The Oxford History of Byzantium


Author: Cyril Mango
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191500828
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 508

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The Oxford History of Byzantium is the only history to provide in concise form detailed coverage of Byzantium from its Roman beginnings to the fall of Constantinople and assimilation into the Turkish Empire. Lively essays and beautiful illustrations portray the emergence and development of a distinctive civilization, covering the period from the fourth century to the mid-fifteenth century. The authors - all working at the cutting edge of their particular fields - outline the political history of the Byzantine state and bring to life the evolution of a colourful culture. In AD 324, the Emperor Constantine the Great chose Byzantion, an ancient Greek colony at the mouth of the Thracian Bosphorous, as his imperial residence. He renamed the place 'Constaninopolis nova Roma', 'Constantinople, the new Rome' and the city (modern Istanbul) became the Eastern capital of the later Roman empire. The new Rome outlived the old and Constantine's successors continued to regard themselves as the legitimate emperors of Rome, just as their subjects called themselves Romaioi, or Romans long after they had forgotten the Latin language. In the sixteenth century, Western humanists gave this eastern Roman empire ruled from Constantinople the epithet 'Byzantine'. Against a backdrop of stories of emperors, intrigues, battles, and bishops, this Oxford History uncovers the hidden mechanisms - economic, social, and demographic - that underlay the history of events. The authors explore everyday life in cities and villages, manufacture and trade, machinery of government, the church as an instrument of state, minorities, education, literary activity, beliefs and superstitions, monasticism, iconoclasm, the rise of Islam, and the fusion with Western, or Latin, culture. Byzantium linked the ancient and modern worlds, shaping traditions and handing down to both Eastern and Western civilization a vibrant legacy.

The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies


Author: Elizabeth Jeffreys,John F. Haldon,Robin Cormack
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199252466
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 1021
View: 1931

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The Handbook contains eighty-nine articles by leading experts on all significant aspects of the diverse and fast-growing field of Byzantine Studies, which deals with the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire, the eastern half of the Late Roman Empire, from the fourth to the fourteenth century.

The Social History of Byzantium


Author: John Haldon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119344603
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 4683

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With original essays by leading scholars, this book explores the social history of the medieval eastern Roman Empire and offers illuminating new insights into our knowledge of Byzantine society. Provides interconnected essays of original scholarship relating to the social history of the Byzantine empire Offers groundbreaking theoretical and empirical research in the study of Byzantine society Includes helpful glossaries of sociological/theoretical terms and Byzantine/medieval terms

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium


Author: Aleksandr Petrovich Kazhdan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780195046526
Category: Byzantine Empire
Page: 2232
View: 1844

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The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium is a three-volume, comprehensive dictionary of Byzantine civilization. The first resource of its kind in the field, it features over 5,000 entries written by an international group of eminent Byzantinists covering all aspects of life in the Byzantine world. According to Alexander Kazhdan, editor-in-chief of the Dictionary: "Entries on patriarchy and emperors will coexist with entries on surgery and musical instruments. An entry on the cultivation of grain will not only be connected to entries on agriculture and its economics but on diet, the baking of bread, and the role of bread in this changing society." Major entries treat such topics as agriculture, art, literature, and politics, while shorter entries examine topics that relate to Byzantium such as the history of Kiev and personalities of ancient and biblical history. Each article is followed by a bibliography, and numerous maps, tables, architectural designs, and genealogies reinforce and clarify the text. The new Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium will be the standard research tool and reference work for Byzantinists from graduate students to advanced scholars, and an essential resource for college and school libraries. It will also be an invaluable guide for classicists, Western medievalists, Islamicists, Slavicists, art historians, religious historians, and scholars of archaeology.

A History of Byzantium


Author: Timothy E. Gregory
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 140518471X
Category: History
Page: 455
View: 444

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This introduction to the Byzantine civilisation provides a guide for those who know nothing or little about the history of Byzantium. Spanning a vast period from the Emperor Constantine in AD 306 to the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the book is structured around a chronological political history although social, economic and cultural issues are addressed throughout. More detailed studies of particular people, events or issues are dealt with in 53 `boxes'. The main alterations in the second edition involve giving greater space to social and economic themes, including more localised case studies and more on archaeological evidence. An excellent well-written study which will be useful and interesting to students and those who like to read about medieval history.

