The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam

The Qur'anic Hermeneutics of the Sufi Sahl At-Tustari
Author: Gerhard Böwering
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110837056
Category: Philosophy
Page: 295
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The Studies in the History and Culture of the Islamic Orient (STIO) is the series of “Supplements” to the journal Der Islam. Both are published by the Section for the History and Culture of the Near East in the Asian-African Institute of the University of Hamburg. The Section was established in 1908, before the foundation of the University of Hamburg. Under its first Director, C.H. Becker, it was the first academic centre in Germany in which teaching and research concentrated on the historical and cultural aspects of the Islamic world, and not just on philological issues. Many of Germany’s leading authorities in Islamic Studies have studied and/or taught here. The “Supplements” have maintained the same high quality and met the same high demands as the journal Der Islam and have published numerous studies on the history and culture of the Islamic world which have represented milestones in their relevant fields. The “New Series” of Supplements appearing since 2004 carries this tradition forward and provides a platform for publishing studies on the history and culture of the Islamic world from the beginnings of Islam up to the present day.

Messianic Hopes and Mystical Visions

The Nūrbakhshīya Between Medieval and Modern Islam
Author: Shahzad Bashir
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570034954
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 412

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Messianic Hopes and Mystical Visions tells the story of the Nurbakhshiya, an Islamic messianic movement that originated in fifteenth-century central Asia and Iran and survives to the present in Pakistan and India. In the first full-length study of the sect, Shahzad Bashir illumines the significance of messianism as an Islamic religious paradigm and illustrates its centrality to any discussion of Islamic sectarianism. By tracing Nurbakhshi activity in the Middle East and central and southern Asia through more than five centuries, Bashir brings to view the continuities and disruptions within Islamic civilization across regions and over time. Bashir effectively captures the way Nurbakhshis have understood and debated the meaning of their tradition in various geographical and temporal contexts. Bashir provides a detailed biography of the movement's founder, Muhammad Nurbakhsh (d. 1464). Born to a Twelver Shi'i family, Nurbakhsh declared himself the mahdi, or the Muslim messiah, as an adept of the Kubravi Sufi order under the influence of the teachings of the great Sufi master Ibn al-'Arabi (d. 1240). Nurbakhsh's religious worldview, which Bashir treats in depth in this volume, offers a

Sufi Commentaries on the Qur'an in Classical Islam


Author: Kristin Sands
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134211449
Category: Religion
Page: 8
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Meeting the ever increasing interest in Islam and Sufism, this book is the first comprehensive study of Sufi Qur’anic commentaries and includes translations of many writings previously unavailable in English. It examines the shared hermeneutical assumptions of Sufi writers and the diversity in style of Sufi commentaries. Some of the assumptions analyzed are: * the Qur’an is a multi-layered and ambiguous text open to endless interpretation * the knowledge of deeper meanings of the Qur’an is attainable by means other than transmitted interpretations and rational thought * the self is dynamic, moving through states and stations which result in different interpretations at different times. The styles of Sufi commentaries are explored, which range from philosophical musings to popular preaching to literary narrative and poetry. Other commentaries from the classical period are also investigated to provide context in understanding Sufi approaches and exegetical styles.

The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology


Author: Tim Winter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521780586
Category: History
Page: 337
View: 4977

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Devoting especial attention to questions of rationality, scriptural fidelity, and the construction of 'orthodoxy', this volume introduces key Muslim theories of revelation, creation, ethics, scriptural interpretation, law, mysticism, and eschatology. The treatment is firmly set in the historical, social and political context in which Islam's distinctive understanding of God evolved.

Islam in Historical Perspective


Author: Alexander Knysh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317347129
Category: Political Science
Page: 552
View: 2268

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Islam in Historical Perspective organically integrates the history of Islamic societies with a discussion of how Muslim scriptures, laws, moral values and myths have shaped the lives and thought of individual Muslims and various Muslim communities from the rise of Islam until today. It provides introductory readers with a large body of carefully selected historical and scriptural evidence that enables them to form a comprehensive and balanced vision of Islam’s evolution from its inception up to the present day. It offers in-depth discussions of intellectual dialogues and struggles within the Islamic tradition.

Tafsīr Al-Tustarī

Great Commentaries on the Holy Qurʼan
Author: Sahl ibn ʻAbd Allāh Tustarī,Annabel Keeler,Ali Keeler
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781891785191
Category: Religion
Page: 406
View: 3410

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A collection of the long-unavailable tafasir, or commentaries on the Qur'an, which help to properly explain and contextualize the revelation, this series aims to make leading exegetical works—in translation, unabridged, and faithful to the letter and meaning of the Arabic—widely available for study and research. The earliest surviving Sufi commentary on the Qur'an, this record is not only one of the few authenticated works in Tustari's name but is also a key source for understanding the mystical thought and teachings of this important and influential Sufi. In addition to insights into the spiritual significance of almost 1,000 verses of the Qur'an, this commentary, presented in complete English translation for the first time, includes numerous references to traditions of the Prophet, explanations of the ethical and mystical dimensions of the religious life, stories of the prophets, and anecdotes about earlier mystics. Generously augmented with explanatory footnotes throughout, the book will provide readers with an invaluable introduction to the Sufi tradition of Qur'anic interpretation and acquaint them with spiritual doctrines fundamental to the later development of Sufism.

