Slavery and the Making of America

Author: James Oliver Horton,Lois E. Horton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195304519
Category: History
Page: 254
View: 5428

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The history of slavery is central to understanding the history of the United States. Slavery and the Making of America offers a richly illustrated, vividly written history that illuminates the human side of this inhumane institution, presenting it largely through stories of the slaves themselves. Readers will discover a wide ranging and sharply nuanced look at American slavery, from the first Africans brought to British colonies in the early seventeenth century to the end of Reconstruction. The authors document the horrors of slavery, particularly in the deep South, and describe the valiant struggles to escape bondage, from dramatic tales of slaves such as William and Ellen Craft to Dred Scott's doomed attempt to win his freedom through the Supreme Court. We see how slavery set our nation on the road of violence, from bloody riots that broke out in American cities over fugitive slaves, to the cataclysm of the Civil War. Along the way, readers meet such individuals as "Black Sam" Fraunces, a West Indian mulatto who owned the Queen's Head Tavern in New York City, a key meeting place for revolutionaries in the 1760s and 1770s and Sergeant William H. Carney, who won the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery at the crucial assault on Fort Wagner duringthe Civil War as well as Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, a former slave who led freed African Americans to a new life on the American frontier.

Twelve Years a Slave

Die wahre Geschichte
Author: Solomon Northup
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 3492967086
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 288
View: 2740

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Solomon Northup war ein freier Bürger, bis er von Sklavenhändlern verschleppt und an einen Plantagenbesitzer verkauft wurde. Dort lebte er zwölf Jahre als Sklave, bis er schließlich – als einer der wenigen – seine Freiheit zurückerlangen und zu seiner Familie zurückkehren konnte. Die gleichnamige Verfilmung seiner Memoiren von Regisseur Steve McQueen hat bei der Verleihung der Golden Globes den Hauptpreis als bestes Filmdrama gewonnen.

The Making of New World Slavery

From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800
Author: Robin Blackburn
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859841952
Category: History
Page: 602
View: 7289

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In this companion volume to the acclaimed classic The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, Robin Blackburn traces European doctrines of race and slavery from medieval times to the early modern epoch. At the time when European powers colonized the Americas, the institution of slavery had almost disappeared from Europe itself. Having overcome an institution widely regarded as oppressive, why did they sponsor the construction of racial slavery in their new colonies? The Making of New World Slavery finds in the emergent West both a stigmatization of the ethno-religious Other and a new culture of consumption, freed from earlier moral restrictions. Robin Blackburn argues that independent commerce, geared to burgeoning consumer markets, was the driving force behind the rise of plantation slavery. The Baroque state fed greedily off this commerce whilst unsuccessfully seeking to regulate slavery. Successive chapters of the book consider the deployment of slaves in the colonial possessions of the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch, the English and the French. Robin Blackburn argues that the organization of slave plantations placed the West on a destructive path to modernity and that greatly preferable alternatives were both proposed and rejected. Finally he shows that the surge of Atlantic trade, premised on the killing toil of the plantations, made a decisive contribution to both the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the West. The Making of New World Slavery is a masterly study of this momentous and baleful epoch in the making of the modern world.

Many Middle Passages

Forced Migration and the Making of the Modern World
Author: Emma Christopher,Cassandra Pybus,Marcus Rediker
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520252066
Category: History
Page: 263
View: 8164

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"Extends the concept of the Middle Passage to encompass the expropriation of people across other maritime and inland routes. No previous book has highlighted the diversity and centrality of middle passages, voluntary and involuntary, to modern global history."--Kenneth Morgan, author of Slavery and the British Empire "This volume extends the now well-established project of 'Atlantic World Studies' beyond its geographic and chronological frames to a genuinely global analysis of labour migration. It is a work of major importance that sparkles with new discoveries and insights."--Rick Halpern, co-editor of Empire and Others: British Encounters with Indigenous Peoples, 1600-1850

The Making of a Racist

A Southerner Reflects on Family, History, and the Slave Trade
Author: Charles B. Dew
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780813938875
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 200
View: 2129

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"This unique blend of memoir and history interweaves autobiography with the history of the slave trade and the American South"--Provided by publisher.

