The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution


Author: Malick W. Ghachem
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521836808
Category: History
Page: 350
View: 3900

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"The Haitian Revolution (1789-1804) was an epochal event that galvanized slaves and terrified planters throughout the Atlantic world. Rather than view this tumultuous period solely as a radical rupture with slavery, Malick W. Ghachem's innovative study shows that emancipation in Haiti was also a long-term product of its colonial legal history. Ghachem takes us deep into this volatile colonial past, digging beyond the letter of the law and vividly re-enacting such episodes as the extraordinary prosecutionof a master for torturing and killing his slaves. This book brings us face-to-face with the revolutionary invocation of Old Regime law by administrators seeking stability, but also by free people of color and slaves demanding citizenship and an end to brutality. The result is a subtle yet dramatic portrait of the strategic stakes of colonial governance in the land that would become Haiti"--Provided by publisher.

Colonialism and Science

Saint Domingue and the Old Regime
Author: James E. McClellan III
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226514684
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 8952

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How was the character of science shaped by the colonial experience? In turn, how might we make sense of how science contributed to colonialism? Saint Domingue (now Haiti) was the world’s richest colony in the eighteenth century and home to an active society of science—one of only three in the world, at that time. In this deeply researched and pathbreaking study of the colony, James E. McClellan III first raised his incisive questions about the relationship between science and society that historians of the colonial experience are still grappling with today. Long considered rare, the book is now back in print in an English-language edition, accompanied by a new foreword by Vertus Saint-Louis, a native of Haiti and a widely-acknowledged expert on colonialism. Frequently cited as the crucial starting point in understanding the Haitian revolution, Colonialism and Science will be welcomed by students and scholars alike. “By deftly weaving together imperialism and science in the story of French colonialism, [McClellan] . . . brings to light the history of an almost forgotten colony.”—Journal of Modern History “McClellan has produced an impressive case study offering excellent surveys of Saint Domingue’s colonial history and its history of science.”—Isis

Die Verlobung in St. Domingo


Author: Heinrich von Kleist
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104018391
Category: Fiction
Page: 50
View: 2729

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Mit dem Werkbeitrag aus Kindlers Literatur Lexikon. Mit dem Autorenporträt aus dem Metzler Lexikon Weltliteratur. Mit Daten zu Leben und Werk, exklusiv verfasst von der Redaktion der Zeitschrift für Literatur TEXT + KRITIK. Haiti 1803: Inmitten des Aufstands der afrikanischen Sklaven gegen die französische Kolonialverwaltung entspinnt sich eine Liebesgeschichte zwischen einem Europäer und einer Kreolin. Doch diese Liebe, die sich über die Grenzen der Kulturen und einer kolonialen Gesellschaft hinwegsetzt, trifft auf ein feindliches Unverständnis. Nie war Heinrich von Kleist aktueller als in dieser Novelle.

The Oxford Handbook of the French Revolution


Author: David Andress
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019100992X
Category: History
Page: 704
View: 2981

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The Oxford Handbook of the French Revolution brings together a sweeping range of expert and innovative contributions to offer engaging and thought-provoking insights into the history and historiography of this epochal event. Each chapter presents the foremost summations of academic thinking on key topics, along with stimulating and provocative interpretations and suggestions for future research directions. Placing core dimensions of the history of the French Revolution in their transnational and global contexts, the contributors demonstrate that revolutionary times demand close analysis of sometimes tiny groups of key political actors - whether the king and his ministers or the besieged leaders of the Jacobin republic - and attention to the deeply local politics of both rural and urban populations. Identities of class, gender and ethnicity are interrogated, but so too are conceptions and practices linked to citizenship, community, order, security, and freedom: each in their way just as central to revolutionary experiences, and equally amenable to critical analysis and reflection. This volume covers the structural and political contexts that build up to give new views on the classic question of the 'origins of revolution'; the different dimensions of personal and social experience that illuminate the political moment of 1789 itself; the goals and dilemmas of the period of constitutional monarchy; the processes of destabilisation and ongoing conflict that ended that experiment; the key issues surrounding the emergence and experience of 'terror'; and the short- and long-term legacies, for both good and ill, of the revolutionary trauma - for France, and for global politics.

