The Long Evolution of Brains and Minds

Author: Gerhard Roth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400762593
Category: Nature
Page: 320
View: 9896

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The main topic of the book is a reconstruction of the evolution of nervous systems and brains as well as of mental-cognitive abilities, in short “intelligence” from simplest organisms to humans. It investigates to which extent the two are correlated. One central topic is the alleged uniqueness of the human brain and human intelligence and mind. It is discussed which neural features make certain animals and humans intelligent and creative: Is it absolute or relative brain size or the size of “intelligence centers” inside the brains, the number of nerve cells inside the brain in total or in such “intelligence centers” decisive for the degree of intelligence, of mind and eventually consciousness? And which are the driving forces behind these processes? Finally, it is asked what all this means for the classical problem of mind-brain relationship and for a naturalistic theory of mind.

Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods

Early Humans and the Origins of Religion
Author: E. Fuller Torrey
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231544863
Category: Science
Page: 291
View: 4527

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Religions and mythologies from around the world teach that God or gods created humans. Atheist, humanist, and materialist critics, meanwhile, have attempted to turn theology on its head, claiming that religion is a human invention. In this book, E. Fuller Torrey draws on cutting-edge neuroscience research to propose a startling answer to the ultimate question. Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods locates the origin of gods within the human brain, arguing that religious belief is a by-product of evolution. Based on an idea originally proposed by Charles Darwin, Torrey marshals evidence that the emergence of gods was an incidental consequence of several evolutionary factors. Using data ranging from ancient skulls and artifacts to brain imaging, primatology, and child development studies, this book traces how new cognitive abilities gave rise to new behaviors. For instance, autobiographical memory, the ability to project ourselves backward and forward in time, gave Homo sapiens a competitive advantage. However, it also led to comprehension of mortality, spurring belief in an alternative to death. Torrey details the neurobiological sequence that explains why the gods appeared when they did, connecting archaeological findings including clothing, art, farming, and urbanization to cognitive developments. This book does not dismiss belief but rather presents religious belief as an inevitable outcome of brain evolution. Providing clear and accessible explanations of evolutionary neuroscience, Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods will shed new light on the mechanics of our deepest mysteries.


Author: Marvin Lee Minsky
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783608931174
Page: 342
View: 6377

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Computing Methodologies -- Artificial Intelligence.

Suitable Heresies

A New Scientific Concept of Brain and Mind and Its Startling Implications for Our Times
Author: Graham Rabey
Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 9781848760103
Category: Brain
Page: 353
View: 8940

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The theory suggests that there is a structural similarity between certain basic brain forms and certain basic mind forms and that the former provide a credible explanation for the latter. It does not suggest that the causative link has been proved thereby. What is claimed is that in the jungle of brain-mind research (where fundamental physical evidence for speculation is often in short supply) the theory provides a scientifically and philosophically arguable clearing and thus a hypothesis worthy of investigation by anyone interested in the mysteries of human thought. One implication of the theory amounts to a central heresy - namely that, on the accumulating evidence, our traditional and much-cherished one-truth thinking conventions will need to be replaced by two truth thinking conventions.Another implication of the theory is that it now seems entirely possible that the emergence and nature of philosophy itself have been crucially dependent on our long human struggle to extract single responses from thinking equipment that appears necessarily (i.e. anatomically) double and circular - the double cycles being mutually inverted.

Evolution of Mind, Brain, and Culture

Author: Gary Hatfield,Holly Pittman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 1934536490
Category: Social Science
Page: 476
View: 9673

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Evolution of Mind, Brain, and Culture draws together studies in archaeology, anthropology, psychology, philosophy, genetics, neuroscience, and environmental science to investigate the evolution of the human mind, the brain, and the human capacity for culture.

Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self

Author: John C. Eccles
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134968353
Category: Philosophy
Page: 304
View: 9110

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Sir John Eccles, a distinguished scientist and Nobel Prize winner who has devoted his scientific life to the study of the mammalian brain, tells the story of how we came to be, not only as animals at the end of the hominid evolutionary line, but also as human persons possessed of reflective consciousness.

