The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam

The Qur'anic Hermeneutics of the Sufi Sahl At-Tustari
Author: Gerhard Böwering
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110837056
Category: Philosophy
Page: 295
View: 5166

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The Studies in the History and Culture of the Islamic Orient (STIO) is the series of “Supplements” to the journal Der Islam. Both are published by the Section for the History and Culture of the Near East in the Asian-African Institute of the University of Hamburg. The Section was established in 1908, before the foundation of the University of Hamburg. Under its first Director, C.H. Becker, it was the first academic centre in Germany in which teaching and research concentrated on the historical and cultural aspects of the Islamic world, and not just on philological issues. Many of Germany’s leading authorities in Islamic Studies have studied and/or taught here. The “Supplements” have maintained the same high quality and met the same high demands as the journal Der Islam and have published numerous studies on the history and culture of the Islamic world which have represented milestones in their relevant fields. The “New Series” of Supplements appearing since 2004 carries this tradition forward and provides a platform for publishing studies on the history and culture of the Islamic world from the beginnings of Islam up to the present day.

The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam

The Qurʼānic Hermeneutics of the Ṣūfī Sahl At-Tustarī
Author: Gerhard Böwering
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Création (Islam)
Page: 286
View: 3435

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Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam: The Qur'Anic Hermeneutics of the Sufi Sahl At-Tustari (Studien Zur Sprache, Geschichte Und Kultur Des Islamischen Orients, Nf).

Sufi Commentaries on the Qur'an in Classical Islam

Author: Kristin Sands
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134211449
Category: Religion
Page: 8
View: 643

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Meeting the ever increasing interest in Islam and Sufism, this book is the first comprehensive study of Sufi Qur’anic commentaries and includes translations of many writings previously unavailable in English. It examines the shared hermeneutical assumptions of Sufi writers and the diversity in style of Sufi commentaries. Some of the assumptions analyzed are: * the Qur’an is a multi-layered and ambiguous text open to endless interpretation * the knowledge of deeper meanings of the Qur’an is attainable by means other than transmitted interpretations and rational thought * the self is dynamic, moving through states and stations which result in different interpretations at different times. The styles of Sufi commentaries are explored, which range from philosophical musings to popular preaching to literary narrative and poetry. Other commentaries from the classical period are also investigated to provide context in understanding Sufi approaches and exegetical styles.

Mystical Islam

An Introduction to Sufism
Author: Julian Baldick
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 085773590X
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 1323

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Sufism is Islam’s principal mystical tradition. To its followers it provides the inner, esoteric or purely spiritual dimension of the faith. It is a centuries old path to spirituality with devotees throughout the Islamic world, fundamentally influencing Muslim belief. To non-Muslim observers it remains exotic, mysterious and little-understood. Mystical Islam is an accessible introduction that encompasses the history of the Sufi spiritual tradition, ranging from the great Mughal and Safavid empires of India and Persia to the Whirling Dervishes of Ottoman Turkey. Julian Baldick reveals the continuing relevance of the Sufi spiritual experience and introduces some of the great figures of Sufism: al-Ghazali, Ibn Arabi, Hafiz of Shiraz and Rumi. It is the writings of such masters that reveal the inner beauty of Sufism, while offering followers the most profound insights in their quest for delivery from the narrow confines of the material world. At the same time, the author’s reflections on recent Sufi scholarship, and his fresh perspectives on this tradition of belief and devotion, will prove essential for students and highly stimulating for general readers.

Reason and Inspiration in Islam

Essays in Honour of Hermann Landolt
Author: Todd Lawson
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857716220
Category: Religion
Page: 600
View: 2141

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The Realm of St Stephen is a comprehensive history and major contribution to the historiography of medieval Eastern and Central Europe. Pal Engel traces the establishment of the medieval kingdom of Hungary from its conquest by the Magyar tribes in 895 until defeat by the Ottomans at the Battle of Mohacs in 1526. He shows the political, military, economic, social and cultural development of the dominant Magyars who had inherited an almost empty land and who absorbed the remaining Slavic peoples into their culture after the original peoples - Romans, Huns, Germans and Avars - had largely disappeared. The ‘national’ Magyar kings of the Arpadian dynasty were succeeded by Angevin, Luxemburgan, Hunyadi and Jagellion dynasties and the later period saw radical changes in political and social structures and institutions - reflected in abundant state documents showing Hungary’s growing administrative and legal sophistication following the Arpadian period. Pal Engel presents an accessible and highly readable history of this important region and Andrew Ayton’s editing of the translation of Pal Engel’s seminal text will help to bring it to a wider British, European and North American readership.

