The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution

Author: Malick W. Ghachem
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521836808
Category: History
Page: 350
View: 9492

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"The Haitian Revolution (1789-1804) was an epochal event that galvanized slaves and terrified planters throughout the Atlantic world. Rather than view this tumultuous period solely as a radical rupture with slavery, Malick W. Ghachem's innovative study shows that emancipation in Haiti was also a long-term product of its colonial legal history. Ghachem takes us deep into this volatile colonial past, digging beyond the letter of the law and vividly re-enacting such episodes as the extraordinary prosecutionof a master for torturing and killing his slaves. This book brings us face-to-face with the revolutionary invocation of Old Regime law by administrators seeking stability, but also by free people of color and slaves demanding citizenship and an end to brutality. The result is a subtle yet dramatic portrait of the strategic stakes of colonial governance in the land that would become Haiti"--Provided by publisher.

Colonialism and Science

Saint Domingue and the Old Regime
Author: James E. McClellan III
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226514684
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 9094

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How was the character of science shaped by the colonial experience? In turn, how might we make sense of how science contributed to colonialism? Saint Domingue (now Haiti) was the world’s richest colony in the eighteenth century and home to an active society of science—one of only three in the world, at that time. In this deeply researched and pathbreaking study of the colony, James E. McClellan III first raised his incisive questions about the relationship between science and society that historians of the colonial experience are still grappling with today. Long considered rare, the book is now back in print in an English-language edition, accompanied by a new foreword by Vertus Saint-Louis, a native of Haiti and a widely-acknowledged expert on colonialism. Frequently cited as the crucial starting point in understanding the Haitian revolution, Colonialism and Science will be welcomed by students and scholars alike. “By deftly weaving together imperialism and science in the story of French colonialism, [McClellan] . . . brings to light the history of an almost forgotten colony.”—Journal of Modern History “McClellan has produced an impressive case study offering excellent surveys of Saint Domingue’s colonial history and its history of science.”—Isis

Die Verlobung in St. Domingo

Reclam XL – Text und Kontext
Author: Heinrich von Kleist
Publisher: Reclam Verlag
ISBN: 3159612740
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 70
View: 903

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Klassenlektüre und Textarbeit einfach gemacht: Die Reihe "Reclam XL – Text und Kontext" erfüllt alle Anforderungen an Schullektüre und Bedürfnisse des Deutschunterrichts: * Das Format ist größer als die gelben Klassiker der Universal-Bibliothek, mit ausreichend Platz für Notizen am Seitenrand. * schwierige Wörter werden am Fuß jeder Seite erklärt, ausführlichere Sacherläuterungen stehen im Anhang. * Zusatz-Materialien im Anhang erleichtern das Verständnis des Werkes und liefern Impulse für Diskussionen im Unterricht: zu Quellen und Stoff, Biographie des Autors, Epoche und Rezeptionsgeschichte. Die Bände von Reclam XL sind im Textteil seiten- und zeilenidentisch mit den gelben Ausgaben der Universal-Bibliothek. UB- und XL-Ausgaben sind also nicht nur im Unterricht nebeneinander verwendbar – es passen auch weiterhin alle Lektüreschlüssel, Erläuterungsbände und Interpretationen dazu. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der gedruckten Ausgabe: Buch und E-Book können parallel benutzt werden.

Haiti, History, and the Gods

Author: Joan Dayan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520213685
Category: History
Page: 339
View: 7817

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"By viewing Revolutionary-era Haiti through the lenses of gender and sexuality, Joan Dayan breathes life into an important slice of history."--Karen McCarthy Brown, author of Mama Lola

Revolutions without Borders

The Call to Liberty in the Atlantic World
Author: Janet Polasky
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300213433
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 2046

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Nation-based histories cannot do justice to the rowdy, radical interchange of ideas around the Atlantic world during the tumultuous years from 1776 to 1804. National borders were powerless to restrict the flow of enticing new visions of human rights and universal freedom. This expansive history explores how the revolutionary ideas that spurred the American and French revolutions reverberated far and wide, connecting European, North American, African, and Caribbean peoples more closely than ever before. Historian Janet Polasky focuses on the eighteenth-century travelers who spread new notions of liberty and equality. It was an age of itinerant revolutionaries, she shows, who ignored borders and found allies with whom to imagine a borderless world. As paths crossed, ideas entangled. The author investigates these ideas and how they were disseminated long before the days of instant communications and social media or even an international postal system. Polasky analyzes the paper records—books, broadsides, journals, newspapers, novels, letters, and more—to follow the far-reaching trails of revolutionary zeal. What emerges clearly from rich historic records is that the dream of liberty among America’s founders was part of a much larger picture. It was a dream embraced throughout the far-flung regions of the Atlantic world.

