The Origins of Creativity


Author: Edward O. Wilson
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 1631493191
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 6112

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“Brimming with ideas. . . . The Origins of Creativity approach[es] creativity scientifically but sensitively, feeling its roots without pulling them out.”—Economist In a stirring exploration of human nature recalling his foundational work Consilience, Edward O. Wilson offers a “luminous” (Kirkus Reviews) reflection on the humanities and their integral relationship to science. Both endeavors, Wilson argues, have their roots in human creativity—the defining trait of our species. By studying fields as diverse as paleontology, evolution, and neurobiology, Wilson demonstrates that creative expression began not 10,000 years ago, as we have long assumed, but more than 100,000 years ago in the Paleolithic Age. A provocative investigation into what it means to be human, The Origins of Creativity reveals how the humanities have played an unexamined role in defining our species. With the eloquence, optimism, and pioneering inquiry we have come to expect from our leading biologist, Wilson proposes a transformational “Third Enlightenment” in which the blending of science and humanities will enable a deeper understanding of our human condition, and how it ultimately originated.

The Origins of Creativity


Author: Bruce Adolphe
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198507154
Category: Psychology
Page: 268
View: 2479

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After Newton died in 1727, a monument was erected in the Scientist's Corner of Westminster Abbey. It was decorated with a pile of four books and adorned with cherubs holding a prism, a telescope and newly minted coins. The implication is clear. Newton's towering intellect and god-given gift for creative thinking was the origin of his inspiration. Not far away, at the front of the monument to Newton, is the tomb of Charles Darwin, who published On the Origin of Species, which first discussed the evolution of man. The proximity of the monuments is telling. If we are to define the single, most unique human attribute evolution has produced, it must be our ability to think creatively. Thinking is the ultimate human resource. Breaking through the barriers posed by dogma, and reaching beyond the limits of established patterns of thinking to discover what is new and useful is the engine that drives society. This book, which had its genesis in a conference organized by Karl Pfenninger, and held at Aspen, Colorado, entitled 'Higher brain function, art and science: an interdisciplinary examination of the creative process', brings together articles by thirteen contributors from the fields of science, art and music. Two of the contributors have been awarded Nobel prizes, and all are distinguished representatives of their fields. The Origins of Creativity is organized around four central themes of creativity: the creative experience in art and science; the biologicalbasis of imagination, emotion and reason; creative powers and the environment; and the mind's perception of patterns. The views of artists, who couch their ideas in more metaphorical language, mingle with the analytical thoughts of scientists who strive to understand how the brain generates images and ideas. The voices of creators - artist, scientist, mathematician - and of those who study creative activity - neuroscientist, psychologist, philosopher - generate a broad spectrum of views on creativity whose integration offers new insights and becomes a creative act in itself. This book offers insights into the origins of human creativity to scientists, artists, and general readers. Its inter-disciplinary authorship presents a uniquely broad perspective on current research, and the style throughout is accessible and engaging.

Blattgeflüster

Die wunderbare Welt der Pflanzen. Aus dem Leben einer leidenschaftlichen Forscherin
Author: Hope Jahren
Publisher: Ludwig
ISBN: 3641114381
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 7311

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Eine hinreißende Geschichte über Pflanzen, Liebe und die Wissenschaft Hope Jahren hat das, wovon viele Menschen träumen: einen Beruf, der ihr Herz und ihr Leben erfüllt. Seit sie denken kann, ist die Geo-Biologin fasziniert von der Natur – von Pflanzen, Bäumen, Blättern, Samenkörnern und den unglaublichen Geschichten, die sie uns erzählen, sogar noch in fossiler Form. Wie ist es beispielsweise möglich, dass ein Kirschkern hundert Jahre lang geduldig warten kann, bis er sich auf einmal dazu entscheidet zu keimen? Hope Jahrens Werdegang von der kindlichen Forscherin zur angesehenen Wissenschaftlerin, die sich trotz zahlreicher Hindernisse in einer Männerwelt behauptet, ist eine inspirierende und mitreißende Geschichte voller Leidenschaft, Durchhaltevermögen und ewiger Neugierde. Ein wunderbares Gleichnis über die Kraft der Natur und die Freude des Entdeckens, das einen ganz neuen Blick auf die Pflanzenwelt eröffnet. Seite für Seite. Blatt für Blatt. Für die New York Times ist Hope Jahrens »Blattgeflüster« eines der 100 besten Bücher des Jahres 2016.

