The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law


Author: Marc Weller,Jake William Rylatt,Alexia Solomou
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199673047
Category: Law
Page: 1280
View: 9017

Continue Reading →

This Oxford Handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive analysis of one of the most controversial areas of international law. Over seventy contributors assess the current state of the international law prohibiting the use of force, assessing its development and analysing the many recent controversies that have arisen in this field.

The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Armed Conflict


Author: Andrew Clapham,Paola Gaeta
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199559694
Category: History
Page: 909
View: 5989

Continue Reading →

Written by a team of distinguished and internationally renowned experts, this Oxford Handbook gives an analytical overview of international law as it applies in armed conflicts. The Handbook draws on international humanitarian law, human rights law, and the law of neutrality to provide a comprehensive picture of the status of law in war.

Air Warfare

History, Theory and Practice
Author: Peter Gray
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 178093310X
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 1654

Continue Reading →

Air Warfare provides an introduction to the subject's theory, history and practice. As well as delivering an up to date look at the strategy, and historiography of air power, Peter Gray explores the theories behind air power and looks at the political, legal and moral dimensions of the application of air power. Topics covered include: - Key military strategists and their legacy - Air power's strategic effects - Leadership, management and command - Tactics, technology and operations The book draws on primary sources including official narratives and published reports, examines key thinkers in the study of air power, and discusses topics such as concepts of warfare as an art or science, cultural perceptions of air power, and the experience of being an airman. With its broad scope and thorough coverage of a range of key topics, Air Warfare takes air power beyond the study of individual campaigns, or controversies, providing a multi-disciplinary approach to air power studies.

Gender, Conflict and International Humanitarian Law

A critique of the 'principle of distinction'
Author: Orly Maya Stern
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351391445
Category: Political Science
Page: 252
View: 2039

Continue Reading →

This book conducts a gendered critique of the ‘principle of distinction’ in international humanitarian law (IHL), with a focus on recent conflicts in Africa. The ‘principle of distinction’ is core to IHL, and regulates who can and cannot be targeted in armed conflict. It states that civilians may not be targeted in attack, while combatants and those civilians directly participating in hostilities can be. The law defines what it means to be a combatant and a civilian, and sets out what behaviour constitutes direct participation. Close examination of the origins of the principle reveals that IHL was based on a gendered view of conflict, which envisages men as fighters and women as victims of war. Problematically, this view often does not accord with the reality in ‘new wars’ today in which women are playing increasingly active roles, often forming the backbone of fighting groups, and performing functions on which armed groups are highly reliant. Using women’s participation in ‘new wars’ in Africa as a study, this volume critically examines the principle through a gendered lens, questioning the extent to which the principle serves to protect women in modern conflicts and how it fails them. By doing so, it questions whether the principle of distinction is suitable to effectively regulate the conduct of hostilities in new wars. This book will be of much interest to students of international law, gender studies, African politics, war and conflict studies, and international relations.

International Investment Arbitration

A Practical Handbook
Author: Johan Billiet
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046607968
Category: International commercial arbitration
Page: 496
View: 5036

Continue Reading →

Investment Arbitration is a multi-billion dollar venture. It is an area of international dispute resolution, which has undergone tremendous growth in recent years and resulted in the signature of thousands of Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) between foreign states and several Multilateral Investment Treaties (MITs). Numerous disputes involving these instruments are resolved through international arbitration. Arbitral tribunals have rendered many awards ordering the payment of large sums of money. This handbook provides an explanatory introduction into the area of investment arbitration, differentiating it from commercial arbitration and state-to-state arbitration. It examines the legal framework and the general course of an international investment arbitration. In particular, it focuses on the standards of protection in international investment agreements, the concept of jurisdiction in international investment arbitration and the arbitral award, including the notions of recognition, enforcement and execution. Moreover, this cutting-edge publication contains relevant and recent case law in the area and deals with contemporaneous issues such as the ongoing controversy regarding the future of Intra-EU BITs and Free Trade Agreements as well as the link between vulture funds and investment arbitration. The handbook aims at arbitrators, lawyers, practitioners, academics, students and everyone with an interest in international investment arbitration.