A New Introduction to Islam

Author: Daniel W. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357727
Category: Religion
Page: 360
View: 5202

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The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations

Al-Ghazali and the Qur'an

One Book, Many Meanings
Author: Martin Whittingham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134186738
Category: Political Science
Page: 14
View: 5042

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This book is the first of its kind to focus entirely on the Qur’anic interpretation of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111), a towering figure of Sunni Islam. Martin Whittingham explores both al-Ghazali’s hermeneutical methods and his interpretations of particular Quranic texts, and covers al-Ghazali’s mystical, legal and theological concerns. Divided into two parts: part one examines al-Ghazali’s legal and Sufi theoretical discussions part two asks how these theories relate to his practice, analysing the only three of al-Ghazali’s works which are centrally concerned with interpreting particular Qur’anic passages: Jawahir al-Qur’an (The Jewels of the Qur’an); Al-Qist as al-mustaqim (The Correct Balance); and Mishkat al-anwar (The Niche for Lights). Providing a new point of access to the works of al-Ghazali, this book will be welcomed by scholars and students of Islamic studies, religious studies, hermeneutics, and anyone interested in how Muslims understand the Qur’an.

Free Will and Predestination in Islamic Thought

Theoretical Compromises in the Works of Avicenna, al-Ghazali and Ibn 'Arabi
Author: Maria De Cillis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317937031
Category: Philosophy
Page: 260
View: 5123

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The subject of "human free-will" versus "divine predestination" is one of the most contentious topics in classical Islamic thought. By focusing on a theme of central importance to any philosophy of religion, and to Islam in particular, this book offers a critical study of the intellectual contributions offered to this discourse by three key medieval Islamic thinkers: Avicenna, al-Ghāzālī and Ibn ʿArabī. Through investigation of primary sources, Free Will and Predestination in Islamic Thought establishes the historical, political and intellectual circumstances which prompted Avicenna, al-Ghāzālī and Ibn ʿArabī’s attempts at harmonization. By analysing the theoretical and linguistic ‘techniques’ which were employed to convey these endeavours, this book demonstrates that the three individuals were committed to compromise between philosophical, theological and mystical outlooks. Arguing that the three scholars’ treatments of the so-called qaḍā wa’l-qadar (decree and destiny) and ikhtiyār (free-will) issues were innovative, influential and fundamentally more complex than hitherto recognized, this book contributes to a fuller understanding of Islamic intellectual history and culture and will be useful to researchers interested in Islamic Studies, Religion and Islamic Mysticism.

Sufism in the Contemporary Arabic Novel

Author: Ziad Elmarsafy
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748655662
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 1985

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This book will present close readings of three contemporary Arabic novelists - an Egyptian (Gamal Al-Ghitany), an Algerian (Taher Ouettar) and a Touareg Libyan (Ibrahim Al-Koni) - who have all turned to Sufism as a literary strategy aimed at negotiating i

Die Seele im Islam: Zwischen Theologie und Philosophie

Author: Magdy Elleisy
Publisher: disserta Verlag
ISBN: 3954251248
Category: Religion
Page: 296
View: 9909

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?Abdallah Ibn Mas?ud, ein Gef„hrte des Propheten Mu?ammad (s.a.s.), berichtete: W„hrend ich mit dem Propheten in einem Palmenhain war, und er sich auf einen blattlosen Palmenzweig sttzte, kamen einige Juden vorbei. Die einen von ihnen sagten zu den anderen: ?Befragt Mu?ammad ber die Seele!? Ein anderer von ihnen sagte: ?Was hegt bei euch Zweifel ber ihn?? Die anderen sagten: ?Niemals werdet ihr von ihm das h”ren, was euch stutzig macht.? Einige sagten: ?Befraget ihn doch!? Da stellten sie ihm die Frage ber die Seele, und der Prophet schwieg fr eine Weile und gab ihnen keinerlei Antwort. Ich wusste, dass er gerade dabei war, eine Offenbarung zu empfangen. Da trat ich anstandshalber einen Schritt von ihm zurck. Als die Offenbarung soweit war, rezitierte er: ?Und sie befragen dich ber die Seele. Sprich: Die Seele ist eine Angelegenheit meines Herrn; und euch ist vom Wissen nur wenig gegeben.? Doch woraus ist die Seele? Woher kommt sie? Stirbt sie? Wo befindet sich die Seele w„hrend des Schlafens und nach dem Tod? Wie wird die Seele des Propheten ?Isa (a.s.) (Jesus) im Islam beschrieben? Und welche Beziehung gibt es zwischen der Seele und dem K”rper? Dieses Buch sucht nach Antworten fr Fragen wir diese und bringt dem Leser das Thema Seele auf einfache und anschauliche Weise n„her. Unabh„ngig von den einzelnen Qur?ankommentaren, die der Autor in seinem Buch miteingeschlossen hat, liefert dieses Werk dabei auch einen Ansporn, sich mit der Seele individuell auseinanderzusetzen.