Haiti, History, and the Gods


Author: Joan Dayan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520213685
Category: History
Page: 339
View: 6238

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"By viewing Revolutionary-era Haiti through the lenses of gender and sexuality, Joan Dayan breathes life into an important slice of history."--Karen McCarthy Brown, author of Mama Lola

Französische Literaturgeschichte


Author: Jürgen Grimm,Susanne Hartwig
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476007332
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 540
View: 9700

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Vom mittelalterlichen Rolandslied bis zur Gegenwartsliteratur. Die beliebte Literaturgeschichte führt durch sämtliche Epochen und Gattungen und ordnet die Meilensteine der französischen Literatur in ihren kulturellen und ideengeschichtlichen Kontext ein. Neben Namen mit weltweiter Strahlkraft wie Molière und Racine, Voltaire, Hugo, Sartre und Camus finden auch weniger bekannte Autorinnen und Autoren, "kleinere" Gattungen wie der Kriminalroman oder die Beur-Literatur sowie Film und Chanson Eingang in eine lebendige Darstellung literarischer Entwicklungen. In der 6. Auflage mit zahlreichen neu verfassten Kapiteln und Aktualisierungen insbesondere zur Gegenwartsliteratur. Außerdem mit einem kompakten Überblick über die frankophonen Literaturen.

Revolutions without Borders

The Call to Liberty in the Atlantic World
Author: Janet Polasky
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300213433
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 2462

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Nation-based histories cannot do justice to the rowdy, radical interchange of ideas around the Atlantic world during the tumultuous years from 1776 to 1804. National borders were powerless to restrict the flow of enticing new visions of human rights and universal freedom. This expansive history explores how the revolutionary ideas that spurred the American and French revolutions reverberated far and wide, connecting European, North American, African, and Caribbean peoples more closely than ever before. Historian Janet Polasky focuses on the eighteenth-century travelers who spread new notions of liberty and equality. It was an age of itinerant revolutionaries, she shows, who ignored borders and found allies with whom to imagine a borderless world. As paths crossed, ideas entangled. The author investigates these ideas and how they were disseminated long before the days of instant communications and social media or even an international postal system. Polasky analyzes the paper records—books, broadsides, journals, newspapers, novels, letters, and more—to follow the far-reaching trails of revolutionary zeal. What emerges clearly from rich historic records is that the dream of liberty among America’s founders was part of a much larger picture. It was a dream embraced throughout the far-flung regions of the Atlantic world.

Die vielköpfige Hydra

die verborgene Geschichte des revolutionären Atlantiks
Author: Peter Linebaugh,Marcus Rediker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783935936651
Category:
Page: 427
View: 7657

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The Haitian Revolution

A Documentary History
Author: David Geggus
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1624661777
Category: History
Page: 262
View: 8215

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"A landmark collection of documents by the field's leading scholar. This reader includes beautifully written introductions and a fascinating array of never-before-published primary documents. These treasures from the archives offer a new picture of colonial Saint-Domingue and the Haitian Revolution. The translations are lively and colorful." --Alyssa Sepinwall, California State University San Marcos

Haiti: The Aftershocks of History


Author: Laurent Dubois
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
ISBN: 0805095624
Category: History
Page: 448
View: 2603

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A passionate and insightful account by a leading historian of Haiti that traces the sources of the country's devastating present back to its turbulent and traumatic history Even before the 2010 earthquake destroyed much of the country, Haiti was known as a benighted place of poverty and corruption. Maligned and misunderstood, the nation has long been blamed by many for its own wretchedness. But as acclaimed historian Laurent Dubois makes clear, Haiti's troubled present can only be understood by examining its complex past. The country's difficulties are inextricably rooted in its founding revolution—the only successful slave revolt in the history of the world; the hostility that this rebellion generated among the colonial powers surrounding the island nation; and the intense struggle within Haiti itself to define its newfound freedom and realize its promise. Dubois vividly depicts the isolation and impoverishment that followed the 1804 uprising. He details how the crushing indemnity imposed by the former French rulers initiated a devastating cycle of debt, while frequent interventions by the United States—including a twenty-year military occupation—further undermined Haiti's independence. At the same time, Dubois shows, the internal debates about what Haiti should do with its hard-won liberty alienated the nation's leaders from the broader population, setting the stage for enduring political conflict. Yet as Dubois demonstrates, the Haitian people have never given up on their struggle for true democracy, creating a powerful culture insistent on autonomy and equality for all. Revealing what lies behind the familiar moniker of "the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere," this indispensable book illuminates the foundations on which a new Haiti might yet emerge.