The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law


Author: Dinah Shelton,Emeritus Manatt/Ahn Professor in International Law Dinah Shelton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780198748298
Category: Human rights
Page: 1088
View: 5592

Continue Reading →

The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law provides a comprehensive and original overview of one of the fundamental topics within international law. It contains substantial new essays by more than forty leading experts in the field, giving students, scholars, and practitioners a complete overview of the issues that inform research, as well as a 'map' of the debates that animate the field. Each chapter features a critical and up-to-date analysis of the current state of debate and discussion, assessing recent work and advancing the understanding of all aspects of this developing area of international law. The Handbook consists of 39 chapters, divided into seven parts. Parts I and II explore the foundational theories and the historical antecedents of human rights law from a diverse set of disciplines, including the philosophical, religious, biological, and psychological origins of moral development and altruism, and sociological findings about cooperation and conflict. Part III focuses on the law-making process and categories of rights. Parts IV and V examine the normative and institutional evolution of human rights, and discuss this impact on various doctrines of general international law. The final two parts are more speculative, examining whether there is an advantage to considering major social problems from a human rights perspective and, if so, how that might be done: Part VI analyses current problems that are being addressed by governments, both domestically and through international organizations, and issues that have been placed on the human rights agenda of the United Nations, such as state responsibility for human rights violations and economic sanctions to enforce human rights; Part VII then evaluates the impact of international human rights law over the past six decades from a variety of perspectives. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for scholars, students, and practitioners of international human rights law. It provides the reader with new perspectives on international human rights law that are both multidisciplinary and geographically and culturally diverse.

Contemporary Just War

Theory and Practice
Author: Tamar Meisels
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351699466
Category: Political Science
Page: 170
View: 7012

Continue Reading →

This book offers a renewed defense of traditional just war theory and considers its application to certain contemporary cases, particularly in the Middle East. The first part of the book addresses and responds to the central theoretical criticisms levelled at traditional just war theory. It offers a detailed defense of civilian immunity, the moral equality of soldiers and the related dichotomy between jus ad bellum and jus in bello, and argues that these principles taken together amount to a morally coherent ethics of war. In this sense this project is traditional (or "orthodox"). In another sense, however, it is highly relevant to the modern world. While the first part of the book defends the just war tradition against its revisionist critics, the second part applies it to an array of timely issues: civil war, economic warfare, excessive harm to civilians, pre-emptive military strikes, and state-sponsored assassination, which require applying just war theory in practice. This book sets out to reaffirm the basic tenets of the traditional ethics of war and to lend them further moral support, subsequently applying them to a variety of practical issues. This book will be of great interest to students of just war theory, ethics, security studies, war and conflict studies, and IR in general.

Intellectual Property Rights as Foreign Direct Investments

From Collision to Collaboration
Author: Lukas Vanhonnaeker
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1784712515
Category: Law
Page: 320
View: 7510

Continue Reading →

What is the level of convergence between the international investment law framework and the international legal regime regulating intellectual property rights? This discerning book examines the interface between intellectual property and foreign direct

Die neue Odyssee

Eine Geschichte der europäischen Flüchtlingskrise
Author: Patrick Kingsley
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406692281
Category: Political Science
Page: 332
View: 5607

Continue Reading →

Europa ist mit der größten Migrationsbewegung seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs konfrontiert – und niemand hat intensiver über diese Krise berichtet als Patrick Kingsley. Der erst 26 Jahre alte Reporter des "Guardian" hat 2015 drei Kontinente und 17 Länder bereist, Hunderte von Migranten getroffen und mit ihnen die Fluchtrouten durch Wüsten, über Berge und Meere zurückgelegt. Dieses Buch erzählt ihre Geschichte. Patrick Kingsley legt ein hohes Tempo vor. Er reist mit dem Syrer Hashem al-Souki auf dem Zug, trinkt selbstgebrannten (und verbotenen) Schnaps mit dem libyschen Menschenschmuggler Haji, der einmal Jurastudent war, marschiert mit Fattemah Abu al-Rouse, der schwangeren syrischen Lehrerin, die Angst hat, ihr Kind zu verlieren, durch die Wildnis des Balkans, ist an Bord eines Bootes im Mittelmeer. Er schildert, wie das Multi-Millionen-Dollar-Geschäft mit dem Menschenhandel in Libyen, der Türkei und Ägypten organisiert wird. Er zeigt, wie lokale Kaufleute und korrupte Politiker in Italien vom Elend der Menschen profitieren. Er beschreibt die Fluchtrouten, hinterfragt die Ursachen der Krise und die Gründe für die bedrückende Reaktion so vieler Europäer. "Die neue Odyssee" ist ein großartiges Buch, das niemand so leicht vergisst, der es gelesen hat.

Verfassungsfragmente

Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung
Author: Gunther Teubner
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518772805
Category: Law
Page: 291
View: 7780

Continue Reading →

Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.