Die soziale Eroberung der Erde

Eine biologische Geschichte des Menschen
Author: Edward O. Wilson
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406645313
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 3139

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Woher kommen wir? Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Der große Biologe E. O. Wilson entschlüsselt die Evolution des Menschen Die soziale Eroberung der Erde ist die Summe lebenslanger innovativer Forschung, die Krönung des Lebenswerkes von Edward O. Wilson. Seine weitreichende These: Die soziale Gruppe und nicht das egoistische Gen war der entscheidende Faktor der Menschwerdung. "Keinem außer Edward O. Wilson konnte eine derart brillante Synthese aus Biologie und Geisteswissenschaften gelingen, die Licht wirft auf den Ursprung von Sprache, Religion, Kunst und der gesamten menschlichen Kultur." Oliver Sacks "Eine große, doch einfache Fragestellung, überzeugende Erklärungen, eine meisterhafte Beherrschung der Wissenschaft und eine anschauliche, verständliche Darstellung einmal mehr hat E.O. Wilson ein Buch geschrieben mit den Qualitäten, die ihm Pulitzerpreise und ein Millionenpublikum eingebracht haben." Jared Diamond "Ein fabelhaftes Buch." Bill Clinton

The Origins and Psychodynamics of Creativity

A Psychoanalytic Perspective
Author: Jerome D. Oremland
Publisher: International Universities PressInc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 200
View: 2100

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"In thinking of creating as a form of relating, Jerome D. Oremland has created a communicative book that initiates a dialogue that does not come to an end when one has finished reading it. "Origins and Psychodynamics of Creativity should be studied by every psychoanalyst to develop psychoanalytic competence in working with creative individuals. Oremland provides definitions regarding conditions for creativity and its unfolding, and the complex relations of the arts to his art." -- Dr. Peter Schuster.

Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit

The Origin of Creativity and Belief
Author: David S. Whitley
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Art
Page: 322
View: 6352

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Describes the connection between shamanism and creativity, myth, and religion through an exploration of cave paintings found in France and Spain.

Wenn der Nagekäfer zweimal klopft

Das geheime Leben der Insekten
Author: Dave Goulson
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446447083
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 6109

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Der britische Biologe Dave Goulson unternimmt eine Expedition auf den Planeten der Insekten – genauer auf die Blumenwiesen rund um sein marodes französisches Landhaus. Die Helden seiner Feldforschungsabenteuer sind nicht nur Bienen und Hummeln, sondern alles, was kreucht und fleucht: Grillen, Grashüpfer, Glühwürmchen – und Libellen, denen beim Liebemachen zuzusehen eine Freude ist. Goulson taucht dabei so tief ins Reich der Tiere ein wie kaum jemand zuvor. Ein Buch, das die entscheidende Bedeutung von Insekten für unsere Umwelt und das ganze globale Ökosystem beleuchtet. Und ein Weckruf, die Nutzung von Insektiziden zurückzufahren, um das Sterben der Bienen und anderer Bestäuber zu stoppen.

Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity


Author: Scott Elias
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444538216
Category: Science
Page: 132
View: 8067

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Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing 'state of art' discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts

The Genesis of Creativity and the Origin of the Human Mind


Author: Barbora Putová,Václav Soukup
Publisher: Karolinum Press, Charles University
ISBN: 9788024626772
Category: Art
Page: 350
View: 3870

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"Genesis of Creativity and the Origin of the Human Mind" is a collective monograph which comprises scientific studies written by foremost world experts specialising on evolution of the man, culture and art. Seen from the interdisciplinary perspective, the monograph aspires to describe, analyse and interpret the nascence of artistic creativity and the constitution of the anatomically modern man's mind. It also focuses on the origins of art in the Upper Paleolithic as well as on manifestations of artistic creativity in pre-literary societies and tribal cultures that have preserved until present, e.g. in Southern Africa. The fact that the monograph is a result of works by experts with different specialisations enables us to compare their different approaches to the topic and accentuate the wide array of possible approaches and interpretations of artistic manifestations in a particular historic and cultural context.