In Search of Unity

The Greatest Puzzle of Science
Author: Spencer Scoular
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780987662200
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 2381

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The Future of the Brain

The Promise and Perils of Tomorrow's Neuroscience
Author: Steven Rose
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199882444
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 4051

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Brain repair, smart pills, mind-reading machines--modern neuroscience promises to soon deliver a remarkable array of wonders as well as profound insight into the nature of the brain. But these exciting new breakthroughs, warns Steven Rose, will also raise troubling questions about what it means to be human. In The Future of the Brain, Rose explores just how far neuroscience may help us understand the human brain--including consciousness--and to what extent cutting edge technologies should have the power to mend or manipulate the mind. Rose first offers a panoramic look at what we now know about the brain, from its three-billion-year evolution, to its astonishingly rapid development in the embryo, to the miraculous process of infant development. More important, he shows what all this science can--and cannot--tell us about the human condition. He examines questions that still baffle scientists and he explores the potential threats and promises of new technologies and their ethical, legal, and social implications, wondering how far we should go in eliminating unwanted behavior or enhancing desired characteristics, focusing on the new "brain steroids" and on the use of Ritalin to control young children. The Future of the Brain is a remarkable look at what the brain sciences are telling us about who we are and where we came from--and where we may be headed in years to come.

Soul, Psyche, Brain: New Directions in the Study of Religion and Brain-Mind Science

Author: K. Bulkeley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403979235
Category: Medical
Page: 278
View: 3843

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Soul, Psyche, Brain is a collection of essays that address the relationships between neuroscience, religion and human nature. Kelly Bulkeley's book highlights some startling new developments in neuroscience that have many people rethinking spirituality, the mind-body connection, and cognition in general. Soul, Psyche, Brain explores questions like: what can knowledge about the neurological activities of the brain tell us about consciousness? And what are the practical implications of brain-mind science for ethics and moral reasoning?

Thinking in Complexity

The Computational Dynamics of Matter, Mind, and Mankind
Author: Klaus Mainzer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540722289
Category: Science
Page: 482
View: 8018

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This new edition also treats smart materials and artificial life. A new chapter on information and computational dynamics takes up many recent discussions in the community.

Equations of Eternity, Speculations on Consciousness, Meaning, and the Mathematical Rules That Orchestrate the Cosmos

Author: David Darling
Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.
ISBN: 1622870514
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 92
View: 4597

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In a dazzling, lyrical mixture of science and philosophy, acclaimed science writer David Darling makes a provocative case for the workings of human consciousness, its origins, and its destiny when the next Big Bang precipitates a quantum leap in evolution. Equations of Eternity rethinks thought and the existence of intelligence in a way that will give readers a lot to think about.

Ghosts of Theatre and Cinema in the Brain

Author: M. Pizzato
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403983291
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 323
View: 5236

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Pizzato focuses on the staging of Self and Other as phantom characters inside the brain (in the 'mind's eye', as Hamlet says). He explores the brain's anatomical evolution from animal drives to human consciousness to divine aspirations, through distinctive cultural expressions in stage and screen technologies.

The Evolution of Childhood

Relationships, Emotion, Mind
Author: Melvin Konner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674045668
Category: Science
Page: 943
View: 4305

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With an eye to the entire range of human evolutionary history, a study of human development examines cross-cultural and universal characteristics of growth from infancy to adolescence.

Birdsong, Speech, and Language

Exploring the Evolution of Mind and Brain
Author: Johan J. Bolhuis,Martin Everaert
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262018608
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 542
View: 5845

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Leading scholars draw on the latest research to explore what birdsong can tell us about the biology of human speech and language and the consequences for evolutionary biology.

Global Brain

The Evolution of Mass Mind from the Big Bang to the 21st Century
Author: Howard Bloom
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471419198
Category: Science
Page: 384
View: 9512

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"As someone who has spent forty years in psychology with a long-standing interest in evolution, I'll just assimilate Howard Bloom's accomplishment and my amazement."-DAVID SMILLIE, Visiting Professor of Zoology, Duke University In this extraordinary follow-up to the critically acclaimed The Lucifer Principle, Howard Bloom-one of today's preeminent thinkers-offers us a bold rewrite of the evolutionary saga. He shows how plants and animals (including humans) have evolved together as components of a worldwide learning machine. He describes the network of life on Earth as one that is, in fact, a "complex adaptive system," a global brain in which each of us plays a sometimes conscious, sometimes unknowing role. and he reveals that the World Wide Web is just the latest step in the development of this brain. These are theories as important as they are radical. Informed by twenty years of interdisciplinary research, Bloom takes us on a spellbinding journey back to the big bang to let us see how its fires forged primordial sociality. As he brings us back via surprising routes, we see how our earliest bacterial ancestors built multitrillion-member research and development teams a full 3.5 billion years ago. We watch him unravel the previously unrecognized strands of interconnectedness woven by crowds of trilobites, hunting packs of dinosaurs, feathered flying lizards gathered in flocks, troops of baboons making communal decisions, and adventurous tribes of protohumans spreading across continents but still linked by primitive forms of information networking. We soon find ourselves reconsidering our place in the world. Along the way, Bloom offers us exhilarating insights into the strange tricks of body and mind that have organized a variety of life forms: spiny lobsters, which, during the Paleozoic age, participated in communal marching rituals; and bees, which, during the age of dinosaurs, conducted collective brainwork. This fascinating tour continues on to the sometimes brutal subculture wars that have spurred the growth of human civilization since the Stone Age. Bloom shows us how culture shapes our infant brains, immersing us in a matrix of truth and mass delusion that we think of as reality. Global Brain is more than just a brilliantly original contribution to the ongoing debate on the inner workings of evolution. It is a "grand vision," says the eminent evolutionary biologist David Sloan Wilson, a work that transforms our very view of who we are and why.