Der Frieden: Frieden und Krieg in der Frühen Neuzeit


Author: Ronald G. Asch,Klaus Garber,Jutta Held
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Europe
Page: 622
View: 6486

Continue Reading →

Bd. 1 indeholder tre hovedafsnit med følgende titler: I: Krieg und Frieden im Horizont der Religionen; II: Krieg und Frieden und die Ordnung der Geschlechter; III: Krieg und Frieden im Spannungsfeld von Kultur und Natur. Bind 1 er redigeret af Klaus Garber, Jutta held, Friedhelm Jürgensmeier, Friedhelm Krüger og Ute Széll.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut
Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310402247X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 608
View: 730

Continue Reading →

Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

Exploring Vulnerability


Author: Günter Thomas,Heike Springhart
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647540633
Category: Religion
Page: 264
View: 8114

Continue Reading →

Vulnerability is an essential but also an intriguing ambiguous part of the human condition. This book con-ceptualizes vulnerability to be a fundamental threat and deficit and at the same time to be a powerful resource for transformation.The exploration is undertaken in multidisciplinary perspectives and approaches the human condition in fruitful conversations with medical, psychological, legal, theological, political and philosophical investiga-tions of vulnerability.The multidisciplinary approach opens the space for a broad variety of deeply interrelated topics. Thus, vulnerability is analyzed with respect to diverse aspects of human and social life, such as violence and power, the body and social institutions. Theologically questions of sin and redemption and eventually the nature of the Divine are taken up. Throughout the book phenomenological descriptions are combined with necessary conceptual clarifications. The contributions seek to illuminate the relation between vulnerability as a fundamental unavoidable condition and contingent actualizations related to specific dangers and risks. The core thesis of the book can be seen within its multi-perspectivity: A sound concept of vulnerability is key to a realistic, that is to say neither negative nor illusionary anthropology, to an honest post-theistic understanding of God and eventually to a deeply humanistic understanding of social life.

Studieren - Das Handbuch


Author: Stella Cottrell
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827423603
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 569

Continue Reading →

Studieren ist schwierig? - Nicht mit diesem Buch! Dieser praktische Leitfaden für Studienanfänger vermittelt grundlegende „Soft Skills“ (vom „Lernen lernen“ über Selbsteinschätzung, Zeit-, Projekt- und Stressmanagement bis zu Gedächtnis- und Schreibtraining, Prüfungs- und Klausursituationen sowie Karriereplanung u.v.m.) - locker präsentiert, in handliche Einheiten verpackt und je nach Bedarf selektiv nutzbar. Viele eingestreute kleine Tipps stehen neben Mini-Fragebögen, Kopiervorlagen für Tabellen, die man nicht im Buch ausfüllen möchte, und ähnlichen Hilfsmitteln. Das unterhaltsam-informative Werk beruht auf dem englischen Bestseller The Study Skilly Handbook und eignet sich für Abiturienten mit Studienwunsch, Studienanfänger verschiedenster Disziplinen und Quereinsteiger als Wegweiser durch die vielfältigen Anforderungen im "Studiendschungel".

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law


Author: Curtis A. Bradley
Publisher: Oxford Handbooks
ISBN: 9780190653330
Category: Law
Page: 898
View: 7533

Continue Reading →

This Oxford Handbook ambitiously seeks to lay the groundwork for the relatively new field of comparative foreign relations law. Comparative foreign relations law compares and contrasts how nations, and also supranational entities (for example, the European Union), structure their decisions about matters such as entering into and exiting from international agreements, engaging with international institutions, and using military force, as well as how they incorporate treaties and customary international law into their domestic legal systems. The legal materials that make up a nation's foreign relations law can include constitutional law, statutory law, administrative law, and judicial precedent, among other areas. This book consists of 46 chapters, written by leading authors from around the world. Some of the chapters are empirically focused, others are theoretical, and still others contain in-depth case studies. In addition to being an invaluable resource for scholars working in this area, the book should be of interest to a wide range of lawyers, judges, and law students. Foreign relations law issues are addressed regularly by lawyers working in foreign ministries, and globalization has meant that domestic judges, too, are increasingly confronted by them. In addition, private lawyers who work on matters that extend beyond their home countries often are required to navigate issues of foreign relations law. An increasing number of law school courses in comparative foreign relations law are also now being developed, making this volume an important resource for students as well. Comparative foreign relations law is a newly emerging field of study and teaching, and this volume is likely to become a key reference work as the field continues to develop.