Science
Page: 435
View: 957

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"...an admirable book. Indeed, it scarcely needs my commendation: It is already being widely used as a graduate text on both sides of the Atlantic." Nature

Fundamentals of solid state physics


Author: J. Richard Christman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 518
View: 478

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This text explains the fundamental links between solid state phenomena and the basic laws of quantum mechanics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics. Its detailed discussion of electron and photon states are used to illuminate thermodynamic, electric, magnetic and optical phenomena, stressing their relation to the basic laws of physics. Several important experiments are also included, showing the experimental roots of the subject, important underlying concepts, and illustrating how fundamental qualities can be measured. Throughout, numerical calculations are emphasized for the purpose of determining the sizes of various important qualities. Many worked examples are also included, as well as a wide variety of problems to test comprehension of all topics covered. Also contains a special chapter on the physics of semiconductor devices. Features extensive reading lists at the chapter-ends. Except for engstroms and electron volts, SI units are used extensively.

Mechanics and Physics of Porous Solids


Author: Olivier Coussy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119956161
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 7104

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Mechanics and Physics of Porous Solids addresses the mechanics and physics of deformable porous materials whose porous space is filled by one or several fluid mixtures interacting with the solid matrix. Coussy uses the language of thermodynamics to frame the discussion of this topic and bridge the gap between physicists and engineers, and organises the material in such a way that individual phases are explored, followed by coupled problems of increasing complexity. This structure allows the reader to build a solid understanding of the physical processes occurring in the fluids and then porous solids. Mechanics and Physics of Porous Solids offers a critical reference on the physics of multiphase porous materials - key reading for engineers and researchers in structural and material engineering, concrete, wood and materials science, rock and soil mechanics, mining and oil prospecting, biomechanics.

Physics of Solid-state Lasers


Author: V. V. Antsiferov,G. I. Smirnov
Publisher: Cambridge International Science Pub
ISBN: 9781898326175
Category: Science
Page: 166
View: 1788

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Annotation ContentsGeneration in solid-state lasersNonlinear generation dynamicsStochastic transition processes in lasersGeneration in solid-state lasers on chromium ionsGeneration on neodymium ionsLasers on titanium and erbium ionsGeneration on dye centresSemiconductor lasers.