The Haitian Revolution

A Documentary History
Author: David Geggus
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1624661777
Category: History
Page: 262
View: 8985

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"A landmark collection of documents by the field's leading scholar. This reader includes beautifully written introductions and a fascinating array of never-before-published primary documents. These treasures from the archives offer a new picture of colonial Saint-Domingue and the Haitian Revolution. The translations are lively and colorful." --Alyssa Sepinwall, California State University San Marcos

Französische Literaturgeschichte

Author: Jürgen Grimm,Susanne Hartwig
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476007332
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 540
View: 9676

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Vom mittelalterlichen Rolandslied bis zur Gegenwartsliteratur. Die beliebte Literaturgeschichte führt durch sämtliche Epochen und Gattungen und ordnet die Meilensteine der französischen Literatur in ihren kulturellen und ideengeschichtlichen Kontext ein. Neben Namen mit weltweiter Strahlkraft wie Molière und Racine, Voltaire, Hugo, Sartre und Camus finden auch weniger bekannte Autorinnen und Autoren, "kleinere" Gattungen wie der Kriminalroman oder die Beur-Literatur sowie Film und Chanson Eingang in eine lebendige Darstellung literarischer Entwicklungen. In der 6. Auflage mit zahlreichen neu verfassten Kapiteln und Aktualisierungen insbesondere zur Gegenwartsliteratur. Außerdem mit einem kompakten Überblick über die frankophonen Literaturen.

Haiti: The Aftershocks of History

Author: Laurent Dubois
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
ISBN: 0805095624
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 4799

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A passionate and insightful account by a leading historian of Haiti that traces the sources of the country's devastating present back to its turbulent and traumatic history Even before the 2010 earthquake destroyed much of the country, Haiti was known as a benighted place of poverty and corruption. Maligned and misunderstood, the nation has long been blamed by many for its own wretchedness. But as acclaimed historian Laurent Dubois makes clear, Haiti's troubled present can only be understood by examining its complex past. The country's difficulties are inextricably rooted in its founding revolution—the only successful slave revolt in the history of the world; the hostility that this rebellion generated among the colonial powers surrounding the island nation; and the intense struggle within Haiti itself to define its newfound freedom and realize its promise. Dubois vividly depicts the isolation and impoverishment that followed the 1804 uprising. He details how the crushing indemnity imposed by the former French rulers initiated a devastating cycle of debt, while frequent interventions by the United States—including a twenty-year military occupation—further undermined Haiti's independence. At the same time, Dubois shows, the internal debates about what Haiti should do with its hard-won liberty alienated the nation's leaders from the broader population, setting the stage for enduring political conflict. Yet as Dubois demonstrates, the Haitian people have never given up on their struggle for true democracy, creating a powerful culture insistent on autonomy and equality for all. Revealing what lies behind the familiar moniker of "the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere," this indispensable book illuminates the foundations on which a new Haiti might yet emerge.

A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution

Author: Jeremy D. Popkin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405198206
Category: History
Page: 202
View: 7357

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This book offers students a concise and clearly written overview of the events of the Haitian Revolution, from the slave uprising in the French colony of Saint–Domingue in 1791 to the declaration of Haiti s independence in 1804. Draws on the latest scholarship in the field as well as the author s original research Offers a valuable resource for those studying independence movements in Latin America, the history of the Atlantic World, the history of the African diaspora, and the age of the American and French revolutions Written by an expert on both the French and Haitian revolutions to offer a balanced view Presents a chronological, yet thematic, account of the complex historical contexts that produced and shaped the Haitian Revolution

Tropics of Haiti

Race and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1789-1865
Author: Marlene L. Daut
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1781381844
Category: History
Page: 692
View: 6494

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The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) was an event of international significance. Here is a literary history of those events, Haiti's war of independence is examined through the eyes of its actual and imagined participants, observers, survivors, and cultural descendants.

Revolutions in the Atlantic World, New Edition

A Comparative History
Author: Wim Klooster
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479875953
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 8002

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A new look at a contentious period in the history of the Atlantic world Within just a half century, the American, French, Haitian, and Spanish American revolutions transformed the Atlantic world. This book is the first to analyze these events through a comparative lens, revealing several central themes in the field of Atlantic history. From the murky position of the European empire between the Old and New Worlds to slavery and diaspora, Wim Klooster offers insights into the forces behind the many conflicts in the Atlantic world in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Digging deeply into the structural causes and oppressive environments in which these revolutions occurred, Klooster debunks the popular myth that the “people” rebelled against a small ruling elite, arguing instead that the revolutions were civil wars in which all classes fought on both sides. The book reveals the extent to which mechanisms of popular mobilization were visible in the revolutions. For example, although Blacks and Indians often played an important role in the success of the revolutions, they were never compensated once new regimes rose to power. Nor was democracy a goal or product of these revolutions, which usually spawned authoritarian polities. The new edition covers the latest historiographical trends in the study of the Atlantic world, including new research regarding the role of privateers. Drawing on fresh research – such as primary documents and extant secondary literature – Klooster ultimately concludes that the Enlightenment was the ideological inspiration for the Age of Revolutions, although not its cause.