The Value of Creativity

The Origins and Emergence of a Modern Belief
Author: John Hope Mason
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351880667
Category: History
Page: 316
View: 698

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In the middle of the 19th century a new value began to appear in Western Europe - the belief that (in the words of Matthew Arnold) 'the exercise of a creative activity is the true function of man'. This book gives an account of the stages by which, and the reasons why, this development occurred at that time. In so doing it reveals a historical puzzle, for the main factors which can be seen to have given rise to the new value - mainly scientific, technological, economic and political - were not reflected in the value itself, for that was applied almost exclusively to artistic and cultural activity. John Hope Mason sets out to explain this puzzle by showing how throughout European history there have been two radically different views of the creative attribute. An early example of one view was the character of Prometheus in Greek mythology; influential examples of the second were the figures of God the Creator in Judaeo-Christian theology and the neo-Platonic One in Hellenistic philosophy. The book shows how the contrast represented by those figures informed discussions of genius in the 18th century and indicates why the notion of creativity which came to prevail then assimilated it with purely aesthetic and moral concerns. Combining a broad perspective with a close analysis of key figures - from Adam Smith, Rousseau and Kant, to Arnold, Marx and Nietzsche - this book casts a new light on a central value of the modern world.

The Creative Matrix

Anxiety and the Origin of Creativity
Author: Andrew Brink
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780820444802
Category: Psychology
Page: 221
View: 3790

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The Creative Matrix shows how Freudian and Kleinian theories of creativity are giving way to an attachment model, owing to research on anxiety by John Bowlby and other psychobiologists. We are entering an era of rapproachment between psychoanalysis, neurobiology, and attachment theory. Theory of creativity must take into account the rapid advances toward an integrated view of human development and capacity for adaptation. The Creative Matrix offers a critical review of British Object Relations theories of creativity from Melanie Klein through Ronald Fairbairn, Marion Milner, D. W. Winnicott, and others. It studies these theories in the light of Bowlby's challenge to psychoanalytic accounts of child development and personality formation. Creativity is seen as a necessary concomitant of anxious attachment in infants and children - as a natural adaptive resource in overcoming trauma and other deflections of normal development. Brief studies of poets Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, and Anne Sexton show how attachment theory illuminates bipolar disorder and poetic creativity.

Creativity conquers the marketplace

The origins of creativity and its novel implementations in an organizational context
Author: Christoph Rosenthal
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656611416
Category: Social Science
Page: 15
View: 7866

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Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Work, Profession, Education, Organisation, grade: 9.0/10, Erasmus University Rotterdam, language: English, abstract: Leadbeater’s (2000) metaphor of “a new economy living on thin air” gives a good idea of how to conceive of the knowledge economy. Creativity is an essential feature of the knowledge economy and has transferred from being characteristic for particular niche industries to an overarching, critical, and peculiar feature of various sectors (Pratt & Jeffcutt, 2009). Organizations have been trying to find management solutions and entrepreneurial approaches to fruitfully implement creativity and balance the innate tensions between creativity, control, and organizational structure. The essay at hand provides solutions to this dilemma and identifies starting points for implementing key characteristics and management strategies of creative organizations into creatively managing non-creative organizations. The subject matter will be discussed along the lines of the following set of interrelated questions. • What exactly is creativity, where does it come from and what is its significance in an organizational management context? • What constitutes creative organizations and where does innovation fit in? • To what extend has creativity forged new forms of organizations or has been beneficially implemented by technically non-creative organizations? • What are some innovative and collaborative approaches by organizations to take advantage of the collective nature of the knowledge economy?

Origins of Genius

Darwinian Perspectives on Creativity
Author: Dean Keith Simonton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195351705
Category: Psychology
Page: 320
View: 5751

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How can we account for the sudden appearance of such dazzling artists and scientists as Mozart, Shakespeare, Darwin, or Einstein? How can we define such genius? What conditions or personality traits seem to produce exceptionally creative people? Is the association between genius and madness really just a myth? These and many other questions are brilliantly illuminated in The Origins of Genius. Dean Simonton convincingly argues that creativity can best be understood as a Darwinian process of variation and selection. The artist or scientist generates a wealth of ideas, and then subjects these ideas to aesthetic or scientific judgment, selecting only those that have the best chance to survive and reproduce. Indeed, the true test of genius is the ability to bequeath an impressive and influential body of work to future generations. Simonton draws on the latest research into creativity and explores such topics as the personality type of the genius, whether genius is genetic or produced by environment and education, the links between genius and mental illness (Darwin himself was emotionally and mentally unwell), the high incidence of childhood trauma, especially loss of a parent, amongst Nobel Prize winners, the importance of unconscious incubation in creative problem-solving, and much more. Simonton substantiates his theory by examining and quoting from the work of such eminent figures as Henri Poincare, W. H. Auden, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Charles Darwin, Niels Bohr, and many others. For anyone intrigued by the spectacular feats of the human mind, The Origins of Genius offers a revolutionary new way of understanding the very nature of creativity.

