The Logical Basis of Metaphysics

Author: Michael A. E. Dummett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674537866
Category: Philosophy
Page: 355
View: 1445

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Michael Dummett's new book is the greatly expanded and recently revised version of his distinguished William James Lectures, delivered in 1976. Dummett regards the construction of a satisfactory theory of meaning as the most pressing task of contemporary analytical philosophy. He believes that the successful completion of this difficult assignment will lead to a resolution of problems before which philosophy has been stalled, in some instances for centuries. These problems turn on the correctness or incorrectness of a realistic view of one or another realm--the physical world, the mind, the past, mathematical reality, and so forth. Rejection of realism amounts to adoption of a variant semantics, and often of a variant logic, for the statements in a certain sector of our language. Dummett does not assume the correctness of any one logical system but shows how the choice between different logics arises at the level of the theory of meaning and depends upon the choice of one or another general form of meaning-theory. In order to determine the correct shape for a meaning-theory, we must attain a clear conception of what a meaning-theory can be expected to do. Such a conception, says Dummett, will form "a base camp for an assault on the metaphysical peaks: I have no greater ambition in this book than to set up a base camp."

Truth and Other Enigmas

Author: Michael Dummett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674910768
Category: Philosophy
Page: 470
View: 7097

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A collection of all but two of the author's philosophical essays and lectures originally published or presented before August 1976.

Principia Mathematica.

Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell
Publisher: N.A
Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
Page: 167
View: 1721

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The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics

Making Sense of Things
Author: A. W. Moore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521616557
Category: Philosophy
Page: 668
View: 1441

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This book charts the evolution of metaphysics since Descartes and provides a compelling case for why metaphysics matters.

The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic

Author: Martin Heidegger
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253337832
Category: Philosophy
Page: 241
View: 1846

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In a searching exposition of the metaphysical problems underpinning Leibniz's theory of logical judgment, Heidegger establishes that a given theory of logic is rooted in a certain conception of Being. He explores the significance of Western logic as a system-building technical tool and as a cultural phenomenon that is centuries old."

Der logische Aufbau der Welt

Author: Rudolf Carnap
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 3787323589
Category: Philosophy
Page: 290
View: 4383

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In seinem 1928 erschienenen Hauptwerk Der logische Aufbau der Welt unternahm Rudolf Carnap den Versuch, die erkenntnistheoretische These des englischen Empirismus, nach der die Basis aller unserer Wirklichkeitserkenntnis in Wahrnehmungserlebnissen bestehe, durch die methodische und zugleich logisch einsichtige Konstruktion der Gegenstandswelt aus solcherart bestimmten Elementarerlebnissen zu untermauern. Neu und richtungweisend an diesem Ansatz war der Gebrauch, den Carnap - er war Schüler Freges - "von den Hilfmitteln der modernen Logik, besonders der von Russell entwickelten Relationenlogik, machte, und die Rücksicht auf die psychologische Erkenntnis, daß die einfachen Sinnesdaten nicht Erlebnisse sind, sondern erst rückwärts aus den Erlebnissen erschlossen werden müssen" (Günter Patzig).

Our Knowledge of the Law

Objectivity and Practice in Legal Theory
Author: George Pavlakos
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847313701
Category: Law
Page: 278
View: 1648

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In the long-standing debate between positivism and non-positivism, legal validity has always been a subject of controversy. While positivists deny that moral values play any role in the determination of legal validity, non-positivists affirm the opposite thesis. In departing from this narrow point of view, the book focuses on the notion of legal knowledge. Apart from what one takes to constitute the grounds of legal validity, there is a more fundamental issue about cognitive validity: how do we acquire knowledge of whatever is assumed to constitute the elements of legal validity? When the question is posed in this form a fundamental shift takes place. Given that knowledge is a philosophical concept, for anything to constitute an adequate ground for legal validity it must satisfy the standards set by knowledge. In exploring those standards the author argues that knowledge is the outcome of an activity of judging, which is constrained by reasons (reflexive). While these reasons may vary with the domain of judging, the reflexive structure of the practice of judging imposes certain constraints on what can constitute a reason for judging. Amongst these constraints are found not only general metaphysical limitations but also the fundamental principle that one with the capacity to judge is autonomous or, in other words, capable of determining the reasons that form the basis of action. One sees, as soon as autonomy has been introduced into the parameters of knowledge, that law is necessarily connected with every other practical domain. The author shows, in the end, that the issue of knowledge is orthogonal to questions about the inclusion or exclusion of morality, for what really matters is whether the putative grounds of legal validity are appropriate to the generation of knowledge. The outcome is far more integral than much work in current theory: neither an absolute deference to either universal moral standards or practice-independent values nor a complete adherence to conventionality and institutional arrangements will do. In suggesting that the current positivism versus non-positivism debate, when it comes to determining law's nature, misses the crux of the matter, the book aims to provoke a fertile new debate in legal theory. "George Pavlakos' engaging book tackles the fundamental question of what makes legal knowledge possible. Since all articulate thought has to conform to implicit rules of grammar, it is necessarily normatively structured. Thus normativity cannot be something external to human thinking that we study from the outside, but is intrinsic to all human practices (including the natural sciences). This insight opens up fascinating new lines of inquiry into the character of law and its relations to other normative domains." Professor Sir Neil MacCormick, Edinburgh University "With admirable analytical acumen, George Pavlakos underscores the practical character of legal knowledge as well as the importance of argumentation in legal theory. He rejects those approaches to the nature of law that rest on conventional criteria as well as those that turn on factors altogether independent of practice, developing instead the thesis that objectivity and knowledge emerge from practical activity reflecting the spontaneity of human reason. In light of this notion of legal cognition as a practical activity directed and constrained by reason, the law is seen as an enduring institution, jurisprudence as a humanistic discipline. A truly important work." Professor Dr. Robert Alexy, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

