The Nature and Authority of Precedent


Author: Neil Duxbury
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139470973
Category: Law
Page: N.A
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Neil Duxbury examines how precedents constrain legal decision-makers and how legal decision-makers relax and avoid those constraints. There is no single principle or theory which explains the authority of precedent but rather a number of arguments which raise rebuttable presumptions in favour of precedent-following. This book examines the force and the limitations of these arguments and shows that although the principal requirement of the doctrine of precedent is that courts respect earlier judicial decisions on materially identical facts, the doctrine also requires courts to depart from such decisions when following them would perpetuate legal error or injustice. Not only do judicial precedents not 'bind' judges in the classical-positivist sense, but, were they to do so, they would be ill suited to common-law decision-making. Combining historical inquiry and philosophical analysis, this book will assist anyone seeking to understand how precedent operates as a common-law doctrine.

Handbook on the Law of Judicial Precedents, Or the Science of Case Law (Classic Reprint)


Author: Henry Campbell Black
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9780243296613
Category:
Page: N.A
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Excerpt from Handbook on the Law of Judicial Precedents, or the Science of Case Law Nearly a quarter of a century ago, the late Mr. Justice Miller, of the Supreme Court of the United States, in a public address on the use and value of authorities in the argument and decision of cases, expressed his surprise that no book had yet been written, or none that he had seen, distinctively devoted to the subject on which he was speaking, adding, perhaps by way of explanation of the fact, that the sources of such a work are not ample and are difficult to come at. If a systematic and comprehensive treatise on the law of judicial precedents was a desideratum at that time, it is much more so to - day. For the reported decisions have enormously multiplied, and the lawyer's problem now is not merely to find the law, but to weigh and estimate the value of what he discovers. Now, more than ever, he needs a guide through the lawless science of the law, the count less myriad of precedents. Moreover the rules which gov ern the subject, - ii rules they can be called, which rest only in judicial discretion and have no stronger sanction than judicial habit, - are intricate and not free from confusion, and have long been in need of clear and discriminating ex position. Also it is true that the very theory of the prece dent has been vigorously assailed of late in high quarters, and there are evidences of an insistent demand for greater flexibility in the interpretation of the law and a closer cor respondence between the rulings of the courts and what is supposed to be the spirit of the age or the wants and wishes of the people. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Handbook on the Law of Judicial Precedents: Or, the Science of Case Law


Author: Henry Campbell Black
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270459043
Category: History
Page: 828
View: 2206

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Größer als das Amt

Auf der Suche nach der Wahrheit - der Ex-FBI-Direktor klagt an
Author: James Comey
Publisher: Droemer eBook
ISBN: 342645422X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 384
View: 2290

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Die Erinnerungen von Ex-FBI-Chef James B. Comey sind aktuell, brisant und spannend wie ein Krimi. 2017 von Präsident Trump gefeuert, schreibt Comey einen fesselnden Insider-Bericht über politische Machenschaften und das von Donald Trump korrumpierte System. Ein Sachbuch wie ein Kriminalroman der Extraklasse: James Comeys brisante Erinnerungen an die vergangenen 20 Jahre im Zentrum der Macht zeigen ihn als unbeugsamen Ermittler, der gegen die Mafia, gegen CIA-Folter und NSA-Überwachung, und zuletzt im Wahlkampf 2016 gegen Hillary Clintons Umgang mit dienstlichen Emails und Donald Trumps Russland-Verbindungen vorgegangen ist. Der Weg des parteilosen New Yorker Vorzeigejuristen gleicht einer politischen Achterbahnfahrt: stellvertretender Justizminister unter George W. Bush, zum FBI-Direktor ernannt von Barack Obama und gefeuert von Donald Trump wegen angeblicher Illoyalität. Sein Buch ist ein eindrückliches Lehrstück über den aufrechten Gang in einer verantwortungslosen Regierung.