The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic World


Author: John Boardman,Jasper Griffin,Oswyn Murray
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN: 0191500623
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 7878

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A comprehensive view of the ancient Greek world, its history and its achievements. The legacy of the Hellenistic world is vast--it ranges from architecture to philosophy, literature, and the visual arts to military strategy and science. This authoritative study covers the period from the eighth century BC, which witnessed the emergence of the Greek city-states, to the conquests of Alexander the Great and the establishment of the Greek monarchies some five centuries later. Chapters dealing with political and social history are interspersed with chapters on philosophy and the arts, including Homer, Greek myth, Aristotle, and Plato, Greek dramatists such as Sophocles and Aristophanes, and the flourishing of the visual and plastic arts. This volume, first published as part of The Oxford History of the Classical World, includes illustrations, maps, a Chronology of Events, and suggestions for Further Reading.

The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe


Author: George Holmes
Publisher: Oxford Illustrated History
ISBN: 9780192854353
Category: History
Page: 398
View: 1598

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'The individual chapters are scholarly and up to the minute, without loss of accessibility or pace. The illustrations are many, apposite and refreshingly unhackneyed.' -Times Literary Supplement

The Oxford History of the Biblical World


Author: Michael David Coogan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195139372
Category: Religion
Page: 487
View: 3368

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Examines the history, art, architecture, languages, literatures, society, and religion of Biblical Israel and early Judaism and Christianity

The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Volume 2: 400-1400
Author: Sarah Foot,Chase F. Robinson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191636932
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 6236

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How was history written in Europe and Asia between 400-1400? How was the past understood in religious, social and political terms? And in what ways does the diversity of historical writing in this period mask underlying commonalities in narrating the past? The volume, which assembles 28 contributions from leading historians, tackles these and other questions. Part I provides comprehensive overviews of the development of historical writing in societies that range from the Korean Peninsula to north-west Europe, which together highlight regional and cultural distinctiveness. Part II complements the first part by taking a thematic and comparative approach; it includes essays on genre, warfare, and religion (amongst others) which address common concerns of historians working in this liminal period before the globalizing forces of the early modern world.

Artes - Pro und Kontra VI

Untersuchungen zum gesellschaftlichen Diskurs zu Kunst, Wissenschaft und Technik Kapitel 8 und 9
Author: Vilmos Dr Czikkely
Publisher: tredition
ISBN: 3732327345
Category: Philosophy
Page: 268
View: 5862

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Die Bezeichnung "Mittelalter" stammt aus der humanistischen Tradition: Nach Petrarca wurde die leuchtende römische Epoche von einer dunklen abgelöst. Von einer Epoche zwischen Ausgang der Antike und dem Beginn der Neuzeit. Die Relation von Glauben und weltlichem Wissen war für die Christen vom 1./ 2. Jahrhundert an konfliktträchtig. Dieser Konflikt schien mit den Formulierungen von Tertullian, Boethius und Isidor von Sevilla erst mal geregelt zu sein. Doch die Lösung war metastabil, sie konnte, und wurde, durch eine aufregende Neuentdeckung aus dem Gleichgewicht gebracht. Eine solche "Neuentdeckung" war die Übersetzung der Logik und der naturwissenschaftlichen Schriften des Aristoteles und der Kommentare des Averroes dazu. Der von dieser "Neuentdeckung" induzierte Diskurs war facettenreich: Erfasste Fragen der Ethik, der Logik, der Anthropologie und der Kosmologie allgemein. In einem ersten Abschnitt interessiert uns das Verhältnis Glaube und Vernunft allgemein. Der zweite Abschnitt behandelt den Diskurs um die einzelnen Zweige der Wissenschaften im Mittelalter und die Entwicklung der experimentellen Methoden als eine Quelle für wissenschaftliche Aussagen Dieser zweite Abschnitt behandelt auch die Technik und die Kunst.

The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire


Author: J. M. Hussey
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191614882
Category: Religion
Page: 456
View: 7947

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This book describes the role of the medieval Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire (c.600-c.1453). As an integral part of its policy it was (as in western Christianity) closely linked with many aspects of everyday life both official and otherwise. It was a formative period for Orthodoxy. It had to face doctrinal problems and heresies; at the same time it experienced the continuity and deepening of its liturgical life. While holding fast to the traditions of the fathers and the councils, it saw certain developments in doctrine and liturgy as also in administration. Part I discusses the landmarks in ecclesiastical affairs within the Empire as well as the creative influence exercised on the Slavs and the increasing contacts with westerners particularly after 1204. Part II gives a brief account of the structure of the medieval Orthodox Church, its officials and organization, and the spirituality of laity, monks, and clergy.