The Making of a Confederate

Walter Lenoir's Civil War
Author: William L. Barney
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199886180
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 8215

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Despite the advances of the civil rights movement, many white southerners cling to the faded glory of a romanticized Confederate past. In The Making of a Confederate, William L. Barney focuses on the life of one man, Walter Lenoir of North Carolina, to examine the origins of southern white identity alongside its myriad ambiguities and complexities. Born into a wealthy slaveholding family, Lenoir abhorred the institution, opposed secession, and planned to leave his family to move to Minnesota, in the free North. But when the war erupted in 1860, Lenoir found another escape route--he joined the Confederate army, an experience that would radically transform his ideals. After the war, Lenoir, like many others, embraced the cult of the Lost Cause, refashioning his memory and beliefs in an attempt to make sense of the war, its causes, and its consequences. While some Southerners sank into depression, aligned with the victors, or fiercely opposed the new order, Lenoir withdrew to his acreage in the North Carolina mountains. There, he pursued his own vision of the South's future, one that called for greater self-sufficiency and a more efficient use of the land. For Lenoir and many fellow Confederates, the war never really ended. As he tells this compelling story, Barney offers new insights into the ways that (selective) memory informs history; through Lenoir's life, readers learn how individual choices can transform abstract historical processes into concrete actions.

The Making of a Southerner

Author: Katharine Du Pre Lumpkin
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820313856
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 261
View: 4581

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Tells the life story of the author, an African American woman who experienced the hardships and prejudices of life in the South

Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400–1800

Author: John Thornton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113964338X
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 1645

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This book explores Africa's involvement in the Atlantic world from the fifteenth century to the eighteenth century. It focuses especially on the causes and consequences of the slave trade, in Africa, in Europe, and in the New World. African institutions, political events, and economic structures shaped Africa's voluntary involvement in the Atlantic arena before 1680. Africa's economic and military strength gave African elites the capacity to determine how trade with Europe developed. Thornton examines the dynamics of colonization which made slaves so necessary to European colonizers, and he explains why African slaves were placed in roles of central significance. Estate structure and demography affected the capacity of slaves to form a self-sustaining society and behave as cultural actors, transferring and transforming African culture in the New World.

Ich habe einen Namen

Author: Lawrence Hill
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832186557
Category: Fiction
Page: 575
View: 4608

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Westafrika, Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts. Die kleine Aminata lebt mit ihren Eltern in einer friedlichen Dorfgemeinschaft. Doch der Sklavenhandel blüht, auf den Plantagen der neuen Kolonien braucht man Arbeitskräfte, und die britischen Machthaber sind skrupellos. Als Aminata elf Jahre alt ist, wird ihr Dorf überfallen und sie gefangengenommen. Auf einem Frachter bringt man sie mit vielen anderen Sklaven nach Amerika, wo sie an einen Großgrundbesitzer verkauft wird. Während der Wirren des Unabhängigkeitskriegs gelingt Aminata die Flucht. Sie folgt ihrem Herzen zurück nach Afrika und von dort nach London, um für die Befreiung der Schwarzen zu kämpfen. Ihre Geschichte ist das eindrückliche Porträt einer unglaublich starken Frau, die es geschafft hat, schwierigste Bedingungen zu überleben und dabei anderen zu helfen. Es ist eine Geschichte, die man nicht wieder vergisst, voller Hoffnung und Zuversicht.