Haitian Revolutionary Studies

Author: David Patrick Geggus
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253109262
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 7827

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The Haitian Revolution of 1789--1803 transformed the Caribbean's wealthiest colony into the first independent state in Latin America, encompassed the largest slave uprising in the Americas, and inflicted a humiliating defeat on three colonial powers. In Haitian Revolutionary Studies, David Patrick Geggus sheds new light on this tremendous upheaval by marshaling an unprecedented range of evidence drawn from archival research in six countries. Geggus's fine-grained essays explore central issues and little-studied aspects of the conflict, including new historiography and sources, the origins of the black rebellion, and relations between slaves and free people of color. The contributions of vodou and marronage to the slave uprising, Toussaint Louverture and the abolition question, the policies of the major powers toward the revolution, and its interaction with the early French Revolution are also addressed. Questions about ethnicity, identity, and historical knowledge inform this essential study of a complex revolution.

Haiti: From Revolutionary Slaves to Powerless Citizens

Essays on the Politics and Economics of Underdevelopment, 1804-2013
Author: Alex Dupuy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317931009
Category: Political Science
Page: 162
View: 5995

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This title focuses on Haiti from an international perspective. Haiti has endured undue influence from successive French and US governments; its fragile 'democracy' has been founded on subordination to and dominance of foreign powers. This book examines Haiti's position within the global economic and political order, and how the more dominant members of the international community have, in varying ways, exploited the country over the last 200 years.

The Libertine Colony

Creolization in the Early French Caribbean
Author: Doris L Garraway
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822386513
Category: History
Page: 430
View: 8754

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Presenting incisive original readings of French writing about the Caribbean from the inception of colonization in the 1640s until the onset of the Haitian Revolution in the 1790s, Doris Garraway sheds new light on a significant chapter in French colonial history. At the same time, she makes a pathbreaking contribution to the study of the cultural contact, creolization, and social transformation that resulted in one of the most profitable yet brutal slave societies in history. Garraway’s readings highlight how French colonial writers characterized the Caribbean as a space of spiritual, social, and moral depravity. While tracing this critique in colonial accounts of Island Carib cultures, piracy, spirit beliefs, slavery, miscegenation, and incest, Garraway develops a theory of “the libertine colony.” She argues that desire and sexuality were fundamental to practices of domination, laws of exclusion, and constructions of race in the slave societies of the colonial French Caribbean. Among the texts Garraway analyzes are missionary histories by Jean-Baptiste Du Tertre, Raymond Breton, and Jean-Baptiste Labat; narratives of adventure and transgression written by pirates and others outside the official civil and religious power structures; travel accounts; treatises on slavery and colonial administration in Saint-Domingue; the first colonial novel written in French; and the earliest linguistic description of the native Carib language. Garraway also analyzes legislation—including the Code noir—that codified slavery and other racialized power relations. The Libertine Colony is both a rich cultural history of creolization as revealed in Francophone colonial literature and an important contribution to theoretical arguments about how literary critics and historians should approach colonial discourse and cultural representations of slave societies.

Slavery and Antislavery in Spain's Atlantic Empire

Author: Josep M. Fradera,Christopher Schmidt-Nowara†
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857459341
Category: History
Page: 340
View: 5721

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African slavery was pervasive in Spain's Atlantic empire yet remained in the margins of the imperial economy until the end of the eighteenth century when the plantation revolution in the Caribbean colonies put the slave traffic and the plantation at the center of colonial exploitation and conflict. The international group of scholars brought together in this volume explain Spain's role as a colonial pioneer in the Atlantic world and its latecomer status as a slave-trading, plantation-based empire. These contributors map the broad contours and transformations of slave-trafficking, the plantation, and antislavery in the Hispanic Atlantic while also delving into specific topics that include: the institutional and economic foundations of colonial slavery; the law and religion; the influences of the Haitian Revolution and British abolitionism; antislavery and proslavery movements in Spain; race and citizenship; and the business of the illegal slave trade.

The Democratic Imagination

Envisioning Popular Power in the 21st Century
Author: Alan Sears,James Cairns
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442605308
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 3722

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Democracy is very much an open question in the early twenty-first century. While voter participation declines in many traditional democracies, new movements for democracy are emerging around the world. This book brings the question of democracy out of the halls of political power and home to our daily lives, pitting "official democracy" and "democracy from below" against one another in a lively debate. For more information see