The Philosophy of Michael Dummett

Author: B.F. McGuinness,Brian McGuinness,G. Oliveri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792328049
Category: Mathematics
Page: 390
View: 5561

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This book contains seminal discussions of central issues in the philosophy of language, mathematics, mind, religion and time. Is common language conceptually prior to idiolectics? What is a theory of meaning? Does constructivism provide a satisfactory account of mathematics? What are indefinitely extensible concepts? Can we change the past? These are only some of the very important questions addressed here. Both the papers written by the contributors and Dummett's replies provide a great wealth of stimulating ideas for those who currently do research in the respective areas touched upon without making the reading exceedingly tedious. This feature, common to most of the papers in this book, makes it possible to use the material presented in undergraduate courses at university level.

The Semantics of John Stuart Mill

Author: W.R. de Jong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400978162
Category: Philosophy
Page: 250
View: 6898

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The original, Dutch version of this book served in 1979 as a doctoral disserta tion in philosophy at the Free University in Amsterdam. In this preface to the - slightly revised - English translation, I wish once again to express my gratitude to my supervisors, Prof. J. van der Hoeven of the Free University and Prof. G. Nuchelmans of the University of Leiden, for their excellent and stimulating support. Professor van der Hoeven was associated with this project from the outset. It was a privilege to benefit from his incisive commentaries, especially in those instances where the objective was to break through to more fundamental insights. I shall not lightly forget his friendly and heartening encouragement. I am equally grateful for my discussions with Professor Nuchelmans. I almost always tried to follow his advice, since it was based upon awesome expertness and erudition. I am happy to have found in the person of Herbert Donald Morton, Th.M., M.A., an able and enthusiastic translator. Drs. Gerben Groenewoud made the translations of a number of the Latin citations. I acknowledge permission from Routledge and Kegan Paul and the University of Toronto Press to quote from The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill. And I thank the Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (Z.W.O.) for fmancing this translation.

Before Logic

Profiles of Community Builders
Author: Richard Mason
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791445310
Category: Philosophy
Page: 153
View: 8903

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Argues that there is an undeniable and essentially historical dimension to logic.

Dummett on Abstract Objects

Author: G. Duke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230378439
Category: Philosophy
Page: 212
View: 9679

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This historically-informed critical assessment of Dummett's account of abstract objects, examines in detail some of the Fregean presuppositions of Dummett's account whilst also engaging with phenomenological approaches and recent work on the problem of abstract entities.

The Logical Foundations of Bradley's Metaphysics

Judgment, Inference, and Truth
Author: James Allard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442459
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 5271

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Originally published in 2005, this book is a major contribution to the study of the philosopher F. H. Bradley, the most influential member of the nineteenth-century school of British Idealists. It offers a sustained interpretation of Bradley's Principles of Logic, explaining the problem of how it is possible for inferences to be both valid and yet have conclusions that contain new information. The author then describes how this solution provides a basis for Bradley's metaphysical view that reality is one interconnected experience and how this gives rise to a new problem of truth.

Derrida, Badiou and the Formal Imperative

Author: Christopher Norris
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441193979
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 2923

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In this path-breaking study Christopher Norris proposes a transformed understanding of the much-exaggerated differences between analytic and continental philosophy. While keeping the analytic tradition squarely in view his book focuses on the work of Jacques Derrida and Alain Badiou, two of the most original and significant figures in the recent history of ideas. Norris argues that these thinkers have decisively reconfigured the terrain of contemporary philosophy and, between them, pointed a way beyond some of those seemingly intractable issues that have polarised debate on both sides of the notional rift between the analytic and continental traditions. In particular his book sets out to show - against the received analytic wisdom - that continental philosophy has its own analytic resources and is capable of bringing some much-needed fresh insight to bear on problems in philosophy of language, logic and mathematics. Norris provides not only a unique comparative account of Derrida's and Badiou's work but also a remarkably wide-ranging assessment of their joint contribution to philosophy's current - if widely resisted - potential for self-transformation.

Im Bann der Sprache

die analytische Religionsphilosophie im 20. Jahrhundert
Author: Martin Laube
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110154566
Category: Religion
Page: 498
View: 6603

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