The Making of the Slave Class

Author: Jerry Carrier
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 0875867707
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 259
View: 8461

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Not that long ago, the head of the Mormon Church summarized what many Americans believe or at least subconsciously accept when he said, "There is a reason why one man is born white rich and with many blessings and another is born black with very few, God has determined each man's proper reward." And while he was widely and deservedly criticized for his remarks, it wasn't because a majority does not believe his views, but rather that they deemed him politically incorrect for bringing race into the question and for saying aloud what many think quietly and keep to themselves. Class is America's forbidden thought. Class and culture rigidly control who we are, who we associate with, and how much money we can earn. American class culture determines who will prosper and who will fail. The Making of the Slave Class is a book about this culture and the debilitating consequences that make the American slave class. Written for a general audience, this book is the first historical and cultural analysis of the American class system and the poverty created by it. It could be easily categorized as a work of sociology, history, anthropology or economics. The book analyzes class through all these disciplines. The American class system is a topic that has not received a great deal of attention from American writers. There are no comprehensive books on the subject that analyze class and poverty from cultural, economic and historic perspectives. This book does the job. Among the few books on the subject are such works as Bobos in Paradise by David Brooks and Class by Paul Fussell, both of which make fun of, belittle and attempt to make literary class war upon the working class in their books. This book fires back.

The Making of Haiti

The Saint Domingue Revolution from Below
Author: Carolyn E. Fick
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
ISBN: 9780870496677
Category: History
Page: 355
View: 3525

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In 1789 the French colony of Saint Domingue was the wealthiest and most flourishing of the Caribbean slave colonies, its economy based on the forced labor of more than half a million black slaves raided from their African homelands. The revolt of this underclass in 1791--the only successful slave rebellion in history--gained the slaves their freedom and set in motion the colony's struggle for independence as the black republic of Haiti. In this pioneering study, Carolyn E. Fick argues that the repressed and uneducated slaves were the principal architects both of their own freedom and of the successful movement toward national independence. Fick identifies "marronage," the act of being a fugitive slave, as a basic unit of slave resistance from which the revolution grew and shows how autonomous forms of popular slave participation were as important to the success of the rebellion as the leadership of men like Toussaint Louverture, Henri Christophe, and Dessalines. Using contemporary manuscripts and previously untapped archival sources, the author depicts the slaves, their aspirations, and their popular leaders and explains how they organized their rebellion. Fick places the Saint Domingue rebellion in relation to the larger revolutionary movements of the era, provides background on class and caste prior to the revolution, the workings of the plantation system, the rigors of slave life, and the profound influence of voodoo. By examining the rebellion and the conditions that led to it from the perspective of the slaves it liberated, she revises the history of Haiti. Carolyn Fick is currently a Canada Research Fellow at Concordia University in Montreal.

The Half Has Never Been Told

Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism
Author: Edward E. Baptist
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465097685
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 6992

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Americans tend to cast slavery as a pre-modern institution—the nation's original sin, perhaps, but isolated in time and divorced from America's later success. But to do so robs the millions who suffered in bondage of their full legacy. As historian Edward Baptist reveals in The Half Has Never Been Told, the expansion of slavery in the first eight decades after American independence drove the evolution and modernization of the United States. In the span of a single lifetime, the South grew from a narrow coastal strip of worn-out tobacco plantations to a continental cotton empire, and the United States grew into a modern, industrial, and capitalist economy. Until the Civil War, Baptist explains, the most important American economic innovations were ways to make slavery ever more profitable. Through forced migration and torture, slave owners extracted continual increases in efficiency from enslaved African Americans. Thus the United States seized control of the world market for cotton, the key raw material of the Industrial Revolution, and became a wealthy nation with global influence. Told through intimate slave narratives, plantation records, newspapers, and the words of politicians, entrepreneurs, and escaped slaves, The Half Has Never Been Told offers a radical new interpretation of American history. It forces readers to reckon with the violence at the root of American supremacy, but also with the survival and resistance that brought about slavery's end—and created a culture that sustains America's deepest dreams of freedom.