A New Introduction to Islam


Author: Daniel W. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357727
Category: Religion
Page: 360
View: 5859

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The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations

Muslim Identities

An Introduction to Islam
Author: Aaron W. Hughes
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231531923
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 4325

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Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.

Sufism in the Contemporary Arabic Novel


Author: Ziad Elmarsafy
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748655662
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 4032

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This book will present close readings of three contemporary Arabic novelists - an Egyptian (Gamal Al-Ghitany), an Algerian (Taher Ouettar) and a Touareg Libyan (Ibrahim Al-Koni) - who have all turned to Sufism as a literary strategy aimed at negotiating i

The Praised and the Virgin


Author: Rusmir Mahmutćehajić
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004279407
Category: Philosophy
Page: 888
View: 1329

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In The Praised and the Virgin, Rusmir Mahmutćehajić provides a theological and philosophical meditation on the relationship between the Prophet Muhammad and the Virgin Mary as complementary bearers of God’s Word, through the historical example of intermingling traditions in Bosnia.

Soaring Minaret, A

Abu Bakr al-Wasiti and the Rise of Baghdadi Sufism
Author: Laury Silvers
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438431724
Category: History
Page: 152
View: 8533

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The development of early Islamic mysticism and metaphysics is presented through the life and work of theologian Abu Bakr al-Wasiti.

The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam


Author: Mohammad Iqbal
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804786860
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 4131

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The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930) is Muhammad Iqbal's major philosophic work: a series of profound reflections on the perennial conflict among science, religion, and philosophy, culminating in new visions of the unity of human knowledge, of the human spirit, and of God. Iqbal's thought contributed significantly to the establishment of Pakistan, to the religious and political ideals of the Iranian Revolution, and to the survival of Muslim identity in parts of the former USSR. It now serves as new bridge between East and West and between Islam and the other Religions of the Book. With a new Introduction by Javed Majeed, this edition of The Reconstruction opens the teachings of Iqbal to the modern, Western reader. It will be essential reading for all those interested in Islamic intellectual history, the renewal of Islam in the modern world, and political theory of Islam's relationship to the West.

Sufism and Taoism

A Comparative Study of Key Philosophical Concepts
Author: Toshihiko Izutsu
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520292472
Category: Religion
Page: 502
View: 9038

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In this deeply learned work, Toshihiko Izutsu compares the metaphysical and mystical thought-systems of Sufism and Taoism and discovers that, although historically unrelated, the two share features and patterns which prove fruitful for a transhistorical dialogue. His original and suggestive approach opens new doors in the study of comparative philosophy and mysticism. Izutsu begins with Ibn 'Arabi, analyzing and isolating the major ontological concepts of this most challenging of Islamic thinkers. Then, in the second part of the book, Izutsu turns his attention to an analysis of parallel concepts of two great Taoist thinkers, Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu. Only after laying bare the fundamental structure of each world view does Izutsu embark, in the final section of the book, upon a comparative analysis. Only thus, he argues, can he be sure to avoid easy and superficial comparisons. Izutsu maintains that both the Sufi and Taoist world views are based on two pivots—the Absolute Man and the Perfect Man—with a whole system of oncological thought being developed between these two pivots. Izutsu discusses similarities in these ontological systems and advances the hypothesis that certain patterns of mystical and metaphysical thought may be shared even by systems with no apparent historical connection. This second edition of Sufism and Taoism is the first published in the United States. The original edition, published in English and in Japan, was prized by the few English-speaking scholars who knew of it as a model in the field of comparative philosophy. Making available in English much new material on both sides of its comparison, Sufism and Taoism richly fulfills Izutsu's motivating desire "to open a new vista in the domain of comparative philosophy."

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought


Author: Gerhard Böwering,Patricia Crone
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691134847
Category: Political Science
Page: 656
View: 2710

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"In 2012, the year 1433 of the Muslim calendar, the Islamic population throughout the world was estimated at approximately a billion and a half, representing about one-fifth of humanity. In geographical terms, Islam occupies the center of the world, stretching like a big belt across the globe from east to west."--P. vii.

Saracen Chivalry

Counsels on Valor, Generosity and the Mystical Quest
Author: Zia Inayat-Khan
Publisher: Suluk PressOmega Publications
ISBN: 9780930872915
Category: Religion
Page: 187
View: 8878

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Queen Belacane is dying. As a last act, she inscribes a book of counsels, or princes mirror, to guide her newborn son on his lifes path. The Queens counsels illuminate the way of futuwwa, a tradition of mystical chivalry traced to the Prophet Abraham. If the Prince would unite the chivalries of both Christendom and Islam and attain the Cup Mixed with Camphor, he must fulfil the pillars of his faith, and uphold the universal virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance, and generosity.

كتاب إيضاح الحكمة باحكام العبرة

Idah al-hikma bi-ahkam al-'ibra / Wisdom Deciphered, the Unseen Discovered
Author: Gerhard Böwering,Yousef Casewit
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789004295384
Category: Religion
Page: 960
View: 8594

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???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? (? ???/????)? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????.A Qur?an Commentary by Ibn Barrajan of Seville (d. 536/1141) is a critical Arabic text edition of a medieval Muslim Qur?an commentary, entitled I?a? al-?ikma bi-a?kam al-?ibra, with an analytical introduction and indexes by Gerhard Bowering and Yousef Casewit.

The Comfort of the Mystics

A Manual and Anthology of Early Sufism
Author: Gerhard Böwering,Bilal Orfali
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004233628
Category: Religion
Page: 732
View: 3897

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This work is a critical Arabic text edition of Salwat al-ʿārifīn wa-uns al-mushtāqīn, a manual of early Sufism by Abū Khalaf al-Ṭabarī (d. ca. 470/1077). It is an integral part of Sufi literature and reflects Islamic developments in Nishapur in northeastern Iran.

Islamic Political Thought

An Introduction
Author: Gerhard Bowering
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400866421
Category: Religion
Page: 304
View: 8234

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In sixteen concise chapters on key topics, this book provides a rich, authoritative, and up-to-date introduction to Islamic political thought from the birth of Islam to today, presenting essential background and context for understanding contemporary politics in the Islamic world and beyond. Selected from the acclaimed Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, and focusing on the origins, development, and contemporary importance of Islamic political ideas and related subjects, each chapter offers a sophisticated yet accessible introduction to its topic. Written by leading specialists and incorporating the latest scholarship, the alphabetically arranged chapters cover the topics of authority, the caliphate, fundamentalism, government, jihad, knowledge, minorities, modernity, Muhammad, pluralism and tolerance, the Qur'an, revival and reform, shariʿa (sacred law), traditional political thought, ‘ulama' (religious scholars), and women. Read separately or together, these chapters provide an indispensable resource for students, journalists, policymakers, and anyone else seeking an informed perspective on the complex intersection of Islam and politics. The contributors are Gerhard Bowering, Ayesha S. Chaudhry, Patricia Crone, Roxanne Euben, Yohanan Friedmann, Paul L. Heck, Roy Jackson, Wadad Kadi, John Kelsay, Gudrun Krämer, Ebrahim Moosa, Armando Salvatore, Aram A. Shahin, Emad El-Din Shahin, Devin J. Stewart, SherAli Tareen, and Muhammad Qasim Zaman. A new afterword discusses the essays in relation to contemporary political developments.

The Garden of Truth

Knowledge, Love, and Action
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061744387
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 6623

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The headlines are filled with the politics of Islam, but there is another side to the world's fastest-growing religion. Sufism is the poetry and mysticism of Islam. This mystical movement from the early ninth century rejects worship motivated by the desire for heavenly reward or the fear of punishment, insisting rather on the love of God as the only valid form of adoration. Sufism has made significant contributions to Islamic civilization in music and philosophy, dance and literature. The Sufi poet Rumi is the bestselling poet in America. But in recent centuries Sufism has been a target for some extremist Islamic movements as well as many modernists. The Garden of Truth presents the beliefs and vision of the mystical heart of Islam, along with a history of Sufi saints and schools of thought. In a world threatened by religious wars, depleting natural resources, a crumbling ecosystem, and alienation and isolation, what has happened to our humanity? Who are we and what are we doing here? The Sufi path offers a journey toward truth, to a knowledge that transcends our mundane concerns, selfish desires, and fears. In Sufism we find a wisdom that brings peace and a relationship with God that nurtures the best in us and in others. Noted scholar Seyyed Hossein Nasr helps you learn the secret wisdom tradition of Islam and enter what the ancient mystics call the "garden of truth." Here, liberate your mind, experience peace, discover your purpose, fall in love with the Divine, and find your true, best self.

Pathways to an Inner Islam

Massignon, Corbin, Guenon, and Schuon
Author: Patrick Laude
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438429576
Category: Religion
Page: 219
View: 2920

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An introduction to four Western figures influenced by Sufism who wrote about an "inner," esoteric Islam.