Haitian Revolutionary Studies


Author: David Patrick Geggus
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253109262
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 546

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The Haitian Revolution of 1789--1803 transformed the Caribbean's wealthiest colony into the first independent state in Latin America, encompassed the largest slave uprising in the Americas, and inflicted a humiliating defeat on three colonial powers. In Haitian Revolutionary Studies, David Patrick Geggus sheds new light on this tremendous upheaval by marshaling an unprecedented range of evidence drawn from archival research in six countries. Geggus's fine-grained essays explore central issues and little-studied aspects of the conflict, including new historiography and sources, the origins of the black rebellion, and relations between slaves and free people of color. The contributions of vodou and marronage to the slave uprising, Toussaint Louverture and the abolition question, the policies of the major powers toward the revolution, and its interaction with the early French Revolution are also addressed. Questions about ethnicity, identity, and historical knowledge inform this essential study of a complex revolution.

Philanthropy and Race in the Haitian Revolution


Author: Erica R. Johnson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319761447
Category: History
Page: 249
View: 5861

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This book examines the ways in which a minority of primarily white, male, French philanthropists used their social standing and talents to improve the lives of peoples of African descent in Saint-Domingue during the crucial period of the Haitian Revolution. They went to great lengths to advocate for the application of universal human rights through political activities, academic societies, religious charity, influence on public opinion, and fraternity in the armed services. The motives for their benevolence ran the gamut from genuine altruism to the selfish pursuit of prestige, which could, on occasion, lead to political or economic benefit from aiding blacks and people of color. This book offers a view that takes into account the efforts of all peoples who worked to end slavery and establish racial equality in Saint-Domingue and challenges simplistic notions of the Haitian Revolution, which lean too heavily on an assumed strict racial divide between black and white.

Revolutions in the Atlantic World, New Edition

A Comparative History
Author: Wim Klooster
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479857173
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 5624

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A new look at a contentious period in the history of the Atlantic world Within just a half century, the American, French, Haitian, and Spanish American revolutions transformed the Atlantic world. This book is the first to analyze these events through a comparative lens, revealing several central themes in the field of Atlantic history. From the murky position of the European empire between the Old and New Worlds to slavery and diaspora, Wim Klooster offers insights into the forces behind the many conflicts in the Atlantic world in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Digging deeply into the structural causes and oppressive environments in which these revolutions occurred, Klooster debunks the popular myth that the “people” rebelled against a small ruling elite, arguing instead that the revolutions were civil wars in which all classes fought on both sides. The book reveals the extent to which mechanisms of popular mobilization were visible in the revolutions. For example, although Blacks and Indians often played an important role in the success of the revolutions, they were never compensated once new regimes rose to power. Nor was democracy a goal or product of these revolutions, which usually spawned authoritarian polities. The new edition covers the latest historiographical trends in the study of the Atlantic world, including new research regarding the role of privateers. Drawing on fresh research – such as primary documents and extant secondary literature – Klooster ultimately concludes that the Enlightenment was the ideological inspiration for the Age of Revolutions, although not its cause.

A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution


Author: Jeremy D. Popkin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405198206
Category: History
Page: 202
View: 1906

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This book offers students a concise and clearly written overview of the events of the Haitian Revolution, from the slave uprising in the French colony of Saint–Domingue in 1791 to the declaration of Haiti s independence in 1804. Draws on the latest scholarship in the field as well as the author s original research Offers a valuable resource for those studying independence movements in Latin America, the history of the Atlantic World, the history of the African diaspora, and the age of the American and French revolutions Written by an expert on both the French and Haitian revolutions to offer a balanced view Presents a chronological, yet thematic, account of the complex historical contexts that produced and shaped the Haitian Revolution