The Mathematics of Plato's Academy

A New Reconstruction
Author: D. H. Fowler
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198502586
Category: Mathematics
Page: 441
View: 8035

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In this new expanded edition, Fowler provides a detailed examination of the ancient texts related to the subject and gives a thought-provoking new interpretation. Among the features of this edition are an appendix, a new epilogue, and an updated bibliography.

Reader's Guide to the History of Science


Author: Arne Hessenbruch
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781884964299
Category: Science
Page: 934
View: 4474

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"A readers' advisory to the best books on the history of science. Written by 200 international scholars, the 600 comparative essays begin with a bibliography of important works, followed by reviews of those sources in the body of the entry. Important concepts and processes, phenomena, and scientists as well as scientific developments in different countries are covered."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2002.

Platons Raumbegriff

Studien zur Metaphysik und Naturphilosophie im "Timaios"
Author: Kyung Jik Lee
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826018220
Category: Cosmology
Page: 192
View: 6008

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Vorteilsanrechnung beim Schmerzensgeld - ein Beitrag zur Fortentwicklung des Schadens(ersatz)rechts


Author: Dominik Erm
Publisher: VVW GmbH
ISBN: 3862982440
Category: Law
Page: 524
View: 1094

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Vermögensschadensersatz, Schmerzensgeld, Genugtuung und Vorteilsausgleich stehen auch nach der aktuellen Rechtslage systematisch unstimmig nebeneinander. Der Verfasser entwickelt eine gesamteinheitliche Schadensersatzkonzeption, welche auf einer abstrakten Ebene die dogmatischen Grundannahmen der §§ 249 ff. BGB an die tatsächlichen Bedürfnisse der heutigen Zeit anpasst und die gesetzessystematischen Veränderungen durch die Schadensersatzrechtsreform konsequent umsetzt. Schwerpunkte sind dabei die Bestimm- und Bewertbarkeit von Nichtvermögensvorteilen, die Anerkennung eines weiten Verständnisses einer Genugtuungsfunktion sowie die grundsätzliche Verrechenbarkeit von Vermögens- und Nichtvermögenswerten. Durch diese Konzeption, die an einer starren Differenzierung zwischen Materiellem und Immateriellem nicht mehr festhält, werden gemeinhin anerkannte Grenzen des Schadensersatzrechts weithin 'aufgebrochen'. Obwohl die Vorteilsanrechnung beim Schmerzensgeld in den Lehrbüchern, Monographien und Kommentaren weitgehend vernachlässigt wird, lassen sich durchaus praxisrelevante Fallkonstellationen ausmachen, die der Verfasser auf Grundlage der fortentwickelten Dogmatik sachgerecht und widerspruchsfrei lösen kann. Die Arbeit richtet sich demnach nicht nur an Wissenschaftler, sondern auch an Rechtsanwälte und Richter, die aus Gründen der Rechtssicherheit einer Orientierungshilfe bei der Schmerzensgeldbemessung bedürfen.

Philosophiegeschichte


Author: Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110185563
Category: Philosophy
Page: 279
View: 7326

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Addresses various crucial approaches to the history of philosophy - narrative, philological, hermeneutic, and systematic. This book elaborates the principles of each approach and puts focus on their capacity to properly comprehend problems.

Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy


Author: Debra Nails
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401101515
Category: Philosophy
Page: 267
View: 6783

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Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy offers extremely careful and detailed criticisms of some of the most important assumptions scholars have brought to bear in beginning the process of (Platonic) interpretation. It goes on to offer a new way to group the dialogues, based on important facts in the lives and philosophical practices of Socrates - the main speaker in most of Plato's dialogues - and of Plato himself. Both sides of Debra Nails's arguments deserve close attention: the negative side, which exposes a great deal of diversity in a field that often claims to have achieved a consensus; and the positive side, which insists that we must attend to what we know of these philosophers' lives and practices, if we are to make a serious attempt to understand why Plato wrote the way he did, and why his writings seem to depict different philosophies and even different approaches to philosophizing. From the Preface by Nicholas D. Smith.