Life Finds a Way

Mapping the Origins of Creativity
Author: Andreas Wagner
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1786076160
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 707

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Darwin’s theory of evolution was a monumental achievement, but there was much he did not know. In his ‘survival of the fittest’ model each step must go forward, life always progressing up the slope towards an evolutionary peak. There is no turning back. So what happens when there is more than one slope, and life finds itself on the wrong one? World-leading biologist Andreas Wagner reveals that life does not, as Darwin believed, only walk – it also leaps. Drawing on pioneering research, Wagner explores life’s creative process and how, with all the stops and starts, and knowing that sometimes things have to get worse before they get better, it bears a striking resemblance to how we humans work. There is a beguiling symmetry between the way Picasso struggled through forty versions of Guernica and how evolution transformed a dinosaur’s claw into a condor’s wing. This new understanding is already revolutionising our approach to problem-solving across the sciences. In the near future, applied in spheres as diverse as the economy and education, it will enable us to do so much more. Thought-provoking and deeply hopeful, Life Finds a Way reminds us that it is indeed possible to conquer the seemingly insurmountable.

Managing Innovation, Design and Creativity


Author: Bettina von Stamm
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470510668
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 592
View: 550

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Innovation is the major driving force in organisations today. With the rise of truly global markets and the intensifying competition for customers, employees and other critical resources, the ability to continuously develop successful innovative products, services, processes and strategies is essential. While creativity is the starting point for any kind of innovation, design is the process through which a creative idea or concept is translated into reality. Managing Innovation, Design and Creativity, 2nd Edition brings these three strands together in a discussion built around a collection of up-to-date case studies.

The Value of Creativity

The Origins and Emergence of a Modern Belief
Author: John Hope Mason
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 308
View: 4662

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In the middle of the 19th century a new value began to appear in Western Europe - the belief that (in the words of Matthew Arnold) 'the exercise of a creative activity is the true function of man'. This book gives an account of the stages by which, and the reasons why, this development occurred at that time. In so doing it reveals a historical puzzle, for the main factors which can be seen to have given rise to the new value - mainly scientific, technological, economic and political - were not reflected in the value itself, for that was applied almost exclusively to artistic and cultural activity. John Hope Mason sets out to explain this puzzle by showing how throughout European history there have been two radically different views of the creative attribute. An early example of one view was the character of Prometheus in Greek mythology; influential examples of the second were the figures of God the Creator in Judaeo-Christian theology and the neo-Platonic One in Hellenistic philosophy. The book shows how the contrast represented by those figures informed discussions of genius in the 18th century and indicates why the notion of creativity which came to prevail then assimilated it with purely aesthetic and moral concerns. Combining a broad perspective with a close analysis of key figures - from Adam Smith, Rousseau and Kant, to Arnold, Marx and Nietzsche - this book casts a new light on a central value of the modern world.

The Idea of Creativity


Author: Michael Krausz,Denis Dutton,Karen Bardsley
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004174443
Category: Philosophy
Page: 346
View: 1565

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Seventeen philosophers, scientists and artists consider questions about the intriguing idea of creativity: Is creativity essentially mysterious? Is creativity essentially inspirational or rationalistic? What role does skill play in creativity? What are the criteria of creativity? Should we assign logical priority to creative persons, creative processes, or creative products? How do forms of creativity relate to different domains of human activity? How does creativity relate to self-transformation? How does our knowledge of the circumstances of creativity effect our appreciation of its products? Can a recipient of a creative work also be a creator of it? Contributors include: Margaret Boden, Larry Briskman, John M. Carvalho, David Davies, Berys Gaut,Rom HarrA(c), Carl R. Hausman, Albert Hofstadter, Arthur Koestler, Michael Krausz, Peter Lamarque, Thomas Leddy, Paisley Livingston, Michael Polany, Dean Keith Simonton, and Francis Sparshott.