Soaring Minaret, A

Abu Bakr al-Wasiti and the Rise of Baghdadi Sufism
Author: Laury Silvers
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438431724
Category: Religion
Page: 152
View: 3133

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The development of early Islamic mysticism and metaphysics is presented through the life and work of theologian Abu Bakr al-Wasiti.

Muslim Identities

An Introduction to Islam
Author: Aaron W. Hughes
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231531923
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 8066

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Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.

The Praised and the Virgin

Author: Rusmir Mahmutćehajić
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004279407
Category: Philosophy
Page: 888
View: 1088

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In The Praised and the Virgin, Rusmir Mahmutćehajić provides a theological and philosophical meditation on the relationship between the Prophet Muhammad and the Virgin Mary as complementary bearers of God’s Word, through the historical example of intermingling traditions in Bosnia.

Islam, Christianity and the Mystic Journey

Author: Ian Richard Netton
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688137
Category: Religion
Page: 232
View: 3927

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This distinctive comparison of Islamic and Christian mysticism focuses on the mystic journey in the two faith traditions.

Desperately Seeking Paradise

Journeys Of A Sceptical Muslim
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Publisher: Granta Books
ISBN: 1847086837
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 356
View: 4209

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Ziauddin Sardar, one of the foremost Muslim intellectuals in Britain, learned the Koran at his mother's knee in Pakistan. As a young student in London he set out to grasp the meaning of his religion, and, hopefully, to find 'paradise', his quest leading him throughout the Muslim world, from Iran to China to Turkey. Along the way he accepts that he may never reach paradise - but it's the journey that's important. At a time when the view of Islam in the West is so often distorted and simplistic, Desperately Seeking Paradise - self-mocking, frank and passionate - is essential reading.

Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy

Author: Bryan W. Van Norden
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603846158
Page: 289
View: 1909

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This book is an introduction in the very best sense of the word. It provides the beginner with an accurate, sophisticated, yet accessible account, and offers new insights and challenging perspectives to those who have more specialized knowledge. Focusing on the period in Chinese philosophy that is surely most easily approachable and perhaps is most important, it ranges over of rich set of competing options. It also, with admirable self-consciousness, presents a number of daring attempts to relate those options to philosophical figures and movements from the West. I recommend it very highly. --Lee H. Yearley, Walter Y. Evans-Wentz Professor, Religious Studies, Stanford University --- A substantial and highly accessible introduction to the indigenous philosophies of China. Van Norden shares his clear distillations of classical Chinese philosophies using conceptual frameworks many will find familiar. This reader-friendly book sets the historical and cultural contexts for the philosophies discussed, and includes appendices, study questions, and imaginative scenarios, which aid us in appreciating some of the most important philosophy ever developed. --Ann Pirruccello, Professor of Philosophy, University of San Diego --- This lucid introduction to early Chinese thought offers historical, textual and conceptual analyses of the schools of Classical Chinese philosophy, illuminating their basic themes, theories, and arguments and providing readers with an intellectual bridge between Chinese and Western thought. Introductory texts such as this are especially needed today, as the study of philosophy faces the challenges of globalization and the urgent need for dialogue among different philosophical traditions. --- An ideal text for introductory courses, this book will also inspire graduate students, scholars and experts in philosophy in general, and Chinese Philosophy in particular, with its theoretical insights and comparative methodology. --Vincent Shen, Lee Chair in Chinese Thought and Culture, Departments of Philosophy and East Asian Studies, University of Toronto

The Underlying Religion

An Introduction to the Perennial Philosophy
Author: Martin Lings,Clinton Minnaar
Publisher: World Wisdom, Inc
ISBN: 1933316438
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 344
View: 5741

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This is an anthology of 25 essays by the leading exponents of the perennialist school of comparative religious thought. It aims to be the most accessible introduction yet to the perspective of the Perennial Philosophy.