The Open Society and Its Enemies: The spell of Plato


Author: Karl Raimund Popper
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691019680
Category: Medical
Page: 420
View: 8228

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A critical appraisal of political and historical philosophies, delineating the threat to freedom posed by several classical thinkers

Plato and the Foundations of Metaphysics

A Work on the Theory of the Principles and Unwritten Doctrines of Plato with a Collection of the Fundamental Documents
Author: Hans Joachim Kramer
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438409648
Category: Philosophy
Page: 311
View: 1295

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This is a book about the relationship of the two traditions of Platonic interpretation -- the indirect and the direct traditions, the written dialogues and the unwritten doctrines. Kramer, who is the foremost proponent of the Tubingen School of interpretation, presents the unwritten doctrines as the crown of Plato's system and the key revealing it. Kramer unfolds the philosophical significance of the unwritten doctrines in their fullness. He demonstrates the hermeneutic fruitfulness of the unwritten doctrines when applied to the dialogues. He shows that the doctrines are a revival of the presocratic theory renovated and brought to a new plane through Socrates. In this way, Plato emerges as the creator of classical metaphysics. In the Third Part, Kramer compares the structure of Platonism, as construed by the Tubingen School, with current philosophical structures such as analytic philosophy, Hegel, phenomenology, and Heidegger. Of the five appendices, the most important presents English translations of the ancient testimonies on the unwritten doctrines. These include the "self-testimonies of Plato." There is also a bibliography on the problem of the unwritten doctrines.

Science a Road to Wisdom

Collected Philosophical Studies
Author: E.W. Beth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401176442
Category: Science
Page: 136
View: 3071

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A few days before his death my husband requested me to write a few words of thanks on the publication of this collection of articles. He had already prepared the greater part of the volume for the press and had also decided on the title Science a Road to Wisdom. His original selection was somewhat more comprehensive, which is still partly reflected in the Preface. Knowing how much he wished to see this collection published, I respectfully and lovingly fulfil his request, thanking Else M. Barth and J. J. A. Mooij for their extensive and expert care in putting the final touches to the volume. ADDITION TO THE TRANSLATION Finally, I wish to thank Peter G. E. Wesly for his willingness to undertake the translation of the book into English. c. P. C. BETH-PASTOOR IX PREFACE In this republication of a number of philosophical studies I have refrained from including articles of a specialized nature on symbolic logic and the methodology of the exact sciences. There was no cause to include my contributions towards the didactics of mathematics and physics, nor did I consider it appropriate to reprint pieces of a predominantly polemical nature. I decided, however, that a very modest selection from my purely historical work would not be out of place.

The Evolution of the Euclidean Elements

A Study of the Theory of Incommensurable Magnitudes and Its Significance for Early Greek Geometry
Author: W.R. Knorr
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027705099
Category: Mathematics
Page: 374
View: 6682

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The present work has three principal objectives: (1) to fix the chronology of the development of the pre-Euclidean theory of incommensurable magnitudes beginning from the first discoveries by fifth-century Pythago reans, advancing through the achievements of Theodorus of Cyrene, Theaetetus, Archytas and Eudoxus, and culminating in the formal theory of Elements X; (2) to correlate the stages of this developing theory with the evolution of the Elements as a whole; and (3) to establish that the high standards of rigor characteristic of this evolution were intrinsic to the mathematicians' work. In this third point, we wish to counterbalance a prevalent thesis that the impulse toward mathematical rigor was purely a response to the dialecticians' critique of foundations; on the contrary, we shall see that not until Eudoxus does there appear work which may be described as purely foundational in its intent. Through the examination of these problems, the present work will either alter or set in a new light virtually every standard thesis about the fourth-century Greek geometry. I. THE PRE-EUCLIDEAN THEORY OF INCOMMENSURABLE MAGNITUDES The Euclidean theory of incommensurable magnitudes, as preserved in Book X of the Elements, is a synthetic masterwork. Yet there are detect able seams in its structure, seams revealed both through terminology and through the historical clues provided by the neo-Platonist commentator Proclus.

The New Jerusalem Scroll from Qumran

A Comprehensive Reconstruction
Author: Michael Chyutin
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781850756835
Category: Religion
Page: 167
View: 4003

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This study presents the first comprehensive reconstruction of the 'New Jerusalem' Scroll from the Dead Sea, through integration of all the known fragments into a single entity. Secret ceremonies in the temple are discussed; an architectural reconstruction of the elements described in the scroll is presented, accompanied by computerized plans; a consideration of the tradition of planning the ideal city leads to an examination of the use of metrology, mathematics; and a number mysticism in the plan of the 'New Jerusalem'. A comparison is also made with the traditions of building orthogonal cities in Egypt, Greece, Rome and the Holy Land, as manifested in archaeological findings.

A History of Western Thought

From Ancient Greece to the Twentieth Century
Author: Nils Gilje,Gunnar Skirbekk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135226059
Category: Philosophy
Page: 432
View: 6828

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This is a comprehensive introduction to the history of Western Philosophy from the Pre-Socratics to Twentieth Century thought. In addition to all the key figures, the book covers figures whose contributions have so far been overlooked, such as Vico, Montesquieu, Durkheim and Weber. Along with in-depth discussion of the philosophical movements, Skirbekk and Gilje also discuss the natural sciences, the establishment of the Humanities, Socialism and Fascism, Psychoanalysis, and the rise of the social sciences. History of Western Thought is an ideal introduction to philosophy and the sociological and scientific structures that have shaped modern day philosophy.

The Philosophy of Antiochus


Author: David Sedley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521198542
Category: History
Page: 377
View: 5048

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Reconstructs and evaluates the philosophy of a thinker who was uniquely influential among Romans of the first century BC.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy


Author: D. C. Phillips
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483364755
Category: Education
Page: 952
View: 9765

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Modern Philosophy

From Descartes to Schopenhauer and Hartmann
Author: Francis Bowen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy, Modern
Page: 484
View: 5749

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Rome

An Empire's Story
Author: Greg Woolf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199972176
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 6331

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The very idea of empire was created in ancient Rome and even today traces of its monuments, literature, and institutions can be found across Europe, the Near East, and North Africa--and sometimes even further afield. In Rome, historian Greg Woolf expertly recounts how this mammoth empire was created, how it was sustained in crisis, and how it shaped the world of its rulers and subjects--a story spanning a millennium and a half of history. The personalities and events of Roman history have become part of the West's cultural lexicon, and Woolf provides brilliant retellings of each of these, from the war with Carthage to Octavian's victory over Cleopatra, from the height of territorial expansion under the emperors Trajan and Hadrian to the founding of Constantinople and the barbarian invasions which resulted in Rome's ultimate collapse. Throughout, Woolf carefully considers the conditions that made Rome's success possible and so durable, covering topics as diverse as ecology, slavery, and religion. Woolf also compares Rome to other ancient empires and to its many later imitators, bringing into vivid relief the Empire's most distinctive and enduring features. As Woolf demonstrates, nobody ever planned to create a state that would last more than a millennium and a half, yet Rome was able, in the end, to survive barbarian migrations, economic collapse and even the conflicts between a series of world religions that had grown up within its borders, in the process generating an image and a myth of empire that is apparently indestructible. Based on new research and compellingly told, this sweeping account promises to eclipse all previously published histories of the empire.

Difficult Atheism


Author: Christopher Watkin
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677275
Category: Philosophy
Page: 296
View: 8521

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Drawing primarily on the work of Alain Badiou and Jean-Luc Nancy, plus Quentin Meillassoux and Slavoj Zizek, Watkin explores the theme of atheism through the ideas of the death of God and nihilism in contemporary French philosophy.