Byzantine Art


Author: Robin Cormack
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192842114
Category: Art
Page: 248
View: 3382

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Byzantine is a much misused word. The book explores what kind of an art is to be described as Byzantine. Mostly religious in function, but preserving the classicism of Greco-Roman art, the buildings and objects communicate the purity and certainties of the public face of early Christian art. The book probes the underlying motives and attitudes of the society which produced such rich and delicate art forms.

The History of Byzantine and Eastern Canon Law to 1500


Author: Wilfried Hartmann,Kenneth Pennington
Publisher: CUA Press
ISBN: 0813216796
Category: History
Page: 356
View: 6366

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Wilfried Hartmann is emeritus professor of the medieval history of canon law at the University of Tbingen. Kenneth Pennington is Kelly-Quinn Professor of Ecclesiastical and Legal History at The Catholic University of America. He is the author of numerous works including Pope and Bishops: The Papal Monarchy in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries and The Prince and the Law, 1200-1600: Sovereignty and Rights in the Western Legal Tradition. Hartmann and Pennington are coeditors of the History of Medieval Canon Law series.

Artes - Pro und Kontra IV

Untersuchungen zum gesellschaftlichen Diskurs zu Kunst, Wissenschaft und Technik - Kapitel 5 und 6
Author: Vilmos Dr Czikkely
Publisher: tredition
ISBN: 3732315673
Category: Political Science
Page: 396
View: 486

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Aus der geistigen Erbmasse der römischen Spätantike entstanden zwei Religionssysteme: das kaiserzeitliche Christentum und der Islam. Beide haben ihre spezifischen Probleme mit der Rezeption des vorgefundenen "Wissens der Alten" und mit den weltlich umtriebigen τέχναί/artes. Beide Religionssysteme bilden spezifische atechnische Attraktionsbereiche: Diese könnten wir in der christlichen Tradition mit dem augustinischen Terminus "civitas dei" charakterisieren (Kapitel V). Die aktuelle Diskussion zeigt, dass die wichtigsten Ereignisse und Daten der muslimischen Geschichte selbst unter den Gebildeten offensichtlich wenig bekannt sind. So brauchen wir, bevor wir die "Einstellungen zu den artes" untersuchen, einen differenzierenden Blick für die bedeutendsten Normen und Strömungen in der muslimischen Geisteswelt. Die Auseinandersetzung mit der geistigen Erbmasse der Antike hat von den drei Zweigen der artes die Wissenschaften und die Philosophie ganz anders erfasst als die produktiven Techniken und die künstlerische Gestaltung. Leitend war das Bild von der Urgemeinde.

Encyclopedia of Monasticism


Author: William M. Johnston
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113678716X
Category: Reference
Page: 2000
View: 7029

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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity


Author: Scott Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019027753X
Category: Byzantine Empire
Page: 1296
View: 1846

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The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700 CE) that has become increasingly central to scholarly debates over the history of western and Middle Eastern civilizations. This volume covers such pivotal events as the fall of Rome, the rise of Christianity, the origins of Islam, and the early formation of Byzantium and the European Middle Ages. These events are set in the context of widespread literary, artistic, cultural, and religious change during the period. The geographical scope of this Handbook is unparalleled among comparable surveys of Late Antiquity; Arabia, Egypt, Central Asia, and the Balkans all receive dedicated treatments, while the scope extends to the western kingdoms, and North Africa in the West. Furthermore, from economic theory and slavery to Greek and Latin poetry, Syriac and Coptic literature, sites of religious devotion, and many others, this Handbook covers a wide range of topics that will appeal to scholars from a diverse array of disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity engages the perennially valuable questions about the end of the ancient world and the beginning of the medieval, while providing a much-needed touchstone for the study of Late Antiquity itself.

Mattʿēos Uṙhayecʿi and His Chronicle

History as Apocalypse in a Crossroads of Cultures
Author: Tara L. Andrews
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004330356
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 5024

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In Mattʿēos Uṙhayecʿi and His Chronicle Tara L. Andrews offers the first in-depth analysis of the history written by Mattʿēos, an Armenian priest living in Edessa around the turn of the twelfth century.