The Slave's Narrative

Author: Charles T. Davis,Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195362022
Category: Social Science
Page: 342
View: 5114

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These autobiographies of Afro-American ex-slaves comprise the largest body of literature produced by slaves in human history. The book consists of three sections: selected reviews of slave narratives, dating from 1750 to 1861; essays examining how such narratives serve as historical material; and essays exploring the narratives as literary artifacts.

Slavery and Beyond

The Making of Men and Chikunda Ethnic Identities in the Unstable World of South-central Africa, 1750-1920
Author: Allen F. Isaacman,Barbara Isaacman
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 9780325002606
Category: History
Page: 370
View: 572

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The authors lead the reader into the insecure world of East Africa as freed slaves sought new ways of supporting themselves.

The Caribbean Slave

A Biological History
Author: Kenneth F. Kiple
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521524704
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 5591

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A comprehensive analysis of the biological experience of black slaves in the Caribbean.

The Making of Mission Communities in East Africa

Anglicans and Africans in Colonial Kenya, 1875–1935
Author: Robert W. Strayer
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780873952453
Category: Great Britain
Page: 174
View: 303

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The Making of Mission Communities in East Africa calls into question a number of common assumptions about the encounter between European missionaries and African societies in colonial Kenya. The book explores the origins of those communities associated with the Anglican Church Missionary Society from 1875 to 1935, examines the development within them of a mission culture, probes their internal conflicts and tensions, and details their relationship to the larger colonial society. Professor Strayer argues that genuinely religious issues were important in the formation of these communities, that missionaries were ambivalent in their attitudes toward modernizing change and the colonial state alike, and that mission communities possessed substantial attractions even in the face of competition with independent churches. Dr. John Lonsdale of Trinity College, Cambridge has said that It is a sensitive piece of revisionist history which breaks down the simple dichotomy of missions and Africans commonly found in earlier historiographies and even in the period of profound crisis over female circumcision in Kikuyuland. In this, Professor Strayer shows convincingly how mission communities could be preserved from destruction by principled divisions between Africans as much as between their white missionaries. He has pursued themes rather than events and has therefore been able to make remarkably intimate observations of mission communities which were following their own internal patterns of growth, yet within the context of a deepening situation of colonial dependence."

The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Making of AfricaTown, USA

Spirit of Our Ancestors
Author: Natalie S. Robertson
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 9667

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Shows how African captives endured capture, imprisonment, the middle passage, and slavery in America only to persevere and found a free and still-vibrant community in America.

Rammohun Roy and the Making of Victorian Britain

Author: L. Zastoupil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230111491
Category: Religion
Page: 262
View: 3921

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This book investigates Rammohun Roy as a transnational celebrity. It examines the role of religious heterodoxy - particularly Christian Unitarianism - in transforming a colonial outsider into an imagined member of the emerging Victorian social order It uses his fame to shed fresh light on nineteenth-century British reformers, including advocates of liberty of the press, early feminists, free trade imperialists, and constitutional reformers such as Jeremy Bentham. Rammohun Roy's intellectual agendas are also interrogated, particularly how he employed Unitarianism and the British satiric tradition to undermine colonial rule in Bengal and provincialize England as a laggard nation in the progress towards rational religion and political liberty.

Multiple Wives, Multiple Pleasures

Representing the Harem, 1800-1875
Author: Joan DelPlato
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
ISBN: 0838638805
Category: Art
Page: 283
View: 8216

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This is a critical study of French and Britis art and written texts (poetry, literature, travel accounts, art criticism)- orientalist works about the harem produced in the period from 1800-1875. Original readings are provided for over 150 harem pictures, from well-known salon paintings to rarely published erotic popular prints and book illustrations. 'Multiple Wives, Multiple Pleasures' examines these works closely, often establishing fresh contexts for many of the more well-known nineteenth century harem pictures, and often providing a consideration of lesser-known harem pictures that have been rarely published until now.