Society Of Mind

Author: Marvin Minsky
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0671657135
Category: Psychology
Page: 339
View: 2281

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An authority on artificial intelligence introduces a theory that explores the workings of the human mind and the mysteries of thought

Essential Writings: A Journey through Time

Author: Helmut Schwab
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1475936311
Page: 156
View: 8640

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"Essential Writings" A Journey Through Time The journey begins with viewing the origin of our universe and following natural evolution, leading to an analysis of the human mind, our greatest asset. After a discussion of the meaning and direction in our life, thoughts are presented to guide and support us in our path, as pronouced in the biblical Beatitutes and in a meditation for nonbelievers. In the end, aging is described as one experiences it. A view to the future indicates the fundamental problems and opportunities for mankind which should concern us all. Helmut Schwab's writings result from the study of the sciences, life in business, his philosophical thought, and always deep concerns for human search, suffering, and need for light and warmth-combined with joy.

The Evolving Brain

The Mind and the Neural Control of Behavior
Author: C. H. Vanderwolf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387342303
Category: Medical
Page: 104
View: 6841

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This book presents a series of essays on neuroscientific aspects of human nature and instinctive behavior, individually acquired (learned) behavior, human bipedal locomotion, voluntary movement, and the general problem of how the brain controls behavior. The author argues that concepts of the mind based on ancient Greek philosophy are past usefulness, and that modern animal behavior studies provide a better guide to the functional organization of the brain.

Mathematical Principles of Decision Making (Principia Mathematica Decernendi)

Author: Thomas L. Saaty
Publisher: RWS Publications
ISBN: 1888603143
Page: N.A
View: 3033

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In this book Thomas Saaty summarizes his Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) theory for measuring intangible factors through paired comparisons using judgments from which priorities are derived that give the relative dominance of these factors. The important concepts of the AHP and its generalization to structures with dependence and feedback, the Analytic Network Process (ANP), are presented in an elegant compact way and new extensions of the theory to complex decisions involving benefits, opportunities, costs and risks are presented. Applications to resource allocation and conflict resolution are included. The generalization to continuous comparisons is covered. The Encyclicon, three volumes are now available, is an encyclopedia of applications that is a useful accompaniment to the Principles of Mathematical Decision Making, containing of examples of practical decisions.

Darwin's Pharmacy

Sex, Plants, and the Evolution of the Noosphere
Author: Richard M. Doyle
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295803002
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 7243

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Are humans unwitting partners in evolution with psychedelic plants? Darwin�s Pharmacy shows they are by weaving the evolutionary theory of sexual selection and the study of rhetoric together with the science and literature of psychedelic drugs. Long suppressed as components of the human tool kit, psychedelic plants can be usefully modeled as �eloquence adjuncts� that intensify a crucial component of sexual selection in humans: discourse. Psychedelic plants seduce us to interact with them, building an ongoing interdependence: rhetoric as evolutionary mechanism. In doing so, they engage our awareness of the noosphere, or thinking stratum of the earth. The realization that the human organism is part of an interconnected ecosystem is an apprehension of immanence that could ultimately benefit the planet and its inhabitants. To explore the rhetoric of the psychedelic experience and its significance to evolution, Doyle takes his readers on an epic journey through the writings of William Burroughs and Kary Mullis, the work of ethnobotanists and anthropologists, and anonymous trip reports. The results offer surprising insights into evolutionary theory, the war on drugs, the internet, and the nature of human consciousness itself. Watch the book trailer: