The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam

The Qur'anic Hermeneutics of the Sufi Sahl At-Tustari
Author: Gerhard Böwering
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110837056
Category: Philosophy
Page: 295
View: 9112

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The Studies in the History and Culture of the Islamic Orient (STIO) is the series of “Supplements” to the journal Der Islam. Both are published by the Section for the History and Culture of the Near East in the Asian-African Institute of the University of Hamburg. The Section was established in 1908, before the foundation of the University of Hamburg. Under its first Director, C.H. Becker, it was the first academic centre in Germany in which teaching and research concentrated on the historical and cultural aspects of the Islamic world, and not just on philological issues. Many of Germany’s leading authorities in Islamic Studies have studied and/or taught here. The “Supplements” have maintained the same high quality and met the same high demands as the journal Der Islam and have published numerous studies on the history and culture of the Islamic world which have represented milestones in their relevant fields. The “New Series” of Supplements appearing since 2004 carries this tradition forward and provides a platform for publishing studies on the history and culture of the Islamic world from the beginnings of Islam up to the present day.

Messianic Hopes and Mystical Visions

The Nūrbakhshīya Between Medieval and Modern Islam
Author: Shahzad Bashir
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570034954
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 8716

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Messianic Hopes and Mystical Visions tells the story of the Nurbakhshiya, an Islamic messianic movement that originated in fifteenth-century central Asia and Iran and survives to the present in Pakistan and India. In the first full-length study of the sect, Shahzad Bashir illumines the significance of messianism as an Islamic religious paradigm and illustrates its centrality to any discussion of Islamic sectarianism. By tracing Nurbakhshi activity in the Middle East and central and southern Asia through more than five centuries, Bashir brings to view the continuities and disruptions within Islamic civilization across regions and over time. Bashir effectively captures the way Nurbakhshis have understood and debated the meaning of their tradition in various geographical and temporal contexts. Bashir provides a detailed biography of the movement's founder, Muhammad Nurbakhsh (d. 1464). Born to a Twelver Shi'i family, Nurbakhsh declared himself the mahdi, or the Muslim messiah, as an adept of the Kubravi Sufi order under the influence of the teachings of the great Sufi master Ibn al-'Arabi (d. 1240). Nurbakhsh's religious worldview, which Bashir treats in depth in this volume, offers a

Sufi Commentaries on the Qur'an in Classical Islam

Author: Kristin Sands
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134211449
Category: Religion
Page: 8
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Meeting the ever increasing interest in Islam and Sufism, this book is the first comprehensive study of Sufi Qur’anic commentaries and includes translations of many writings previously unavailable in English. It examines the shared hermeneutical assumptions of Sufi writers and the diversity in style of Sufi commentaries. Some of the assumptions analyzed are: * the Qur’an is a multi-layered and ambiguous text open to endless interpretation * the knowledge of deeper meanings of the Qur’an is attainable by means other than transmitted interpretations and rational thought * the self is dynamic, moving through states and stations which result in different interpretations at different times. The styles of Sufi commentaries are explored, which range from philosophical musings to popular preaching to literary narrative and poetry. Other commentaries from the classical period are also investigated to provide context in understanding Sufi approaches and exegetical styles.

The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology

Author: Tim Winter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521780586
Category: History
Page: 337
View: 5139

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Devoting especial attention to questions of rationality, scriptural fidelity, and the construction of 'orthodoxy', this volume introduces key Muslim theories of revelation, creation, ethics, scriptural interpretation, law, mysticism, and eschatology. The treatment is firmly set in the historical, social and political context in which Islam's distinctive understanding of God evolved.


Konstruktionen von Feindbildern
Author: Wolfram Brandes,Felicitas Schmieder
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050058978
Category: History
Page: 309
View: 5581

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Der Antichrist und vergleichbare Figuren, Helfer oder auch Vorläufer desselben eignen sich gut zum interreligiösen Vergleich. Welcher Böse ist am Ende der Zeiten zu erwarten, was tut er und was wird dagegen unternommen? Wie kündigt er sich an, wem gleicht er und wer unterstützt ihn absichtlich oder gezwungenermaßen – wie gewinnt er Anhänger? Wer konnte zu verschiedenen Zeiten mit ihm identifiziert werden, wie wurde er erkannt und welche Konsequenzen hatte das? In Zeiten gesellschaftlicher Krisen und Umbrüche (Investiturstreit, byzantinischer Bilderstreit, Kreuzzüge, Pest, Reformationen – bis hin zur Französischen Revolution und dem ersten Weltkrieg), so lässt sich ohne Übertreibung feststellen, wurde regelmäßig die Antichristproblematik aufgegriffen. Die Diffamierung von Gegnern als antichrist, praecursores antichristi setzte eine Bekanntheit der Figur des Antichrist voraus, die auch in ruhigeren Zeiten in verschiedenen monotheistischen Religionen gegeben war, deren Eschatologien Gegenstand einer Tagung im September 2007 in Frankfurt am Main waren, deren Beiträge hier vorgestellt werden. Die Antichristproblematik war von erheblicher Bedeutung in Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den Religionen, nicht nur im Sinne einer gegenseitigen Diffamierung. Da die bisherige Forschung sich entweder auf die Entstehung und die geistesgeschichtlichen Hintergründe der Figur des Antichrist konzentrierte, oder die historische Detailforschung die Brisanz und Bedeutung einer Antichristsemantik fast immer ignorierte oder gar leugnete, war es an der Zeit, sich fächer- und zeitübergreifend dieser Problematik anzunehmen.

A New Introduction to Islam

Author: Daniel W. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357727
Category: Religion
Page: 360
View: 4044

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The second edition of this student-friendly textbook explores the origins, major features and lasting influence of the Islamic tradition. Traces the development of Muslim beliefs and practices against the background of social and cultural contexts extending from North Africa to South and Southeast Asia Fully revised for the second edition, with completely new opening and closing chapters considering key issues facing Islam in the 21st century Focuses greater attention on everyday practices, the role of women in Muslim societies, and offers additional material on Islam in America Includes detailed chronologies, tables summarizing key information, useful maps and diagrams, and many more illustrations

Sufism in the Contemporary Arabic Novel

Author: Ziad Elmarsafy
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748655662
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 9795

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This book will present close readings of three contemporary Arabic novelists - an Egyptian (Gamal Al-Ghitany), an Algerian (Taher Ouettar) and a Touareg Libyan (Ibrahim Al-Koni) - who have all turned to Sufism as a literary strategy aimed at negotiating i

Die Seele im Islam: Zwischen Theologie und Philosophie

Author: Magdy Elleisy
Publisher: disserta Verlag
ISBN: 3954251248
Category: Religion
Page: 296
View: 1525

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?Abdallah Ibn Mas?ud, ein Gef„hrte des Propheten Mu?ammad (s.a.s.), berichtete: W„hrend ich mit dem Propheten in einem Palmenhain war, und er sich auf einen blattlosen Palmenzweig sttzte, kamen einige Juden vorbei. Die einen von ihnen sagten zu den anderen: ?Befragt Mu?ammad ber die Seele!? Ein anderer von ihnen sagte: ?Was hegt bei euch Zweifel ber ihn?? Die anderen sagten: ?Niemals werdet ihr von ihm das h”ren, was euch stutzig macht.? Einige sagten: ?Befraget ihn doch!? Da stellten sie ihm die Frage ber die Seele, und der Prophet schwieg fr eine Weile und gab ihnen keinerlei Antwort. Ich wusste, dass er gerade dabei war, eine Offenbarung zu empfangen. Da trat ich anstandshalber einen Schritt von ihm zurck. Als die Offenbarung soweit war, rezitierte er: ?Und sie befragen dich ber die Seele. Sprich: Die Seele ist eine Angelegenheit meines Herrn; und euch ist vom Wissen nur wenig gegeben.? Doch woraus ist die Seele? Woher kommt sie? Stirbt sie? Wo befindet sich die Seele w„hrend des Schlafens und nach dem Tod? Wie wird die Seele des Propheten ?Isa (a.s.) (Jesus) im Islam beschrieben? Und welche Beziehung gibt es zwischen der Seele und dem K”rper? Dieses Buch sucht nach Antworten fr Fragen wir diese und bringt dem Leser das Thema Seele auf einfache und anschauliche Weise n„her. Unabh„ngig von den einzelnen Qur?ankommentaren, die der Autor in seinem Buch miteingeschlossen hat, liefert dieses Werk dabei auch einen Ansporn, sich mit der Seele individuell auseinanderzusetzen.

Soaring Minaret, A

Abu Bakr al-Wasiti and the Rise of Baghdadi Sufism
Author: Laury Silvers
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438431724
Category: History
Page: 152
View: 9053

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The development of early Islamic mysticism and metaphysics is presented through the life and work of theologian Abu Bakr al-Wasiti.

Muslim Identities

An Introduction to Islam
Author: Aaron W. Hughes
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231531923
Category: Religion
Page: 328
View: 656

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Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.

The Praised and the Virgin

Author: Rusmir Mahmutćehajić
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004279407
Category: Philosophy
Page: 888
View: 8821

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In The Praised and the Virgin, Rusmir Mahmutćehajić provides a theological and philosophical meditation on the relationship between the Prophet Muhammad and the Virgin Mary as complementary bearers of God’s Word, through the historical example of intermingling traditions in Bosnia.

Islam, Christianity and the Mystic Journey

Author: Ian Richard Netton
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688137
Category: Religion
Page: 232
View: 3265

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This distinctive comparison of Islamic and Christian mysticism focuses on the mystic journey in the two faith traditions.

Desperately Seeking Paradise

Journeys Of A Sceptical Muslim
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Publisher: Granta Books
ISBN: 1847086837
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 356
View: 7803

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Ziauddin Sardar, one of the foremost Muslim intellectuals in Britain, learned the Koran at his mother's knee in Pakistan. As a young student in London he set out to grasp the meaning of his religion, and, hopefully, to find 'paradise', his quest leading him throughout the Muslim world, from Iran to China to Turkey. Along the way he accepts that he may never reach paradise - but it's the journey that's important. At a time when the view of Islam in the West is so often distorted and simplistic, Desperately Seeking Paradise - self-mocking, frank and passionate - is essential reading.

Islamic Mysticism

A Secular Perspective
Author: Ibn al-Rawandi
Publisher: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 259
View: 8026

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Beneath the battle cries of the jihad and an Islamic politics that draws attention to a religion of rigid rules and obsessive devotion, lies the mystical Islam, known as Sufism. What attracts so many Westerners to the faith, says former convert Ibn al-Rawandi, is its "heart made of poetry and art, vision and devotion, that can only be known fully from within." Enchanted by the metaphysics of Sufism, Rawandi studied and worshiped in Cyprus, convinced he had found the answers to life's questions. When doubts emerged for which the traditionalist authors had no answers and the Salman Rushdie affair divided Islam, Rawandi sought to critically evaluate Sufism by reviewing its origins and the best arguments for its views. In Islamic Mysticism, Rawandi contends that unreliable sources seriously undermine the classical account of Islam and Sufism. His detailed study of the philosophy of religion -especially the work of traditionalists such as RenT Guenon and Frithjof Schuon - helps to develop a critical analysis of Islam from the inside out. Particular attention is given to great Islamic mystic Ibn Arabi, who is taken as representative of Sufism in its highest development. Rawandi offers a critical, secular perspective on Sufism and concludes that mystical experience is not a trustworthy validation of religion.

Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy

Author: Bryan W. Van Norden
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603846158
Page: 289
View: 1553

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This book is an introduction in the very best sense of the word. It provides the beginner with an accurate, sophisticated, yet accessible account, and offers new insights and challenging perspectives to those who have more specialized knowledge. Focusing on the period in Chinese philosophy that is surely most easily approachable and perhaps is most important, it ranges over of rich set of competing options. It also, with admirable self-consciousness, presents a number of daring attempts to relate those options to philosophical figures and movements from the West. I recommend it very highly. --Lee H. Yearley, Walter Y. Evans-Wentz Professor, Religious Studies, Stanford University --- A substantial and highly accessible introduction to the indigenous philosophies of China. Van Norden shares his clear distillations of classical Chinese philosophies using conceptual frameworks many will find familiar. This reader-friendly book sets the historical and cultural contexts for the philosophies discussed, and includes appendices, study questions, and imaginative scenarios, which aid us in appreciating some of the most important philosophy ever developed. --Ann Pirruccello, Professor of Philosophy, University of San Diego --- This lucid introduction to early Chinese thought offers historical, textual and conceptual analyses of the schools of Classical Chinese philosophy, illuminating their basic themes, theories, and arguments and providing readers with an intellectual bridge between Chinese and Western thought. Introductory texts such as this are especially needed today, as the study of philosophy faces the challenges of globalization and the urgent need for dialogue among different philosophical traditions. --- An ideal text for introductory courses, this book will also inspire graduate students, scholars and experts in philosophy in general, and Chinese Philosophy in particular, with its theoretical insights and comparative methodology. --Vincent Shen, Lee Chair in Chinese Thought and Culture, Departments of Philosophy and East Asian Studies, University of Toronto

The Underlying Religion

An Introduction to the Perennial Philosophy
Author: Martin Lings,Clinton Minnaar
Publisher: World Wisdom, Inc
ISBN: 1933316438
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 344
View: 7793

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This is an anthology of 25 essays by the leading exponents of the perennialist school of comparative religious thought. It aims to be the most accessible introduction yet to the perspective of the Perennial Philosophy.

Sanctity and Mysticism in Medieval Egypt

The Wafa Sufi Order and the Legacy of Ibn 'Arabi
Author: Richard J. A. McGregor
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791485471
Category: Religion
Page: 260
View: 6185

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Using the original, little-known writings of Sufis Muhammad and 'Ali Wafa', this book explores the development of the idea of Islamic sainthood in the post-Ibn 'Arabi period.