Civil Justice, Privatization, and Democracy


Author: Trevor C.W. Farrow
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 144269503X
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 5359

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Privatization is occurring throughout the public justice system, including courts, tribunals, and state-sanctioned private dispute resolution regimes. Driven by a widespread ethos of efficiency-based civil justice reform, privatization claims to decrease costs, increase speed, and improve access to the tools of justice. But it may also lead to procedural unfairness, power imbalances, and the breakdown of our systems of democratic governance. Civil Justice, Privatization, and Democracy demonstrates the urgent need to publicize, politicize, debate, and ultimately temper these moves towards privatized justice. Written by Trevor C.W. Farrow, a former litigation lawyer and current Chair of the Canadian Forum on Civil Justice, Civil Justice, Privatization, and Democracy does more than just bear witness to the privatization initiatives that define how we think about and resolve almost all non-criminal disputes. It articulates the costs and benefits of these privatizing initiatives, particularly their potential negative impacts on the way we regulate ourselves in modern democracies, and it makes recommendations for future civil justice practice and reform.

Essays in the History of Canadian Law

Quebec and the Canadas
Author: George Blaine Baker,Donald Fyson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442670061
Category: History
Page: 608
View: 7324

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The essays in this volume deal with the legal history of the Province of Quebec, Upper and Lower Canada, and the Province of Canada between the British conquest of 1759 and confederation of the British North America colonies in 1867. The backbone of the modern Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec, this geographic area was unified politically for more than half of the period under consideration. As such, four of the papers are set in the geographic cradle of modern Quebec, four treat nineteenth-century Ontario, and the remaining four deal with the St. Lawrence and Great Lakes watershed as a whole. The authors come from disciplines as diverse as history, socio-legal studies, women’s studies, and law. The majority make substantial use of second-language sources in their essays, which shade into intellectual history, social and family history, regulatory history, and political history.

Betrachtungen über die Repräsentativregierung


Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518735179
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 5789

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Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.

International Record of Medicine and General Practice Clinics


Author: Edward Swift Dunster,Frank Pierce Foster,James Bradbridge Hunter,Charles Eucharist de Medicis Sajous,Gregory Stragnell,Henry J. Klaunberg,Félix Martí-Ibáñez
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medicine
Page: N.A
View: 3135

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Gorbatschow

Der Mann und seine Zeit
Author: William Taubman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406700454
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 935
View: 4352

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Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?

Unjust Enrichment in South African Law

Rethinking Enrichment by Transfer
Author: Helen Scott
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1782251391
Category: Law
Page: 250
View: 9352

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Conventional thinking teaches that the absence of liability - in particular contractual invalidity - is itself the reason for the restitution of transfers in the South African law of unjustified enrichment. However, this book argues that while the absence of a relationship of indebtedness is a necessary condition for restitution in such cases, it is not a sufficient condition. The book takes as its focus those instances in which the invalidity thesis is strongest, namely, those traditionally classified as instances of the condictio indebiti, the claim to recover undue transfers. It seeks to demonstrate that in all such instances it is necessary for the plaintiff to show not only the absence of his liability to transfer but also a specific reason for restitution, such as mistake, compulsion or incapacity. Furthermore, this book explores the reasons for the rise of unjust factors in South African law, attributing this development in part to the influence of the Roman-Dutch restitutio in integrum, an extraordinary, equitable remedy that has historically operated independently of the established enrichment remedies of the civilian tradition, and which even now remains imperfectly integrated into the substantive law of enrichment. Finally, the book seeks to defend in principled terms the mixed approach to enrichment by transfer (an approach based both on unjust factors and on the absence of a legal ground) which appears to characterise modern South African law. It advocates the rationalisation of the causes of action comprised within the condictio indebiti, many of which are subject to additional historically-determined requirements, in light of this mixed analysis.

The Forces of Nature

An Address Delivered Before the Chemical Society of Union College, July 22d, 1863
Author: George Frederick Barker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Force and energy
Page: 45
View: 2168

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Burke’s Politics

A Study in Whig Orthodoxy
Author: Frederick Dreyer
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554586747
Category: Political Science
Page: 104
View: 3282

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Edmund Burke claimed to be a practical politician, rather than a theorist. Nevertheless, says the author, Burke held consistent political principles which form a coherent political theory. By examining concepts such as natural laws, natural society, civil society, and history in Burke’s speeches and writings, the author comes to some conclusions about Burke’s political theory and its relation to commonly accepted eighteenth-century political doctrines. Succinct and balanced, this study will be of particular interest to political theorists and historians.

Orientalismus


Author: Edward W. Said
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783100710086
Category: Europa - Orientbild - Kultur - Geschichte 1800-2000
Page: 459
View: 6466

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